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The Delhi Police (DP) is the Law enforcement agency for the National Capital Territory of Delhi (NCT). It does not have jurisdiction over the adjoining areas of the National Capital Region. In 2015, sanctioned strength of DP was 84,536 (including I.R. Battalions)[4]:para7.69 making it one of the largest metropolitan police forces in the world.[5] About 25 percent of Delhi police strength is earmarked for VVIP security.[6]

Delhi Police
दिल्ली पुलिस
Delhi Police logo.jpg
Delhi Police logo
Common nameDelhi Police
AbbreviationDP
MottoShanti Seva Nyaya
(शांति सेवा न्याय)
Peace Service Justice
Agency overview
Formed1861.
Delhi Police on February 16, 1948[1]
Preceding agency
  • Municipal Police
Employees84,536
Annual budget6,946.28 crore (US$970 million) (2018-19 est.)[2]
Jurisdictional structure
Operations jurisdictionDelhi, IN
Delhi map.PNG
Delhi Police Jurisdiction map
Size1,483 sq mi (3,840 km2)
Population16,753,235
Legal jurisdictionAs per operations jurisdiction
General nature
HeadquartersIndraprasta Estate, New Delhi

Police Officers70,000 ( Excluding constable staff and head department )
Elected officer responsible
Agency executive
Facilities
Stations180
Helicopters1[3]
Website
www.delhipolice.nic.in

They come under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA), Government of India and not the Government of Delhi.[4]:para7.5 The headquarters are located at Indraprashta Estate, New Delhi.

Contents

HistoryEdit

Delhi Police has its origin in a small security force, established in 1854, under the assistant of British Resident to the Mughal Imperial Courts.[7] Founded in 1861 after the adoption of the Indian Police Act, Delhi Police remained a part of the Punjab Police until India gained independence in 1947.

OrganisationEdit

Before 1948 Delhi was part of Punjab Police.

1948-1966Edit

In 1948, Delhi police was restructured. Mr D.W. Mehra became first chief of Delhi Police. Strength of Delhi police in 1951 was about 8,000 with one Inspector General of Police (IGP) and eight Superintendents of Police (SP). In 1956 a post of Deputy Inspector General of Police was created. In 1961, the strength of Delhi police was over 12,000.[8]

In 1966, the Delhi Police on the basis of the Khosla Commission Report was reorganised. Four Police districts, namely, North, Central, South and New Delhi were created.[8] In 1978, the Delhi Police Act was passed and the Commissioner System was introduced with effect from 1 July 1978.[4]:para7.69

J.N. Chaturvedi (October 1978-Jan 1980), with rank of IGP, became first Commissioner of Delhi Police.[8]

 
Delhi police headquarters at Indraprastha Marg

Impact of Sixth Central Pay CommissionEdit

Following the Sixth Central Pay Commission the UPA Government, in 2008, decided to make promotions for Indian Police Service officers, even for higher ranks, time bound. Indian Police Service officers are now promoted on fixed time table, more or less independent of functional requirements or span of responsibility, up to the level of Inspector Generals of Police, at intervals of 4, 9, 13, 14, and 18 years of service.[9]:p 155–56, section 3 The time bound promotion, much of it non functional, to high ranks apart from increasing the burden on the policing budget has made Delhi Police top heavy, sluggish, and unwieldy. Delhi Police, which had one Inspector General (IG) till Jan 1980s, now has 12 officers with ranks senior to IGPs. They are called Commissioners and Special commissioners, who are in the HAG grades and apex pay grades. In addition Delhi police, instead of one IGP, has several dozen IGPs, as every one gets to be IGP after completion of 18 years service. New IG's functions and responsibilities are no different from that of pre-1980s DIGs and Superintendents of police (SPs).[9]:Senior Duty Posts under Government of Delhi, p 177

Current OrganisationEdit

Delhi Police, in 2017, has 6 Ranges, 13 Police Districts, 62 Sub-Divisions with 184 Police Stations and 5 Specialised Crime Units declared as Police Stations namely, Economic Offenses Wing, Crime Branch, Special Cell, Special Police Unit for Women and Children (SPUWAC) and Vigilance).[4]:para7.69

HeadquartersEdit

Delhi Police is divided into twelve branches under the Commissioner of Delhi Police or CP. The main four among the branches, each under a Special Commissioner of Police (Special CP), are:

Special CP (Administration) The Special CP Administration has three Joint Commissioner of Police under him and two Additional CP's. One of them is responsible for Headquarters. Every Joint CP and Additional CP has a DCP under him. The CP responsible for Headquarters is in charge of Public Relations and has a Public Relation Officer (PRO) under him.

Special CP (Training) The Special CP has a Deputy Commissioner of Police (DCP) answering to him. The Vice-Principal of Police Training College (P.T.C) answers to the DCP.

Special CP (Security) The Special CP Security has three Joint CP's working under him. Each of them has an Additional CP under him. The Additional CP gives orders to the CP's of each Police Battalion

Special CP (Intelligence) The Special CP Intelligence has a Joint CP and an Additional CP working under him. The Additional CP gives orders to an Additional CP and to the F.R.R.O section. He is responsible for registration of foreigners in the Delhi Police region. The Additional CP has a DCP working under him. There is an Additional DCP under the DCP.

In addition to the above officers there are Special CP (Law & Order), Special CP (Crime), Special CP (Traffic) & Special CP (Special Cell).

RanksEdit

 
Delhi Police constables performing parade at Republic Day parade

In year 2015, Delhi Police (DP) under Commissioner of Police Mr B.S. Bassi had 8 Special CP's, 20 Joint CP's and 15 Additional CP's followed by other sub-ordinates. The hierarchy in DP is as follows.

  • Commissioner of Police (CP)
  • Special Commissioner of Police (Special CP)
  • Joint Commissioner of Police (Joint CP)
  • Additional Commissioner of Police (Additional CP)
  • Deputy Commissioner of Police {Selection Grade} (DCP)
  • Deputy Commissioner of Police {Junior Administrative Grade} (DCP)
  • Additional Deputy Commissioner of Police (Additional DCP)
  • Assistant Commissioner of Police (Assistant CP or ACP)
  • Inspector
  • Sub Inspector
  • Assistant Sub Inspector
  • Head Constable
  • Constable

TrainingEdit

Since 1984, DP Training College is located in the village of Jharoda Kalan and Wazirabad, Delhi .[5]

Roles and ResponsibilitiesEdit

 
A patrol car of Delhi Police

Delhi is the capital of India and is the centre of wide range of political, cultural, social and economic activities. The Delhi police has to play a number of roles so far maintenance of law and order is concerned. The Delhi Police undertakes the following activities:

  • Investigating crimes
  • Controlling criminal activities
  • Protection of women
  • Control traffic problem

Delhi Police is considered to be having the most advanced administrative system in India. It believes in the principle of 'Citizen First'. Traffic control is very important in order to avoid accidents and Delhi police has taken several measures to control the traffic.

Delhi Police and VIP securityEdit

Out of a total Delhi police strength of 77,965, in 2016, over 20,000 personnel or over 25 percent, were assigned to secure VVIPs in Delhi. Delhi Police Commissioner Alok Kumar Verma, arguing that 20,000 police force earmarked for VIP security was inadequate pitched for increasing earmarked Delhi Police for VVIP security from 20,000 to 22, 500. [6]

Alok Kumar Verma said he will give the "utmost priority" to get government to sanction the increase in police deployment for VVIP duties. He is expected to play the Terror threat card to get the extra 2250 police personnel, citing Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA ), Intelligence Bureau, and Delhi police's special bureau threat assessments. The increase in Police strength for VVIP security will increase the deployment of police personnel per VIP from 17 to 19, and Police Deployment for VIP security from 25 percent to almost one third [28.8 percent] of its total strength.[6]

The demand for increasing Police strength for Securing Delhi's VIP, at considerable cost, is against the background of worsening law and order situation in the rest of the city, especially the more deprived areas of the city of some 19 million people. [6]

Delhi Police Organisation for VVIP securityEdit

Delhi Police Deployment for VIPs[6]
VVIP Police Deployment Remarks
Prime Minister, Vice-President, Union ministers, judges, courts, and others categorized as Protected Persons and visiting protectees. 7178 Special Protection Group (SPG), which is force of over 2000 armed personnel, responsible for the PMs security is not included in this total
Near Prime Minister's Residence 89 seven police pickets are deployed permanently close to the PM's residence
Presidential Palace Or Rashtrapati Bhavan 884 Joint Commissioner of Delhi Police is in charge of this force.

