Hemant Kumar

Hemanta Mukhopadhyay (16 June 1920 – 26 September 1989), known professionally as Hemant Kumar and Hemanta Mukherjee, was a legendary Indian music composer and playback singer who primarily sang in Bengali and Hindi, as well as other Indian languages like Marathi, Gujarati, Odia, Assamese, Tamil, Punjabi, Bhojpuri, Konkani, Sanskrit and Urdu. He was an artist of Bengali and Hindi film music, Rabindra Sangeet, and many other genres. He was the recipient of two National Awards for Best Male Playback Singer and was popularly known as the "voice of God". He Completed his B.E & M.Tech Engineering Degree from Jadavpur University.[1]

Hemanta Mukhopadhyay
Hemant Kumar 2016 stamp of India (cropped).jpg
Background information
Birth nameHemanta Mukhopadhyay
Born(1920-06-16)16 June 1920
Benares, Benares State, British India
Died26 September 1989(1989-09-26) (aged 69)
Calcutta, West Bengal, India
Genresplayback singing
Occupation(s)Singer, music director, producer
Instrument(s)Harmonium
Years active1935–1989

Early life and educationEdit

Hemanta was born in Varanasi, in the house of his maternal grandfather who was a physician. His paternal family originated from the town of Jaynagar Majilpur, and migrated to Kolkata in the early 1900s. Hemanta grew up and attended the Nasiruddin School and later the Mitra Institution school in the Bhowanipore area, where he met his longtime friend Subhas Mukhopadhyay who later became a Bengali poet. He also developed a friendship with the noted writer Santosh Kumar Ghosh during his studies.

Hemanta joined the Bengal Technical Institute at Jadavpur (now Jadavpur University) to pursue Engineering. However, he quit academics to pursue a career in music, despite objections from his father. He experimented with literature and published a short story in a Bengali magazine Desh, however he focused on music by the late 1930's.

Early music careerEdit

Hemanta's first film song was in the Bengali film Rajkumarer Nirbbasan released in 1940 which was scored by S.D. Burman. This was followed by Nimai Sanyas in 1941, in which music was scored by Hariprasanna Das. Hemanta's first compositions for himself were the Bengali non-film songs "Katha Kayonako Shudhu Shono" and "Amar Biraha Akashe Priya" in 1943. The lyrics were by Amiya Bagchi.

His first Hindi film songs were in Meenakshi in 1942. followed by Irada in 1944, with music composed by Amar Nath. Hemanta is considered the foremost exponent of Rabindra Sangeet. His first recorded Rabindra Sangeet was in the Bengali film Priya Bandhabi (1944).[2] The song was "Pather Sesh Kothaye". He recorded his first non-film Rabindra Sangeet disc in 1944 under the Columbia label. The songs were "Aamar Aar Habe Na Deri" and "Keno Pantha E Chanchalata". Prior to that, he had recorded the song "Aamaar mallikabone " on All India Radio/Akashvani but, unfortunately, the record has passed into oblivion.[3]

His first movie as a music director was the Bengali film Abhiyatri in 1947. Although many of the songs Hemanta recorded during this time received critical acclaim, major commercial success eluded him until 1947. Some contemporary male singers of Hemanta in Bengali were Jaganmay Mitra, Robin Majumdar, Satya Chowdhury, Dhananjay Bhattacharya, Sudhirlal Chakraborty, Bechu Dutta[4] and Talat Mahmood.

FamilyEdit

Hemanta had three brothers and a sister Nilima. His younger brother Tarajyoti was a Bengali short story writer. His youngest brother Amal composed music as well as sang for some Bengali movies, most notably for Abak Prithibi and Hospital. Amal recorded a few songs in the 1960's as well with Hemant as music director, most notably the song Jiboner Anekta Path Eklai. In 1945, Hemanta married Bela Mukherjee, a singer from Bengal. Although she had sung some popular songs in the movie Kashinath, she did not actively pursue her musical career after marriage. They had two children, a son Jayant, and a daughter Ranu. Ranu also pursued a music career in the late 1960's and early 1970's, with somewhat limited success. Jayant is married to Moushumi Chatterjee, a Bengali film actress.

