Champhai district is one of the eleven districts of Mizoram state in India. The district is bounded on the north by Churachandpur district of Manipur state, on the west by Saitual and Serchhip districts, and on the south and east by Myanmar. The district occupies an area of 3185.83 km². Champhai town is the administrative headquarters of the district.
Location of Champhai district in Mizoram
|• Lok Sabha constituencies||Mizoram|
|• Vidhan Sabha constituencies||5|
|• Total||3,185 km2 (1,230 sq mi)|
|• Density||39/km2 (100/sq mi)|
|• Sex ratio||984|
|Time zone||UTC+05:30 (IST)|
Champhai district has a moderate climate. In winter the temperature varies from 0 °C to 20 °C and in summer, the temperature varies between 15 °C and 30 °C.
The district divided into four tehsils: East Lungdar (part), Khawzawl, Khawbung, and Ngopa. It has 2 Rural Development Blocks: Champhai and Khawbung. The district has five Legislative Assembly constituencies. These are Champhai North, East Tuipui, Lengteng, Tuichang, and Champhai South. There are eighty-eight inhabited villages in this district, seventy-six of which are revenue villages.
According to the 2011 census Champhai district has a population of 125,745, roughly equal to the nation of Grenada. This gives it a ranking of 610th in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 39 inhabitants per square kilometre (100/sq mi). Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 16.01%. Champhai has a sex ratio of 984 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 95.91%.
The major religious groups in this districts are: the Christians (105,061), the Hindus (2,248) and the Muslims (432).
Flora and faunaEdit
In 1991 Champai district became home to Murlen National Park, which has an area of 200 km2 (77.2 sq mi). It is also home to the Lengteng Wildlife Sanctuary, which was established in 1999 and has an area of 120 km2 (46.3 sq mi).
- "Champhai District : Census 2011 data". census2011.co.in. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
- "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 30 September 2011.
- East Lungdar tehsil is divided between Champhai District and Serchhip District. Bhatt, S. C.; Bhargava, Gopal K., eds. (2006). "Chapter 7. Government and Politics". Land and People of Indian States and Union Territories, volume 19 Mizoram. Delhi, India: Kalpaz Publications. pp. 65–70, page 69. ISBN 81-7835-375-X.
- "Mizoram villages" (PDF). Land Records Information Systems Division, NIC. Archived from the original (PDF) on 6 August 2014. Retrieved 25 August 2015.
- US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 1 October 2011.
Grenada 108,419 July 2011 est.
- census2011. "Champhai District : Census 2011 data". census2011.co.in. Archived from the original on 14 September 2014.
- Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901
- Indian Ministry of Forests and Environment. "Protected areas: Mizoram". Archived from the original on 23 August 2011. Retrieved 25 September 2011.
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