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The Minister of Defence is the head of the Ministry of Defence of the Government of India. They are often assisted by a Minister of State for Defence and less-commonly, the lower-ranked Deputy Minister of Defence. The defence minister additionally serves as President of the Institute for Defence Studies and Analyses, and as Chancellor of the Defence Institute of Advanced Technology and of the National Defence University.

Minister of Defence
Emblem of India.svg
Ministry of Defence
AppointerPresident on the advice of the Prime Minister
Inaugural holderBaldev Singh
Formation2 September 1946

The first defence minister of independent India was Baldev Singh, who served in Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru's cabinet during 1947–52. Nirmala Sitharaman is the current defence minister of India.

List of defence ministersEdit

Name Portrait Term of office Political party
(Alliance)
Prime Minister
1 Baldev Singh

(1902–1961)

2 September 1946 – 10 May 1952 Indian National Congress Jawaharlal Nehru
2 N. Gopalaswami Ayyangar[1]

(1882–1953)

  1952—1953
3 Jawaharlal Nehru[1]

(1889–1964)

  1953—1955
4 Kailash Nath Katju

(1887–1968)

1955—1957
(3) Jawaharlal Nehru[1]

(1889–1964)

  1957—1957
5 V. K. Krishna Menon

(1896–1974)

  1957—1962
(3) Jawaharlal Nehru[1]

(1889–1964)

  1962—1962
6 Yashwantrao Chavan

(1913–1984)

  1962—1966 Jawaharlal Nehru

Lal Bahadur Shastri

Indira Gandhi

7 Swaran Singh

(1907–1994)

1966—1970 Indira Gandhi
8 Jagjivan Ram

(1908–1986)

  1970—1974
(5) Swaran Singh

(1907–1994)

1974—1975
9 Indira Gandhi

(1917–1984)

  1975—1975
10 Bansi Lal

(1927–2006)

21 December 1975 – 24 March 1977
(8) Jagjivan Ram

(1908–1986)

  24 March 1977 – 28 July 1979 Janata Party Morarji Desai
11 Chidambaram Subramaniam

(1910–2000)

  28 July 1979 – 14 January 1980 Janata Party (Secular) Charan Singh
(9) Indira Gandhi

(1917–1984)

  16 January 1980 – 15 January 1982 Indian National Congress Indira Gandhi
12 R. Venkataraman

(1910–2009)

  15 January 1982 – 2 August 1984
13 Shankarrao Chavan

(1920–2004)

2 August 1984 – 31 December 1984 Indira Gandhi
Rajiv Gandhi
14 P. V. Narasimha Rao

(1921–2004)

  31 December 1984 – 25 September 1985 Rajiv Gandhi
15 Rajiv Gandhi

(1944–1991)

  25 September 1985 – 24 January 1987
16 V. P. Singh

(1931–2008)

  24 January 1987 – 12 April 1987
17 K. C. Pant

(1931–2012)

12 April 1987 – 1 December 1989
(14) V. P. Singh

(1931–2008)

  2 December 1989 – 10 November 1990 Janata Dal
(National Front)
V. P. Singh
18 Chandra Shekhar

(1927–2007)

  10 November 1990 – 21 June 1991 Samajwadi Janata Party
(National Front)
Chandra Shekhar
19 Sharad Pawar

(born 1940)

  21 June 1991 – 6 March 1993 Indian National Congress P. V. Narasimha Rao
(12) P. V. Narasimha Rao

(1921–2004)

  6 March 1993 – 16 May 1996
20 Pramod Mahajan

(1949–2006)

16 May 1996 – 1 June 1996 Bharatiya Janata Party Atal Bihari Vajpayee
21 Mulayam Singh Yadav

(born 1939)

  1 June 1996 – 19 March 1998 Samajwadi Party
(United Front)
H. D. Deve Gowda

I. K. Gujral

22 George Fernandes

(1930–2019)

  19 March 1998 – 16 March 2001 Samata Party
(National Democratic Alliance)
Atal Bihari Vajpayee
23 Jaswant Singh

(born 1938)

  16 March 2001 – 21 October 2001 Bharatiya Janata Party
(National Democratic Alliance)
(20) George Fernandes

(1930–2019)

  21 October 2001 – 22 May 2004 Samata Party
Janata Dal
(National Democratic Alliance)
24 Pranab Mukherjee

(born 1935)

  22 May 2004 – 24 October 2006 Indian National Congress
(United Progressive Alliance)
Manmohan Singh
25 A.K. Antony

(born 1940)

  24 October 2006 – 26 May 2014
26 Arun Jaitley

(born 1952)

  26 May 2014 – 9 November 2014 Bharatiya Janata Party
(National Democratic Alliance)
Narendra Modi
27 Manohar Parrikar

(1955-2019)

  9 November 2014 – 13 March 2017
(24) Arun Jaitley

(born 1952)

  13 March 2017 – 3 September 2017
28 Nirmala Sitharaman

(born 1959)

  3 September 2017 –

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d "Ministry of Defence, List of Defence Ministers of India". Elections.in. Retrieved 13 February 2019.