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Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly

The Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly (APLA) is the lower house of the Andhra Pradesh Legislature.

Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly
Type
HousesBicameral
Term limits
5 years
Leadership
Speaker
Deputy Speaker
Leader of the House
(Chief Minister)
Leader of the Opposition
Structure
Seats176 (175 Elected + 1 Nominated)
Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly election 2019.svg
Political groups
Government (151)

Opposition (25)

  •      TDP (23)
  •      JSP (1)
  •      Nominated (1)
Elections
First past the post
Last election
11 April 2019
Next election
May 2024
Meeting place
Andhra Pradesh Secreteriat.jpg
Assembly Building
Amaravati, Andhra Pradesh, India
Website
www.aplegislature.org

The Legislative Assembly consists of 176 members, of which 175 are elected by adult universal suffrage under the first-past-the-post system, and one member from the Anglo-Indian community is appointed by the Governor, as directed by Article 333 of the Twenty-third Amendment of the Constitution of India.

The duration of the Assembly is five years from the date appointed for its first meeting, unless it is decided to dissolve the Assembly sooner. The Legislative Assembly's main functions include legislation, overseeing of administration, passing the budget, and airing public grievances.[1]

The assembly is Bicameral and holds three sessions annually: one for Budget, Monsoon and Winter.

The Legislative Assembly took up residence in the interim Legislative Assembly Building in Amaravati beginning in the 2016 Budget session. The new building has systems for automatic speech translation and automatic vote recording.

HistoryEdit

The Andhra Legislative Assembly was constituted after the formation of Andhra State on 1 October 1953. When Andra Pradesh was formed on 1 November 1956 by merging Andhra State with the Telugu speaking areas of Hyderabad State, the 140 Members of Andhra State Legislative Assembly and 105 Members representing the Telugu speaking areas of Hyderabad State merged to form APLA. At the time of formation, the Legislature was unicameral with only an Assembly with 301 Members. The first meeting was held on 3 December 1956. Sri Ayyadevara Kaleswara Rao and Sri Konda Lakshman Bapuji were the first Speaker and the first Deputy Speaker, respectively.

With the formation of the Legislative Council on 1 July 1958, the Andhra Pradesh Legislature became Bicameral and remained so until 1 June 1985 when the Legislative Council was dissolved on 31 May 1985 during the period of Eighth Legislative Assembly and the State Legislature once again became unicameral.[1]

On 2 June 2014, the state of Andhra Pradesh was split to form the new state of Telangana. Andhra Pradesh was allocated 175 legislative seats with the remaining 119 allocated to Telangana Legislative Assembly.

Assembly Elections took place in Andhra Pradesh on 11 April 2019 to constitute the fifteenth Legislative Assembly. These elections were held concurrently with the Indian general election. Results were announced on 23 May, the day of ballot counting. YSRCP swept the polls by winning a record margin of 151 of 175 seats, their best poll performance to date. YSRCP completely swept Kadapa, Kurnool, Nellore and Viazayanagram Districts. They lost only 3 seats (Kuppam, Hindupur, Uravakonda) in Rayalaseema Region. The ruling TDP was reduced to 23 seats, their worst poll record since their party formed. Only 3 ministers (Nimmakayala Chinarajappa, Ganta Srinivasa Rao, Kinjarapu Achennaidu) of 26 ministers won. JSP+ alliance won a single seat (Razole), while the leader of the alliance Pawan Kalyan lost both seats. National parties such as INC and BJP won no seats.

Designations and present membersEdit

The present assembly is the Thirteenth Legislative Assembly of Andhra Pradesh.

Designation Name
Governor Biswabhusan Harichandan
Speaker Tammineni Sitaram
Deputy Speaker Kona Raghupathi
Leader of the House (Chief Minister of State) Y. S. Jagan Mohan Reddy
Leader of the Opposition N. Chandrababu Naidu

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly".