Superintendent of police (India)
SSP-ranked officers wear the IPS logo below the star with Gorget patches on their collar. The background of the Gorget patch is dark blue. A white strip is stitiched on the Gorget patch.
SP-ranked IPS officers wear the IPS police logo below the star/Ashoka emblem and SP-ranked state police service officers wear the state police logo below the star/Ashoka emblem.
In India, a Senior Superintendent of Police (SSP) in large or metropolitan cities or Superintendent of Police (SP) in smaller cities heads the police force of a district. In districts where Senior Superintendent of Police is the head of the district, Superintendent of Police is the head of a large urban or rural area in a district. SP is also the head of a large urban or rural area in a smaller district as well. In metropolitan areas having police commissionerate system (like in Delhi Police, Mumbai Police or Hyderabad Police) the head of district police is called Deputy Commissioner of Police (DCP), and he or she holds the rank of a SP.
Senior Superintendents of Police are officers of the Indian Police Service. They are entrusted with the powers and responsibility of maintaining law and order and related issues of a metropolitan district of a state or a union territory (UT) of India. They are assisted by their junior officers. SSP rank insignia is the State Emblem above two stars and SSPs also wear Gorget patches which have a dark blue background and a white line stitched on it. They wear it on their collar. The rank below is Superintendent of Police (SP), while the rank above is Deputy inspector general of police (DIG) who wears Ashoka emblem above three stars. SSPs are also the secondary head in various headquarters. The rank of SSP is equivalent to the rank of Colonel in the Indian Army. SSPs also serve as Commandants in the CAPF.
Superintendents of Police are the officers of either State Police Service or Indian Police Service. They are the district head of non-metropolitan districts in India. They are also the incharge of a large urban or rural area in a district where SSP is the district head. They also serve as sub-ordinates to the Additional Director General of Police in various bureaus. The rank of Superintendent of Police is equivalent to the rank of second in command(2IC) and deputy commandant in CAPF. SP rank badge is the Ashoka emblem above no star or one star (according to grade pay level). The rank below SP is Deputy Superintendent of Police in State Police Service or Assistant Superintendent of Police in Indian Police Service and the rank above it is Senior Superintendent of Police. SPs are also the third head of various headquarters. The rank of SP is equivalent to the rank of major and lieutenant colonel in the Indian Army.