Elattuvalapil Sreedharan (born 12 June 1932) is an Indian engineer, who is credited with changing the face of public transport in India with his leadership in building the Konkan Railway and the Delhi Metro while he served as the managing director of Delhi Metro Rail Corporation DMRC between 1995 and 2012. He was awarded the Padma Shri by the Government of India in 2001, the Padma Vibhushan in 2008, the Chevalier de la Légion d'honneur in 2005 by the French government and was named one of Asia's Heroes by TIME magazine in 2003. Sreedharan was appointed by the former UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon to serve on the United Nations's High Level Advisory Group on Sustainable Transport (HLAG-ST) for a period of three years in 2015. He is also a member of Mata Vaishno Devi Shrine Board. 
|Alma mater||G.L.P.S Chathanur, Government Victoria College, Palakkad, Kerala |
University College of Engineering, Kakinada, Andhra Pradesh (JNTUK)
|Occupation||IRSE Officer (Retd.)|
|Known for||Konkan Railway, Delhi Metro, Kochi Metro and Other Related Rail Developments|
|Political party||Bharatiya Janata Party|
|Awards||Padma Vibhushan, Padma Shri, Chevalier de la Légion d'honneur, G-Files awards, Y.Nayudamma Memorial Award, Several honorary doctorates.|
E. Sreedharan was born on 12 June 1932 in Karukaputhur in the present-day Thrithala constituency, Palakkad district of Kerala state to Keezhveettil Neelakandan Moosath and Ammaluamma. His primary education was from Government Lower Primary School Chathannur near Pattambi in Palakkad district. He completed his education at the Basel Evangelical Mission Higher Secondary School and then went to the Victoria College in Palghat. He later-on completed his Civil Engineering degree from the Government Engineering College, Kakinada, Andhra Pradesh, presently known as JNTUK.
E. Sreedharan and T. N. Seshan were classmates at BEM High School and Victoria College in Palakkad. Both of them were selected for Engineering in JNTU Kakinada, a university in a port town in Andhra Pradesh, however, E. Sreedharan decided to pursue it, while T. N. Seshan decided to join Madras Christian College (MCC).
Career as a lecturerEdit
For a short period, Sreedharan worked as a lecturer in Civil engineering at the Government Polytechnic, Kozhikode and a year at the Bombay Port Trust as an apprentice. He subsequently joined the Indian Railway Service of Engineers (IRSE), after clearing the Indian Engineering Services Exam in 1953 conducted by the UPSC. His first assignment was in the Southern Railway as a Probationary Assistant Engineer in December 1954.
In December 1964, a cyclone washed away parts of Pamban Bridge that connected Rameswaram to mainland Tamil Nadu. The Railways set a target of six months for the bridge to be repaired while Sreedharan's boss, under whose jurisdiction the bridge came, reduced it to three months. Sreedharan was put in-charge of the execution and he restored the bridge in just 46 days. The Railway minister's Award was given to him in recognition of this achievement.
In 1970, as the deputy chief engineer, he was put in charge of the implementation, planning and design of the Calcutta metro, the first ever metro in India. Sreedharan not only completed this much heralded project but also laid down the foundation of modern infrastructure engineering in India. He was taken off this post in 1975.
Cochin Shipyard LimitedEdit
When Sreedharan joined the Cochin Shipyard in October 1979, it was undergoing a phase of unproductivity. The production of its first ship MV Rani Padmini had been delayed for a long period. When Sreedharan took over, he turned the fortunes of the shipyard around and made sure its first ship was built while he was its chairman and managing director (CMD). In 1981, under Sreedharan's leadership, the shipyard launched its first ship, the MV Rani Padmini.
He was promoted as general manager, Western Railway in July 1987, and in July 1989 elevated to the post of Member Engineering, Railway Board and ex-officio Secretary to the Government of India. On his retirement in June 1990, the Government made it clear it still needed his services and he was appointed the CMD of Konkan Railway on contract in 1990 by the then railway minister, George Fernandes. Under his stewardship, the company executed its mandate in seven years. The project was unique in many respects. It was the first major project in India to be undertaken on a BOT (Build-Operate-Transfer) basis; the organisation structure was different from that of a typical Indian Railway set-up; the project had 93 tunnels along a length of 82 km and involved tunnelling through soft soil. The total project covered 760 km and had over 150 bridges. That a public sector project could be completed without significant cost and time overruns was considered an achievement by many.[who?] Konkan Railway has been covered in the Extreme Railways program by Chris Tarrant as one of the most difficult railway project to have been constructed in the world.
