Mulayam Singh Yadav

Mulayam Singh Yadav (born 22 November 1939) is an Indian politician and the founder-patron of the Samajwadi Party. He served for three non-consecutive terms as the Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh, and also served as the Minister of Defence, Government of India. A long-time parliamentarian, he is currently the Member of Parliament, representing the constituency of Mainpuri in the Lok Sabha, and has also earlier served as the Member of Parliament from Azamgarh and Sambhal constituencies.[1]

Mulayam Singh Yadav
Mulayam Singh Yadav (28993165375).jpg
President of the Samajwadi Party
In office
1992–2017
Preceded byPosition established
Succeeded byAkhilesh Yadav
Member of Parliament, Lok Sabha
Assumed office
23 May 2019
Preceded byTej Pratap Singh Yadav
ConstituencyMainpuri
In office
2014–2019
Preceded byRamakant Yadav
Succeeded byAkhilesh Yadav
ConstituencyAzamgarh
In office
2009–2014
ConstituencyMainpuri
In office
2004–2004
ConstituencyMainpuri
In office
1998–2004
Preceded byD. P. Yadav
Succeeded byRam Gopal Yadav
ConstituencySambhal
In office
1996–1998
ConstituencyMainpuri
15th Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh
In office
29 August 2003 – 13 May 2007
Preceded byMayawati
Succeeded byMayawati
In office
5 December 1993 – 3 June 1995
Preceded byPresident's rule
Succeeded byMayawati
In office
5 December 1989 – 24 June 1991
Preceded byNarayan Datt Tiwari
Succeeded byKalyan Singh
Minister of Defence (India)
In office
1 June 1996 – 19 March 1998
Prime MinisterH. D. Deve Gowda, I. K. Gujral
Preceded byPramod Mahajan
Succeeded byGeorge Fernandes
Member of the Legislative Assembly, Uttar Pradesh
In office
1967–1969
Preceded byNatthu Singh
Succeeded byBishambhar Singh Yadav
ConstituencyJaswantnagar
In office
1974–1980
Preceded byBishambhar Singh Yadav
Succeeded byBalram Singh Yadav
ConstituencyJaswantnagar
In office
1985–1996
Preceded byBalram Singh Yadav
Succeeded byShivpal Singh Yadav
Personal details
Born (1939-11-22) 22 November 1939 (age 81)
Saifai, United Provinces, British India
Political partySamajwadi Party (1992–present)
Other political
affiliations
Spouse(s)(1) Malati Devi (2) Sadhana Gupta
RelationsShivpal Singh Yadav (brother)
Ram Gopal Yadav (cousin)
Dimple Yadav (daughter-in-law)
Kamla Devi Yadav (sister)
Dharmendra Yadav (nephew)
Akshay Yadav (nephew)
Tej Pratap Singh Yadav (grandnephew)
Aparna Yadav (daughter-in-law)
ChildrenAkhilesh Yadav, Prateek Yadav
ResidenceSaifai, Etawah district, Uttar Pradesh
EducationMasters of Arts
Alma materK. K. College, Etawah
A.K. College, Shikohabad
B.R. College
Agra University
OccupationPolitician
ProfessionAgriculturist

Personal lifeEdit

Mulayam Singh Yadav was born to Murti Devi and Sughar Singh Yadav on 22 November 1939 in Saifai village, Etawah district, Uttar Pradesh, India.[2]

Yadav had three degrees—B.A., B.T. and M.A. in political science from Karm Kshetra Post Graduate College in Etawah, A. K. College in Shikohabad, and B. R. College, Agra University respectively.[2]

Yadav had married twice. His first wife, Malti Devi, suffered complications while giving birth to their first child, Akhilesh Yadav. She was in a vegetative state until May 2003 when she died. Akhilesh went on to become the Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh from 2012 to 2017.[3][4] Yadav had a relationship with Sadhana Gupta while still married to Malti Devi in the 1980s. Sadhna was married to Chandra Prakash Gupta and had a child, Prateek Gupta born on July 7, 1987 at the district hospital in Fatehgarh.[5][6] Gupta was not well known until February 2007, when the relationship was admitted in India's Supreme Court.[7] Prateek Yadav manages the land-holdings of the Yadav family.[8]

