Samajwadi Party (SP ; translation: Socialist Party, founded 4 October 1992) is a political party in India headquartered in New Delhi. Originally caste-based, it is a regional party based in Uttar Pradesh and describes itself as being democratic socialist.
The Samajwadi Party was one of several parties that emerged when the Janata Dal (People's League) fragmented into several regional parties. The party was founded by Mulayam Singh Yadav in 1992. Created just months before the Babri Masjid demolition, the party is said to played a key role in preventing violence within the state following the event. The Samajwadi Party is now led by former Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh Akhilesh Yadav after he was chosen the President by the National Convention held on 1 January 2017.
The Samajwadi Party is primarily based in Uttar Pradesh State. It has contested Lok Sabha and State Assembly elections around the country, though its successes have been mainly in Uttar Pradesh. In the 2012 legislative assembly elections of Uttar Pradesh, SP registered a landslide victory with a clear majority in the House, thus enabling it to form the government in the state. This was expected to be the fifth term of Mulayam Singh Yadav as Chief Minister of state, but he surprised everyone by selecting his son, Akhilesh Yadav, to be the new chief minister (the youngest ever). It became official on 15 March. It was also the first time that SP was head of the UP government for a full term of 5 years.
Position in state and national politicsEdit
The Samajawadi Party provided outside support to the United Progressive Alliance government up to the sixteenth general election, After the sixteenth general election its support became unnecessary when the UPA became the largest alliance. It contested the 2009 general election in alliance with the Rashtriya Janata Dal and the Lok Janshakti Party of Bihar.
In the last general election, the Samajwadi Party was defeated by the BJP in Uttar Pradesh. It is currently the thirteenth largest party in parliament. In the general elections of 2014, it won only 5 seats, while the Indian National Congress gained 44 seats and the Bharatiya Janata Party obtained a clear mandate with 282 seats.
In April 2014, the Save Indian Family Foundation encouraged voters to support the Samajwadi Party or vote None of the above because the Samajwadi Party had stated that it opposed the alleged misuse of gender bias laws.
The Samajwadi Party has called homosexuality "unethical and immoral."
The clashes between the Hindu and Muslim communities in Muzaffarnagar district, Uttar Pradesh, India in August - September 2013, resulted in at  least 9 deaths and injured 34 after which an indefinite curfew was imposed. By 17 September, the curfew was lifted from all riot affected areas and the army was also withdrawn.
Akhilesh Yadav warned of strict action against those found guilty. He also blamed a political conspiracy behind these riots. He also announced jobs to the kins of the people who were killed during the riots
Since Akhilesh Yadav became Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh, the Yadav family has been divided into two feuding groups. One of the groups is led by him with the support of his father's cousin, Ram Gopal Yadav. The rival group is led by Shivpal Singh Yadav and a friend, Amar Singh. Akhilesh Yadav has fired his uncle twice from his cabinet as it was seen by many as a direct challenge to his father Mulayam Singh Yadav, who has steadily supported his younger brother Shivpal over him.
Battle in the family fired up when Akhilesh Yadav released a parallel list of 235 candidates for 2017 Uttar Pradesh election. Mulayam Singh Yadav and Shivpal Singh Yadav already has released list of 325 candidates few days before.
On 30 December 2016, Mulayam Singh Yadav expelled his son Akhilesh Yadav and Ram Gopal Yadav from the party for six years on the grounds of indiscipline but re-inducted within 24 hours after a meet of 200 of the party’s 229 MLAs at Akhilesh residence.
National Convention of January 2017Edit
In a National Convention held on 1 January 2017 called by Ram Gopal Yadav, Akhilesh Yadav was declared the National President of Samajwadi Party. Naresh Chandra Uttam was named as Uttar Pradesh state president of the party.
In the mean time Mulayam Singh Yadav expelled Ram Gopal Yadav for six years for the third time in six months. Expulsion also included vice-president Kiranmoy Nanda and state general secretary Naresh Agarwal were also expelled for attending the convention.
