Anand Math is a 1952 Indian Hindi-language historical drama film directed by Hemen Gupta, based on the famous Bengali novel Anandamath, written by Bankim Chandra Chatterjee in 1882. The novel and film are set in the events of the Sannyasi Rebellion, which took place in the late 18th century in Bengal. In a BBC World Service poll conducted in 2003 across 165 countries, the Vande Mataram song written by Bankim Chandra Chatterjee, composed by Hemant Kumar, sung by Lata Mangeshkar was voted 2nd in the "World's Top Ten" songs of all-time.[1]

Anand Math
The poster features face of an Indian saint in the upper-half portion while in the right side of remaining half, one begger-woman with sitar and on left the film title: ANAND MATH appears, below which there is crowd of people.
Theatrical release poster
Directed byHemen Gupta
Written byKrishna Prabhakara
Screenplay byHemen Gupta
Story byBankim Chandra Chattopadhyay
Based onBengali novel Anandamath
by Bankim Chandra Chatterjee
Produced byHemen Gupta
CinematographyDrona Charya
Edited byD. N. Pai (Supervising)
Pratap Parmar
Music byHemant Kumar
Distributed byFilmistan Ltd.
Release date
  • 1952 (1952) (India)
Running time
176 minutes

It stars Prithviraj Kapoor, Bharat Bhushan, Geeta Bali, Pradeep Kumar and Ajit in the lead. Pradeep Kumar made his debut in Hindi cinema, as did the film's music director Hemant Kumar.[2] Hemant had already worked in Bengali cinema for a while, but then shifted to Mumbai to start a career in Hindi cinema. With this film, Hemant Kumar took a staff position as a composer with S. Mukherjee's Filmistan Studios.[3]

The film was dubbed into Tamil with the title Ananda Madam (āṉanta maṭam) and was released in 1953.[4]



Music and Background score for the film is composed by Hemant Kumar, which is also his debut film score in Hindi cinema. Notable songs included Vande Mataram, based on the song written by Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay. This song played an important role throughout the Indian Independence Movement and was eventually declared the "National Song" at the time of independence in 1947. Kumar's tune for Vande Mataram is still considered an important version of this popular and widely interpreted song.[5] Geeta Roy, one of the most eminent playback singers in Hindi cinema at the time since independence, rendered songs filled with pathos in this film. Hemant Kumar and Geeta Roy started a fruitful musical collaboration for many years after this film.


  1. ^ "The World's Top Ten". BBC World Service. Retrieved 5 November 2008.
  2. ^ Pradeep Kumar
  3. ^ Hemant Kumar Archived 17 September 2008 at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ Film News Anandan (23 October 2004). Sadhanaigal Padaitha Thamizh Thiraipada Varalaru [History of Landmark Tamil Films] (in Tamil). Chennai: Sivakami Publishers. Archived from the original on 24 June 2018. Retrieved 24 June 2018.
  5. ^ Post Independence era Vande Mataram, A most popular and evergreen Indian song.

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