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Jaya Bachchan (née Bhaduri; born on 9 April 1948) is an Indian film actress and politician. She is currently the Member of Parliament in Rajya Sabha from the Samajwadi Party, notably serving four terms since 2004. She is recognised as one of the finest Hindi film actresses of her time, particularly known for reinforcing a naturalistic style of acting in both mainstream and "middle-of-the-road" cinema.[2][3] During her career, she won nine Filmfare Awards: including three for Best Actress and three for Best Supporting Actress, which makes her the overall most-awarded performer in the female acting categories, along with Nutan. She was awarded the Filmfare Lifetime Achievement Award in 2007. In 1992, she was awarded the Padma Shri by the Government of India.[4]

Jaya Bachchan
Jaya B Big B’s birthday.jpg
Member of Parliament, Rajya Sabha
Assumed office
July 2004
ConstituencyUttar Pradesh
Personal details
Born
Jaya Bhaduri

(1948-04-09) 9 April 1948 (age 71)
Jabalpur, Central Provinces and Berar, Dominion of India
(Present day: Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh, Republic of India)
NationalityIndian
Political partySamajwadi Party
Spouse(s)
Amitabh Bachchan (m. 1973)
RelationsSee Bachchan Family
ChildrenShweta Bachchan Nanda
Abhishek Bachchan
ResidenceJalsa Bungalow,
Juhu,
Mumbai,
Maharashtra,
India[1]
OccupationActress
Politician
Awards• 9 Filmfare Awards
Padma Shri (1992)
Signature

Making her film debut as a teenager in Satyajit Ray's Mahanagar (1963), Bachchan's first screen role as an adult was in Guddi (1971), directed by Hrishikesh Mukherjee, with whom she would collaborate in several films. She was noted for her performances in films including Uphaar (1971), Koshish (1972) and Kora Kagaz (1974), among others. She appeared alongside her husband Amitabh Bachchan in films such as Zanjeer (1973), Abhimaan (1973), Chupke Chupke (1975), Mili (1975) and Sholay (1975).

Following her marriage to actor Amitabh Bachchan and the birth of their children, Bachchan restricted her work in films. After her appearance in the Silsila (1981), she took an indefinite sabbatical from films. She returned to acting with Govind Nihalani's Hazaar Chaurasi Ki Maa in 1998. Since then, she has appeared in several critically and commercially successful films such as Fiza (2000), Kabhi Khushi Kabhie Gham... (2001) and Kal Ho Naa Ho (2003), all which garnered her critical acclaim, as well as several awards and nominations.

Contents

CareerEdit

Jaya Bachchan, an alumna of the Film and Television Institute of India, started her career with a supporting role in Satyajit Ray's Bengali film, Mahanagar (1963) at the age of 15, with Anil Chatterjee and Madhabi Mukherjee. After that, she had appeared in two Bengali films: a 13-minute short film, Suman,[5] and a Bengali comedy Dhanyee Meye (1971), as Uttam Kumar's sister-in-law.[6]

Inspired by her experience with Ray, she decided to join the Film and Television Institute of India (FTII), Pune to learn acting and passed with the gold medal.[7] She was also picked out to play the eponymous role of Guddi in the 1971 Hrishikesh Mukherjee film, Guddi in which she played a school girl obsessed with film star Dharmendra.[8] Guddi was a success,[6] and she moved to Mumbai and soon picked other roles, however her role of a 14-year-old schoolgirl, aided by her petite looks, created the girl-next-door image for her, which she was often associated with through the rest of her career. Though she tried to break out of the mould with glamorous roles as in Jawani Diwani, (1972)[2] and a negative character of the heroine faking amnesia, in Anamika (1973), she was mostly recognised for roles of the sort which were credited with epitomising middle-class sensibility, which she played amiably in films of "middle-cinema" directors such as Gulzar, Basu Chatterjee and indeed Hrishikesh Mukherjee.[9] These films include Uphaar (1971), Piya Ka Ghar (1972), Parichay (1972), Koshish (1972) and Bawarchi (1972), performed with marked sensitivity.[8][10] By now, she was a popular star.[6]

In Gulzar's Koshish (1973), Bhaduri and Sanjeev Kumar played a deaf couple who struggle through their difficulties as handicapped people. She described the film as "a learning experience" which motivated her to do social work in future.[11]

She first acted with her future husband Amitabh Bachchan in the film Bansi Birju (1972), followed by B.R. Ishara's Ek Nazar also in the same year.[6] Amitabh had undergone a string of flops and when most lead heroines refused to work with him in the Salim-Javed scripted Zanjeer (1973), she stepped into the film. The film turned out to be a hit and gave rise to Amitabh Bachchan's angry-young-man image.[12] This was closely followed by their pairing in films such as Abhimaan (1973), Chupke Chupke (1975) and Sholay (1975).

 
Jaya Bachchan with her husband Amitabh Bachchan

Her daughter Shweta was born while Jaya and Amitabh were working on Sholay. Following this, she retired from films and focused on raising her children. Her last film as a lead actress was Silsila (1981), opposite her husband. During the late 1980s, she wrote the story for the film Shahenshah (1988), which starred her husband in the lead.