Due to the convention, the party is apparently divided and is headed by two competing presidents. Akhilesh Yadav and his father both are representing themselves as party presidents. However the constitution of the party categorically states that any convention can only be called by its president and if an other member wants a convention to be called, he has to collect the signatures of 40% members and submit it to national president. If the president then fails to call the convention that individual member may call for the convention. In this case however, Akhilesh Faction has acted against the party constitution and technically Mulayam Singh Yadav is still the party president.
Election commission gets involvedEdit
After the national convention was declared illegal by Mulayam Singh Yadav and further truce talks failed Mulayam Singh along with Amar Singh and Jaya Prada decided to go to the Election Commission to sort out the matter.
The Election Commission gave time until 9 January to submit the related documents to both sides to submit required documents that show support of the party members. The Akhilesh camp submitted affidavits showing notable support for the Chief Minister on 7 January.
The Election Commission then fixed 3 January for hearing the Samajwadi Party (SP) factions led by Mulayam Singh Yadav and his son Akhilesh Yadav to settle the dispute over control of the party and its election symbol, ‘cycle’. The Election Commission heard both factions for about 4 hours and reserved its order on who gets ownership to the party’s cycle symbol. The Akhilesh faction was represented by senior lawyers Rajeev Dhavan and Kapil Sibal and Mulayam Singh faction was represented by senior advocate and former Solicitor General Mohan Parasaran. Parasaran argued that the Election Commission lacked jurisdiction to allocate the symbol to one of the factions as there was no split in the party such as SP (Mulayam) and SP (Akhilesh) and there was no splinter group. He also said the meeting called by Ramgopal Yadav on 1 January in which Akhilesh was elected Samajwadi Party president, was not in accordance with the party’s constitution and therefore, was illegal and unauthorised.
On 16 January, the election commission announced its decision and Akhilesh Yadav was declared the rightful owner of his Samajwadi Party's symbol, the cycle.
Lok Sabha (Lower House)Edit
|Lok Sabha Term||Indian
|% of votes in
|11th Lok Sabha||1996||16||Uttar Pradesh (16)|
|12th Lok Sabha||1998||19||Uttar Pradesh (19)|
|13th Lok Sabha||1999||26||Uttar Pradesh (26)|
|14th Lok Sabha||2004||36||Uttar Pradesh (35) Uttarakhand (1)|
|15th Lok Sabha||2009||23||Uttar Pradesh (23)|
|16th Lok Sabha||2014||5||Uttar Pradesh (5)|
|17th Lok Sabha||2019||5||Uttar Pradesh (5)|
Uttar Pradesh Vidhan Sabha (Lower House)Edit
|Vidhan Sabha Term||UP
|% of votes in|
|12th Vidhan Sabha||1993|
|13th Vidhan Sabha||1996|
|14th Vidhan Sabha||2002||143|
|15th Vidhan Sabha||2007||393||97|
|16th Vidhan Sabha||2012||403||224|
|17th Vidhan Sabha||2017||298||47|
List of Chief MinistersEdit
|Term of office||Tenure length||Party[a]||Assembly
|1||Mulayam Singh Yadav
|4 December 1993||3 June 1995||1 year, 181 days||Samajwadi Party||Twelfth Assembly (1993–95)
|(1)||Mulayam Singh Yadav
|29 August 2003||13 May 2007||3 years, 257 days||Samajwadi Party||Fourteenth Assembly (2002–07)
|15 March 2012||19 March 2017||5 years, 4 days||Samajwadi Party||Sixteenth Assembly (2012–17)
- This column only names the chief minister's party. The state government he heads may be a complex coalition of several parties and independents; these are not listed here.
List of Central MinistersEdit
|№||Name||Term of office||Portfolio||Prime Minister|
|1||Mulayam Singh Yadav||1 June 1996||19 March 1998||Minister of Defence||H. D. Deve Gowda|
I. K. Gujral
|2||Janeshwar Mishra||10 July 1996||May 1997||Minister of Water Resources||H. D. Deve Gowda|
I. K. Gujral
|3||Beni Prasad Verma||21 April 1997||19 March 1998||Minister of Communications||I. K. Gujral|
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it operates on the political ideologies of Democratic Socialism, Populism and Social Conservatism
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