Ministry of Home Affairs (India)
The Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) or Home Ministry (IAST: Gṛha Maṃtrālaya) is a ministry of the Government of India, serving as the Indian state department. As the interior ministry of India, it is mainly responsible for the maintenance of internal security and domestic policy. The Home Ministry is headed by Union Minister of Home Affairs. Rajnath Singh is the present Minister of Home Affairs.
North Block, Central Secretariat
|Formed||15 August 1947|
|Jurisdiction||Republic of India|
|Headquarters||Ministry of Home Affairs
North Block, Cabinet Secretariat
|Annual budget||₹97,187 crore (US$15 billion) (2017-18 est.)|
|Deputy Ministers responsible|
The Home Ministry is also the cadre controlling authority for the Indian Police Service (IPS), DANIPS and DANICS. Police-I Division of the ministry is the cadre controlling authority in respect of the Indian Police Service; whereas, the UT Division is the administrative division for DANIPS and DANICS and the All India Services officers posted and working in the Arunachal Pradesh-Goa-Mizoram-Union Territories (AGMUT) cadre.
The ministerial team at the MHA is headed by the Minister of Home Affairs, who is supported by one or many ministers of state and civil servants assigned to them to manage the ministers' offices.
Home Secretary and other senior officialsEdit
The Home Secretary is generally a senior Indian Administrative Service (IAS) officer. MHA headquarters in addition to post of Home Secretary has, on account of up-gradations since 2008, four more officers with the equivalent rank of secretary/special secretary, including one officer from the Indian Police Service.
|Rajiv Gauba, IAS||Home Secretary|
|Rina Mitra, IPS||Special Secretary (Internal Security)|
|Bipin Bihari Mallick, IAS||Additional Secretary (Disaster Management)|
|B.R. Sharma, IAS||Additional Secretary (Border Management)|
|Ravindra Panwa, IAS||Additional Secretary and Financial Adviser|
|Jaideep Govind, IAS||Additional Secretary (Left Wing Extremism)|
|Praveen Kumar Srivastava, IAS||Additional Secretary (Union Territories)|
|V.K. Choubey, ICAS||Principal Chief Controller of Accounts|
|Satpal Chouhan, IES||Senior Economic Adviser|
Central Armed Police Forces and domestic intelligence agencyEdit
Chiefs of CAPFs, NIA and IB report directly to the Home Secretary, who in turn reports to the Home Minister. DGs of CAPF may also report to Special Secretary (Internal Security) and Special Secretary/Additional Secretary (Border Management).
|Rajiv Jain, IPS||Director of the Intelligence Bureau|
|Rajiv Rai Bhatnagar, IPS||Director General, Central Reserve Police Force|
|K.K. Sharma, IPS||Director General, Border Security Force|
|O.P. Singh, IPS||Director General, Central Industrial Security Force|
|Rajnikant Mishra, IPS||Director General, Sashastra Seema Bal|
|R.K. Pachnanda, IPS||Director General, Indo-Tibetan Border Police|
|Sudhir Pratap Singh, IPS||Director General, National Security Guard|
|Y.C. Modi, IPS||Director General, National Investigation Agency|
The Ministry of Home Affairs extends manpower and financial support, guidance and expertise to the State Governments for the maintenance of security, peace and harmony without trampling upon the constitutional rights of the States.
The Ministry of Home Affairs has the following constituent Departments:
Department of Border ManagementEdit
Department of Border Management, dealing with management of borders, including coastal borders.
Department of Internal SecurityEdit
Department of Jammu and Kashmir AffairsEdit
Department of Jammu and Kashmir Affairs, dealing with the constitutional provisions in respect of the State of Jammu and Kashmir and all other matters relating to the State excluding those with which the Ministry of External Affairs is concerned.
Department of HomeEdit
Department of Official LanguageEdit
Dealing with the implementation of the provisions of the Constitution relating to official languages and the provisions of the Official Languages Act, 1963.
Department of StatesEdit
Dealing with centre-state relations, inter-state relations, union territories and freedom fighters' pension.
These are organisational divisions of the ministry itself, without the splitting into specialised departments.
Handling all administrative and vigilance matters, allocation of work among various Divisions of the ministry and monitoring of compliance of furnishing information under the Right to Information Act, 2005, matters relating to the Order of Precedence, Padma Awards, Gallantry Awards, Jeevan Raksha Padak Awards, National Flag, National Anthem, State Emblem of India and Secretariat Security Organisation.
Border Management DivisionEdit
Matters relating to coordination by administrative, diplomatic, security, intelligence, legal, regulatory and economic agencies of the country for the management of international borders, the creation of infrastructure like roads/fencing and floodlighting of borders, border areas development programme pilot project on Multi-purpose National Identity Card and Coastal Security.
The division deals with Centre-State relations, including working of the constitutional provisions governing such relations, appointment of governors, creation of new states, nominations to Rajya Sabha/Lok Sabha, Inter-State boundary disputes, over-seeing the crime situation in States, imposition of President's Rule and work relating to Crime and Criminal Tracking Network System (CCTNS) etc.
