Jaya Bachchan (née Bhaduri; born 9 April 1948) is an Indian actress and politician. She has served as a Member of Parliament in the Rajya Sabha from the Samajwadi Party. Known for her work in Hindi films, she is noted for reinforcing a natural style of acting in both mainstream and "middle-of-the-road" cinema. Bachchan has received several accolades, including nine Filmfare Awards and the Padma Shri, the fourth-highest civilian honour awarded by the Government of India.
|Member of Parliament, Rajya Sabha|
|Assumed office |
9 April 1948
Jabalpur, Central Provinces and Berar, Dominion of India
(present-day Madhya Pradesh, India)
|Political party||Samajwadi Party|
|Relatives||See Bachchan family|
|Residence(s)||Jalsa Bungalow, Juhu, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India|
|Alma mater||Film and Television Institute of India|
|Awards||Padma Shri (1992)|
Bachchan made her film debut as a teenager in Satyajit Ray's Mahanagar (1963), her first screen role as an adult was in Guddi (1971), directed by Hrishikesh Mukherjee, with whom she collaborated in several films thereafter. She was noted for her performances in films like Uphaar (1971), Koshish (1972) and Kora Kagaz (1974). She starred alongside Amitabh Bachchan in several films, including Zanjeer (1973), Abhimaan (1973), Chupke Chupke (1975) and Mili (1975). The cult film Sholay (1975), saw her playing the much-lauded role of a young widow. She won the Filmfare Award for Best Actress for Abhimaan, Kora Kagaz and Nauker.
Following her marriage to actor Amitabh Bachchan and the birth of their children, she restricted her work in films, notably starring in Nauker (1979) and Silsila (1981). After a 17-year sabbatical, she returned to acting with Govind Nihalani's independent drama Hazaar Chaurasi Ki Maa (1998). Bachchan won three Filmfare Award for Best Supporting Actress for playing emotionally troubled mothers in the commercially successful dramas Fiza (2000), Kabhi Khushi Kabhie Gham... (2001) and Kal Ho Naa Ho (2003). After another hiatus, she made her comeback with Karan Johar's Rocky Aur Rani Kii Prem Kahaani (2023).
Early life edit
Jaya Bhaduri was born in a Bengali family on 9 April 1948. She is the daughter of Tarun Kumar Bhaduri, a journalist, author, and poet and his wife, Indira. She studied at St Joseph's Convent School, Bhopal and graduated from Film and Television Institute of India in Pune.
Acting career edit
Bachchan is an alumna of the Film and Television Institute of India. She first starred in Satyajit Ray's Bengali film, Mahanagar (1963) at the age of 15, with Anil Chatterjee and Madhabi Mukherjee.She then appeared in two more Bengali films: a 13-minute short Suman, and the comedy Dhanyee Meye (1971), where she played the role of Uttam Kumar's sister-in-law.
Inspired by her experience with Ray, she joined the Film and Television Institute of India (FTII), Pune and graduated with the gold medal. Hrishikesh Mukherjee cast her in Guddi (1971), to play the eponymous role of a petite school-girl obsessed with film star Dharmendra. Guddi was a commercial success, and created the girl-next-door image for her, which she was often associated with through the rest of her career. While she did venture out to play glamorous roles as in Jawani Diwani, (1972) and a semi-negative character of an amnesia-faking heroine in Anamika (1973), she was most recognised for her roles epitomising middle-class sensibility, which she played amiably in films of "middle-cinema" directors such as Gulzar, Basu Chatterjee and indeed Hrishikesh Mukherjee. These films include Uphaar (1971), Piya Ka Ghar (1972), Parichay (1972), Koshish (1972) and Bawarchi (1972). They also made her a superstar.
In Gulzar's Koshish (1973), Bhaduri and Sanjeev Kumar played a deaf couple who struggle through their difficulties as disabled people. She described the film as "a learning experience" which motivated her to do social work in future.
She first acted with Amitabh Bachchan in Bansi Birju (1972), followed by B. R. Ishara's Ek Nazar also in the same year. When Amitabh had faced a string of flops and most lead heroines refused to work with him in the Salim–Javed scripted Zanjeer (1973), she agreed to step in. The film turned out to be a big hit creating Amitabh Bachchan's angry-young-man image. All their successive films as a pair were huge hits - Abhimaan (1973), Chupke Chupke (1975), Mili (1975) and Sholay (1975).
