All India Trinamool Congress
The All India Trinamool Congress (abbreviated AITC or TMC; translation: All India Grassroots Congress) is an Indian political party which is predominantly active in West Bengal. The party is led by its founder and current chief minister of West Bengal Mamata Banerjee. Following the 2019 general election, it is currently the fourth-largest party in the Lok Sabha with 20 seats. Since its inception the party has been at the forefront of the anti-communist movement in West Bengal.
|President||Subrata Bakshi (President)|
Yashwant Sinha (Vice-President)
|General Secretary||Partha Chatterjee|
|Parliamentary Chairperson||Sudip Bandyopadhyay|
|Lok Sabha leader||Sudip Bandyopadhyay|
|Rajya Sabha leader||Derek O'Brien|
|Founded||1 January 1997|
|Split from||Indian National Congress|
|Headquarters||30B Harish Chatterjee Street, Kolkata-700026|
|Newspaper||Jago Bangla (Bengali)|
|Student wing||Trinamool Chhatra Parishad|
|Youth wing||Trinamool Youth Congress|
|Women's wing||Trinamool Mahila Congress|
|Labour wing||Trinamool Trade Union Congress|
|Peasant's wing||Trinamool Kisan Congress|
|Slogan||Ma Mati Manush|
|ECI Status||National party|
Federal Front (2019)
|Seats in Lok Sabha|
20 / 543
|Seats in Rajya Sabha|
12 / 245
|Seats in State Legislative Assemblies|
|Number of states and union territories in government|
1 / 31
After being a member of the Indian National Congress for over 26 years, Mamata Banerjee formed her own party of Bengal, the "Trinamool Congress", which was registered with the Election Commission of India during mid-December 1999. The Election Commission allotted to the party an exclusive symbol of Jora Ghas Phul. On 2 September 2016 election commission recognized AITC as a national political party.
In December 2006, the people of Nandigram were given notice by Haldia Development Authority that major portion of Nandigram would be seized and 70,000 people be evicted from their homes. People started movement against this land acquisition and Trinamool Congress led the movement. Bhumi Uchchhed Pratirodh Committee (BUPC) was formed against land grabbing and eviction. On 14 March 2007 the police opened firing and killed 14 villagers. Many more went missing. Many sources claimed which was supported by CBI in its report, that armed CPM cadres, along with police, fired on protesters in Nandigram Many intellectuals protested on the streets and this incident gave birth to a new movement. SUCI (C) leader Nanda Patra led the movement.
In the 2010 Kolkata municipal election, the party won 97 out of 141 seats. It also won a majority of other municipalities.
Presence in other statesEdit
Trinamool in TripuraEdit
Under the leadership of former leader of opposition and then MLA of Tripura, Sudip Roy Barman, six MLAs defected from INC along with many ex ministers, ex members of legislative assembly, senior state and district leaders along with thousands of party workers and supporters who joined AITC to fight the communists in Tripura. Barman himself later defected to the Bharatiya Janata Party along with 5 other AITC MLAs of Tripura Legislative Assembly in the presence of Himanta Biswa Sarma and Dharmendra Pradhan after they cross voted against party lines in the 2017 Indian presidential election.
Trinamool in ManipurEdit
In the 2012 assembly elections of Manipur, AITC won 8 seats, got 10% of the total votes & became the only opposition party in the Manipur Legislative Assembly. In the 2017 assembly elections the party won only one seat from Bishnupur & polled 5.4% of the total votes cast in the elections. Its lone Member of Legislative Assembly, Tongbram Robindro Singh supported Bharatiya Janata Party in forming government in Manipur in 2017. Later, Robindro Singh withdrew support from the Bharatiya Janata Party following the disqualification of 7 of its members to grant support the Indian National Congress as of 18 June 2020.
Trinamool in KeralaEdit
Since 2012 the state unit is there in Kerala. Party fought in 2014 Indian general election and in 2016 Kerala Legislative Assembly election. In Assembly Election the candidates were contested without party symbol due to some technical issues.
From 2019 Mr. Shamsu Payanigal (Calicut) is leading the Party as the President in charge and Mr. Suresh Velayudhan (Palakkad) is leading as the State General Secretary. Mr. Siby Thomas (Ernakulam) leading as the state Organizing Secretary. While Derek O'Brien is the Observer of the State.
In the 2011 West Bengal Legislative Assembly election, the Trinamool Congress-led alliance that included the INC and SUCI(C) won 227 seats in the 294-seat legislature. Trinamool Congress alone won 184 seats, enabling it to govern without an alliance. Subsequently, it won a by-election in Basirhat and two Congress MLAs switched to TMC, giving it a total of 187 seats.
