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Organisation and leadershipEdit

Central Armed Police Forces are under the authority of Ministry of Home Affairs. They are headed by IPS officers who are appointed as Directors General. Directors General are assisted by Additional Directors General/Special Directors General who are also from IPS and rarely officers from the cadre of CAPFs. Further downwards, CAPFs are organised into Zones/Sectors/Ranges (differs to each CAPF) which is headed by Inspectors General and further by Deputy Inspectors General who head Group Centres/Sectors. Battalions are commanded by Commandants assisted by Second-in-Command.

CAPFs are organised with primary role of border guarding for BSF, ITBP, SSB; Security of sensitive establishments by CISF, Assisting Police to tackle Law & Order, Counter Terrorist Operations, Counter Naxal Operations by CRPF. Apart from primary role, all CAPFs are involved in assisting Police in Law & Order situations and also Army in Counter Terrorist Operations. BSF & CRPF have assisted army during external aggression in the past. CAPFs work along with both Army & Police in different roles assigned to them.


Recruitment is conducted mainly in three modes.

Gazetted OfficersEdit

Officers in CAPFs are recruited through Central Armed Police Forces (Assistant Commandants) Examination conducted by UPSC. They are appointed as Assistant Commandants and are Gazetted Officers generally referred as DAGOs (Directly Appointed Gazetted Officers). DEGOs (Departmental Entry Gazetted Officers) are who have been promoted through departmental exams conducted internally for Subordinate Officers.

CAPFs ranks Police ranks Army ranks Navy ranks Air Force ranks Coast Guard ranks
Director General (Apex Scale of the Indian Police Service) Director General of State Police Force General Admiral Air chief Marshal Director General
Additional Director General (ADG) Additional Director General (ADG) Lieutenant General Vice Admiral Air Marshal Additional Director General
Inspector General (IG) Inspector General (IG) Major General Rear Admiral Air Vice Marshal Inspector General
Deputy Inspector General (DIG) Deputy Inspector General (DIG) Brigadier Commodore Air commodore Deputy Inspector General
Commandant Senior Superintendent of Police (SSP) Colonel Captain Group Captain commandant
Second-in-Command Superintendent of Police (SP) Lt.Colonel Commander Wing Commander commandant (Jr grade).
Deputy Commandant Additional Deputy Commissioner of Police /Additional Superintendent of Police Major Lieutenant Commander Squadron Leader Deputy Commandant
Assistant Commandant Assistant Commissioner of Police (ACP) / Deputy Superintendent of Police (DSP) Captain Lieutenant Flight lieutenant Assistant Commandant

Subordinate OfficersEdit

Sub Inspectors are recruited through competitive examination conducted by Staff Selection Commission and they are referred as DASOs (Directly Appointed Subordinate Officers). DESOs (Departmental Entry Subordinate Officers) are who have been promoted through departmental exams conducted internally for Constables, Head Constables and Assistant Sub Inspectors.


Constables are recruited through competitive examination conducted by Staff Selection Commission.

Apart from above modes, CAPFs conduct recruitment for specialized posts such as Engineers, Doctors etc. among DAGOs and Wireless operators, Technicians, Nursing Staff etc. among subordinate officers and constables directly under their own authority.

Recruitment DepartmentEdit

The recruitment of the candidates in the CAPF is done by the Union Public Service Commission as well the staff selection commission and respective service HQs for the various posts according to the qualification of the candidates.

Women in Central Armed Police ForcesEdit

Initially women were not recruited for the Central Armed Police Forces. In 1992 Asha Sinha created history by being the first Woman Commandant of any of the Central Armed Forces in India when she was selected as Commandant, Central Industrial Security Force, for Mazagon Dock Shipbuilders Limited. Earlier the role of Women was allowed but limited to supervisory roles in the Central Armed Police Forces.[3] The Parliamentary Committees of India for women’s empowerment recommended grater roles for women in the CAPF. On these recommendations the Ministry of Home Affairs (India) declared reservation for women in constabulary in paramilitary forces, and later declared that they can also be inducted as officers in combat roles in all five Central Armed Police Forces.[3] The Union Home Minister announced that women's representation in the CRPF and CISF would be made 15 per cent while it would be 5 per cent in the BSF, ITBP and SSB.[4] On 5 January 2016, it was decided that 33 per cent of posts at the constabulory level would be reserved for women in the CRPF and the CISF to begin with, and 14-15 per cent of posts at the constable level in the BSF, SSB and ITBP in a phased manner, Rijiju said. In 2016, an IPS Officer Archana Ramasundram of 1980 Batch rewrote history when became the first Woman to become the Director General of Police of a Paramilitary Force as DG, Sashastra Seema Bal.[5]

Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF)Edit

The Central Reserve Police Force is the largest of the Central Armed Police Forces units with 313,678 personnel in 239 battalions.[6] The Central Reserve Police includes:

Border Security Force (BSF)Edit

Women personnel of Indian Border Security Force

The primary role of the Border Security Force is to guard the border of the India with Pakistan and Bangladesh, it is deployed both on the IB and the LOC. The BSF also has active roles during times of war. It has 257,363 personnel in 186 battalions, and is headed by an Indian Police Service officer.

Indo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP)Edit

The Indo-Tibetan Border Police is deployed for guarding duties on the border with China from Karakoram Pass in Ladakh to Diphu La in Arunachal Pradesh covering a total distance of 3488 km.[8] It has 89,432 personnel in 56 fighting, 2 DM and 4 specialized battalions.[9][6]

Central Industrial Security Force (CISF)Edit

One of the largest industrial security forces in the world, the Central Industrial Security Force provides security to various Public Sector Undertakings (PSUs) and other critical infrastructure installations, major airports across the country and provides security during elections and other internal security duties and VVIP protection.It has a total strength of about 144,418 personnel in 132 battalions.[6] including 9 reserve battalions.

Sashastra Seema Bal (SSB)Edit

The objective of the Sashastra Seema Bal (English: Armed Border Force) is to guard the Indo-Nepal and Indo-Bhutan Borders. It has 76,337 personnel and 67 battalions, as well as some reserved battalions.[10][6][11]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "Adoption of New Nomenclature of CAPFs" (PDF). Ministry of Home Affairs, GoI. MHA.
  2. ^ Telegraph, The. "For the paramilitary, all's in a new name". External link in |website= (help)
  3. ^ a b
  4. ^
  5. ^
  6. ^ a b c d "MHA Annual Report 2016-2017" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 August 2017.
  7. ^ "COBRA to sting Naxal virus: new force gets Centre nod". Financial Express. 29 August 2008. Retrieved 26 February 2014.
  8. ^ "Indo-Tibetan Border Police". Retrieved 9 February 2014.
  9. ^ "Home | Indo Tibetan Border Police, Ministry of Home Affairs". Retrieved 10 August 2017.
  10. ^ "Guarding the Nation's Frontiers | eGov Magazine". 6 March 2013. Retrieved 5 January 2014.
  11. ^ "Force Profile- SSB Ministry Of Home Affairs, Govt. Of India". Retrieved 12 August 2017.

External linksEdit