Early political careerEdit

Groomed by leaders such as Ram Manohar Lohia and Raj Narain, Yadav was first elected as a Member of the Legislative Assembly in Legislative Assembly of Uttar Pradesh in 1967. Yadav served eight terms there.[9] In 1975, during Indira Gandhi's imposition of the Emergency, Yadav was arrested and kept in custody for 19 months.[10] He first became a state minister in 1977. Later, in 1980, he became the president of the Lok Dal (People's Party) in Uttar Pradesh which became a part of the Janata Dal (People's Party) afterwards. In 1982, he was elected leader of the opposition in the Uttar Pradesh Legislative Council and held that post until 1985. When the Lok Dal party split, Yadav launched the Krantikari Morcha party.[11]

Chief MinisterEdit

First termEdit

Yadav first became Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh in 1989.[12]

After the collapse of the V. P. Singh national government in November 1990, Yadav joined Chandra Shekhar's Janata Dal (Socialist) party and continued in office as chief minister with the support of the Indian National Congress (INC). His government fell when the INC withdrew their support in April 1991 in the aftermath of developments at the national level where it has earlier withdrawn its support for Chandra Shekhar's government. Mid-term elections to Uttar Pradesh assembly were held in mid-1991, in which Mulayam Singh's party lost power to the BJP.[13]

Second termEdit

In 1992, Yadav founded his own Samajwadi Party (Socialist Party). In 1993, he allied with the Bahujan Samaj Party for the elections to Uttar Pradesh assembly due to be held in November 1993.[14] The alliance between Samajwadi Party and Bahujan Samaj Party prevented the return of BJP to power in the state. Yadav became chief minister of Uttar Pradesh with the support of Congress and Janata Dal. His stand on movement for demanding separate statehood for Uttarakhand was as much controversial as his stand on Ayodhya movement in 1990 was. There was a firing on Uttarakhand activists at Muzaffarnagar on 2 October 1994, something for which Uttarakhand activists held him responsible. He continued holding that post until his ally opted into another alliance in June 1995.[15]

Third termEdit

In 2002, following a fluid post-election situation in Uttar Pradesh, the Bharatiya Janata Party and Bahujan Samaj Party joined to form a government under Dalit leader Mayawati, who was considered to be Yadav's greatest political rival in the state.[16] The BJP pulled out of the government on 25 August 2003, and enough rebel legislators of the Bahujan Samaj Party left to allow Yadav to become the Chief Minister, with the support of independents and small parties.[17] He was sworn in as chief minister of Uttar Pradesh for the third time in September 2003.[2][17]

Yadav was still a member of the Lok Sabha when he was sworn in as chief minister. In order to meet the constitutional requirement of becoming the member of state legislature within six months of being sworn in, he contested the assembly by-election from Gunnaur assembly seat in January 2004. Yadav won by a record margin, polling almost 94 per cent of the votes.[18]

With the hope of playing a major role at the centre, Yadav contested the 2004 Lok Sabha elections from Mainpuri while still Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh. He won the seat and his Samajwadi Party won more seats in Uttar Pradesh than all other parties. However the Congress party, which formed the coalition government at the centre after the elections, had majority in the Lok Sabha with the support of the Communist parties.[19] As a result, Yadav could not play any significant role at the centre, Yadav resigned from the Lok Sabha and chose to continue as chief minister of Uttar Pradesh until the 2007 elections, when he lost to the BSP.[20]

Cabinet ministerEdit

In 1996, Yadav was elected to the eleventh Lok Sabha from Mainpuri constituency.[2] In the United Front coalition government formed that year, his party joined and he was named India's Defence Minister. That government fell in 1998 as India went in for fresh elections, but he returned to the Lok Sabha that yearfrom Sambhal parliamentary constituency. After the fall of Atal Bihari Vajpayee government at the centre in April 1999, he did not support the Congress party in the formation of the government at the centre. He contested Lok Sabha elections of 1999 from two seats, Sambhal and Kannauj, and won from both. He resigned from Kannauj seat for his son Akhilesh in the by-elections.[21]

