Mulayam Singh Yadav
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|Mulayam Singh Yadav
मुलायम सिंह यादव
|Chairman of the Samajwadi Party|
|Preceded by||Inaugural holder|
|Succeeded by||Akhilesh Yadav|
|Member of Parliament|
|Preceded by||Ramakant Yadav|
|Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh|
29 August 2003 – 13 May 2007
5 December 1993 – 3 June 1996
|Preceded by||President's Rule|
5 December 1989 – 24 January 1991
|Preceded by||Narayan Dutt Tiwari|
|Succeeded by||Kalyan Singh|
|Ministry of Defence (India)|
1 June 1996 – 19 March 1998
|Prime Minister||I. K. Gujral|
|Preceded by||Pramod Mahajan|
|Succeeded by||George Fernandes|
21 November 1939 |
Saifai, Etawah district, Uttar Pradesh
Samajwadi Party (1992-present)
|Spouse(s)||(1) Malti Devi, (2) Sadhana Gupta|
|Relations||Shivpal Singh Yadav (Sibling)
Prateek Yadav (Stepson)
Smt. Kamla Devi (Sister)
Ram Gopal Yadav (Cousin)
Dimple Yadav (Daughter-in-law)
Dharmendra Yadav (Nephew)
Akshay Yadav (Nephew)
Tej Pratap Singh Yadav (Grandnephew)
Aditya Yadav (Nephew)
|Residence||Saifai, Etawah district, Uttar Pradesh|
|Education||M.A. (Political Science)|
|Alma mater||K. K. College, Etawah
A.K. College, Shikohabad
Mulayam Singh Yadav (born 21 November 1939) is an Indian politician who headed the Samajwadi Party from Uttar Pradesh. He served as the Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh from 1989 to 1991, 1993 to 1995, and 2003 to 2007, and as the Minister of Defence of India from 1996 to 1998 in the United Front government. He currently serves in the Lok Sabha representing Azamgarh.
Yadav married twice. His first wife Malti Devi died in May 2003. Their son, Akhilesh Yadav (born 1973), was Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh from 2012 to 2017. Yadav's second wife is Sadhna Gupta Yadav. Sadhna was not well-known until February 2007, when the relationship was admitted in India's Supreme Court. Sadhna and Mulayam have a son named Prateek Yadav (born 1988). Prateek manages land holdings of the Yadav family.
Groomed by mass leaders like Ram Manohar Lohia and Raj Narain, Yadav was first elected as a Member of the Legislative Assembly in Legislative Assembly of Uttar Pradesh in 1967. Interestingly, it was the Indian socialist icon Raj Narain who also inaugurated the first election campaign of Mulayam Singh Yadav in 1967 assembly elections. Yadav served eight terms there. He first became a state minister in 1977. Later, in 1980, he became the president of the Lok Dal (People's Party) in Uttar Pradesh which became a part of the Janata Dal (People's Party) afterwards. In 1982, he was elected leader of the opposition in the Uttar Pradesh Legislative Council and held that post until 1985.
First term as chief ministerEdit
Yadav first became Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh in 1989.
After the collapse of the V P Singh government at the centre in November 1990, Yadav joined Chandra Shekhar's Janata Dal (Socialist) party and continued in office as chief minister with the support of the Congress Party. His government fell when the Congress withdrew support to his government in April 1991 in reaction to the aftermath of developments at the centre, wherein the Congress party withdrew support to Chandra Shekhar's government. Mid-term elections to Uttar Pradesh assembly were held in mid-1991, in which Mulayam Singh's party lost power to the BJP.
Second term as chief ministerEdit
In 1992, Yadav founded his own Samajwadi Party (Socialist Party). In 1993, he allied with the Bahujan Samaj Party for the elections to Uttar Pradesh assembly due to be held in November 1993. The alliance between Samajwadi Party and Bahujan Samaj Party prevented the return of BJP to power in the state. Yadav became chief minister of Uttar Pradesh with the support of Congress and Janata Dal. His stand on movement for demanding separate statehood for Uttarakhand was as much controversial as his stand on Ayodhya movement in 1990 was. There was a firing on Uttarakhand activists at Muzaffarnagar on 2 October 1994, something for which Uttarakhand activists held him responsible. He continued holding that post until his ally opted into another alliance in June 1998.