This Delhi Police Force contingent is in addition to elements of an infantry battalion from the Indian army deployed permanently in The presidents’ palace, and the Army's President's Body Guards.

Residences of ministers, MPs, and judges. 2115
VVIP 254
Total 10,484 Delhi Police Force for VIP security is headed by Special Commissioner of Delhi Police. This total does not include several hundred, possibly thousands, armed personnel deployed from Paramilitary forces of India such as the BSF, CISF, NSG, CRPF etc. as body and residential guards to secure Delhi's VVIPs.

In addition Delhi Police deploys 79 Police Control Room Vehicles (Static and semi-static) in Lutyens' Delhi, where most of Delhi's VVIP live. 24 are exclusively for Members of Parliament (MPs). In addition Delhi Police provides static pickets, motor cycle patrol, and foot patrol, on 24 hour basis, including 39 static pickets, 17 motorcycle police patrols, and five Emergency Response Vehicles mounted patrols. The high police presence is supplemented with surveillance devices: 230 Close Circuit Television Cameras are located in North Avenue, South Avenue, MS MP flats, Narmada Apartment, Brahmaputra Apartment and Swarn Jayanti Complex. This is in addition to 412 CCTVs are installed at various roads leading to ministers and MP's residences in Lutyens’ Delhi.[6]

Intelligence Bureau and VIP Security CoverEdit

The Intelligence Bureau and the Ministry of Home Affairs (India) (MHA) are responsible for identifying and nominating person deserving police protection. The level of police protection is decided by the Home Minister and the home Secretary. There are four categories of protection or security cover: Z+, Z, Y, and X. Who will get what category of security cover is decided by Security Categorization Committee (SCC) — headed by the home secretary.[10][6]

Armed Police protection to those designated as deserving protection by MHA is provided by personnel drawn from central paramilitary forces under the home ministry such as the National Security Guard (NSG), CRPF, BSF, ITBP and Central Industrial Security Force (CISF). In 2006 the CISF was mandated to raise a Special Security Group (SSG) for VIP security. The SSG unit in CISF came into being on 17.11.2006. This unit is responsible physical protection of the highly threatened dignitaries/ individuals, evacuation of the Protected Persons and for providing static as well as mobile security to the Protected Persons".[11] :para 2.129

In addition to the MHA and the Intelligence Bureau, Delhi Police Commissioner is also authorized to extend police protection on the basis of reports by the Special Bureau of Delhi police.[10]

In 2012, during the tenure of the Congress(I) led government, Intelligence Bureau nominated 332 persons for protection; in 2016, under the BJP led NDA government, the number of people identified by Intelligence Bureau and MHA for police protection shot up to 454. A spokesperson of the MHA dismissed allegations that the list of persons given police protection is prepared arbitrarily. He said, "The number of protectees keeps changing depending on reports and inputs received from the security agencies. " Home Minister Rajnath Singh's predecessor Sushil Kumar Shinde, had explained that the persons nominated for protection "Only on the basis of recommendations from the Intelligence Bureau (IB)…We don’t do it on our own," The current list includes nine expelled Congress MLAs from Uttarakhand who revolted against Harish Rawat and joined the BJP on 18 May 2016 . It includes the name of BJP's Kisan Morcha chief Vijay Pal Singh Tomar, Umesh Kumar, a journalist, who carried out a sting on chief minister Rawat.[10][6]

In 2016 in Delhi categories of security cover was : 42 Z+, 55 Z ; 72 Y (threat); 143 Y (Positional); 67 X category, 19 security under discretion of Commissioner of Police . Delhi police is responsible for providing security cover to 66.[6]

