Mulayam Singh Yadav
||This biography of a living person needs additional citations for verification. (June 2012) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)|
Mulayam Singh Yadav (born 21 November 1939) is an Indian politician from Uttar Pradesh who headed the Samajwadi Party. He served as three non-consecutive terms as the Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh from 1989 to 1991, 1993 to 1995, and 2003 to 2007 respectively. He also served as the Minister of Defence of India from 1996 to 1998 in the United Front government. He currently serves in the Lok Sabha as the member for Azamgarh.
|Mulayam Singh Yadav|
|Chairman of the Samajwadi Party|
|Preceded by||Inaugural holder|
|Succeeded by||Akhilesh Yadav|
|Member of Parliament|
|Preceded by||Ramakant Yadav|
|Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh|
29 August 2003 – 13 May 2007
5 December 1993 – 3 June 1996
|Preceded by||President's Rule|
5 December 1989 – 24 January 1991
|Preceded by||Narayan Dutt Tiwari|
|Succeeded by||Kalyan Singh|
|Ministry of Defence (India)|
1 June 1996 – 19 March 1998
|Prime Minister||I. K. Gujral|
|Preceded by||Pramod Mahajan|
|Succeeded by||George Fernandes|
21 November 1939 |
Saifai, Etawah district, Uttar Pradesh
Samajwadi Party (1992-present)
|Spouse(s)||(1) Malti Devi, (2) Sadhana Gupta|
|Relations||Ram Gopal Yadav (cousin)
Dimple Yadav (daughter-in-law)
Dharmendra Yadav (nephew)
Akshay Yadav (nephew)
Tej Pratap Singh Yadav (grandnephew)
Aditya Yadav (nephew)
|Children||Akhilesh Yadav, Prateek Yadav|
|Residence||Saifai, Etawah district, Uttar Pradesh|
|Education||M.A. (Political Science)|
|Alma mater||K. K. College, Etawah
A.K. College, Shikohabad
Yadav has married twice. His first wife Malti Devi died in May 2003. Their son, Akhilesh Yadav, was Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh from 2012 to 2017. Yadav had a relationship with Sadhana Gupta while still married to Malti Devi in the 1980s and the couple had a son named Prateek in 1988. Gupta was not well-known until February 2007, when the relationship was admitted in India's Supreme Court. Prateek Yadav manages the land-holdings of the Yadav family.
Groomed by leaders such as Ram Manohar Lohia and Raj Narain, Yadav was first elected as a Member of the Legislative Assembly in Legislative Assembly of Uttar Pradesh in 1967. Yadav served eight terms there. He first became a state minister in 1977. Later, in 1980, he became the president of the Lok Dal (People's Party) in Uttar Pradesh which became a part of the Janata Dal (People's Party) afterwards. In 1982, he was elected leader of the opposition in the Uttar Pradesh Legislative Council and held that post until 1985.
First term as chief ministerEdit
Yadav first became Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh in 1989.
After the collapse of the V. P. Singh national government in November 1990, Yadav joined Chandra Shekhar's Janata Dal (Socialist) party and continued in office as chief minister with the support of the Indian National Congress (INC). His government fell when the INC withdrew their support in April 1991 in the aftermath of developments at the national level where it has earlier withdrawn its support for Chandra Shekhar's government. Mid-term elections to Uttar Pradesh assembly were held in mid-1991, in which Mulayam Singh's party lost power to the BJP.
Second term as chief ministerEdit
In 1992, Yadav founded his own Samajwadi Party (Socialist Party). In 1993, he allied with the Bahujan Samaj Party for the elections to Uttar Pradesh assembly due to be held in November 1993. The alliance between Samajwadi Party and Bahujan Samaj Party prevented the return of BJP to power in the state. Yadav became chief minister of Uttar Pradesh with the support of Congress and Janata Dal. His stand on movement for demanding separate statehood for Uttarakhand was as much controversial as his stand on Ayodhya movement in 1990 was. There was a firing on Uttarakhand activists at Muzaffarnagar on 2 October 1994, something for which Uttarakhand activists held him responsible. He continued holding that post until his ally opted into another alliance in June 1998.