After a gap in film appearances of 18 years, she returned to acting with Govind Nihalani's Hazaar Chaurasi Ki Maa (1998), a film about the Naxalite movement. In 2000, she starred in Fiza for which she received the Filmfare Best Supporting Actress Award for her work. She also starred in Karan Johar's family drama Kabhi Khushi Kabhie Gham... (2001) with her husband. She then starred in Karan Johar's next film, Kal Ho Naa Ho (2003) playing Preity Zinta's mother, Jennifer Kapur, for which she again received a Filmfare Best Supporting Actress Award.[13] She appeared with her son Abhishek in the films Laaga Chunari Mein Daag (2007) and Drona (2008).

In 2011, she appeared in the Bangladeshi film Meherjaan starring with Victor Banerjee and Humayun Faridi. The film is based on a Bangladesh-Pakistan love story in the backdrop of the 1971 Bangladesh atrocities. It is the story of Meherjaan (played by Jaya Bachchan), a Bangladeshi woman who falls in love with a Pakistani army officer, who refuses to join the war and saves her from being raped by other Pakistani troops, who do not however spare her cousin Neela and kill her father.[14]

Political careerEdit

Bachchan was first elected in 2004 as the Member of Parliament from the Samajwadi Party, representing Uttar Pradesh in the Rajya Sabha till March 2006.[15] She got a second term from June 2006[16] till July 2010 and in February 2010 she stated her intent to complete her term.[17][clarification needed] She was re-elected in 2012 for the third term and again in 2018 for her fourth term in the Rajya Sabha from Samajwadi Party.

ControversiesEdit

Bachchan's speech during the musical launch of the film Drona (2008 film) in the second half of 2008 was criticized by some sections of politicians in Maharashtra. In response to the film's director, Goldie Behl, making his introductory speech in English, she said in Hindi, "Hum UP ke log hain, isliye Hindi mein baat karenge, Maharashtra ke log maaf kijiye". (Translation: "We are people from UP, so we will speak in Hindi. People of Maharashtra, please excuse us.") Subsequently, she encouraged actress Priyanka Chopra to speak in Hindi.[18] Maharashtra Navnirman Sena (MNS) president Raj Thackeray commented that she had no business referring to all the people of Maharashtra in her statement. He threatened to ban all Bachchan films unless she apologized in a public forum for hurting the sentiments of Maharashtrians. MNS workers began to attack theaters screening The Last Lear, which starred her husband. Shiv Sena MP Sanjay Raut also criticized her statement, "After making all your success and fortune in Mumbai, if you feel like saying that we are from UP, it's very unfortunate". Amitabh Bachchan tendered an apology for her statement on her behalf.[19]

Personal lifeEdit

She was born to Taroon Kumar Bhaduri, a famous author and poet. TK Bhaduri wrote a famous book Obhishopto Chambol (Cursed Chambal), an account of his experiences as a journalist/writer in the area. This book provided the raw material and inspiration to almost all dacoit-related films made by the Hindi film industry in India.

 
Jaya Bachchan with husband Amitabh Bachchan, son Abhishek Bachchan and daughter-in-law Aishwariya Rai

On 3 June 1973 she married actor Amitabh Bachchan. The couple has two children: Shweta Bachchan-Nanda and Abhishek Bachchan, who is also an actor. Shweta is married to industrialist Nikhil Nanda, grandson of the Kapoor family in Delhi, and has two children, Navya Naveli and Agastya Nanda,[20] while Abhishek Bachchan is married to actress Aishwarya Rai, and has a daughter, Aaradhya Bachchan.[21]

