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Benjamin Peary Pal, FRS (26 May 1906 – 14 September 1989) was the first Director of Indian Council of Agricultural Research. He was one of the foremost scientists in Wheat genetics and breeding.[2]

Benjamin Peary Pal
Benjamin Peary Pal 2008 stamp of India.jpg
Born(1906-05-26)26 May 1906
Died14 September 1989(1989-09-14) (aged 83)
Alma mater
Scientific career
FieldsPlant breeding
InstitutionsIndian Council of Agricultural Research


Pal completed his Bachelor of Science and Master of Science degrees at Rangoon University and completed his Ph.D. at the University of Cambridge.[3]

Awards and honoursEdit

He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society (FRS) in 1972. He was a bachelor and donated his property to the Indian Council of Agricultural Research. He was awarded the Padma Shri in 1959, the Padma Bhushan in 1968[4] and the Padma Vibhushan in 1987.[1][5][6][7]


  1. ^ a b Swaminathan, M. S. (1996). "Benjamin Peary Pal 26 May 1906 – 14 September 1989". Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society. 42: 266–274. doi:10.1098/rsbm.1996.0017.
  2. ^ "Agriculture" (PDF). Retrieved 30 August 2015.
  3. ^ "Dr Benjamin Peary Pal". Indian National Science Academy. Archived from the original on 24 September 2015. Retrieved 30 August 2015.
  4. ^ "Padma Awards" (PDF). Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2015. Archived from the original (PDF) on 15 October 2015. Retrieved 21 July 2015.
  5. ^ Biography of Benjamin Peary Pal.
  6. ^ Benjamin Peary Pal (2007). Search for New Genes. Academic Foundation. pp. 19–. ISBN 978-81-7188-632-6.
  7. ^ "Padma Vibhushan Awardees". Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 30 August 2015.