Kowdoor Sadananda Hegde (11 June 1909 – 24 May 1990) was an Indian jurist and politician who served as a judge in the Supreme Court of India[1] and later as the Speaker of the Lok Sabha.[2] Hegde founded the Nitte Education Trust. He is the father of Santhosh Hegde, who also served as a judge in the Supreme Court of India.[3]

Kowdoor Sadananda Hegde
K. S. Hegde.jpg
Judge, Supreme Court of India
In office
17 July 1967 – 30 April 1973
7th Speaker of the Lok Sabha
In office
21 July 1977 – 21 January 1980
DeputyGodey Murahari
Preceded byNeelam Sanjiva Reddy
Succeeded byBalram Jakhar
Member of the India Parliament
for Bangalore South
In office
Succeeded byT. R. Shamanna
Personal details
Born(1909-06-11)11 June 1909
Kawdoor Village, South Canara, Madras Presidency, British India (Presently Karnataka ,India)
Died25 May 1990(1990-05-25) (aged 81)
Mangalore, India
Political partyJanata Party
SpouseMeenakshi Hegde
Children6, including N. Santosh Hegde
Alma materPresidency College, Chennai, Madras Law College
Source: [1]

Political careerEdit

Hegde served as a public prosecutor from 1947 to 1951. In 1952, he was elected to the Rajya Sabha, a position which he held until 1957. In 1967, Hegde was appointed a judge in the Supreme Court of India. On 30 April 1973, he tendered his resignation, as a matter of principle, when one of his junior colleagues was appointed the Chief Justice of India.

Thereafter, Hegde once again started taking an active part in socio-political movements. In 1977, he was elected to the Lok Sabha from the Bangalore South constituency on a Janata Party ticket. Several months later, he became Speaker after the resignation of his predecessor, Neelam Sanjiva Reddy. He held the position from 1977 to 1980. Lal Krishna Advani had suggested Hegde's name for Presidentship but Sanjiva Reddy got the nod, and Hegde replaced Reddy as Lok Sabha speaker.[4] Hegde retired from electoral politics after Lok Sabha was dissolved in 1979. He joined BJP when it was founded in 1980 and briefly served as its vice-president.[5] He also established the Nitte Education Trust in 1979 to provide a high school to the village of Nitte. Hegde died on 24 May 1990 at his residence in Mangalore, and left behind his wife Meenakshi and six children, three sons and three daughters.[6]


As a judge of the Supreme Court of India, his lordship was also a part of the thirteen judge bench which decided the famous Kesavananda Bharati v. State of Kerala. However, he resigned soon after delivering the majority judgment, as Justice A. N. Ray was appointed the Chief Justice of India, although Hegde was senior judge at the time. In an obituary of Hegde, Justice M. M. Ismail wrote, "His tenure as a Judge of the Supreme Court was notable for his learned judgements which were characterised by basic legal principles and practical common-sense.The end of his judicial career was equally notable for his sense of self-respect and dignity which he attached to his office, as he resigned his office without the slightest hesitation the movement [sic] he heard the news over the all India Radio that he and two senior colleagues of his had been superseded in the appointment of the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court."[7]

The K.S. Hegde Medical Academy, a medical college in Deralakatte and a unit of the Nitte Education Trust, was named after Hegde. The Justice KS Hegde Charitable Foundation, a trust dedicated to the advancement of education and community development in Mangalore, was established in memory of Hegde.[8] Each year, the foundation awards the Justice K.S. Hegde Foundation Awards; previous winners include former Indian prime minister Manmohan Singh.[9]


  1. ^ "Former Chief Justice & Judges". main.sci.gov.in/. Supreme Court of India. Retrieved 17 July 2022.
  2. ^ "Former Speakers". loksabha.nic.in/. Software Unit, Computer (HW & SW) Management. Branch, Lok Sabha Secretariat, Govt Of India. Retrieved 17 July 2022.
  3. ^ "Former Chief Justice & Judges". main.sci.gov.in/. Supreme Court of India. Retrieved 17 July 2022.
  4. ^ "Karnataka govt will take full care of Hegde's concerns: Advani".
  5. ^ Swain, Pratap Chandra (2001). Bharatiya Janata Party: Profile and Performance. ISBN 9788176482578.
  6. ^ "Obituary". The Indian Express. 26 May 1990. Retrieved 6 February 2018.
  7. ^ "Tribute to K.S. Hegde". The Indian Express. 27 May 1990. p. 8. Retrieved 6 February 2018.
  8. ^ "Birth Centenary Celebrations of Late K S Hegde at Nitte". Daijiworld Media. 14 June 2008. Retrieved 2 November 2008.
  9. ^ Sachs, Jeffrey D. (2001). Macroeconomics and Health. World Health Organization. p. 148. ISBN 9789241545501.

External linksEdit