Padma Shri (also Padmashree) is the fourth highest civilian award in the Republic of India, after the Bharat Ratna, the Padma Vibhushan and the Padma Bhushan. Awarded by the Government of India, it is announced every year on India's Republic Day.
Government of India
Padma Awards were instituted in 1954 to be awarded to citizens of India in recognition of their distinguished contribution in various spheres of activity including the Arts, Education, Industry, Literature, Science, Sports, Medicine, Social Service and Public Affairs. It has also been awarded to some distinguished individuals who were not citizens of India but did contribute in various ways to India.
On its obverse, the words "Padma", meaning lotus in Sanskrit, and "Shri", a Sanskrit-derived honorific equivalent to 'Mr.' or 'Ms.', appear in Devanagari above and below a lotus flower. The geometrical pattern on either side is in burnished bronze. All embossing is in white gold.
Awards by decadeEdit
- List of Padma Shri award recipients (1954–59)
- List of Padma Shri award recipients (1960–69)
- List of Padma Shri award recipients (1970–79)
- List of Padma Shri award recipients (1980–89)
- List of Padma Shri award recipients (1990–99)
- List of Padma Shri award recipients (2000–09)
- List of Padma Shri award recipients (2010–19)
- "Precedence Of Medals". Website. Indian Army. Retrieved 9 September 2014.
- "Padma award's schema" (PDF). Ministry of Home Affairs. Retrieved 2014-08-13.
- "Padma’s Easy Slim Zone | Vrinda Gopinath". Outlookindia.com. Retrieved 2013-07-10.
- "Padma Awards 2014 announced" (Press release). Ministry of Home Affairs. 25 January 2014. Retrieved 25 January 2014.