VIP Security CostEdit

G.P. Singh, additional secretary (home), In Delhi Government, informed the supreme Court that Delhi spent Rs 341 crores (2012–13)on VIP security, including Rs 38 crore (approximately) for security cover in Rashtrapati Bhavan allotted in 2012-13. He added that "security was provided to dignitaries keeping in view both their status and threat perception". According to an affidavit filed before the Supreme Court, Delhi provides security cover to "376 central and 83 local protectees", i.e., at the cost to the tax payer of 1 crore per head.[12] Overall 8,049 personnel were involved in security to VIPs; 3,448 in crime prevention and investigation; 63,985 personnel maintaining law and order; and 5,847 in traffic duties[12]

Crime in DelhiEdit

'Heinous crime' in Delhi, in 2014, according to government statistics, increased by 157.13 percent from 3268 in 2013, to 8403 in 2014: Murder is up 7.4 percent from 416 to 447 ; Attempted murder by 36.11 percent from 457 to 622; Rape by 37.64 percent from 1230 to 1693; Burglary by 239.20 percent, from 2352 to 7978; and robbery by 429 percent.[4]:para p 89. 7.71 [13] Neither the Government or the Police Commissioner gave explanation for the spurt in crime.

04.2013-31-12 2013 2014- 31-12 2014 Percent change Comment
Murder 416 447 +7.45 by comparison, in 2014, 328 were murdered in New York, a city with reputation for violent crime and higher weapon ownership[14]
Attempted Murder 457 662 +36.11
Rape 1230 1693 +37.6
Robbery 1024 5425 +429.79

HelplinesEdit

Delhi Police has Helpline numbers through which people can seek help without going to the police station in person. The various Helpline numbers of Delhi Police are as follows;[15]

  • Police Control Room- 100
  • Senior Citizens Security Cell- 1291
  • Traffic problems- 1095
  • Women helpline- 1091
  • Anti-Obscene Calls Cell and Anti-stalking Cell - 1091
  • Terrorism - 1090
  • NORTH-EAST (People from North East India) HELPLINE - 1093

Delhi Police has also launched the facility of registering Online FIR from February 2014.[16]

ControversiesEdit

Over the years, Delhi Police has been involved in a series of controversies; ranging from custodial deaths, refusal to write First Information Report, inaction or collusion with arsonists during communal riots. At various times, Delhi Police has been found to be harsher on criminals which has caused it to get warnings from the Supreme Court of India and Central Bureau of Investigation.

Delhi Police has often been reported as one of the most corrupt police forces in the country, with the highest number of complaints in the Indian Police Services being registered against its personnel.[17][18][19]

Weapons InventoryEdit

All the equipment for the Delhi Police are manufactured indigenously by the Indian Ordnance Factories controlled by the Ordnance Factories Board, Ministry of Defence, Government of India.

VehiclesEdit

 
Mahindra Marksman are used by Delhi Police
 
Delhi Police pictured on TVS Apache bikes during patrolling.
 
A Delhi Police All Women PCR vehicle. The car pictured is a Toyota Innova.

SWAT CommandosEdit

Were formed in 2009 in wake of 26/11,they saw action first in 2010 Commonwealth Games,they were tasked with protection duties. They are trained on the lines of National Security Guard. All the commandos are under 28 years of age thus, making them fit and capable of tasks, meant for commandos. Their main work is to fight against any terrorist attack if occurs in Delhi NCR. They have been trained exclusively in Krav Maga. Delhi was one of the first city to get an all women SWAT team.[24] SWAT team members will function under the elite Special Cell.[25] The SWAT is provided with various state-of-art equipment and latest technology. Weapons used-