Intra-Ministry coordination work, parliamentary matters, public grievances (PGs), publication of annual report of the ministry, record retention schedule, annual action plan of the ministry, custody of classified and unclassified records of the ministry, internal work study, furnishing of various reports of scheduled castes/scheduled tribes and persons with disabilities, etc.
Disaster Management DivisionEdit
Responsible for the response, relief and preparedness for natural calamities and man-made disasters (except drought and epidemics). The division is also responsible for legislation, policy, capacity building, prevention, mitigation and long-term rehabilitation.
The division is responsible for formulating, operating and controlling the budget of the ministry under the Integrated Finance Scheme.
Freedom Fighters and Rehabilitation DivisionEdit
The division frames and implements the Freedom Fighters' Pension Scheme and the schemes for rehabilitation of migrants from former West Pakistan/East Pakistan and provision of relief to Sri Lankan and Tibetan refugees. It also handles work relating to Enemy Properties and residual work relating to Evacuee Properties.
Human Rights DivisionEdit
The division deals with matters relating to the Protection of Human Rights Act and also matters relating to national integration and communal harmony and Ayodhya.
Internal Security Division-IEdit
Internal security and law and order, including anti-national and subversive activities of various groups/extremist organisations, policy and operational issues on terrorism, security clearances, monitoring of ISI activities and Home Secretary-level talks with Pakistan on terrorism and drug trafficking as a part of the composite dialogue process.
Internal Security Division-IIEdit
Division deals with arms and explosive; letters of request for mutual legal assistance in criminal matters; National Security Act, 1980 and representations thereunder; administration of Narcotics Control Bureau; providing central assistance to victims of terrorist, communal and naxal violence; matters relating to breach of privilege of MPs, etc.
Jammu and Kashmir DivisionEdit
The division deals with constitutional matters including Article 370 of the Constitution of India and general policy matters in respect of Jammu and Kashmir and terrorism/militancy in that State. It is also responsible for implementation of the Prime Minister's Package for JandK.
Legislative aspects of the Indian Penal Code (IPC), Code of Criminal Procedure (CrPC) and also the Commission of Inquiry Act. It also handles matters relating to state legislations, which require the assent of the President under the Constitution, political pension to erstwhile rulers before independence, mercy petitions under Article 72 of the Constitution.
Left Wing Extremism DivisionEdit
Control of left-wing extremism in India, as naxalism and maoism.
North East DivisionEdit
The division deals with the internal security and law and order situation in the northeastern states, including matters relating to insurgency and talks with various extremist groups operating in that region.
Division functions as the cadre controlling authority in respect of Indian Police Service (IPS) and also deals with the award of Presidents' police Medals for Meritorious/ Distinguished service and Gallantry, etc.
This Division deals with the policy, personnel, operational (including deployment) and financial matters relating to all the Central Armed Police Forces (CAPFs) including BSF Air Wing. It also deals with the matters relating to welfare of the serving and retired CAPF personnel and the deployments in UN peacekeeping missions.
Police Modernisation DivisionEdit
The division handles all items of work relating to modernisation of State Police Forces, provisioning/procurement of various items for modernisation of Central Police Forces, police reforms and police mission.
Policy Planning DivisionEdit
The division deals with matters relating to policy formulation in respect of internal security issues, international co-operation on counter-terrorism, international covenants, bilateral assistance treaties and related items of work.
Union Territories DivisionEdit
The division deals with all legislative and constitutional matters relating to Union territories, including National Capital Territory of Delhi. It also functions as the cadre controlling authority of the Arunachal Pradesh-Goa-Mizoram-Union Territories (AGMUT) cadre of the Indian Administrative Service (IAS), the Indian Forest Service (IFS/IFoS), and the Indian Police Service (IPS) as also Delhi, Andaman and Nicobar Islands Civil Service (DANICS)/Delhi, Andaman and Nicobar Islands Police Service (DANIPS). Besides, it is responsible for overseeing the crime and law and order situation in UTs.
- "Home Ministry allocated Rs 97,187 cr in budget". Business Standard. February 1, 2017. Retrieved August 17, 2017.
- "ORGANIZATIONAL CHART OF MINISTRY OF HOME AFFAIRS" (PDF). Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. November 30, 2017. Retrieved January 17, 2018.
- "Sarkaritel.com, : Ministries, Secretaries to Government of India".
- Ahuja, Rajesh (June 21, 2017). "Urban development secretary Rajiv Gauba to be next home secretary". Hindustan Times. Retrieved August 31, 2017.
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- "Rajiv Gauba to Replace Rajiv Mehrishi as Home Secretary". The Wire. June 21, 2017. Retrieved August 31, 2017.
- "Secretary-level bureaucratic reshuffle: Rajiv Gauba to replace Rajiv Mehrishi as Union Home Secretary". Indian Express. June 21, 2017. Retrieved August 31, 2017.
- "Dineshwar Sharma appointed new Intelligence Bureau Director". India Today. Retrieved 13 December 2013.
- "Departments Of MHA". Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. Retrieved January 17, 2018.
- "Divisions of MHA". Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. Retrieved January 17, 2018.