ControversiesEdit

Criticism over comment on rapeEdit

The crime of rape became a capital offence in India following the 2012 Delhi gang rape incident. Yadav has opposed this change in the law, saying that "Boys will be boys. Boys commit mistakes".[22] In response to 2014 Badaun gang rape and Yadav's comments, UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon said "We say no to the dismissive, destructive attitude of, 'Boys will be boys'".[23] On 19 August 2015, Yadav remarked that gang-rapes are impractical and rape-victims in those cases tend to lie.[24] He was summoned by the Judicial Magistrate of Mahoba district court in Uttar Pradesh for that remark.[25]

Support for a sovereign independent TibetEdit

Yadav has said it is necessary for India to support a sovereign and independent Tibet. He said that a past government had made a "big mistake" on the issue and noted that he had spoken against it at the time.[26] He believed that Tibet was a traditional buffer between China and India[27] and that India should support the Dalai Lama and Tibetan independence.[28] Claiming that China had secreted nuclear weapons in Pakistan, he cautioned that "China is our enemy, not Pakistan. Pakistan can do us no damage".[29]

Family feudEdit

Since the young Akhilesh Yadav became Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh in 2012, surpassing Mulayam's brother Shivpal Singh Yadav, the Yadav family was divided into two feuding groups. One of the groups, led by Akhilesh, enjoyed the support of his father's cousin and National General Secretary Ram Gopal Yadav. The rival group was led by Mulayam Singh and supported by his brother and State Chief of Party, Shivpal Yadav, and a friend, former MP Amar Singh. Akhilesh had fired his uncle twice from his cabinet as it was seen by many as a direct challenge to his father, who has steadily supported Shivpal over Akhilesh.[30] On 30 December 2016, Mulayam Yadav expelled his son Akhilesh and his cousin Ram Gopal from the party for six years on the grounds of indiscipline, only to revoke the decision 24 hours later. Akhilesh, in response, stripped his father off the party presidency and instead named him the chief patron of the party following the national convention of the party on 1 January 2017. Mulayam termed the national convention as illegal and directly expelled his cousin, Ram Gopal Yadav, who had convened the national executive convention. But the Election commission of India ruled that Ram Gopal Yadav had the right to convene that executive convention, and reversed Mulayam's order. Hence Akhilesh Yadav officially became the new national leader of the party.[31]

