Delhi High Court
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The High Court of Delhi (IAST: dillī uchcha nyāyālaya) was established on 31 October 1966. The High Court of Delhi was established with four judges. They were Chief Justice K. S. Hegde, Justice I. D. Dua, Justice H. R. Khanna and Justice S. K. Kapur. Presently, the High Court has a sanctioned strength of 45 permanent judges and 15 additional judges.
|Delhi High Court |
दिल्ली उच्च न्यायालय
|Established||31 October 1966|
|Composition method||Presidential with confirmation of Chief Justice of India and Governor of respective state.|
|Authorized by||Constitution of India|
|Appeals to||Supreme Court of India|
|Judge term length||Mandatory retirement at 62 years of age|
|Number of positions||60 (45 permanent, 15 Additional)|
|Currently||Dhirubhai Naranbhai Patel|
|Since||7 June 2019|
The High Courts (Punjab) Order, 1947 established a new High Court for the province of East Punjab with effect from 15 August 1947. The India (Adaptation of Existing Indian Laws) Order, 1947 provided that any reference in an existing Indian law to the High Court of Judicature at Lahore be replaced by a reference to the High Court of East Punjab.
When the Secretariat of the Punjab Government shifted to Chandigarh in 1954-55, the High Court also shifted to Chandigarh. The High Court of Punjab, as it later came to be called, exercised jurisdiction over Delhi through a Circuit Bench which dealt with the cases pertaining to the Union Territory of Delhi and the Delhi Administration.
In view of the importance of Delhi, its population and other considerations, the Indian Parliament, by enacting the Delhi High Court Act, 1966, established the High Court of Delhi effective from 31 October 1966.
By virtue of Section 3(1) of the Delhi High Court Act, the Central Government was empowered to appoint a date by a notification in the official gazette, establishing a High Court for the Union Territory of Delhi. The appointed date was 31 October 1966.
The High Court of Delhi initially exercised jurisdiction not only over the Union Territory of Delhi, but also Himachal Pradesh. The High Court of Delhi had a Himachal Pradesh Bench at Shimla in a building called Ravenswood. The High Court of Delhi continued to exercise jurisdiction over Himachal Pradesh until the State of Himachal Pradesh Act, 1970 came into force on 25 January 1971.
Original Side Civil JurisdictionEdit
The High Court of Delhi is one of the five High Courts in India to have original civil side jurisdiction over their territory. This means that civil cases can be filed directly in the High Court, whereas the High Court generally only has appellate civil jurisdiction otherwise. The other High Courts which have original side jurisdiction are: Bombay, Calcutta, Madras and Himachal Pradesh.
As per the report released on 2006-08, Delhi High court has a long list of pending cases. The backlog is such that it would take 466 years to resolve them. In a bid to restore public trust and confidence, Delhi court spent 5 minutes per case and disposed of 94,000 cases in 2008-10.
Former Chief JusticesEdit
|1||K. S. Hegde||31 October 1966||16 July 1967|
|-||M K M Ismail||17 July 1967||13 November 1967|
|2||I. D. Dua||14 November 1967||1 August 1969|
|3||H. R. Khanna||1 August 1969||22 Septemb|
|4||Hardayal Hardy||22 September 1971||15 May 1972|
|5||Narain Andley||15 May 1972||4 June 1974|
|6||T. V. R. Tatachari||4 June 1974||16 October 1978|
|7||V. S. Deshpande||16 October 1978||27 March 1980|
|8||Prakash Narain||8 January 1981||6 August 1985|
|9||Rajinder Sachar||6 August 1985||22 December 1985|
|10||D. K. Kapur||22 December 1985||20 August 1986|
|11||T.P.S. Chawla||20 August 1986||16 August 1987|
|-||R. N. Aggarwal (acting)||16 August 1987||21 August 1987|
|12||Yogeshwar Dayal||21 August 1987||18 March 1988|
|13||Rabindranath Pyne||18 March 1988||28 September 1990|
|14||Milap Chand Jain||28 November 1990||21 July 1991|
|15||G. C. Mittal||5 August 1991||4 March 1994|
|16||M. Jagannadha Rao||12 April 1994||21 March 1997|
|17||Mahinder Narain||21 March 1997||30 December 1999|
|18||Sam Nariman Variava||31 December 1999||15 March 2000|
|19||Arijit Pasayat||10 May 2000||19 October 2001|
|20||S.B. Sinha||26 November 2001||1 October 2002|
|21||B. C. Patel||5 March 2003||7 August 2005|
|22||Markandey Katju||12 October 2005||10 April 2006|
|23||Mukundakam Sharma||4 December 2006||9 April 2008|
|24||Ajit Prakash Shah||11 May 2008||12 February 2010|
|25||Dipak Misra||24 May 2010||10 October 2011|
|26||D Murugesan||26 September 2012||10 June 2013|
|-||Badar Durrez Ahmed (acting)||10 June 2013||1 September 2013|
|27||N. V. Ramana||2 September 2013||16 February 2014|
|-||Badar Durrez Ahmed (acting)||17 February 2014||20 April 2014|
|28||G. Rohini||21 April 2014||13 April 2017|
|-||Gita Mittal (acting)||14 April 2017||10 August 2018|
|29||Rajendra Menon||11 August 2018||6 June 2019|
- "History – Delhi HC". delhihighcourt.nic.in. Retrieved 2 March 2012.
- "The High Courts (Punjab) Order, 1947)" (PDF). Www.delhihighcourt.nic.in. Retrieved 4 October 2017.
- "Delhi High Court (Original Side) Rules, 2018" (PDF). Delhi High Court.
- "Indian Courts". Daksh. Retrieved 4 May 2020.
- "At 5 minutes per case, Delhi high court clears 94,000 in 2 years". The Times Of India. 30 May 2012.
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