Success and migration to MumbaiEdit

 
Hemanta Mukherjee with Rajendra Prasad and Jwaharlal Nehru, 1950.JPG





In the mid-1940s, Hemanta became an active member of the [[Indian People's Theatre Association]] (IPTA) and started an association with another active IPTA member — songwriter and composer Salil Chowdhury. One of the main driving forces behind the establishment of IPTA was the Bengal famine of 1943 and the inaction of the British administration and wealthy Indians to prevent it. In 1947, Hemanta recorded a non-film song called "Ganyer badhu" ("The rural bride") that had music and lyrics by Salil Chowdhury. The six-minute song recorded on two sides of a 78 rpm disc was sung at a varying pace and lacked the conventional structure and romantic theme of a Bengali song. It depicted an idyllic, prosperous and caring rural woman's life and family and how it gets ravaged by the demons of famine and ensuing poverty. This song generated an unforeseen popularity for Hemanta and Salil in eastern India and, in a way, established Hemanta ahead of his male contemporaries. Hemanta and Salil paired again in several songs over the next few years. Almost all these songs proved to be very popular. [6] Around the same period, Hemanta started receiving more assignments for music composition for Bengali films. Some were for director Hemen Gupta. When Hemen moved to Mumbai a few years later, he called upon Hemanta to compose music for his first directorial venture in Hindi titled Anandmath under the Filmistan banner. Responding to this call, Hemanta migrated to Mumbai in 1951 and joined Filmistan Studios. To remain linked to his roots, he named his new house which he built in Mumbai's Khar after one of his favorite works of Gurudev [[Rabindranath Tagore]], Gitanjali. The music of Anand Math (1952) was a moderate success. Perhaps, the most notable song from this movie is 'Vande mataram' sung by Lata Mangeshkar, which Hemanta set to a marching tune. Following Anandamath, Hemanta scored music for a few Filmistan movies like Shart in subsequent years, the songs of which received moderate popularity. Simultaneously, Hemanta gained popularity in Mumbai as a playback singer. [7] His songs for actor Dev Anand under the music direction of S. D. Burman in movies like Jaal (1952) ("Yeh Raat Yeh Chandni Phir Kahan"), House No. 44 (1955) ("Chup Hai Dharti" and "Teri Duniya Mein Jeene Se"), Solva Saal (1958) ("Hai Apna Dil To Awara"), and Baat Ek Raat Ki (1962) ("Na Tum Humen Jano"), attained popularity. In the 1950s, he also play-backed for other heroes of Hindi films like Pradeep Kumar (Nagin, Detective) and Sunil Dutt (Duniya Jhukti Hain) and later in the 1960s for Biswajeet (Bees Saal Baad, Bin Badal Barsat, Kohra) and Dharmandra (Anupama); he was the music composer for all these films.

Career riseEdit

By the mid-1950s, Hemanta had consolidated his position as a prominent singer and composer. In Bengal, he was one of the foremost exponents of Rabindra Sangeet and perhaps the most sought-after male singer. In a ceremony organized by Hemanta Mukherjee to honor [[Debabrata Biswas]] (1911–1980), the legendary Rabindra Sangeet exponent, in Calcutta in March 1980, Debabrata Biswas unhesitatingly mentioned Hemanta as "the second hero" to popularise Rabindra Sangeet, the first being the legendary Pankaj Kumar Mallick. In Mumbai, along with playback singing, Hemanta carved a niche as a composer. He composed music for a Hindi film called Nagin (1954 film) which became a major success owing largely to its music. Songs of Nagin remained chart-toppers continuously for two years and culminated in Hemanta receiving the prestigious Filmfare Best Music Director Award in 1955. The very same year, he scored music for a Bengali movie called Shapmochan in which he played back four songs for the Bengali actor Uttam Kumar. This started a long partnership between Hemanta and Uttam as a playback singer-actor pair. They were the most popular singer-actor duo in Bengali cinema over the next decade. In the latter part of the 1950s, Hemanta composed music and sang for several Bengali and Hindi films, recorded several Rabindra Sangeet and Bengali non-film songs. Almost all of these, especially his Bengali songs, became very popular. This period can be seen as the zenith of his career and lasted for almost a decade.Salil Chowdhury and Lata Mangeshkar stated Hemanta as the Voice Of God.He sang songs composed by the major music directors in Bengal such as Nachiketa Ghosh, Robin Chatterjee and Salil Chowdhury. Some of the notable films Hemanta himself composed music for during this period include Harano Sur, Marutirtha Hinglaj, [[Neel Akasher Neechey]], Lukochuri, Swaralipi, Deep Jwele Jaai, Shesh Parjanta, Kuhak, Dui Bhai, and Saptapadi in Bengali, and, Jagriti and Ek Hi Raasta in Hindi.