As union cabinet ministerEdit
In 1996, Yadav was elected to the eleventh Lok Sabha from Mainpuri constituency. In the United Front coalition government formed that year, his party joined and he was named India's Defence Minister. That government fell in 1998 as India went in for fresh elections, but he returned to the Lok Sabha that year from Sambhal parliamentary constituency. After the fall of Atal Bihari Vajpayee government at the centre in April 1999, he did not support the Congress party in the formation of the government at the Centre. He contested Lok Sabha elections of 1999 from two seats, Sambhal and Kannauj, and won from both. He resigned from Kannauj seat for his son Akhilesh in the by-elections.
Third term as chief ministerEdit
In 2002, following a fluid post-election situation in Uttar Pradesh, the Bharatiya Janata Party and Bahujan Samaj Party joined to form a government under Dalit leader Mayawati, who was considered to be Yadav's greatest political rival in the state. The BJP pulled out of the government on 25 August 2003, and enough rebel legislators of the Bahujan Samaj Party left to allow Yadav to become the Chief Minister, with the support of independents and small parties. He was sworn in as chief minister of Uttar Pradesh for the third time in September 2003. It is widely believed that this change was done with the blessings of the BJP, which was also ruling at the Centre then.
Yadav was still a member of the Lok Sabha when he was sworn in as chief minister. In order to meet the constitutional requirement of becoming the member of state legislature within six months of being sworn in, he contested the assembly by-election from Gunnaur assembly seat in January 2004. Yadav won by a record margin, polling almost 94 per cent of the votes.
With the hope of playing a major role at the centre, Yadav contested the 2004 Lok Sabha elections from Mainpuri while still Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh. He won the seat and his Samajwadi Party won more seats in Uttar Pradesh than all other parties. However the Congress party, which formed the coalition government at the centre after the elections, had majority in the Lok Sabha with the support of the Communist parties. As a result, Yadav could not play any significant role at the centre, Yadav resigned from the Lok Sabha and chose to continue as chief minister of Uttar Pradesh until the 2007 elections, when he lost to the BSP.
2014 Indian General ElectionEdit
Yadav and other members of the SP were criticised for conducting a festival during a crisis following riots in Muzzafarnagar, Uttar Pradesh. He and his party formed a pre-poll alliance for the 2014 Indian General Election that involved ten other parties. He was elected as a member of the 16th Lok Sabha in those elections from two constituencies - Azamgarh and Mainpuri - and subsequently resigned the latter seat.
The only other successful SP candidates in the election were relatives of Yadav: his daughter-in-law, Dimple Yadav, his nephews Dharmendra Yadav & Akshay Yadav and grand-nephew Tej Pratap Singh Yadav.
Since the young Akhilesh Yadav became Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh in 2012, surpassing Mulayam's brother Shivpal Singh Yadav, the Yadav family was divided into two feuding groups. One of the groups, led by CM Akhilesh Yadav, enjoyed the support of his father's cousin and National General Secretary Ram Gopal Yadav. The rival group was led by Mulayam Singh and supported by his brother and State Chief of Party, Shivpal Yadav, and a friend, MP Amar Singh. Akhilesh Yadav had fired his uncle twice from his cabinet as it was seen by many as a direct challenge to his father, who has steadily supported Shivpal over Akhilesh. On 30 December 2016, Mulayam Yadav expelled his son Akhilesh and his cousin Ram Gopal from the party for six years on the grounds of indiscipline, only to revoke the decision 24 hours later. Akhilesh, in response, stripped his father off the party presidency and instead named him the chief patron of the party following the national convention of the party on 1 January 2017. Mulayam termed the national convention as illegal and directly expelled his cousin, Ram Gopal Yadav, who had convened the national executive convention. But the Election commission of India ruled that Ram Gopal Yadav had the right to convene that executive convention, and reversed Mulayam's order. Hence Akhilesh Yadav officially became the new National Leader of the party.
In the 2017 February-March assembly elections, the party formed a grand alliance with Indian National Congress. SP retained 300 seats and gave the Congress 103 seats in a negotiation brokered by Priyanka Gandhi of the Congress. But the grand alliance failed to win. The BJP won 325 seats out of the total 403. The Samajwadi party won 56 seats under Akhilesh's leadership. Mulayam's younger Daughter-in-law, Aparna also lost in her maiden contest.
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