Madhya Pradesh Legislative Assembly

The Madhya Pradesh Vidhan Sabha or the Madhya Pradesh Legislative Assembly is the unicameral state legislature of Madhya Pradesh state in India.

Madhya Pradesh Legislative Assembly
15th Legislative Assembly of Madhya Pradesh
Coat of arms or logo
Term limits
5 years
Rameshwar Sharma, BJP
since 4 July 2020
Leader of the House
(Chief Minister)
Shivraj Singh Chouhan, BJP
since 23 March 2020
Kamal Nath, INC
since 17 July 2020
Madhya Pradesh Assembly 2020.svg
Political groups
Government (131)
  •   BJP (127)
  •   IND (4)

Opposition (96)

Others (3)

Vacant (1)

  •   Vacant (1)
First past the post
Last election
28 November 2018
Next election
November 2023
Meeting place
Madhyapradesh Legislative Assembly.jpg
Vidhan Bhavan, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India
Madhya Pradesh assembly constituency map after the 2020 by-elections

The seat of the Vidhan Sabha is at Bhopal, the capital of the state. It is housed in the Vidhan Bhavan, an imposing building located at the center of the Capital Complex in the Arera Hill locality of Bhopal city. The term of the Vidhan Sabha is five years unless dissolved earlier. Presently, it comprises 230 members who are directly elected from single-seat constituencies.


The history of the Madhya Pradesh legislature can be traced back to 1913, as the Central Provinces Legislative Council was formed on 8 November of this year. Later, the Government of India Act 1935 provided for the elected Central Provinces Legislative assembly. The first elections to the Central Provinces Legislative Assembly were held in 1937.

After Indian independence in 1947, the erstwhile province of Central Provinces and Berar, along with a number of princely states merged with the Indian Union, became a new state, Madhya Pradesh. The strength of the legislative assembly of this state was 184.

The present-day Madhya Pradesh state came into existence on 1 November 1956 following the reorganization of states. It was created by merging the erstwhile Madhya Pradesh (without the Marathi speaking areas, which were merged with Bombay state), Madhya Bharat, Vindhya Pradesh and Bhopal states. The strengths of the legislative assemblies of Madhya Bharat, Vindhya Pradesh, and Bhopal were 79, 48, and 23, respectively. On 1 November 1956, the legislative assemblies of all four erstwhile states were also merged to form the reorganized Madhya Pradesh Vidhan Sabha. The tenure of this first Vidhan Sabha was very short, and it was dissolved on 5 March 1957.

The first elections to the Madhya Pradesh Vidhan Sabha were held in 1957, and the second Vidhan Sabha was constituted on 1 April 1957. Initially, the strength of the Vidhan Sabha was 288, which was later enhanced to 321, including one nominated member. On 1 November 2000, a new state, Chhattisgarh, was carved out of Madhya Pradesh state. As a result, the strength of the Vidhan Sabha was reduced to 231, including a nominated member.[1] The present house, the fifteenth Vidhan Sabha, was constituted in December 2018.

The present building was designed by Charles Correa in 1967, and it was the recipient of the Aga Khan Award for Architecture in 1998.[2]

On 4 December 2017, Madhya Pradesh Assembly unanimously passed a Bill awarding death to those found guilty of raping girls aged 12 and below.

Current AssemblyEdit

Rameshwar Sharma became the protem speaker of the assembly after the previous protem speaker, Jagdish Devda took oath as a cabinet minister.[3][4][5]

Party Members
Bharatiya Janata Party 126
Indian National Congress 96
Independent 7
Vacant 1
Total 230

Political partiesEdit

For results of Lok Sabha and Vidhan Sabha in Madhya Pradesh from 1951 to date, see: Elections in Madhya Pradesh.

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "Madhya Pradesh Legislative Assembly". Legislative Bodies in India website. Retrieved 16 December 2009.
  2. ^ Vidhan Bhavan, (ArchNet) Archived 8 February 2006 at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ "BJP MLA Rameshwar Sharma Appointed Protem Speaker Of Madhya Pradesh Assembly". Retrieved 6 July 2020.
  4. ^ Jul 4, PTI | Updated:; 2020; Ist, 16:33. "Rameshwar Sharma: BJP MLA Rameshwar Sharma appointed pro-tem speaker | Bhopal News - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 6 July 2020.CS1 maint: extra punctuation (link) CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  5. ^ "MP: रामेश्वर शर्मा बने विधानसभा के प्रो-टेम स्पीकर". Navbharat Times (in Hindi). Retrieved 6 July 2020.

External linksEdit