He was made the managing director of Delhi Metro Rail Corporation by then Delhi Chief Minister Sahib Singh Verma and by mid 1997 all the scheduled sections were completed by their target date or before, and within their respective budgets. Sreedharan was given the sobriquet of Metro Man by the media for his grand success in executing the completion of the Delhi Metro. His stint in the Delhi Metro has been considered so successful and crucial to India that in 2005, he was awarded the Chevalier de la Légion d'honneur (Knight of the Legion of Honour) by the government of France, and the Padma Vibhushan by the government of India in 2008. There were also demands by prominent political figures that Sreedharan be awarded the Bharat Ratna, the most prestigious civilian award in India. He was particularly known for isolating his projects from political pressures and influences and winning political commitments for fast execution of projects. He had announced that he would retire by the end of 2005, but his tenure was further extended to oversee the completion of the second phase of Delhi Metro. After 16 years of service with the Delhi Metro, Sreedharan retired from service on 31 December 2011.
After his retirement from DMRC, Sreedharan has been appointed as Principal Advisor of the Kochi Metro Rail Project. Initially, the project faced hurdles when a controversy broke out with the government announcing a global tender process for Kochi Metro, rather than letting DMRC handle the consultancy and project execution as Sreedharan and DMRC had initially asked for. Vested interests in the government have been alleged in this decision. However, several political parties came out in opposition of the move, and backed Sreedharan's decision in enforcing DMRC's role in the Kochi Metro, after which the government reversed its stance. Kochi metro was finally unveiled on 17 June 2017 amidst much celebrations. The unveiling of the metro was considered a landmark event in India in terms of completion time, control systems used and initiatives such as employing transgender people, vertical gardening, respecting migrant labourers, and use of solar power.
Sreedharan has also been appointed as Chief Advisor for the Lucknow Metro  As per E. Sreedharan, Kochi metro was built in four years whereas Lucknow Metro will be completed in a period of two years and nine months, and that would be the fastest in India and the world till now.
He has been advising for the Jaipur Metro as well as DMRC has undertaken its implementation. He has also been roped in as advisor for a proposed Metro rail system in Andhra Pradesh in the Visakhapatnam and Vijayawada (VGTM) areas, under the leadership of the Chief Minister Chandrababu Naidu. He has also been advisor for Coimbatore Metro.
Early political activitiesEdit
Before joining politics he commented on various political issues. Ahead of the 2014 Indian general election he endorsed Narendra Modi as Prime Minister and praised him for his quick decision making as Chief Minister of Gujarat. When the Aam Aadmi Party government in Delhi announced to give free travel facility only to women passengers on buses and Metro trains, he opposed the decision and wrote to Prime Minister Narendra Modi for his "personal intervention". He opposed Kerala Government over a legislation which facilitate student organisational activities in all educational institutions, including private self-financing colleges. He in statement said "campus politics is being encouraged by politicians and even by government leading to disruption of classes, student clashes, Criminal activities such as murders, stabbing incidents etc. Unfortunately, some teachers with political leaning give mute support to such activities".
He suggested that the KMRL must reduce fare prices and called outside consultants for Kochi metro’s Pettah-Thripunithura extension a "foolish act". He suggested the Indian Railways to stop borrowing capital for its operations and raise fare prices. He called the bullet train project "highly expensive".
Bharatiya Janata PartyEdit
Sreedharan has raised voice against Love Jihad. "Yes I see what is happened in Kerala. How Hindus are being tricked in a marriage and how they suffer… not only Hindus, Muslim, the Christian girls are being tricked in a marriage. Now that sort of a thing I certainly will oppose". He said after joining BJP.