Now the party has got a National Party Status, expanding its base in Tripura, Assam, Manipur, Odisha, Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Sikkim, Haryana and Arunachal Pradesh. In Kerala, the party contested from five seats in 2014 general elections.
On 18 September 2012, TMC Chief, Mamata Banerjee, announced her decision to withdraw support to the UPA after the TMC's demands to undo government-instituted changes including FDI in retail, increase in the price of diesel and limiting the number of subsidised cooking gas cylinders for households, were not met.
In the 1998 Lok Sabha polls, TMC won 7 seats. In the next Lok Sabha election that was held in 1999, Trinamool Congress won 8 seats with BJP, thus increasing its tally by one. In 2000, TMC won the Kolkata Municipal Corporation Elections. In the 2001 Vidhan Sabha elections, TMC won 60 seats with Congress(I). In the 2004 Lok Sabha elections, TMC won 1 seat with BJP. In the 2006 Vidhan Sabha elections, TMC won 30 seats with BJP.
In the 2011 West Bengal Legislative Assembly election, TMC won a majority of 184 seats (out of 294). Mamata Banerjee became the Chief Minister. In the following 2016 West Bengal Legislative Assembly election, TMC retains its majority and won 211 seats (out of 294).
General election resultsEdit
|Year||Legislature||Party leader||Seats contested||Seats won||Change in seats||Percentage of votes||Vote swing||Ref.|
|1998||12th Lok Sabha||Mamata Banerjee||29||
7 / 545
|1999||13th Lok Sabha||Mamata Banerjee||29||
8 / 545
|2004||14th Lok Sabha||Mamata Banerjee||33||
2 / 543
|2009||15th Lok Sabha||Mamata Banerjee||26||
19 / 543
|2014||16th Lok Sabha||Mamata Banerjee||45||
34 / 543
|2019||17th Lok Sabha||Mamata Banerjee||62||
22 / 543
State Legislative Assembly ElectionsEdit
|Election Year||Party leader||Seats contested||Seats won||Change in seats||Percentage of votes||Vote swing||Popular vote||Result|
|2001 Election||Mamata Banerjee||226||
60 / 294
|2006 Election||Mamata Banerjee||257||
30 / 294
|2011 Election||Mamata Banerjee||226||
184 / 294
|2016 Election||Mamata Banerjee||293||
211 / 294
|2021 Election||Mamata Banerjee||290||TBD||TBD||TBD||TBD||TBD||TBD|
Ma Mati Manush (Bengali: মা মাটি মানুষ) was primarily a slogan, coined by All India Trinamool Congress chief and current Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee. The term is literally translated as "Mother, Motherland and People". The slogan became very popular in West Bengal at the time of the 2011 assembly election. Later, Mamata Banerjee wrote a Bengali book with the same title. A song was also recorded with the same title to glorify the theme. According to a report published in June 2011, it was one of the six most popular political slogans in India at that time.
After the 2014 Indian general elections, AITC has a national party status, because AITC had received 6% of the vote from five different states (West Bengal, Manipur, Tripura, Jharkhand, Assam). In 2016,the party was recognised as state party in four states (West Bengal, Tripura, Arunachal Pradesh and Manipur), satisfying one of the conditions of the Election Commission.
The highest decision-making body of the party is its Core Committee.
- Mamata Banerjee – Founder, National Chairperson, Leader of the party in the West Bengal Legislative Assembly and Chief Minister of West Bengal.
- Yashwant Sinha - National Vice Chairman.
- Subrata Bakshi – State President.
- Subrata Mukherjee – Cabinet Minister, Panchayat and Public Health Engineering, Govt of WB.
- Derek O'Brien -National Spokesperson and Leader of the party in the Rajya Sabha.
- Partha Chatterjee – General Secretary (West Bengal Trinamool Congress), Deputy Leader of the party in the West Bengal Legislative Assembly.
- Sudip Bandyopadhyay – Leader of the party in the Lok Sabha.
- Kakoli Ghosh Dastidar – Deputy leader of the party in the Lok Sabha.
- Kalyan Banerjee – Chief whip of the party in the Lok Sabha.
- Abhishek Banerjee- National President of All India Trinamool Youth Congress.
- Firhad Hakim – Mayor of Kolkata, Cabinet Minister, Urban Development Dept, Govt of WB.
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It is a recognised State party in West Bengal, Manipur, Tripura and Arunachal Pradesh, satisfying one of the conditions of the Election Commission.
- Sujit Nath (20 July 2019). "Why Did TMC, CPI, NCP Fail to Meet National Party Status When NPP Made It? An Explainer". News18.com. Kolkata: Network 18. Retrieved 11 May 2020.
Due to several political developments over the past few years, the EC wants the three political parties to respond on why their ‘national party’ status should not be taken away.
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