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "69TH DELHI POLICE RAISING DAY - (16.02.2016)".
  2. ^ "{title}" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 4 February 2018. Retrieved 3 February 2018.
  3. ^ ndaph. "The Hindu Business Line : Pawan Hans to provide copter to Delhi Police for surveillance". www.thehindubusinessline.com. Archived from the original on 17 November 2005. Retrieved 19 May 2008.
  4. ^ a b c d e "Annual Report Ministry of Home Affairs 2014-2015" (PDF). Delhi: Departments of Internal Security, States, Home,Jammu & Kashmir Affairs and Border Management. July 2015. p. 82. Archived (PDF) from the original on 15 August 2015. Retrieved 16 July 2015.
  5. ^ a b N. R. Madhava Menon, D. Banerjea (2002). Criminal Justice India Series: Volume 7 National Capital Territory of Delhi. Ahmedabad: Allied Publishers. pp. 45–46.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i Singh, Sumit Kumar (8 May 2016). "Delhi Sees 142 Murders, 578 Rapes and 1,729 Robberies in Less Than Four Months". New Delhi: sundaystandard. NewIndianexpress. Retrieved 27 May 2016.
  7. ^ "Delhi Police: With you, for you, since 1911". Hindustan Times. 1 September 2011. Archived from the original on 25 January 2013.
  8. ^ a b c Delhi police (July 2015). "History of Delhi Police". New delhi: Delhi police. Archived from the original on 26 July 2015. Retrieved 16 July 2015.
  9. ^ a b "INDIAN POLICE SERVICE (PAY) RULES, 2007" (PDF). DOPT. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 March 2014. Retrieved 27 May 2015.
  10. ^ a b c Ahuja, Rajesh (29 May 2016). "Staggering rise in VIP protectee list: 454 people in 2016". New Delhi: Hindustan Times. Archived from the original on 30 May 2016. Retrieved 30 May 2016.
  11. ^ MHA (2016). "Ministry of Home Affairs Annual Report 2015-2016" (PDF). New Delhi: Ministry of Home Affairs. Archived (PDF) from the original on 25 June 2017. Retrieved 30 May 2016.
  12. ^ a b Bhalla, Abhishek (6 February 2013). "NSG cover to politicos set to rise despite Centre's promises". dailymaill. Archived from the original on 3 October 2016. Retrieved 23 August 2016.
  13. ^ "CRIME IN DELHI" (PDF). Delhi Police. 2015. Archived (PDF) from the original on 23 September 2015. Retrieved 20 July 2015.
  14. ^ GOODMAN, J. DAVID; BAKER, AL (31 December 2014). "Murders in New York Drop to a Record Low, but Officers Aren't Celebrating". New York Times. Archived from the original on 11 June 2015. Retrieved 16 July 2015.
  15. ^ Helplines Archived 22 July 2013 at the Wayback Machine.. Delhi Police. Retrieved on 19 August 2013.
  16. ^ "Delhi Police to launch the Facility of filing FIR Online". IANS. news.biharprabha.com. Archived from the original on 7 October 2014. Retrieved 16 February 2014.
  17. ^ "Anti Corruption Branch finds Delhi Police, MCD most corrupt". Hindustan Times. 19 July 2010. Archived from the original on 29 April 2015. Retrieved 1 May 2015.
  18. ^ "Delhi Police most corrupt, says report". The Times of India. 29 October 2012. Archived from the original on 29 October 2012. Retrieved 19 February 2014.
  19. ^ "Cops turn rogues and turn Delhi Capital of corruption". India Today. 22 January 2011. Archived from the original on 26 February 2014. Retrieved 19 February 2014.
  20. ^ "Tata Nano unveiled as new Delhi Police PCR van at security expo". The Economic Times. 26 September 2013. Archived from the original on 15 May 2015. Retrieved 1 May 2015.
  21. ^ "Delhi: Police Station Heads to Get Toyota Innovas". NDTV. 30 June 2014. Archived from the original on 19 January 2016. Retrieved 1 May 2015.
  22. ^ "Crippled: A third of Delhi Police PCR fleet of 650 is unfit but cops need 1,000 vans". The Daily Mail Online (India). 16 September 2012. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 1 May 2015.
  23. ^ "Delhi cops openly flout PMO order on vehicle use". India Today. 2 February 2015. Archived from the original on 4 July 2015. Retrieved 1 May 2015.
  24. ^ CNN, Swati Gupta,. "India's Independence Day sees first deployment of all-female SWAT team". Archived from the original on 15 August 2018. Retrieved 15 August 2018.
  25. ^ "Delhi gets SWAT team". The Indian Express. 6 November 2009. Archived from the original on 11 April 2016. Retrieved 18 January 2016.

External linksEdit

See alsoEdit