Her daughter Shweta was born around the time Jaya and Amitabh were working on Sholay. Following this, she retired from films and focused on raising her children, making an exception for Yash Chopra's Silsila (1981), once again opposite her husband. During the late 1980s, she wrote the story for Shahenshah (1988), which starred her husband in the lead.
After a gap of 17 years, she returned to acting with Govind Nihalani's Hazaar Chaurasi Ki Maa (1998), a film about the Naxalite movement. In 2000, she starred in Fiza for which she received the Filmfare Award for Best Supporting Actress. She also starred in Karan Johar's ensemble family drama Kabhi Khushi Kabhie Gham... (2001) with her husband. She then starred in Johar's romantic comedy-drama, Kal Ho Naa Ho (2003), playing Preity Zinta's mother, Jennifer Kapur, both of which also earned her the Filmfare Award for Best Supporting Actress. She starred with her son Abhishek in Laaga Chunari Mein Daag (2007) and Drona (2008).
In 2011, she appeared in the Bangladeshi film Meherjaan starring with Victor Banerjee and Humayun Faridi. The film is based on a Bangladesh-Pakistan love story in the backdrop of the 1971 Bangladesh atrocities. In 2023, she starred alongside Dharmendra and Shabana Azmi in Karan Johar's romantic comedy family drama Rocky Aur Rani Kii Prem Kahaani, which emerged as the third highest-grossing Hindi film of the year. Taran Adarsh of Bollywood Hungama noted, "Bachchan is electrifying. Her commanding presence, authoritative attitude and cold stares — this is a stand-out act that’s sure to be talked about by moviegoers."
Personal life edit
Jaya married actor Amitabh Bachchan, on 3 June 1973. The couple have two children: Shweta Bachchan and Abhishek Bachchan, who is also an actor. Shweta is married to industrialist Nikhil Nanda, grandson of the Kapoor family in Delhi, and has two children, Navya Naveli and Agastya Nanda, while Abhishek Bachchan is married to actress Aishwarya Rai, and has a daughter, Aaradhya Bachchan.
Drona speech controversy edit
Bachchan's speech during the musical launch of Drona in the second half of 2008 was criticised by some sections of politicians in Maharashtra. In response to the film's director, Goldie Behl, making his introductory speech in English, she said in Hindi, "Hum UP ke log hain, isliye Hindi mein baat karenge, Maharashtra ke log maaf kijiye". (Translation: "We are people from UP, so we will speak in Hindi. People of Maharashtra, please forgive us.") Subsequently, she encouraged actress Priyanka Chopra to speak in Hindi.
Maharashtra Navnirman Sena (MNS) president Raj Thackeray commented that she had no business referring to all the people of Maharashtra in her statement. He threatened to ban all Bachchan films unless she apologised in a public forum for hurting the sentiments of Maharashtrians. MNS workers began to attack theatres screening The Last Lear, which starred her husband. Shiv Sena MP Sanjay Raut also criticised her statement, "After making all your success and fortune in Mumbai, if you feel like saying that we are from UP, it's very unfortunate". Amitabh tendered an apology for her statement on her behalf.
Political career edit
Bachchan was first elected in 2004 as the Member of Parliament from the Samajwadi Party, representing Uttar Pradesh in the Rajya Sabha till March 2006. She got a second term from June 2006 till July 2010 and in February 2010 she stated her intent to complete her term.[clarification needed] She was re-elected in 2012 for the third term and again in 2018 for her fourth term in the Rajya Sabha from Samajwadi Party. Also, she campaigned for All India Trinamool Congress during 2021 West Bengal Legislative Assembly election.
Parliamentary Committee assignments edit
Positions held edit
Jaya Bachchan has been elected 4 times as Rajya Sabha MP.
|1.||2004||2006||MP (1st term) in Rajya Sabha from Uttar Pradesh (by-poll)||SP|
|2.||2006||2012||MP (2nd term) in Rajya Sabha from Uttar Pradesh||SP|
|3.||2012||2018||MP (3rd term) in Rajya Sabha from Uttar Pradesh||SP|
|4.||2018||Present||MP (4th term) in Rajya Sabha from Uttar Pradesh||SP|
Reception and legacy edit
Bachchan is regarded as one of the greatest actors of Indian cinema. One of the highest paid actress of the 1970s, in 2022, she was placed in Outlook India's "75 Best Bollywood Actresses" list. Filmfare included Bachchan's performances in Abhimaan in its Bollywood's "80 Iconic Performances" list.
