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Padma Shri (also Padma Shree) is the fourth highest civilian award in the Republic of India, after the Bharat Ratna, the Padma Vibhushan and the Padma Bhushan. Awarded by the Government of India, it is announced every year on India's Republic Day.[2]

Padma Shri
Padma Shri India IIIe Klasse.jpg
Awarded by
Emblem of India.svg
Government of India
Country India
Type National Civilian
Ribbon IND Padma Shri BAR.png
Statistics
Established 1954
First awarded 1954
Last awarded 2017
Total awarded 2840
Precedence
Next (higher) Padma Bhushan & Kirti Chakra[1]
Next (lower) Sarvottam Jeevan Raksha Padak[1]

Contents

HistoryEdit

Padma Awards were instituted in 1954 to be awarded to citizens of India in recognition of their distinguished contribution in various spheres of activity including the Arts, Education, Industry, Literature, Science, Sports, Medicine, Social Service and Public Affairs. It has also been awarded to some distinguished individuals who were not citizens of India but did contribute in various ways to India.

The selection criteria have been criticized in some quarters with the claim that many highly deserving artists have been left out in order to favor certain individuals.[3][4]

On its obverse, the words "Padma", meaning lotus in Sanskrit, and "Shri", a Sanskrit-derived honorific equivalent to 'Mr.' or 'Ms.', appear in Devanagari above and below a lotus flower. The geometrical pattern on either side is in burnished bronze. All embossing is in white gold.

As of 2017, 2840 people have received the award.[5]

Awards by decadeEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Precedence Of Medals". Website. Indian Army. Retrieved 9 September 2014. 
  2. ^ "Padma award's schema" (PDF). Ministry of Home Affairs. Retrieved 2014-08-13. 
  3. ^ "Padma's Easy Slim Zone | Vrinda Gopinath". Outlookindia.com. Retrieved 2013-07-10. 
  4. ^ "Advani backs Merchant on Padma awards selection criticism". The Times of India. 3 February 2010. Retrieved 1 November 2017. 
  5. ^ "Previous awardees". Ministry of Home Affairs. Retrieved 1 November 2017. 

External linksEdit