Mohammad Hamid Ansari
| name = Mohammad Hamid Ansari
| office = 12th Vice President of India
| image = [[File:Mohammad pig Hamid Ansari.JPG|]
| predecessor = Bhairon Singh Shekhawat
| president = Pratibha Patil
Ram Nath Kovind | primeminister = Manmohan Singh
Narendra Modi | successor = M. Venkaiah Naidu | office1 = Permanent Representative of India to the United Nations | term_start1 = January 1993 | term_end1 = January 1995 | predecessor1 = C.R. Gharekhan | successor1 = Prakash Shah | office3 = Ambassador of India to the United Arab Emirates | term_start3 = 6 June 1976 | term_end3 = 24 January 1980 | predecessor3 = S. E. H. Rizvi | successor3 = Lalit Mansingh | birth_date = 1 April 1937 | birth_place = Calcutta, Bengal Presidency, British India (present day Kolkata, West Bengal, India) | spouse = Salma Ansari | children = 1 daughter
2 sons | alma_mater = University of Calcutta
Aligarh Muslim University | party = Indian National Congress | term_start = 11 August 2007 | term_end = 10 August 2017 | relatives = Mukhtar Ahmed Ansari
Afzal Ansari }} Mohammad Hamid Ansari (pronunciation (help·info); born 1 April 1937) is an Indian politician and retired Indian Foreign Service officer who served as the 12th Vice President of India from 2007 to 2017.
Ansari joined the IFS in 1961. In a diplomatic career spanning 38 years, he served as the Indian ambassador to Australia, Afghanistan, Iran, and Saudi Arabia. He also served as the Permanent Representative of India to the United Nations between 1993 and 1995. He was appointed the Vice-Chancellor of the Aligarh Muslim University from 2000 to 2002. Later, he was Chairman of the National Commission for Minorities from 2006 to 2007.
He was elected as the Vice-President of India on 10 August 2007 and took office on 11 August 2007. He was reelected on 7 August 2012 and was sworn-in by Pranab Mukherjee, the President of India. The oath taking ceremony was conducted at Rashtrapati Bhavan on 11 August 2012. His second term ended in August 2017 since he was not offered another term, he decided not to run for a third term in the 2017 vice-presidential election.
Ansari was born on 1 April 1937 at Calcutta, Bengal Presidency, British India (present day Kolkata in the state of West Bengal, India) to Mohammad Abdul Aziz Ansari and Aasiya Begum. Though his ancestral home is in the city of Ghazipur of the Uttar Pradesh state, he spent his formative years in Kolkata. He is a grand-nephew of former Indian National Congress president and freedom fighter Mukhtar Ahmed Ansari. He is also related to the Uttar Pradeshi local political workers Afzal Ansari, Sibakatullah Ansari and jailed criminal turned politician Mukhtar Ansari.
Ansari did his schooling from St. Edward's School, Shimla. After graduating from St. Xavier's College, Calcutta, affiliated to the University of Calcutta, he pursued his Master of Arts and Doctor of Philosophy degree from the Aligarh Muslim University. He is married to Salma Ansari, fathering two sons and one daughter.
Joining the Indian Foreign Service in 1961, Ansari subsequently served Indian missions in Baghdad, Rabat, Brussels and Jeddah. From 1976 to 1980, he served as the Indian Ambassador to the United Arab Emirates. Mohan Jashanmal, the Chairman of Indian Business and Professionals Group said that "Ansari was instrumental to get land for the Indian School from His Highness Shaikh Khalifa Bin Zayed Al Nahyan". He has also served as the Indian ambassador to Australia (1985–1989), Afghanistan (1989–1990), Iran (1990–1992), Saudi Arabia (1995–1999).
He also served as the Permanent Representative of India to the United Nations from 1993 to 1995. His deputy T. P. Sreenivasan wrote that while Ansari's stint as the Permanent Representative, he refuted Pakistan's allegations of human rights abuses in Jammu and Kashmir by "the horns and subdued it whenever necessary". He also wrote that appointing Ansari for this post at a time when "Pakistan went all out to bring Kashmir to the centre of international attention after the end of the Cold War" showed India's secular credentials.
After serving as a visiting professor of the West Asian and African Studies Department of Jawaharlal Nehru University from 1999 to 2000, Ansari was appointed as the vice-chancellor of the Aligarh Muslim University on 23 May 2000. After leaving the post in 2002, he served as a visiting professor of the Academy for Third World Studies Department of the Jamia Milia Islamia from 2003 to 2005.