Movie productionEdit

In the late 1950s, Hemanta ventured into movie production under his own banner: Hemanta-Bela productions. The first movie under this banner was a Bengali film directed by Mrinal Sen, titled Neel Akasher Neechey (1959). The story was based on the travails of a Chinese street hawker in [Calcutta]] in the backdrop of India's freedom struggle. The movie went on to win the [[President's Gold Medal]] — the highest honour for a movie from Government of India. In the next decade, Hemanta's production company was renamed Geetanjali productions and it produced several Hindi movies such as Bees Saal Baad, Kohraa, Biwi Aur Makaan, Faraar, Rahgir and Khamoshi all of which had music by Hemanta. Only Bees Saal Baad and Khamoshi were major commercial successes. Back in Bengal, Hemanta scored music for a movie titled Palatak in 1963 where he experimented with merging Bengal folk music and light music. This proved to be a major success and Hemanta's composition style changed noticeably for many of his future films in Bengal such as Baghini, and Balika Badhu. In Bengali films Manihar and Adwitiya, both of which were major musical as well as commercial successes, his compositions had a light classical tinge. In 1961, for commemorating Rabindranath Tagore's birth centenary, the Gramophone Company of India featured Rabindrasangeet by Hemanta in a large portion of its commemorative output. This too proved to be a major commercial success. Hemanta went on several overseas concert tours including his trip to the West Indies. Overall, in the 1960s decade, he retained his position as the major male singer in Bengal and as a composer and singer to be reckoned with in Hindi films. In the 1960s he was the predominant and lead male voice in many of Tagore's musical dramas like Valmiki Pratibha, Shyama, Sapmochan, Chitrangada and Chandalika. With [[Kanika Bandopadhyay]] (1924–2000) and Suchitra Mitra (1924–2010), who were the lead female voices in these, he was part of the Rabindra Sangeet triumvirate that was popular and respected. It was referred to as 'Hemanta-Kanika-Suchitra' and, with Debabrata Biswas, this quartet was and continues to be the most heard exponents of Tagore compositions. Asoktaru Bandopadhyay, Chinmoy Chattopadhyay, Sagar Sen, Sumitra Sen, and [Ritu Guha]] were the other leading exponents of Rabindra Sangeet at that time.

Later careerEdit

In the 1970s, Hemanta's contribution to Hindi films was nominal. He scored music for a handful of his home productions, but none of these movies were successful nor their music. In Bengal, however, he remained the foremost exponent of Rabindra Sangeet, film and non-film songs. His output continued to be popular for most of the decade. Some of them are Jodi jante chao tumi... (1972), Ek gochha rajanigandha, Aamay prasno kore nil dhrubatara..., Sedin tomay dekhechilam... (1974), Khirki theke singho duar... (Stree, 1971), Ke jane ko ghonta... (Sonar Khancha, 1974), Jeona daraon bandhu... (Phuleswari, 1975 ) and popularised Rabindra sangeet using them beautifully in films as per situations. A very popular and classic example is the song Chorono dhorite diyogo amare.. in Dadar Kirti (1980). In 1971, Hemanta debuted as a film director in for his self-produced Bengali movie Anindita. It didn't fare exceedingly well at the box office. However, his rendition Diner seshe ghumer deshe was one of his best and popular Rabindra Sangeet renditions. In the same year Hemanta went to Hollywood by responding to film director [[Conrad Rooks]] and score the music of Conrad's Siddhartha and played back O Nadire... (composed and sang by him earlier in Neel Aakasher Neechey(1959) in that film. He was the first Indian singer to playback in Hollywood. The US government honored Hemanta by conferring him with the citizenship of Baltimore, Maryland; the first-ever singer of India to get USA citizenship. In the early to mid- 1970s, two major music composers in Bengal, Nachiketa Ghosh and Robin Chatterjee, who had worked closely with Hemanta, since the early 1950s, died. Simultaneously, music composed by Hemanta for Bengali films like Phuleswari, Raag Anurag, Ganadebata and Dadar Kirti established him as the major film music composer in the Bengal movie scene. In 1979, Hemanta re-recorded some of his earlier works with composer Salil Chowdhury from the 1940s and 1950s. This album, titled Legend of Glory, vol. 2 was a major commercial success. In 1980, Hemanta had a heart attack that severely affected his vocal capabilities, especially his breath control. He continued to record songs in the early eighties, but his voice was a shade of its rich baritone past. In 1984, Hemanta was felicitated by different organizations, most notably by the Gramophone Company of India, for completing 50 years in music. That very year Hemanta released his last album with Gramophone Company of India — a 45 rpm extended play disc with four non-film songs. Over the next few years, Hemanta released few non-film songs for small-time companies that had cropped up in the nascent cassette-based music industry. Only a few of these were commercially successful. He composed music for a handful of Bengali movies and one Bengali and one Hindi tele-series. However, by this time he had become an institution, a beloved and revered personality who was a courteous and friendly gentleman. His philanthropic activities included running a homeopathic hospital in memory of his late father in their native village in Baharu, in the South 24 Parganas district of West Bengal. He continued to feature regularly on All India Radio, Doordarshan (TV) and live programs/concerts during this period. In a television interview, recorded in the early 1990s, to noted elocutionist Gauri Ghosh, his wife Bela Mukherjee recalled that she never knew during his lifetime the number of families and persons he helped to put up financially or otherwise; it was only after his departure that this truth gradually unveiled. In 1987, he was nominated for Padmabhushan which he refused politely, having already turned down a previous offer to receive Padmashree in the 1970s. In this year, he was publicly felicitated in Netaji Indoor Stadium in Calcutta for completing 50 years in the musical journey, where, Lata Mangeshkar presented him with the memento on behalf of his fans and admirers.Despite his aging voice, he became the Best Male Singer in 1988 for his rendition in the film "Lalan Fakir". In September 1989 he traveled to Dhaka, Bangladesh to receive the Michael Madhusudan Award, as well as to perform a concert. Immediately after returning from this trip he suffered another heart attack on 26 September and died at 11:15 pm in a nursing home in South Calcutta.

