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The Rapid Action Force (RAF) is a specialised wing of the Indian CRPF (Central Reserve Police Force) to deal with riot and crowd control situations.[1]

Rapid Action Force
Rapid Action Force logo.png
Emblem of Rapid Action Force
Motto"Serving Humanity with Sensitive Policing"
Agency overview
Formed11 December, 1991
Volunteers8,000 Active Personnel
Jurisdictional structure
Federal agencyIN
Operations jurisdictionIN
Governing bodyMinistry of Home Affairs (India)
General nature
HeadquartersNew Delhi, India

Minister responsible
Agency executive
Parent agencyCentral Armed Police Forces
Notables
Anniversary
  • 7 October
Website
RAF website

HistoryEdit

RAF was raised on 11 December 1991 with headquarters in New Delhi. It became fully operational on 7 October 1992, to deal with riots, riot like situations, crowd control, rescue and relief operations, and related unrest.[2][1] The first five battalions were raised by October 1992 and an additional 5 battalions were added in April 1994. On October 2003, with 11 years of service, the force was presented with the President's colours.[1] On 9 November 2013, the RAF Academy of Public Order was established in Meerut, Uttar Pradesh.[3][4] In 2017, the Indian government approved an additional five battalions to be based in New Delhi, Haryana, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh and Bihar.[5]

OrganisationEdit

RAF is commanded by an Inspector-General of Police (IGP), functioning at New Delhi. The RAF is divided into two ranges headed by a DIGP at New Delhi and Mumbai. The RAF has a distinctive uniform with a blue-coloured camouflage pattern which symbolises peace. Its motto is "Serving Humanity with Sensitive Policing".

It currently has 10 specialised trained and equipped battalions, which are numbered 99 to 108 in the CRPF. Each battalion is headed by an officer of the rank of Commandant.[1] The battalions are located at New Delhi, Mumbai, Ahmedabad, Bhopal, Aligarh, Meerut, Hyderabad, Jamshedpur, Coimbatore and Allahabad.[citation needed]

Team is the smallest independent functional unit of the force and is commanded by an inspector. Each team has three components, namely riot control, tear some and fire. Each company of RAF has one team composed of women personnel to deal with women demonstrators.[1]

The force is equipped with non-lethal weapons for dispersing the crowd with minimum harm and losses. It is always kept in readiness for rapid deployment when the situation so demands and are only deployed by the orders of Ministry of Home Affairs on specific demands from state governments for a short duration.[citation needed]

 
Horse Mounted personnel of the RAF for riot-control

RoleEdit

Riot and crowd controlEdit

This unit has been used to deal with communal violence, law and order duty, festival and election duties and agitation.[5]

United Nations Peace Keeping OperationsEdit

The CRPF female and male contingents under the arrangements of RAF are deployed in United Nations Mission in Liberia (UNMIL), Monrovia and Zwedru in UN Peacekeeping mission since 2007–08. CRPF Female Formed Police Unit was the first of its kind in the world, which was deployed under the aegis of UN Peace Keeping Mission.[1] Recently a contingent is ready to move at South Sudan...Which is kept at readiness...On very short notice it will move to South Sudan...

Humanitarian activitiesEdit

 
A 2017 stamp dedicated to the 25th anniversary of the Rapid Action Force

RAF has also succeeded in projecting the human face of the Government and built bridges with the public by carrying out prompt rescue and relief operations during floods, earthquakes, cyclones and outbreak of epidemics in various parts of the country.[1]

Anti-terror operationsEdit

During the November 2008 Mumbai Terror Attacks, RAF was involved in cordoning the areas around the Oberoi Trident and the Taj Mahal hotels. Kamlesh Kumari of the 88 Mahila Battalion was posthumously awarded the Ashoka Chakra for her bravery during the 2001 Indian Parliament attack.[6]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g "RAF Sector | Directorate General | Dte/Zone | Central Reserve Police Force, Government of India". crpf.nic.in. Retrieved 6 October 2017.
  2. ^ "Rapid Action Force (RAF)". GlobalSecurity.org. Retrieved 26 November 2008. Italic or bold markup not allowed in: |publisher= (help)
  3. ^ "RAF Academy of Public Order inaugurated in Meerut". Jagranjosh.com. 10 November 2013. Retrieved 6 October 2017.
  4. ^ ANI (10 November 2013). "Shinde inaugurates 'RAF Academy of Public Order' in Meerut". Business Standard India. Retrieved 6 October 2017.
  5. ^ a b "RAF adding 5 new battalions to tackle increasing cases of violence". hindustantimes.com/. 22 September 2017. Retrieved 6 October 2017.
  6. ^ Dutta, Anshuman G. (11 August 2009) Armed only with a wireless set, she rushed in to face terrorists. Archive.mid-day.com. Retrieved on 2018-12-26.