Writing for Times of India, Subhash K. Jha termed her an "exceptional talent" and noted, "During her brief innings of superstardom she was a far bigger star than her husband." Samriddhi Patwa of Filmfare noted, "The Bengali actress who had long hair, a sweet smile, and significant roles conquered the silver screen." Dinesh Raheja of Rediff.com termed her an "outspoken actress" and noted, "Dimunitive she may be, but Jaya Bhaduri has managed to cast a long shadow over the world of Hindi films." Indian Express said that her filmography is "full of gems" and added, "The Bengali beauty ruled the silver screen with meaningful roles." Kanika Katyal of Firstpost noted, "Full of vigour and idealism, Jaya found herself at home in the "middle cinema" of the 1970s", and added, "Each time she emoted, the camera was firmly in her grip."
|1963||Mahanagar||Bani Mazumdar||Bengali film|
|Jai Jawan Jai Makan|
|Dhanyee Meye||Mansa||Bengali film|||
|1972||Jawani Diwani||Neeta Thakur|
|Bawarchi||Krishna Harinath Sharma|||
|Piya Ka Ghar||Malti Shankar|
|Shor||Raat Ki Rani (Rani)|
|1973||Gaai Aur Gori||Vijaya|||
|Anamika||Anamika Dutt/ Kanchan/ Archana|
|Kora Kagaz||Archana Gupta|
|Naya Din Nai Raat||Sushma|
|Doosri Sita||Seeta Wagle|
|Chupke Chupke||Vasudha Kumar|
|1977||Abhi To Jee Lein||Jaya||Delayed release|
|1978||Ek Baap Chhe Bete||Cameo|
|1998||Hazaar Chaurasi Ki Maa||Sujata Chatterjee|
|2001||Kabhi Khushi Kabhie Gham...||Nandini Raichand|||
|2002||Koi Mere Dil Se Poochhe||Mansi Devi|
|Desh||Suprabha Chowdhury||Bengali film|
|2003||Kal Ho Naa Ho||Jennifer Kapur|||
|2007||Laaga Chunari Mein Daag||Savitri Sahay|
|2008||Love Songs : Yesterday, Today & Tomorrow||Mridula Chatterjee|
|2010||Aap Ke Liye Hum||Adoptive mother|
|Aahat – Ek Ajib Kahani||Jaya||Delayed release|
|2012||Ganga Devi||Bhojpuri film|||
|2013||Sunglass||Chitra's mother||Hindi-Bengali film|
|2016||Ki & Ka||Cameo|
|2017||The Great Leader||Bhojpuri film|
|2023||Rocky Aur Rani Kii Prem Kahaani||Dhanalakshmi Randhawa|||
Other roles edit
|1993-1994||Dekh Bhai Dekh||Producer||Under Amitabh Bachchan Corporation|||
Civilian Award edit
Major film awards edit
|1972||Filmfare Awards||Special Award||Uphaar||Won|
|1998||Special Award||Hazaar Chaurasi Ki Maa||Won|
|2001||Best Supporting Actress||Fiza||Won|
|2002||Kabhi Khushi Kabhie Gham...||Won|
|2004||Kal Ho Naa Ho||Won|
|2007||Lifetime Achievement Award||—||Won|
|2001||International Indian Film Academy Awards||Best Supporting Actress||Fiza||Won|
|2002||Kabhi Khushi Kabhie Gham...||Won|
|2004||Kal Ho Naa Ho||Won|
Other film awards edit
- 1972 – Bengal Film Journalists' Association Awards – Special Award (Hindi Film) – Guddi
- 1999 – Anandalok Awards – Special Editors' Award
- 2001 – Bengal Film Journalists' Association Awards – Best Supporting Actress – Fiza
- 2001 – Zee Cine Award for Best Supporting Actress – Fiza
- 2002 – Sansui Viewers Choice Awards for Best Supporting Actress – Kabhi Khushi Kabhie Gham...
Honours and recognitions edit
- 1994 – Yash Bharti Award, Uttar Pradesh's highest award from the Government of Uttar Pradesh
- 2000 – Mumbai Academy of the Moving Image Award for her "abiding contribution to Cinema"
- 2004 – Lifetime Achievement Award at the Sansui Awards
- 2010 – Lifetime Achievement Award at the "Tongues On Fire" Film Festival in London
- 2012 – Lifetime Achievement Award at Jaipur International Film Festival (JIFF)
- 2013 – Master Deenanath Mangeshkar (Vishesh Puraskar) Award for her dedicated services to Indian theatre and cinema
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Probably the only actress to make a virtue out of simplicity, Jaya was the first whiff of realistic acting in an era when showbiz was bursting with mannequins
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