AwardsEdit

Death and legacyEdit

On 26 September 1989, Hemant fell ill after returning from a concert in Dhaka. He died shortly after, due to a massive cardiac arrest. According to his daughter-in-law Moushumi Chatterjee, his last words were "Ki koshto, ki koshto" ('so much of pain, so much of pain').

Hemant's legacy still lives on through the songs that he has recorded during his lifetime, as well as music he has composed. Due to the commercial viability of his songs, the Gramophone Company of India (or Saregama) still releases at least one album of his every year, repackaging his older songs.

 
Indian stamp featuring Hemant Kumar (2016)
 
Indian stamp featuring Hemant Kumar (2003)

DiscographyEdit

English discography (as composer)Edit

Year Title
1972 Siddhartha

Bengali discography (as composer)Edit

Total number of films: 147

Year Title Notes
1947 Abhiyatri
Purbaraag
1948 Bhuli Naai
Padma Pramatta Nadi
Priyatama
1949 Diner Par Din
'42
Sandipan Pathshala
Swami
1951 Jighansa
Paritran
1952 Swapno O Samadhi Jointly with Khagen Dasgupta
1955 Shapmochan
1956 Suryamukhi
1957 Shesh Parichay
Taser Ghar
Harano Sur
1958 Lukochuri
Shikar
Surjatoran
Joutuk
Neel Akasher Neechey
1959 Deep Jwele Jaai
Khelaghar
Marutirtha Hinglaj
Sonar Harin
Kshaniker Atithi
1960 Baishey Shravan
Gariber Meye
Kuhak
Khoka Babur Prayabartan
Shesh Paryanta
1961 Dui Bhai
Agni Sanskar
Madhya Rater Tara
Punashcha
Saptapadi
Sathi Hara
Swaralipi
1962 Atal Jaler Ahwan
Agun
Dada Thakur
Hansuli Banker Upakatha
Nabadiganta
1963 Badshah
Barnachora
Ek Tukro Agun
High Heel
Palatak
Saat Pake Bandha
Shesh Prahar
Tridhara
1964 Arohi
Bibhas
Natun Tirtha
Pratinidhi
Prabhater Rang
Swarga Hotey Biday
Sindure Megh
1965 Alor Pipasa
Ek Tuku Basa
Ek Tuku Chhonya Lage
Suryatapa
1966 Kanch Kata Hirey
Manihar
1967 Balika Badhu
Dushtu Prajapati
Nayika Sangbad
Ajana Shapath
1968 Adwitiya
Baghini
Hansamithun
Jiban Sangeet
Panchasar
Parisodh
1969 Chena Achena
Man Niye
Parineeta
Shuk Sari
1970 Deshbandhu Chittaranjan
Duti Mon
1971 Kuheli
Malayadan
Nabarag
Nimantran
Sansar
Mahabiplabi Arabindo
1972 Anindita
Shriman Prithviraj
1974 Bikele Bhorer Phool
Thagini
Phuleshwari
1975 Agniswar
Mohan Baganer Meye
Nishi Mrigaya
Raag Anuraag
Sansar Simantey
1976 Banhi Sikha
Datta
Sankhabish
Pratisruti
1977 Din Amader
Hatey Roilo Tin
Mantramugdha
Pratima
Proxy
Rajani
Sanai
Shesh Raksha
Swati
1978 Ganadevata
Nadi Theke Sagare
Pranay Pasha
1979 Shahar Theke Dooray
Nauka Dubi
1980 Bandhan
Dadar Kirti
Paka Dekha
Pankhiraj
Shesh Bichar
1981 Kapal Kundala
Khelar Putul
Meghmukti
Subarna Golak
1982 Chhoto Maa
Chhut
Uttar Meleni
Pratiksha
1983 Amar Geeti
Rajeshwari
1984 Agni Shuddhi
Ajantay
Bishabriksha
Didi
Madhuban
Suryatrishna
1985 Bhalobasa Bhalobasa
Tagari
1986 Pathbhola
Ashirwad
1987 Pratibha
Tunibou
Boba Sanai
1988 Surer Sathi
Parashmani
Aganan
1989 Bhalobasar Rat

