Minister of Home Affairs (India)

The Minister of Home Affairs (or simply, the Home Minister, short-form HM) is the head of the Ministry of Home Affairs of the Government of India. One of the senior-most officers in the Union Cabinet, the chief responsibility of the Home Minister is the maintenance of India's internal security; the country's large police force comes under its jurisdiction. Occasionally, they are assisted by the Minister of State of Home Affairs and the lower-ranked Deputy Minister of Home Affairs.

Minister of Home Affairs
Griha Mantri
Emblem of India.svg
Flag of India.svg
Amit shah official portrait.jpg
Incumbent
Amit Shah

since 30 May 2019
Ministry of Home Affairs
StyleThe Honourable
AbbreviationHM
Member ofUnion Cabinet
Reports toPrime Minister,
Parliament of India
SeatNorth Block, Rashtrapati Bhavan, New Delhi
AppointerPresident on the advice of the Prime Minister
Term length5 years
PrecursorRajnath Singh
(2014-2019)
Inaugural holderSardar Vallabhbhai Patel
Formation15 August 1947
Websitemha.gov.in

Ever since the time of independent India's first Home Minister, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, the office has been seen as second in seniority only to the Prime Minister in the Union Cabinet. Like Patel, several Home Ministers have since held the additional portfolio of Deputy Prime Minister. As of February 2020, three Home Ministers have gone on to become the Prime Minister: Lal Bahadur Shastri, Charan Singh and P. V. Narasimha Rao. L.K. Advani, serving from 19 March 1998 to 22 May 2004, has held the office of the Home Minister for the longest continuous period, as of February 2020.

From 26 May 2014 to 30 May 2019, the Home Minister of India was Rajnath Singh of the Bharatiya Janata Party, taking over the reins from Sushilkumar Shinde. On 31 May 2019, following the swearing-in of the Second Modi Ministry Amit Shah assumed the office as its 31st occupant.

List of Home MinistersEdit

Portrait Name Term of office Tenure

(in years, days)

Political party
(Alliance)
Prime Minister
1   Vallabhbhai Patel 15 August 1947 12 December 1950 3 years, 119 days Indian National Congress Jawaharlal Nehru
2   Jawaharlal Nehru 12 December 1950 26 December 1950 14 days
3   C. Rajagopalachari 26 December 1950 5 November 1951 314 days
4 Kailash Nath Katju 5 November 1951 10 January 1955 3 years, 66 days
5   Govind Ballabh Pant 10 January 1955 25 February 1961 6 years, 46 days
6   Lal Bahadur Shastri 25 February 1961 1 September 1963 2 years, 188 days
7   Gulzarilal Nanda 1 September 1963 9 November 1966 3 years, 69 days Jawaharlal Nehru
Lal Bahadur Shastri
Indira Gandhi
8   Indira Gandhi 9 November 1966 13 November 1966 4 days Indira Gandhi
9   Yashwantrao Chavan 13 November 1966 27 June 1970 3 years, 226 days
(8)   Indira Gandhi 27 June 1970 5 February 1973 2 years, 223 days
10 Uma Shankar Dikshit 5 February 1973 10 October 1974 1 year, 247 days
11   Kasu Brahmananda Reddy 10 October 1974 24 March 1977 2 years, 165 days
12   Charan Singh 24 March 1977 1 July 1978 1 year, 99 days Janata Party Morarji Desai
13   Morarji Desai 1 July 1978 24 January 1979 207 days
14 Hirubhai M. Patel 24 January 1979 28 July 1979 185 days
(9)   Yashwantrao Chavan 28 July 1979 14 January 1980 170 days Indian National Congress (Urs) Charan Singh
15   Zail Singh 14 January 1980 22 June 1982 2 years, 159 days Indian National Congress Indira Gandhi
16   Ramaswamy Venkataraman 22 June 1982 2 September 1982 72 days
17 Prakash Chandra Sethi 2 September 1982 19 July 1984 1 year, 321 days
18   P. V. Narasimha Rao 19 July 1984 31 December 1984 165 days Indira Gandhi
Rajiv Gandhi
19   Shankarrao Chavan 31 December 1984 12 March 1986 1 year, 71 days Rajiv Gandhi
(18)   P. V. Narasimha Rao 12 March 1986 12 May 1986 61 days
20   Buta Singh 12 May 1986 2 December 1989 3 years, 204 days
21   Mufti Mohammad Sayeed 2 December 1989 10 November 1990 343 days Janata Dal
(National Front)
V. P. Singh
22   Chandra Shekhar 10 November 1990 21 June 1991 223 days Samajwadi Janata Party (Rashtriya) Chandra Shekhar
(19)   Shankarrao Chavan 21 June 1991 16 May 1996 4 years, 330 days Indian National Congress P. V. Narasimha Rao
23   Murli Manohar Joshi 16 May 1996 1 June 1996 16 days Bharatiya Janata Party Atal Bihari Vajpayee
24   H. D. Deve Gowda 1 June 1996 29 June 1996 28 days Janata Dal
(United Front)
H. D. Deve Gowda
25 Indrajit Gupta 29 June 1996 19 March 1998 1 year, 263 days Communist Party of India
(United Front)
H. D. Deve Gowda
I. K. Gujral
26   L. K. Advani 19 March 1998 22 May 2004 6 years, 64 days Bharatiya Janata Party
(National Democratic Alliance)
Atal Bihari Vajpayee
27   Shivraj Patil 22 May 2004 30 November 2008 4 years, 192 days Indian National Congress
(United Progressive Alliance)
Manmohan Singh
28   P. Chidambaram 30 November 2008 31 July 2012 3 years, 244 days
29   Sushilkumar Shinde 31 July 2012 26 May 2014 1 year, 299 days
30   Rajnath Singh 26 May 2014 30 May 2019 5 years, 4 days Bharatiya Janata Party
(National Democratic Alliance)
Narendra Modi
31   Amit Shah 30 May 2019 Incumbent 2 years, 53 days

List of Ministers of StateEdit

Ministers of State of Home Affairs
Minister of state Portrait Political party Term Days
Subodh Kant Sahay   Janata Dal 23 April 1990 21 June 1991 212 days
Sriprakash Jaiswal   Indian National Congress 23 May 2004 22 May 2009 1825 days
Mullappally Ramachandran   28 May 2009 26 May 2014 1824 days
R. P. N. Singh 28 October 2012 26 May 2014 575 days
Kiren Rijiju   Bharatiya Janata Party 26 May 2014 30 May 2019 1830 days
Haribhai Parthibhai Chaudhary   9 November 2014 5 July 2016 604 days
Hansraj Gangaram Ahir   5 July 2016 25 July 2019 1115 days
G. Kishan Reddy   30 May 2019 7 July 2021 769 days
Nityanand Rai   30 May 2019 Incumbent 784 days
Ajay Kumar Mishra 7 July 2021 Incumbent 15 days
Nisith Pramanik   7 July 2021 Incumbent 15 days

ReferencesEdit

External linksEdit