As union cabinet ministerEdit
In 1996, Yadav was elected to the eleventh Lok Sabha from Mainpuri constituency. In the United Front coalition government formed that year, his party joined and he was named India's Defence Minister. That government fell in 1998 as India went in for fresh elections, but he returned to the Lok Sabha that year from Sambhal parliamentary constituency. After the fall of Atal Bihari Vajpayee government at the centre in April 1999, he did not support the Congress party in the formation of the government at the Centre. He contested Lok Sabha elections of 1999 from two seats, Sambhal and Kannauj, and won from both. He resigned from Kannauj seat for his son Akhilesh in the by-elections.
Third term as chief ministerEdit
In 2002, following a fluid post-election situation in Uttar Pradesh, the Bharatiya Janata Party and Bahujan Samaj Party joined to form a government under Dalit leader Mayawati, who was considered to be Yadav's greatest political rival in the state. The BJP pulled out of the government on 25 August 2003, and enough rebel legislators of the Bahujan Samaj Party left to allow Yadav to become the Chief Minister, with the support of independents and small parties. He was sworn in as chief minister of Uttar Pradesh for the third time in September 2003. It is widely believed that this change was done with the blessings of the BJP, which was also ruling at the Centre then.
Yadav was still a member of the Lok Sabha when he was sworn in as chief minister. In order to meet the constitutional requirement of becoming the member of state legislature within six months of being sworn in, he contested the assembly by-election from Gunnaur assembly seat in January 2004. Yadav won by a record margin, polling almost 94 per cent of the votes.
With the hope of playing a major role at the centre, Yadav contested the 2004 Lok Sabha elections from Mainpuri while still Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh. He won the seat and his Samajwadi Party won more seats in Uttar Pradesh than all other parties. However the Congress party, which formed the coalition government at the centre after the elections, had majority in the Lok Sabha with the support of the Communist parties. As a result, Yadav could not play any significant role at the centre, Yadav resigned from the Lok Sabha and chose to continue as chief minister of Uttar Pradesh until the 2007 elections, when he lost to the BSP.
2014 Indian General ElectionEdit
Yadav and other members of the SP were criticised for conducting a festival during a crisis following riots in Muzzafarnagar, Uttar Pradesh. He and his party formed a pre-poll alliance for the 2014 Indian General Election that involved ten other parties. He was elected as a member of the 16th Lok Sabha in those elections from two constituencies - Azamgarh and Mainpuri - and subsequently resigned the latter seat.
The only other successful SP candidates in the election were relatives of Yadav: his daughter-in-law, Dimple Yadav, his nephews Dharmendra Yadav & Akshay Yadav and grand-nephew Tej Pratap Singh Yadav.
Since the young Akhilesh Yadav became Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh in 2012, surpassing Mulayam's brother Shivpal Singh Yadav, the Yadav family was divided into two feuding groups. One of the groups, led by Akhilesh, enjoyed the support of his father's cousin and National General Secretary Ram Gopal Yadav. The rival group was led by Mulayam Singh and supported by his brother and State Chief of Party, Shivpal Yadav, and a friend, MP Amar Singh. Akhilesh had fired his uncle twice from his cabinet as it was seen by many as a direct challenge to his father, who has steadily supported Shivpal over Akhilesh. On 30 December 2016, Mulayam Yadav expelled his son Akhilesh and his cousin Ram Gopal from the party for six years on the grounds of indiscipline, only to revoke the decision 24 hours later. Akhilesh, in response, stripped his father off the party presidency and instead named him the chief patron of the party following the national convention of the party on 1 January 2017. Mulayam termed the national convention as illegal and directly expelled his cousin, Ram Gopal Yadav, who had convened the national executive convention. But the Election commission of India ruled that Ram Gopal Yadav had the right to convene that executive convention, and reversed Mulayam's order. Hence Akhilesh Yadav officially became the new National Leader of the party.