Hindi discography (as composer)Edit

Year Title
1952 Anand Math
1954 Daku Ki Ladki
Ferry
Nagin
Jagriti
Samrat
Shart
1955 Bahu
Bandish
Bhagwat Mahima
Lagan
1956 Anjaan
Arab Ka Saudagar
Bandhan
Durgesh Nandini
Ek Hi Raasta
Hamara Watan
Inspector
Laalten
Taj
1957 Bandi
Champakali
Ek Jhalak
Hill Station
Kitna Badal Gaya Insaan
Miss Mary
Payal
Yahudi Ki Ladki
Fashion
1958 Do Mastane
Police
Sahara
1959 Chand
Hum Bhi Insaan Hai
1960 Girl Friend
Duniya Jhukti Hai
Masoom
1962 Bees Saal Baad
Maa Beta
Sahib Bibi Aur Ghulam
1963 Bin Badal Barsaat
1964 Kohraa
1965 Do Dil
Faraar
1966 Biwi Aur Makaan
Sannata
Anupama
1967 Majhli Didi
1968 Do Dooni Char
1969 Khamoshi
Rahgeer
Devi Choudhurani
1970 Us Raat Ke Baad
1972 Bees Saal Pehle
1977 Do Ladke Dono Kadke
1979 Love in Canada

Discography in other languages (as a composer)Edit

Year Title
1961 Ayel Basant Bahar
1964 Balma Bada Nadaan
1955 Kanavane Kan Kanda Deivam (Tamil)