Awards and recognitionEdit

Civilian Award

Filmfare Awards

Winner

Nominated

International Indian Film Academy Awards

Winner

Other Film Awards

Winner

Honours & Recognitions

FilmographyEdit

Year Film Role Other notes
1963 Mahanagar Bani Bengali film
1971 Guddi Kusum/Guddi Nominated—Filmfare Best Actress Award
1971 Dhanyee Meye Monasha Bengali film
1971 Uphaar Mrinmayi/Meenu Nominated—Filmfare Best Actress Award
1971 Janani Unknown Bengali film
1972 Jawani Diwani Neeta Thakur
1972 Bawarchi Krishna Sharma
1972 Parichay Rama
1972 Bansi Birju Bansi
1972 Piya Ka Ghar Malti
1972 Annadata
1972 Ek Nazar Shabnam
1972 Samadhi Rekha
1972 Koshish Aarti Mathur Nominated—Filmfare Best Actress Award
1972 Shor Raat Ki Rani/Rani
1972 Jai Jawan Jai Makan Unknown
1973 Gaai Aur Gori Neeta Thakur
1973 Anamika Anamika/Kanchan/Archana
1973 Phagun Krishna Sharma
1973 Zanjeer Mala
1973 Abhimaan Uma Kumar Filmfare Best Actress Award
1974 Aahat
1974 Dil Diwana
1974 Kora Kagaz Archana Gupta Filmfare Best Actress Award
1974 Naya Din Nai Raat
1974 Doosri Sita
1975 Mili Mili Khanna Nominated—Filmfare Best Actress Award
1975 Chupke Chupke Vasudha Kumar
1975 Sholay Radha
1977 Abhi To Jee Lein Jaya
1978 Ek Baap Chhe Bete
1979 Nauker Geeta Filmfare Best Actress Award
1981 Silsila Shobha Malhotra Nominated—Filmfare Best Actress Award
1995 Akka Unknown Marathi Film (Appearance with Amitabh Bachachan)
1998 Hazaar Chaurasi Ki Maa Sujata Chatterji
2000 Fiza Nishatbi Ikramullah Filmfare Best Supporting Actress Award
2001 Kabhi Khushi Kabhie Gham... Nandini Raichand Filmfare Best Supporting Actress Award
2002 Koi Mere Dil Se Poochhe Mansi Devi
2002 Desh Suprabha Devi Bengali film
2003 Kal Ho Naa Ho Jennifer Kapur Filmfare Best Supporting Actress Award
2007 Laaga Chunari Mein Daag Sabitri Sahay
2008 Lovesongs:Yesterday, Today & Tomorrow Mridula Chatterjee
2008 Drona Queen Jayanti
2010 Aap Ke Liye Hum Unknown
2011 Meherjaan Meher Bengali, Bangladeshi film
2013 Sunglass / Taak Jhaank Bengali / Hindi
2016 Ki & Ka Cameo Hindi

NotesEdit

  1. ^ [1]
  2. ^ a b Gulzar, p. 457
  3. ^ Somaaya, Bhaawana (22 December 2000). "His humility appears misplaced". The Hindu. Retrieved 19 September 2011. Probably the only actress to make a virtue out of simplicity, Jaya was the first whiff of realistic acting in an era when showbiz was bursting with mannequins
  4. ^ "Padma Awards" (PDF). Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2015. Archived from the original (PDF) on 15 November 2014. Retrieved 21 July 2015.
  5. ^ Suman (35mm / B&W / 13 min)
  6. ^ a b c d Dawar, p. 56
  7. ^ Gulzar, p. 526
  8. ^ a b Banerjee, p. 93
  9. ^ Gulzar, p. 91
  10. ^ Gulzar, p. 396
  11. ^ Maheshwari, Belu (23 August 1998). "I will not allow anyone to dictate terms to me". The Tribune. Retrieved 19 September 2011.
  12. ^ "Another time, another wedding". The Telegraph. 22 April 2007.
  13. ^ "Jaya Bachchan – Awards". Bollywood Hungama. Archived from the original on 22 September 2011. Retrieved 29 June 2010.
  14. ^ "Pak-Bangla love flick starring Jaya Bachchan ready for release". Indian Express. 20 January 2011. Retrieved 6 June 2011.
  15. ^ "Jaya Bachchan loses Rajya Sabha seat". Retrieved 3 November 2017.
  16. ^ "Jaya Bachchan back in Rajya Sabha". Retrieved 3 November 2017.
  17. ^ IANS (3 February 2010). "I'm too upfront for politics: Jaya Bachchan". The Times of India. Archived from the original on 2 June 2010. Retrieved 29 June 2010.
  18. ^ "Jaya Bachchan's controversial clip". Rediff. 8 September 2008. Retrieved 28 July 2010.
  19. ^ "Raj Thackeray: I accept Amitabh's apology". Rediff. 11 September 2008. Retrieved 11 September 2008.
  20. ^ Singh, Sanghita (18 May 2002). "Nikhil Nanda: The business of life". The Times of India.
  21. ^ "Interesting Facts and Figures : Jaya Bhaduri Bachchan". Sindh Today. 25 March 2009. Archived from the original on 15 September 2013.
  22. ^ BFJA Awards Archived 22 April 2008 at the Wayback Machine
  23. ^ BFJA Awards Archived 2 April 2015 at the Wayback Machine
  24. ^ "dharma-production.com". dharma-production.com. Archived from the original on 9 July 2011. Retrieved 6 June 2011.
  25. ^ "Welcome to Brite Ideas — The Omega Rohit Bal Fashion show". Briteideas.org. Retrieved 6 June 2011.
  26. ^ "Archives 2000". Mumbai Academy of the Moving Image. Retrieved 8 October 2011.
  27. ^ mid-day.com Archived 15 May 2004 at the Wayback Machine
  28. ^ "zeenews.com". Spicezee.zeenews.com. Archived from the original on 9 January 2016. Retrieved 6 June 2011.
  29. ^ http://www.thehindu.com/features/cinema/article109740.ece Jaya Bachchan to receive 'Lifetime Achievement Award' in London, 19 February 2010, The Hindu
  30. ^ "Lifetime achievement award for Jaya Bachchan". timesofindia.indiatimes.com. 25 January 2012. Retrieved 29 January 2013.
  31. ^ "timesofindia.indiatimes.com". Jaya Bachchan to be presented Deenanath Mangeshkar Award. Retrieved 9 April 2013.
  32. ^ "apunkachoice". apunkachoice. 12 November 2006. Archived from the original on 16 July 2011. Retrieved 6 June 2011.

ReferencesEdit

External linksEdit