All India Trinamool Congress
The All India Trinamool Congress (abbreviated AITC or TMC) is a national level political party in India. Founded on 1 January 1998, the party is led by its founder Mamata Banerjee, who is the current chief minister of West Bengal. Following the 2014 general election, it is currently the fourth largest party in the Lok Sabha with 36 seats.
|Lok Sabha leader||Sudip Bandyopadhyay|
|Rajya Sabha leader||Derek O'Brien|
|Founded||1 January 1998|
|Split from||Indian National Congress|
|Headquarters||30B, Harish Chatterjee Street, Kolkata 700 026|
|Newspaper||Jago Bangla (Bengali)|
|Student wing||Trinamool Chatra Parishad|
|Youth wing||All India Trinamool Youth Congress|
|Women's wing||All India Trinamool Mahila Congress|
|Labour wing||Trinamool Trade Union Congress|
|Peasant's wing||All India Trinamool Kisan Congress|
|ECI Status||National political party|
Third Front (2012−present)
|Seats in Lok Sabha|
36 / 545(currently 520 members + 1 Speaker)
|Seats in Rajya Sabha|
13 / 245
|Seats in West Bengal Legislative Assembly|
213 / 295
After being a member of the Indian National Congress for over 26 years, Mamata Banerjee formed her own party of Bengal, the "Trinamool Congress", which was registered with the Election Commission of India during mid-December 1999. The Election Commission allotted to the party an exclusive symbol of Jora Ghas Phul. On 2 September 2016 election commission recognized AITC as a national political party.
In December 2006, the people of Nandigram were given notice by Haldia Development Authority that major portion of Nandigram would be seized and 70,000 people be evicted from their homes. People started movement against this land acquisition and Trinamool Congress led the movement. Bhumi Uchchhed Pratirodh Committee (BUPC) was formed against land grabbing and eviction. On 14 March 2007 the police opened firing and killed 14 villagers. Many more went missing. Many sources claimed which was supported by CBI in its report, that armed CPM cadres, along with police, fired on protesters in Nandigram. A large number of intellectuals protested on the streets and this incident gave birth to a new movement. SUCI(C) leader Nanda Patra (A school Teacher of Tamluk) led the movement.
In the 2010 Kolkata municipal election, the party won 97 out of 141 seats. It also won a majority of other municipalities.
Presence in other statesEdit
Trinamool in TripuraEdit
Under the leadership of former leader of opposition and then MLA of Tripura, Sudip Roy Barman, 6 MLAs defected from INC along with many ex ministers, ex members of legislative assembly, senior state and district leaders along with thousands of party workers and supporters who joined AITC to fight the communists in Tripura. Tripura Pradesh Trinamool Congress is working in Tripura to establish Ma Mati Manush government in Tripura. But lately, due to inefficiency and carelessness in leadership by both senior state leaders and central leaders of the party, trinamool is fast approaching towards political irrelevance in Tripura. Everyday hundreds and thousands of party workers and leaders are leaving the party, mostly joining Bharatiya Janata Party which has emerged as the main opposition party in the state. Many of trinamool's senior leaders of the state like 5 times former Member of Legislative Assembly, former Minister and former President of Pradesh Trinamool Congress Surajit Dutta, 3 times former Member of Legislative Assembly, former Minister and Vice-President of Pradesh Trinamool Congress Prakash Chandra Das, 2 times former Member of Legislative Assembly, former Minister and former Chairman of Pradesh Trinamool Congress Ratan Chakraborty, former Member of Legislative Assembly, Deputy Speaker, Vice-President and ST face of the state unit Gauri Shankar Reang and many other senior state level leaders along with district and block level leaders and thousands of party workers have left the party and joined Bharatiya Janata Party in the last few months after being frustrated by lack of support from central leadership. Currently Trinamool is facing serious existential crisis in the state.
Trinamool in ManipurEdit
In the 2012 assembly elections of Manipur, AITC won 8 seats, got 10% of the total votes & became the only opposition party in the Manipur Legislative Assembly. In the 2017 assembly elections the party won only one seat from Bishnupur & polled 5.4% of the total votes cast in the elections. It's lone Member of Legislative Assembly T. Robindro Singh supported Bharatiya Janata Party in forming government in Manipur.
Trinamool in KeralaEdit
Since 2012 the state unit is there in Kerala. Party fought in 2014 Loksabha election and 2016 Assemby election. In Assembly Election the candidates were contested without Party symbol due to technical issues.
From 2016 Mr.Suresh Velayudhan(Palakkad)is leading the Party in Kerala as President From 2019 Mr. Harish PVP ( Malappuram)is leading the party General Secretary
Mr.Shamsu Payaningal(Calicut) leading as state Treasurer. Mr.Derek O'Brien MP(Rajya sabha) is the Observer of the State.