Discography (as playback singer)Edit

Bengali film songsEdit

Year Film Song Composer(s) Lyricist Co-singer
1947 Mondir "Gohon Rater Ekla Pothik" Subal Dasgupta
1955 Shap Mochan "Surer Akashe Tumi" Hemanta Mukherjee Bimal Ghosh
"Bose Achhi Path Cheye"
"Jhar Uthechhe Baul Batash"
"Shono Bandhu Shono"
1956 Asamapta "Kando Keno Mon Re" Nachiketa Ghosh
Trijama "Seetaram Do Sharir" Hemanta Mukherjee
1957 Chandranath "Rajar Dulari Seeta" Robin Chatterjee
"Akash Prithibi Shone"
Harano Sur "Aaj Dujonar Duti Poth" Hemanta Mukherjee Gauriprasanna Mazumder
Prithibi Amare Chay[15] "Ghorer Bondhon Chhere" Nachiketa Ghosh Gauriprasanna Mazumder
"Nilamwala Chhana"
"Durer Manush Kachhe Eso"
1958 Indrani "Surjo Dobar Pala" Nachiketa Ghosh Gauriprasanna Mazumder
"Bhangre Bhangre Bhang"
"Neer Chhotto Khoti Nei" Geeta Dutt
Neel Akasher Neechey "Neel Akasher Neeche" Hemanta Mukherjee
"O Nodi Re"
O Amar Desher Mati "Bhoot Amar Poot"
1959 Marutirtha Hinglaj "Pather Klanti Bhule" Hemanta Mukherjee
"Hey Chandrachur"
"Sarbasya Buddhirupena"
"Tomar Bhubone Mago"
1960 Kuhak "Aro Kachhe Eso" Hemanta Mukherjee Gauriprasanna Mazumder
"Bishnupriya Go"
"Hay Hapay Je Ei Hapor"
"Nawal Kishori Go"
"Peyechhi Porosh Manik"
"Saratu Din Dhore"
Shesh Porjonto "Ei Balukabelay Ami Likhechhinu" Hemanta Mukherjee Gauriprasanna Mazumder
"Ei Meghla Dine Ekla"
"Keno Dure Thako"
1961 Rai Bahadur "Jay Din Emni Jodi"
"Ogo Ke Dake Amay"
"Raat Kuheli Chharano"
Saptapadi "Ei Poth Jodi Na Shesh Hoy" Hemanta Mukherjee Gauriprasanna Mazumder Sandhya Mukherjee
Swaralipi "Doyal Re Koto Leela Jano" Hemanta Mukherjee Gauriprasanna Mazumder
"Je Bashi Bhenge Geche" (Part 1)
"Je Bashi Bhenge Geche" (Part 2)
Dada Thakur "O Shonre Mon Amar" Hemanta Mukherjee Sharat Chandra Pandit
"Vote Diye Jaa" Amal Mukherjee, chorus
1962 Atal Jaler Ahwan "E Kon Choncholota Jaage" Hemanta Mukherjee Gauriprasanna Mazumder
1963 Palatak "Aha Krishna Kalo" Hemanta Mukherjee
"Dosh Diyo Na Amay Bondhu"
"Jibanpurer Pathik Re Bhai"
"Sakhi Hey Amar Jware Anga"
1964 Bibhas "Etodin Pore Tumi" Hemanta Mukherjee Gauriprasanna Mazumder
"Taray Taray Joluk Baati"
"Jokhon Porbena Mor" Rabindranath Tagore
1965 Alor Pipasa "Kaschitkanta Biraha Guruna" Hemanta Mukherjee
"Bidyudwantang Lalita Banita"
"Shrinnante Vishwe Amitatsya Putra"
Monihar "Ke Jeno Go Dekechhe Amay" (male) Hemanta Mukherjee Pulak Banerjee
"Nijhum Sandhyay Pantho Pakhira" (male)
"Sob Kotha Bola Holo"
"Ami Hote Parini Akash"
"Ke Jeno Go Dekechhe Amay" (duet) Lata Mangeshkar
1966 Notun Tirtho "He Mor Chitto"
Notun Jibon "Emon Ami Ghor Bedhechi"
"Ami Gaan Shonabo"
"Lajboti Nupurer Rinijhini"
1967 Ajana Shapath "Notun Notun Rong Dhorechhe" Hemanta Mukherjee Pulak Banerjee
"O Akash Sona Sona" Miltoo Ghosh
Balika Bodhu "Lag Lag Ronger Bhelki" Hemanta Mukherjee Gauriprasanna Mazumder chorus
"Shuk Bole Keno Sharee" Bela Mukherjee
"Ami Kusum Tuliya" Bani Dasgupta
"Bhojo Gourango" Traditional
Mon Niye "Ogo Kajol Noyona Horini" Hemanta Mukherjee Pulak Banerjee
"Bhalobeshe Digonto Diyechho" Asha Bhosle
"Ami Poth Hara Ek Pothik" Rabindranath Tagore
Nayika Sangbad "Ei Purnima Raat" Hemanta Mukherjee
1968 Baghini "O Radhe Thomke Geli Keno" Hemanta Mukherjee Mukul Dutt
"Jokhon Daaklo Bashi"
Hangsa Mithun "Ami Krishnochurar Abir Niye" Hemanta Mukherjee Sandhya Mukherjee
"Ore Aay Aay Aayre Sobai" Manabendra Mukherjee
"Surjer Moto Shaswoto Hok"
1969 Duti Mon "Ke Daake Amay" Hemanta Mukherjee Pulak Banerjee
