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Madhya Pradesh Legislative Assembly

The Madhya Pradesh Vidhan Sabha or the Madhya Pradesh Legislative Assembly is the unicameral state legislature of Madhya Pradesh state in India.

Madhya Pradesh Legislative Assembly
15th Legislative Assembly of Madhya Pradesh
Term limits
5 years
Political groups
Government (122)
  •      INC (115)
  •      BSP (2)
  •      SP (1)
  •      IND (4)

Opposition (108)

  •      BJP (108)
First past the post
Last election
28 November 2018
Next election
Meeting place
Madhyapradesh Legislative Assembly.jpg
Vidhan Bhavan, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India

The seat of the Vidhan Sabha is at Bhopal, the capital of the state. It is housed in the Vidhan Bhavan, an imposing building located at the centre of the Capital Complex in the Arera Hill locality of Bhopal city. The term of the Vidhan Sabha is five years, unless dissolved earlier. Presently, it comprises 230 members who are directly elected from single-seat constituencies and one nominated member.


The history of the Madhya Pradesh legislature can be traced back to 1913, as the Central Provinces Legislative Council was formed on 8 November of this year. Later, the Government of India Act, 1935 provided for the elected Central Provinces Legislative assembly. The first elections to the Central Provinces Legislative Assembly were held in 1937.

After Indian independence in 1947, the erstwhile province of Central Provinces and Berar, along with a number of princely states merged with the Indian Union, became a new state, Madhya Pradesh. The strength of the legislative assembly of this state was 184.

The present-day Madhya Pradesh state came into existence on 1 November 1956 following the reorganisation of states. It was created by merging the erstwhile Madhya Pradesh (without the Marathi speaking areas, which were merged with Bombay state), Madhya Bharat, Vindhya Pradesh and Bhopal states. The strengths of the legislative assemblies of Madhya Bharat, Vindhya Pradesh and Bhopal were 79, 48 and 23 respectively. On 1 November 1956 the legislative assemblies of all four erstwhile states were also merged to form the reorganised Madhya Pradesh Vidhan Sabha. The tenure of this first Vidhan Sabha was very short, and it was dissolved on 5 March 1957.

The first elections to the Madhya Pradesh Vidhan Sabha were held in 1957 and the second Vidhan Sabha was constituted on 1 April 1957. Initially, the strength of the Vidhan Sabha was 288, which was later enhanced to 321, including one nominated member. On 1 November 2000, a new state, Chhattisgarh, was carved out of Madhya Pradesh state. As a result, the strength of the Vidhan Sabha was reduced to 231, including a nominated member.[1] The present house, the fifteenth Vidhan Sabha, was constituted in December 2018.

The present building was designed by Charles Correa in 1967, and it was the recipient of the Aga Khan Award for Architecture in 1998.[2]

On 4 December 2017, Madhya Pradesh Assembly unanimously passed a Bill awarding death to those found guilty of raping girls aged 12 and below.

Party-wise Members in the 15th Assembly (Formed in December 2018)Edit

Party Seats
Indian National Congress 115
Bharatiya Janata Party 107
Independent 4
Bahujan Samaj Party 2
Samajwadi Party 1
Total Seats 230

Political partiesEdit

For results of Lok Sabha and Vidhan Sabha in Madhya Pradesh from 1951 to date, see: Elections in Madhya Pradesh.

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "Madhya Pradesh Legislative Assembly". Legislative Bodies in India website. Retrieved 16 December 2009.
  2. ^ Vidhan Bhavan, (ArchNet) Archived 8 February 2006 at the Wayback Machine

External linksEdit