Criticism over comment on RapeEdit
The crime of rape became a capital offence in India following the 2012 Delhi gang rape incident. Yadav has opposed this change in the law, saying that "Boys will be boys. Boys commit mistakes". In response to another notable rape case and Yadav's comments, UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon said “We say no to the dismissive, destructive attitude of, 'Boys will be boys'". On 19 August 2015, Yadav remarked that gang-rapes are impractical and rape-victims in those cases tend to lie. He was summonsed by the judicial magistrate of Kulpahar court in Uttar Pradesh for that remark.
- "दस्तावेज़ कह रहे हैं, प्रतीक यादव के पापा मुलायम सिंह यादव नहीं!". ABP Live. 2016-10-25. Retrieved 2017-03-10.
- "Lok Sabha member profile". Lok Sabha.
- "Detailed Profile: Shri Mulayam Singh Yadav". Government of India. Retrieved 2013-10-04.
- Yadav, Shyamlal (7 March 2012). "The Samajwadi Parivar". Indian Express. Retrieved 2013-10-10.
- "Tributes paid to Mulayam's wife". The Times of India. Retrieved 2013-10-10.
- Bhatt, Sheela (6 March 2007). "Will this man bring down Mulayam?". rediff.com. Retrieved 2007-10-10.
- "Mulayam’s younger son prefers body-building to body politic". Indian Express. 20 January 2013. Retrieved 2013-10-10.
- "Mulayam may be keen to shake hands with Maya, but is she?". www.dailyo.in. Retrieved 2016-07-05.
- "UP governor invites Mulayam to form government". www.rediff.com. Retrieved 2016-07-05.
- "Gunnaur voters feel Mulayam may not retain seat". 8 April 2007. Retrieved 2016-07-05.
- "Mulayam concedes defeat, it's Maya in UP". The Times of India. 11 May 2007. Retrieved 2016-09-21.
- Anand, Deevakar (18 January 2014). "The Neros Of Uttar Pradesh". Tehelka Magazine. Retrieved 2014-03-04.
- "Nitish Kumar, Mulayam Singh Yadav in 11-party front to battle Congress, BJP in Lok Sabha polls". NDTV. 25 February 2014. Retrieved 2014-03-14.
- "BJP now eyes Mulayam Singh Yadav's Mainpuri seat". The Asian Age. 27 May 2014. Retrieved 2014-06-11.
- "Mulayam Singh Yadav meets Uttar Pradesh Governor Ram Naik". India.com. Press Trust of India. Retrieved 2015-09-04.
- "Lok Sabha". 47.132. Retrieved 2015-09-04.
- Rai, Manmohan. "Infighting erupts in ruling Yadav family in UP, Mulayam continues to pull the power strings". The Economic Times. Retrieved 2017-03-12.
- Burke, Jason (31 May 2014). "'Go to the mango trees,' the bereaved father was told. 'The body of your daughter is there'". The Observer. Retrieved 2014-07-19.
- "Ally of India’s Modi says rape "sometimes right, sometimes wrong"". The Express Tribune. Reuters. 5 June 2014. Retrieved 2014-07-19.
- "Activists, leaders slam Mulayam Singh for saying 'gang rape is impractical'". The Times of India. Retrieved 2015-09-04.
- Ali, Mohammad. "UP court summons Mulayam Singh over rape remark". The Hindu. Retrieved 2015-09-04.
- Jaffrelot, Christophe (2003). India's silent revolution: Rise of lower castes in North India. C. Hurst & Co. ISBN 978-1-85065-670-8.
- Aditi Phadnis (2009). Business Standard Political Profiles: Of Cabals and Kings. Business Standard Books. ISBN 9788190573542.
- Rao, Ursula (2010). News As Culture: Journalistic Practices and the Remaking of Indian Leadership Tradition. Berghahn Books. ISBN 9781845456696.
- Brass, Paul R. (1997). Theft of an Idol: Text and Context in the Representation of Collective Violence. Princeton University Press. ISBN 9780691026503.
- Ludden, David E., ed. (1996). Contesting the Nation: Religion, Community, and the Politics of Democracy in India. University of Pennsylvania Press. ISBN 9780812215854.
- Singh, Ram; Yadav, Anshuman (1998). Mulayam Singh: a political biography. Konark Publishers. ISBN 9788122005301.