"Ami Jotoi Tomake Dekhi"
Kamallata "Bhaja Hoon Re Mon Amar" Robin Chatterjee Gobindadas
"Ei Na Madhobi Tole" Traditional
"Dekho Sokhi Sajilo Nondokumar" Pranab Roy
"Hiya Bole Tumi Amar"
Pita Putra "Bhorer Aloy Porlo Tomay Mone" Hemanta Mukherjee solo
"Tomay Amay Mile"
"Raag Je Tomar Mishti" Sandhya Mukherjee
Teerbhumi "Teerbhumi Khoje"
1971 Dhanyi Meye "E Byatha Ki Je Byatha" Nachiketa Ghosh Pulak Banerjee
"Radhe Monta Rekhe Eli"
Nimantran "Piriti Boliya Ekti Komol"
"Singo Prishthe Bhor Koriye"
"Tara Maa Maago"
1972 Anindita "Diner Sheshe Ghumer Deshe" Hemanta Mukherjee Mukul Dutt
Stree "Khirki Theke Singhoduar" Nachiketa Ghosh
"Sakkhi Thakuk Jhorapata"
"Hajar Tarar Jhaarbatita" Manna Dey
"Sokhi Kalo Amar Bhalo"
1973 Dhire Bohe Meghna "Koto Je Dhire Bohe Meghna" Samar Das, Satya Saha Mohammad Moniruzzaman Sandhya Mukherjee
Sonar Khancha "Jaare Ja Ure Rajar Kumar" (version 2) Bireswar Sarkar Bireswar Sarkar
"Shudhu Bhalobasha Diye"
"Ke Jaane Ko Ghonta"
1974 Fuleswari "Jeona Daarao Bondhu" Hemanta Mukherjee
"Ami Tomay Koto Khujilam"
"Ami Tomay Boro Bhalobashi"
"Phuleshwari Phuleshwari"
"Ami Dekhte Bhalobashi"
"Tumi Shotodol Hoye"
1975 Raag Anurag "Ami Gaan Gai" Hemanta Mukherjee Pulak Banerjee
"Khela Amar Bhangbe Jokhon"
"Sei Duti Chokh"
"Sonar Oi Angti Theke"
"Tomader Kachhe Esechhilam"
"Ki Gaan Shonabo Bolo" Haimanti Shukla
"Ogo Sundori Tumi Ke" various
Sanyasi Raja "Ka Tobo Kanta" Shyamal Mitra Shankaracharya
1976 Asadharon "Surjer Rokto Asto Akashtake" Nachiketa Ghosh
"Amar baba Bhalo Chilo"
"Kanu Chhara Jemon Bashi Nei"
"Ki Hote Ki Hoye Gelo" Haimanti Shukla
Datta "Jamunate Dekhlam Soi" Hemanta Mukherjee Pranab Roy
"Mon Dilamna Sokhi"
Priyo Bandhobi "Ami Saheb O Noi" Nachiketa Ghosh
Sudur Niharika "Torir Naam Jibon Tori" Manabendra Mukhopadhyay Shyamal Gupta
1977 Padma Nadir Majhi "Padma Nadir Majhi" Dinendra Chowdhury Manik Bandyopadhyay Aarti Mukherjee, Dhananjay Bhattacharya, Anup Ghoshal and others
Praner Thakur Ramkrishna "Kolpotoru Tumi Praner Thakur
Proxy "Jodi Keu Deke Bole" Hemanta Mukherjee
"Kichhu Pelam Ami"
"Jodi Tomar Chokher Akash" Aarti Mukherjee
1978 Korunamoyi "Anondomoyi" Sudhin Dasgupta
"Kalo Meghe Kali Chhaya"
"Ja Debi Sorbobhuteshu" Aarti Mukherjee
Dhanraj Tamang "Dhanaraj Tamang Ekti Sudhu Naam
1979 Nondon "Mukhbhora Hashi"
1980 Noukadubi "Oshrunodir Sudur Paare"
Pompa "Je Prodip" Nirmal Chakraborty Samarendra Ghoshal
Putul Ghor "Thikana Hariye Phela"
Upalabdhi "Etodine Bujhechi Tomay"
1981 Chameli Memsaheb "O Bideshi Takao" Bhupen Hazarika Shibdas Banerjee
Khelar Putul "Ami Bondhur Premagune Pora" Hemanta Mukherjee Traditional Arundhati Holme Chowdhury
"Krondosi Pothocharinee" Atul Prasad Sen
Pratishodh "Shudhu Byathar Aghate" Ajoy Das Pulak Banerjee
Subarna Golak "Din Nei Raat Nei" Hemanta Mukherjee chorus
1982 Sonar Bangla "Ei Je Bangla" Neeta Sen Gauriprasanna Mazumder Sandhya Mukherjee
"Tuturidhun" Aarti Mukherjee, Haimanti Shukla
Rajbodhu "Boro Asha Kore" Abhijeet Banerjee, Rabindranath Tagore Rabindranath Tagore Arundhati Holme Chowdhury
1983 Bonoshree "Ashwine Hok Aghrane Hok" Sudhin Dasgupta
Chena Achena "Amay Rakhte Jodi" Abhijeet Banerjee
"Shono Shono"
"O Amar Sona Bondhure"
"Ekoi Poth Jeno"
Tagari "Piriti Rosher Khela" Aarti Mukherjee
1984 Shilalipi "Surjo Gelo Astachole" Suparnakanti Ghosh Palash Bandyopadhyay
"Aajo Mone Pore Barebare" Sudhin Dasgupta Subir Hazra
"Kar Kotha Bhebe Bhebe"