Chairman of NCMEdit
Ansari became the chairman of India's National Commission for Minorities (NCM) on 6 March 2006. In June 2007, Ansari, in his capacity as NCM chairman, upheld the decision of St. Stephen's College, Delhi to earmark a small percentage of seats for Dalit Christians. He resigned as NCM chairman soon after his nomination for the post of India's vice-president.
On 20 July 2007, Ansari was named by the UPA-Left, the ruling coalition in India, as its candidate for the post of Vice-President for the upcoming election. When asked, Ansari said he felt "humbled" over the UPA-Left decision naming him as their candidate. "I am humbled by the confidence reposed in me". Ansari refused to say more when asked about his prospects in the August 2007 Vice-Presidential election. Ansari secured 455 votes, and won the election by a margin of 233 votes against his nearest rival Najma Heptullah.
In 2012 Vice presidential election, the Congress-led UPA re-appointed Ansari as their candidate for the post of VP. The NDA nominated Jaswant Singh, former Finance, External Affairs and Defence minister as well as former Leader of Opposition. The NDA cited Ansari's conduct in the Rajya Sabha during The Lokpal Bill, 2011 debate when he had abruptly adjourned the House sine die. Hamid Ansari was re-elected for the second term on 7 August 2012, defeating the NDA's nominee Jaswant Singh by a margin of 252 votes. Ansari was the first person to be re-elected as Indian Vice President after Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan in 1957.
Upon the inauguration of Ram Nath Kovind as President of India in 2017, Ansari became the first Indian Vice-President to serve during the terms of three presidents. He is the longest serving chairman of Rajya Sabha.
According to the Constitution of India, Ansari, as Vice-President of the Republic, also serves ex officio as Chairman of the Rajya Sabha.
Ansari is a West Asia scholar and has written on the Palestinian issue and taken positions inconvenient to the Indian official line on Iraq and Iran. He questioned India's vote in the International Atomic Energy Agency on Iran's nuclear programme where India voted against Iran. He said that though the Indian Government claimed to have acted on "its own judgement," this was not borne out by facts.
He was the chairman of a working group on "Confidence building measures across segments of society in the State," established by the Second Round Table Conference of the Prime Minister on Jammu and Kashmir in 2006. The report of the working group was adopted by the Third Round Table in April 2007. Among other things, the report advocates recognizing the right of Kashmiri Pandits to return to "places of their original residence". This right, it argued, should be recognized without any ambiguity and made a part of state policy.
Ansari feels that there is a sense of unease among Indian Muslims and that nationalism is a growing problem in India. He said this on the last day of his tenure as the Vice President of India.
Ansari triggered controversy by visiting a program as a guest which was organised by Popular Front of India in Kerala. He has since said that he went there as a state guest and no one warned him about the presence of PFI.
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- Andrew MacAskill and Bibhudatta Pradhan (30 December 2011). "Singh Caps 'Annus Horribilis' With Anti-Graft Law Stymied by Upper House". Bloomberg. Retrieved 3 June 2012.
- "Hamid Ansari retained seat as Vice President". 7 August 2012. Archived from the original on 12 May 2013.
- "Mohammad Hamid Ansari Biography - Vice President of India". Britannica.com. Retrieved 21 September 2015.
- "Hamid Ansari: versatile scholar, statesman". The Hindu.
- "Asserting Your Nationalism Day In, Day Out Is Unnecessary: Hamid Ansari – The Wire (full transcript)". The Wire. Retrieved 10 August 2017.
- Kozhikode (23 September 2017). "Row over Hamid Ansari attending PFI conference". The Hindu. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 8 July 2019.
- "Exclusive: 'I Went To Kerala Event As State Guest, No Police Officer Warned Me About PFI,' Says Hamid Ansari". Outlook (India). Retrieved 8 July 2019.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Mohammad Hamid Ansari.|
- Profile at Indian Government website
- Iran Today: Twenty – five Years after the Islamic Revolution (Rupa, New Delhi,2005) (ISBN 81-291-0774-0)
- Hamid Ansari: versatile scholar, statesman
- Goof up leaves Ansari fuming
| Vice Chancellor of Aligarh Muslim University
Bhairon Singh Shekhawat
| Vice President of India