Awards and accoladesEdit
- Railway Minister's Award (1963)
- Padma Shri by the Government of India (2001)
- Man of the Year by The Times of India (2002)
- Om Prakash Bhasin Award for professional excellence in engineering (2002)
- CII (Confederation of Indian Industry) Juror's Award for leadership in infrastructure development (2002–03)
- One of Asia's Heroes by TIME (2003)
- AIMA (All India Management Association) award for Public Service Excellence (2003)
- Degree of Doctor of Science (Honoris causa) from IIT Delhi.
- Dr.Y.Nayudamma Memorial Award
- Bharat Shiromani award from the Shiromani Institute, Chandigarh (2005)
- Chevalier de la Légion d'Honneur (Knight of the Legion of Honour) by the government of France (2005)
- Qimpro Platinum Standard (Business) National Statesman for Quality in India (2007)
- CNN-IBN Indian of the Year 2007: Public Service (2008)
- Padma Vibhushan by the Government of India (2008)
- D.Litt by Rajasthan Technical University, Kota, Rajasthan, in 2009
- Degree of Doctor of Philosophy (Honoris causa) from IIT Roorkee, 2009.
- Honorary doctorate by Cochin University of Science and Technology in 2010.
- Newsmaker of the Year by Manorama News in 2012.
- Sree Chithira Thirunal National Award, 2012
- SR Jindal Prize (honorary) awarded by Sitaram Jindal Foundation in 2012.
- TKM 60 Plus award for Lifetime achievement, 2013 by TKM College of Engineering.
- Degree of Doctor of Science (Honoris Causa) by Mahamaya Technical University on its first convocation (2013)
- Rotary International for the sake of Honour Award (2013)
- Lifetime Achievement Governance Award by Grifles, 2013
- Order of the Rising Sun, Gold and Silver star by Government of Japan (2013)
- KPP Nambiar Award by IEEE Kerala Section (2017) 
- Lifetime achievement award at Republic-Open Magazine's Achievers Awards (2019) 
A Book on Sreedharan's life is 'Karmayogi: E. Sreedharante Jeevitha Katha' (Translated: Karmayogi : The story of E. Sreedharan's life) is an authentic biography by M. S. Asokan. A short biography on E. Sreedharan was penned by P.V. Alby, named 'Jeevithavijayathinte Paadapusthakam' (translated: A Texbook on success in life). Both these books were top sellers in Kerala during the time Sreedharan took up his post on the Kochi Metro project as Delhi Metro Rail Corporation's principal advisor. Another book on Dr E Sreedharan is " India's railway man- A biography of Dr. E Sreedharan "by Rajendra B Aklekar . This book has been endorsed by Dr Sreedharan and includes a signed note from him.
In one of the another international books "マダム、これが俺たちのメトロだ”( Trans: Madam, this is our Metro) written by a female Japanese Civil Engineer Abe Reiko, who was closely associate with the DMRC project, praised Sreedharan for his far-farsightedness and strong determination.
Sreedharan's wife is Radha Sreedharan. His daughter is Shanti Menon, who is the principal of the Deens Academy, a school in Bangalore.
- "HMR to develop science corridor between Tarnaka, Nagole".
- "Metro man' batting for Kochi'". 4 July 2012.
- "French award presented to Sreedharan". 23 March 2005.
- "Sachin, Tata, Sreedharan get Padma Vibhushan". 26 January 2008.
- "E. Sreedharan, Padma Shri, Public Transport in India". 20 August 2013.
- "E Sreedharan resigns as MD of DMRC". 12 July 2009. Archived from the original on 13 July 2015.
- "Sreedharan on Vaishno Devi Board". The Hindu. 28 March 2012. (subscription required)
- Timmons, Heather; Raina, Pamposh (5 October 2011). "A Conversation With: E. Sreedharan". India Ink. Retrieved 30 June 2020.
- "E Sreedharan: More Than The Metro Man". Forbes India. Retrieved 30 June 2020.
- "Man of tomorrow". 2 March 2012.
- "Delhi Metro Rail". Retrieved 2 September 2014.
- "Man of Tomorrow". The Hindu Newspaper.
- P. V. Alby (2014). 'Jeevithavijayathinte Paadapusthakam' (translated: A Texbook on success in life). D C Books.
- "Sailing successfully through a sea of change". 14 August 2014.
- Nuno Coelho (10 May 2017), Chris Tarrant Extreme Railways S01E03 - Índia, retrieved 17 June 2017
- "Lessons from Metro Chief E Sreedharans life". 18 December 2011.
- "Mulayam Singh Yadav demands Bharat Ratna for 'Metro man' E Sreedharan". 3 March 2014.
- "Politicians know I cannot be maneuvered". 10 March 2006.
- "'Just A Minute With: Delhi Metro's E. Sreedharan'". 13 July 2009.
- "E Sreedharan to be principal advisor to Kochi Metro". 10 July 2012.
- "CMs vested interest behind global tender". 9 June 2012.
- "Row breaks out over Kochi Metro Rail project". 2 January 2012.
- "PM Narendra Modi flags off the Kochi metro rail". 17 June 2017.
- "Many firsts for Kochi metro, vertical gardens, open loop card and more". The Hindu. Kochi, India. 17 June 2017. Retrieved 17 June 2017.
- "Kochi metro thanks migrant workers with sadya". June 2017.
- "Metro Man E Sreedharan appointed as chief advisor for Lucknow metro". Indian Express. 7 February 2014. Retrieved 17 February 2014.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 3 July 2017. Retrieved 2 July 2017.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "Jaipur Metro work right on track, says E Sreedharan". 16 December 2010.
- "Naidu ropes in Delhi 'metro man'". 10 July 2012.
- "'Metro man' E Sreedharan endorses Modi, praises quick decision making". Firstpost. Retrieved 18 February 2021.
- Nath, Damini (14 June 2019). "'Metro Man' Sreedharan writes to PM against AAP's free rides for women bid". The Hindu. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 18 February 2021.
- "Metroman E Sreedharan locks horns with Kerala government over campus politics". The New Indian Express. 11 December 2019. Retrieved 18 February 2021.
- Paul, John L. (9 December 2020). "KMRL must reduce fare: Sreedharan". The Hindu. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 18 February 2021.
- AURORA, BHAVNA VIJ. "Railways can't survive on borrowing, fares must rise, says Metro Man E Sreedharan". The Economic Times. Retrieved 18 February 2021.
- "Metro Man E Sreedharan says 'highly expensive' bullet train will cater only to elites". www.businesstoday.in. Retrieved 18 February 2021.
- "E Sreedharan: Metro man E Sreedharan to join BJP". The Times of India. 18 February 2021. Retrieved 18 February 2021.
- Rai, Arpan (18 February 2021). "'Metro man' E Sreedharan set to join Bharatiya Janata Party". Hindustan Times. Retrieved 18 February 2021.
- "Hindu, Christian girls being tricked into marriage by love jihad: E Sreedharan ahead of joining BJP". India Today. 20 February 2021. Retrieved 24 February 2021.
- "Construction World Man of the Year award conferred upon E Sreedharan". 20 October 2002.
- "'Delhi Metro's E Sreedharan receives Qimpro's Platinum for business excellence '".
- "Sreedharan is Indian of the Year: Public Service". CNN-IBN. 25 January 2008. Retrieved 25 January 2008.
- "Acceptance speech by Dr. E. Sreedharan". CUSAT. 7 December 2010. Retrieved 5 November 2020.
- Chithira Thirunal Balarama Varma
- HINDU, THE. "Sreedharan honoured". Retrieved 13 December 2014.
- "SR Jindal awards for Sreedharan, 19 others". Indian Express. 4 December 2012. Retrieved 2 September 2014.
- "Honorary Doctorate for 'Metroman' Sreedharan | Business Standard News". business-standard.com. Retrieved 29 January 2017.
- "'Metro man' Sreedharan gets Lifetime achievement Governance Award 2013'".
- "Japan confers prestigious award on Metro Man Sreedharan". The Economic Times. Retrieved 18 February 2021.
- "KPP Nambiar award presented to E Sreedharan". The Times of India. 14 January 2018. Retrieved 14 January 2018.
- "'India's 'Metro Man' E Sreedharan wins Lifetime achievement award at Republic-Open Magazine's Achievers Awards, says it's all about teamwork'".
- "What the average Malayali loves to read". The Hindu. 4 December 2012.