In popular cultureEdit

Main Mulayam Singh Yadav, an Indian Hindi-language biographical film by Suvendu Raj Ghosh based on his life released in 2021; with Amyth Sethi playing the titular role in the film.[32] Subhash Tyagi portrayed Yadav in the 2019 film The Accidental Prime Minister by Vijay Gutte, about Manmohan Singh - the former prime minister of India.[33]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Lok Sabha member profile". Lok Sabha. Archived from the original on 1 February 2013.
  2. ^ a b c d "Detailed Profile: Shri Mulayam Singh Yadav". Government of India. Retrieved 4 October 2013.
  3. ^ Yadav, Shyamlal (7 March 2012). "The Samajwadi Parivar". Indian Express. Retrieved 10 October 2013.
  4. ^ "Tributes paid to Mulayam's wife". The Times of India. Retrieved 10 October 2013.[dead link]
  5. ^ "Warring Yadavs star in Kalyug's Ramayan". Times of India Blog. 26 October 2016.
  6. ^ "What befalls a hubby who forgets a Kaikeyisque boon". www.telegraphindia.com.
  7. ^ Bhatt, Sheela (6 March 2007). "Will this man bring down Mulayam?". rediff.com. Retrieved 10 October 2007.
  8. ^ "Mulayam's younger son prefers body-building to body politic". Indian Express. 20 January 2013. Retrieved 10 October 2013.
  9. ^ Singh, Ram; Yadav, Anshuman (1998). Mulayam Singh: A Political Biography. Konark Publishers. pp. 13–14. ISBN 978-81-220-0530-1.
  10. ^ Dixit, Neha. "Akhilesh Yadav in the family business". The Caravan. Retrieved 22 May 2019.
  11. ^ Business Standard Political Profiles of Cabals and Kings. Business Standard Books. 2009. p. 47. ISBN 978-81-905735-4-2.
  12. ^ "Mulayam Singh Yadav Biography in Hindi: About Family, Political life, Age, Photos, Videos". Patrika News (in Hindi). Retrieved 18 November 2020.
  13. ^ Singh, Ram; Yadav, Anshuman (1998). Mulayam Singh: A Political Biography. Konark Publishers. pp. 34–39. ISBN 978-81-220-0530-1.
  14. ^ Mulayam Singh Yadav Aur Samajvad (in Hindi). Rajpal & Sons. pp. 56–57. ISBN 978-81-7028-712-4.
  15. ^ "Mulayam Singh Yadav Biography – About family, political life, awards won, history". Elections in India. Retrieved 18 November 2020.
  16. ^ "Mulayam may be keen to shake hands with Maya, but is she?". www.dailyo.in. Retrieved 5 July 2016.
  17. ^ a b "UP governor invites Mulayam to form government". Rediff. Retrieved 5 July 2016.
  18. ^ "Gunnaur voters feel Mulayam may not retain seat". 8 April 2007. Retrieved 5 July 2016.
  19. ^ "Mulayam singh News and Updates from The Economic Times – Page 4". The Economic Times. Archived from the original on 25 April 2016. Retrieved 18 November 2020.
  20. ^ "Mulayam concedes defeat, it's Maya in UP". The Times of India. 11 May 2007. Retrieved 21 September 2016.
  21. ^ "Rediff On The NeT: An interview with Defence Minister Mulayam Singh Yadav". Rediff. Retrieved 18 November 2020.
  22. ^ Burke, Jason (31 May 2014). "'Go to the mango trees,' the bereaved father was told. 'The body of your daughter is there'". The Observer. Retrieved 19 July 2014.
  23. ^ "Ally of India's Modi says rape "sometimes right, sometimes wrong"". The Express Tribune. Reuters. 5 June 2014. Retrieved 19 July 2014.
  24. ^ "Activists, leaders slam Mulayam Singh for saying 'gang rape is impractical'". The Times of India. Retrieved 4 September 2015.
  25. ^ Ali, Mohammad. "UP court summons Mulayam Singh over rape remark". The Hindu. Retrieved 4 September 2015.
  26. ^ "Mulayam Singh Yadav: China ready to attack India, claims Mulayam in Lok Sabha". The Times of India. 19 July 2017. Retrieved 2 January 2018.
  27. ^ "Mulayam Singh Yadav's surprise 'revelation': China has buried nuclear bombs in Pakistan, Nehru erred on Tibet". The Financial Express. 19 July 2017. Retrieved 2 January 2018.
  28. ^ "China ready to attack India, Mulayam Singh Yadav claims in Lok Sabha". The Hindu. Retrieved 2 January 2018.
  29. ^ "China has buried nukes in Pakistan to attack India: Former Defence Minister Mulayam Singh Yadav". India Today. 19 July 2017. Retrieved 2 January 2018.
  30. ^ Rai, Manmohan. "Infighting erupts in ruling Yadav family in UP, Mulayam continues to pull the power strings". The Economic Times. Retrieved 12 March 2017.
  31. ^ "Akhilesh Yadav Re-Elected As Samajwadi Party National President For Five Years". www.outlookindia.com. Retrieved 18 November 2020.
  32. ^ "Makers of 'Main Mulayam Singh Yadav' Release New Poster of Biopic". newsvoir.com. Retrieved 9 July 2020.
  33. ^ "Here is the list of every politician and official who appears in 'The Accidental Prime Minister'". Scroll.in.

Further readingEdit

External linksEdit

Party political offices
Preceded by
Mulayam Singh Yadav
Leader of the Samajwadi Party in the 16th Lok Sabha
2014–present
Incumbent