In the 2011 West Bengal Legislative Assembly election, the Trinamool Congress-led alliance that included the INC and SUCI(C) won 227 seats in the 294-seat legislature. Trinamool Congress alone won 184 seats, enabling it to govern without an alliance. Subsequently, it won a by-election in Basirhat and two Congress MLAs switched to TMC, giving it a total of 187 seats.
Now the party has got a National Party Status, expanding its base in Tripura, Assam, Manipur, Odisha, Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Sikkim, Haryana and Arunachal Pradesh. In Kerala, the party contested from five seats in 2014 general elections.
On 18 September 2012, TMC Chief, Mamata Banerjee, announced her decision to withdraw support to the UPA after the TMC's demands to undo government-instituted changes including FDI in retail, increase in the price of diesel and limiting the number of subsidised cooking gas cylinders for households, were not met.
In the 1998 Lok Sabha polls, TMC won 7 seats. In the next Lok Sabha election that was held in 1999, Trinamool Congress won 8 seats with BJP, thus increasing its tally by one. In 2000, TMC won the Kolkata Municipal Corporation Elections. In the 2001 Vidhan Sabha elections, TMC won 60 seats with Congress(I). In the 2004 Lok Sabha elections, TMC won 1 seat with BJP. In the 2006 Vidhan Sabha elections, TMC won 30 seats with BJP.
In the 2011 West Bengal Legislative Assembly election, TMC won a majority of 184 seats (out of 294). Mamata Banerjee became the Chief Minister. In the following 2016 West Bengal Legislative Assembly election, TMC retains its majority and won 211 seats (out of 294).
Ma Mati Manush (Bengali: মা মাটি মানুষ) was primarily a slogan, coined by All India Trinamool Congress chief and current Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee. The term is literally translated as "Mother, Motherland and People". The slogan became very popular in West Bengal at the time of the 2011 assembly election. Later, Mamata Banerjee wrote a Bengali book with the same title. A song was also recorded with the same title to glorify the theme. According to a report published in June 2011, it was one of the six most popular political slogans in India at that time.
Party status by election commissionEdit
The highest decision-making body of the party is its Core Committee.
- Mamata Banerjee - Founder, National President, and Chairperson, Leader of the party in the West Bengal Legislative Assembly
- Subrata Bakshi - General Secretary
- Derek O'Brien - National Spokesperson and Leader of the party in the Rajya Sabha
- Partha Chatterjee - Secretary-General
- Sudip Bandyopadhyay - Leader of the party in the Lok Sabha
- Saugata Roy - Deputy leader of the party in the Lok Sabha
- Kalyan Banerjee - Chief whip of the party in the Parliament
- Abhishek Banerjee- National President of All India Trinamool Youth Congress
- Hiran- Working President of All India Trinamool Youth Congress
- "Constitution of All India Trinamool Congress". AITC official.
- "Members: Lok Sabha". loksabha.nic.in. Lok Sabha Secretariat. Retrieved 6 February 2019.
- "Trinamool Congress gets national party status". Indian Express. 2 September 2016.
- "Nandigram says 'No!' to Dow's chemical hub". International Action Center - Boston. December 2007.
- "CPM cadres joined cops to fire, now beating up witnesses: CBI". Indian Express. 19 December 2007.
- "Mamata wins Bengal civic polls, demands early elections". NDTV. 2 June 2010.
- "Kerala Pradesh Trinamool Congress".
- "Rupee falls after TMC pulls out from government". Reuters via MoneyControl.com. 20 September 2012.
- "Mamata Banerjee's party ready to meet President tomorrow to officially quit UPA". NDTV. 20 September 2012.
- "Statistical Report on General Elections, 1998 to the 12th Lok Sabha" (PDF). Election Commission of India.
- "Statistical Report on General Elections, 1999 to the 13th Lok Sabha" (PDF). Election Commission of India.
- "Key Highlights of General Election, 2001 to the Legislative Assembly of West Bengal" (PDF). Election Commission of India.
- "Statistical Report on General Elections, 2004 to the 14th Lok Sabha" (PDF). Election Commission of India.
- "West Bengal Election Results 2016: TMC storms back to power in Bengal, Cong-Left alliance loses". The Financial Express (India). 20 May 2016.
- "Maa Mati Manush". Menaka Books. ISBN 978-93-5080-024-9.
- "Six popular contemporary slogans". DNA India. 28 July 2011.
- "West Bengal | History, Culture, Map, Capital, & Population". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 2018-09-21.