Bengali non-film songsEdit

Year Film Song Composer(s) Lyricist Co-singer
1993 Ramkrishnayan "Ramkrishnayan" (part 1) Robin Chatterjee Achinta Kumar Sengupta Manna Dey, Banasree Sengupta
"Ramkrishnayan" (part 2)

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "The Voice of God". Hindustan Times. 22 December 2004. Retrieved 2 March 2022.
  2. ^ Tagore Songs by Hemanta Mukherjee. faculty.ist.unomaha.edu
  3. ^ Debashis Dasgupta, Desh, Bengali weekly magazine from Anandabazar Patrika Ltd., Calcutta, 11 November 1989. P. 36
  4. ^ S. Bhattacharya, Amar gaaner swaralipi, A. Mukherjee Press, Calcutta, 1988. Pp. 82,83,84
  5. ^ "69th & 70th Annual Hero Honda BFJA Awards 2007". www.bfjaawards.com. Archived from the original on 7 January 2010. Retrieved 22 February 2022.
  6. ^ "69th & 70th Annual Hero Honda BFJA Awards 2007". www.bfjaawards.com. Archived from the original on 8 January 2010. Retrieved 22 February 2022.
  7. ^ "69th & 70th Annual Hero Honda BFJA Awards 2007". www.bfjaawards.com. Archived from the original on 8 January 2010. Retrieved 22 February 2022.
  8. ^ "69th & 70th Annual Hero Honda BFJA Awards 2007". www.bfjaawards.com. Archived from the original on 6 January 2010. Retrieved 22 February 2022.
  9. ^ "69th & 70th Annual Hero Honda BFJA Awards 2007". www.bfjaawards.com. Archived from the original on 8 January 2010. Retrieved 22 February 2022.
  10. ^ "69th & 70th Annual Hero Honda BFJA Awards 2007". www.bfjaawards.com. Archived from the original on 8 January 2010. Retrieved 22 February 2022.
  11. ^ a b "69th & 70th Annual Hero Honda BFJA Awards 2007". www.bfjaawards.com. Archived from the original on 14 January 2010. Retrieved 22 February 2022.
  12. ^ "69th & 70th Annual Hero Honda BFJA Awards 2007". www.bfjaawards.com. Archived from the original on 8 January 2010. Retrieved 22 February 2022.
  13. ^ "69th & 70th Annual Hero Honda BFJA Awards 2007". www.bfjaawards.com. Archived from the original on 8 January 2010. Retrieved 22 February 2022.
  14. ^ "69th & 70th Annual Hero Honda BFJA Awards 2007". www.bfjaawards.com. Archived from the original on 8 January 2010. Retrieved 22 February 2022.
  15. ^ Amare Chay (1957) songs

SourcesEdit

  1. Hemanta Kumar Mukhopadhyay, "Ananda dhara", Deb Sahitya Kutir Press, Calcutta, 1970.
  2. A. Rajadhakshya and P. Wilhelm, "An Encyclopedia of Indian Cinema", 2nd ed., British Film Institute, 1999.
  3. S. Bhattacharya, "Amar gaaner swaralipi", A. Mukherjee Press, Calcutta, 1988.
  4. https://web.archive.org/web/20100108062601/http://www.bfjaawards.com/legacy/pastwin/198952.htm

External linksEdit