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The Minister of Home Affairs (or simply, the Home Minister) is the head of the Ministry of Home Affairs of the Government of India. One of the senior-most officers in the Union Cabinet, the chief responsibility of the Home Minister is the maintenance of India's internal security; the country's large police force comes under its jurisdiction. Occasionally, he/she is assisted by the Minister of State of Home Affairs and the lower-ranked Deputy Minister of Home Affairs.

Minister of Home Affairs
Emblem of India.svg
Shri Amit Shah taking charge as the Union Minister for Home Affairs, in New Delhi on June 01, 2019.jpg
Incumbent
Amit Shah
Ministry of Home Affairs
StyleThe Honourable
Member ofUnion Cabinet
National Security Council
Reports toThe Prime Minister
SeatNorth Block, Rashtrapati Bhavan, New Delhi
AppointerPresident on the advice of the Prime Minister
Term length5 years
Formation15 August 1947

Ever since the time of independent India's first Home Minister, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, the office has been seen as second in seniority only to the Prime Minister in the Union Cabinet. Like Patel, several Home Ministers have since held the additional portfolio of Deputy Prime Minister. As of February 2018, three Home Ministers have gone on to become the Prime Minister who are: Lal Bahadur Shastri, Charan Singh and P. V. Narasimha Rao. L.K. Advani, serving from 19 March 1998 to 22 May 2004, has held the office of the Home Minister for the longest continuous period, as of 25 January 2019.

From 26 May 2014 to 30 May 2019, the Home Minister of India was Rajnath Singh of the Bharatiya Janta Party, taking over the reins from Sushilkumar Shinde. On 31 May 2019, following the swearing-in of the Second Modi Ministry, Amit Shah assumed the office as its 31st occupant.

Contents

List of Home MinistersEdit

Name Portrait Term of office Political party
(Alliance)
Prime Minister
1 Vallabhbhai Patel   15 August 1947 12 December 1950 Indian National Congress Jawaharlal Nehru
2 Jawaharlal Nehru 12 December 1950 26 December 1950
3 C. Rajagopalachari   26 December 1950 05 November 1951
4 Kailash Nath Katju 05 November 1951 10 January 1955
5 Govind Ballabh Pant   10 January 1955 25 February 1961
6 Lal Bahadur Shastri   25 February 1961 01 September 1963
7 Gulzarilal Nanda   01 September 1963 09 November 1966 Jawaharlal Nehru
Lal Bahadur Shastri
Indira Gandhi
8 Indira Gandhi   09 November 1966 13 November 1966 Indira Gandhi
9 Yashwantrao Chavan 13 November 1966 27 June 1970
(8) Indira Gandhi   27 June 1970 05 February 1973
10 Uma Shankar Dikshit 05 February 1973 10 October 1974
11 Kasu Brahmananda Reddy   10 October 1974 24 March 1977
12 Charan Singh   24 March 1977 01 July 1978 Janata Party Morarji Desai
13 Morarji Desai   01 July 1978 24 January 1979
14 Hirubhai M. Patel 24 January 1979 28 July 1979
(9) Yashwantrao Chavan 28 July 1979 14 January 1980 Janata Party (Secular) Charan Singh
15 Zail Singh 14 January 1980 22 June 1982 Indian National Congress Indira Gandhi
16 R. Venkataraman   22 June 1982 02 September 1982
17 Prakash Chandra Sethi 02 September 1982 19 July 1984
18 P. V. Narasimha Rao   19 July 1984 31 December 1984 Indira Gandhi
Rajiv Gandhi
19 Shankarrao Chavan 31 December 1984 12 March 1986 Rajiv Gandhi
(19) P. V. Narasimha Rao   12 March 1986 12 May 1986
20 Buta Singh   12 May 1986 02 December 1989
21 Mufti Mohammad Sayeed   02 December 1989 10 November 1990 Janata Dal
(National Front)
V. P. Singh
22 Chandra Shekhar 10 November 1990 21 June 1991 Samajwadi Janata Party
(National Front)
Chandra Shekhar
(20) Shankarrao Chavan 21 June 1991 16 May 1996 Indian National Congress P. V. Narasimha Rao
23 Murli Manohar Joshi   16 May 1996 1 June 1996 Bharatiya Janata Party Atal Bihari Vajpayee
25 H. D. Deve Gowda   1 June 1996 29 June 1996 Janata Dal
(United Front)
H. D. Deve Gowda
25 Indrajit Gupta 29 June 1996 19 March 1998 Communist Party of India
(United Front)
H. D. Deve Gowda
I. K. Gujral
26 L. K. Advani   19 March 1998 22 May 2004 Bharatiya Janata Party
(National Democratic Alliance)
Atal Bihari Vajpayee
27 Shivraj Patil   22 May 2004 30 November 2008 Indian National Congress
(United Progressive Alliance)
Manmohan Singh
28 P. Chidambaram   30 November 2008 31 July 2012
29 Sushilkumar Shinde   31 July 2012 26 May 2014
30 Rajnath Singh   26 May 2014 30 May 2019 Bharatiya Janata Party
(National Democratic Alliance)
Narendra Modi
31 Amit Shah   30 May 2019 Incumbent

Ministers of State of Home AffairsEdit

ReferencesEdit

External linksEdit