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Assam Legislative Assembly

The Assam Legislative Assembly is the unicameral legislature of the Indian state of Assam. It is housed in Dispur, the capital of Assam, geographically situated in present Western Assam region. The Legislative Assembly comprises 126 Members of Legislative Assembly, directly elected from single-seat constituencies. Its term is five years, unless sooner dissolved.

Assam Legislative Assembly
13th Legislative Assembly of Assam
Seal of Assam.svg
Term limits
5 years
Deputy Speaker
Leader of the House
(Chief Minister)
Leader of the Opposition
Seats 126
Assam Legislative Assembly Nov 2017.svg
Political groups

Government (87)

  •      BJP (61)
  •      AGP (14)
  •      BPF (12)

Opposition (39)

First past the post
Last election
4 and 11 April 2016
Meeting place
Assam Legislative Assembly House,
Dispur, Guwahati, Assam, India - 781006.



According to provisions of the Government of India Act 1935, a bicameral legislature of Assam province came into existence in 1937. After the Government of India Act, 1935 was passed, it paved the way for the formation of Assam Legislative Assembly, and became a bicameral legislature. The strength of the House was 108, where all the members were elected. The Legislative Council (Upper House) was not less than 21 and not more than 22 members.

The first sitting of its lower house, the Assam Legislative Assembly, took place on 7 April 1937 in the Assembly Chamber at Shillong. Shillong was the capital of the composite State of Assam. It had a strength of 108 members.

However, the strength of the Assembly was reduced to 71 after the partition of India. After Indian independence in 1947, the Assam Legislative Council was abolished and the Assam Legislative Assembly became unicameral.

In the years that followed, Assam was truncated to several smaller states. And over the years, with the changing geographical boundaries and increase in population, the strength of members has changed from 108 in 1952-57 to 114 in 1967-72 (the third Assembly) and by 1972-78 (the fifth Assembly) it had a strength of 126 members.[3]

Speakers of the Legislative AssemblyEdit

The following is a list of the Speakers of the Assam Legislative Assembly:[4]

Assam ProvinceEdit

# Name Took office Left office
1 Babu Basanta Kumar Das 7 April 1937 11 March 1946
2 Debeswar Sarmah 12 March 1946 10 October 1947
3 Laksheswar Borooah (INC) 5 November 1947 3 March 1952

Assam StateEdit

# Name Took office Left office Political Party
1 Kuladhar Chaliha 5 March 1952 7 June 1957 Indian National Congress
2 Devakanta Barua 8 June 1957 15 September 1959 Indian National Congress
3 Mahendra Mohan Choudhury 9 December 1959 19 March 1967 Indian National Congress
4 Hareswar Goswami 20 March 1967 10 May 1968 Indian National Congress
5 Mahi Kanta Das 27 August 1968 21 March 1972 Indian National Congress
6 Ramesh Chandra Barooah 22 March 1972 20 March 1978 Indian National Congress
7 Jogendra Nath Hazarika 21 March 1978 4 September 1979 Janata Party
8 Sheikh Chand Mohammad 7 November 1979 7 January 1986 Indian National Congress
9 Pulakesh Barua 9 January 1986 27 July 1991 Asom Gana Parishad
10 Jiba Kanta Gogoi 29 July 1991 9 December 1992 Indian National Congress
11 Debesh Chandra Chakravorty 21 December 1992 11 June 1996 Indian National Congress
12 Ganesh Kutum 12 June 1996 24 May 2001 Asom Gana Parishad
13 Prithibi Majhi 30 May 2001 19 May 2006 Indian National Congress
14 Tanka Bahadur Rai 29 May 2006 Indian National Congress
15 Pranab Kumar Gogoi[5] 6 June 2011 19 May 2016 Indian National Congress
16 Ranjit Kumar Das 01 June 2016 30 January 2017 Bharatiya Janata Party
17 Hitendra Nath Goswami 30 January 2017 Present Bharatiya Janata Party

During Assam MovementEdit

Many rounds of direct talks with government failed. The 1983 general election of state legislative assembly and by-election to 12 parliamentary constituencies were boycotted. The agitation turned violent. Tens of peoples were brutally killed by police firings. The number of people killed by the government forces touched several hundreds. One of the incident had a very lasting impact on people's mind was the Nellie Massacre in which thousands of people died.

Current governmentEdit

See alsoEdit


External linksEdit