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Naveen Patnaik (born 16 October 1946) is an Indian politician who is the current and 14th Chief Minister of Odisha. He is also the president of the Biju Janata Dal, a writer and has authored three books.[1] As of 2019, he is one of the longest serving Chief Minister of any Indian state, holding the post for almost two decades, and only the third Indian chief Minister after Pawan Chamling and Jyoti Basu to win five consecutive terms as Chief Minister of an Indian state.[2][3]

Naveen Patnaik
Odisha CM Naveen Patnaik in October 2014.jpg
14th Chief Minister of Odisha
Assumed office
5 March 2000
GovernorM. M. Rajendran
Rameshwar Thakur
Murlidhar Chandrakant Bhandare
S. C. Jamir
Satya Pal Malik
Ganeshi Lal
Preceded byHemananda Biswal
Minister of Mines
In office
19 March 1998 – 5 March 2000
Prime MinisterAtal Bihari Vajpayee
Preceded byBirendra Prasad Baishya
Succeeded bySunder Lal Patwa
Member of Parliament, Lok Sabha
In office
12 April 1997 – 8 March 2000
Preceded byBiju Patnaik
Succeeded byKumudini Patnaik
ConstituencyAska
Personal details
Born (1946-10-16) 16 October 1946 (age 72)
Cuttack, Orissa, British India
(now in Odisha, India)
Political partyBiju Janata Dal (1998-present)
Other political
affiliations
Janata Dal (1996–98)
ParentsBiju Patnaik (father)
Gyan Patnaik (mother)
ResidenceNaveen Nivas, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India
Alma materKirori Mal College (BA)
ProfessionPolitician, Writer
WebsiteOfficial BJD Page
Chief Minister of Odisha

Contents

BiographyEdit

Patnaik was born on 16 October 1946 in Cuttack to Biju Patnaik, former Chief Minister of Odisha, and his Punjabi wife, Gyan.[4] Patnaik was educated at the Welham Boys' School in Dehradun, and later the prestigious The Doon School.[5][6][7][8][9][10] After that he attended Kirori Mal College,[11] Delhi University, and he qualified for Bachelor of Arts degree.[12] Patnaik is a writer and had for most part of his youth been away from both politics and Odisha, but after his father Biju Patnaik's demise, he entered politics in 1997 and a year later founded the Biju Janata Dal, named after Biju Patnaik, which won the state election with the BJP as its alliance and formed the government in which Patnaik became Chief Minister. His mild mannerism, "Stand against corruption" and "Pro-poor policies" have resulted in the development of a huge support base in Odisha, which has voted him to power in the last five consecutive terms. Like his father, he has managed to control the bureaucracy and transformed it into a machine for the development of the state.[13]

Political careerEdit

 
CM Naveen Patnaik meeting the 14th Dalai Lama.
 
Naveen at the Opening Ceremony Hockey World Cup 2018

After the death of his father Biju Patnaik, leader of the Janata Dal,[12] he was elected as a member to the 11th Lok Sabha in the by-election from Aska Parliamentary Constituency in Odisha, India.[12] He was a member of the Consultative Committee of Ministry of Steel & Mines, Member of Standing Committee on Commerce, and Member Library Committee of Parliament. A year later the Janta Dal split and Patnaik founded the Biju Janta Dal which in alliance with the BJP-led National Democratic Alliance (NDA) performed well and Patnaik was selected the Union Minister for Mines in the cabinet of A.B.Vajpayee.

Elections 2000Edit

In 2000 Assembly election, BJD won the majority of seats in alliance with the BJP in the Odisha Assembly elections, Patnaik resigned from the Union cabinet and was sworn in as the Chief Minister of Odisha.

Elections 2004Edit

BJP led NDA lost the general elections in 2004, however, the coalition led by Naveen Patnaik emerged victorious in the state legislative elections and he continued as the Chief Minister. During this tenure, the friction between the ruling partners was getting more and more apparent, especially after the killing of Swami Laxmanananda Saraswati[14] in the Kandhamal district of Odisha in 2007–2008 and also active participation of Bajrang Dal in the riots that hit Kandhamal region.

Elections 2009Edit

In the run-up to the polls for the Lok Sabha and Legislative Assembly of Odisha elections in 2009, BJD walked out of the NDA after severing ties with the BJP and joined the nascent Third Front constituted mainly by the Left Front and few regional parties.[15] He did it after severely criticising BJP's involvement in Kandhamal anti-Christian riots during 2007. The BJD won a resounding victory in both the Vidhan Sabha (State Assembly) as well as the Lok Sabha elections in 2009, winning 14 out of 21 Lok Sabha seats and 103 of the 147 assembly seats and was sworn in as the Chief Minister of Odisha on 21 May 2009 for the third consecutive term.[16]

Elections 2014Edit

Patnaik won a huge victory in both the 2014 Indian General Elections and the Legislative Assembly of Odisha elections in 2014. Patnaik's Biju Janata Dal secured 20 out of the 21 Lok Sabha seats of Odisha and 117 of the 147 Odisha Vidhan Sabha seats.[17]

Elections 2019Edit

Despite a strong BJP wave across the country, the Biju Janata Dal, under the leadership of Naveen Patnaik won as many as 112 seats out of 146 (polls for 1 was deferred) in the Legislative Assembly of Odisha and 12 out of 21 Lok Sabha seats in 2019 Indian General Elections[citation needed]

LanguageEdit

Patnaik spent most of his early days away from Odisha, so he has problems with writing and speaking fluently in Odia language. He is the only chief minister of India who does not speak the regional language of his state and because of this he has been facing severe criticism from his opponents. However, he possesses great mastery over Hindi, French, Punjabi and English. At rallies, he delivers Odia speeches written in Roman alphabet.[18] A Book named "Naveen Patnaik" was authored by Ruben Banerjee[19]

Awards and recognitionsEdit

 
Naveen Patnaik receiving Outlook Speakout award for best administrator from former President of India Pranab Mukherjee

The United Nations has complimented Naveen Patnaik for his government's proposal of 33 per cent reservation for women in Parliament and the state Assemblies.[20]

Award Year Conferrer Event or Location
FIH President's Award 2018 International Hockey Federation 46th FIH Congress
Ideal Chief Minister 2018 Pratibha Patil 8th Indian Students' Parliament
Best Administrator in India 2017 Pranab Mukherjee Outlook Speak Out Awards 2017
United Nations Award 2013 United Nations Odisha State Secretariat

BibliographyEdit

  • A Second Paradise: Indian Courtly Life 1590–1947 – Published in India, England and US[21]
  • A Desert Kingdom: The People of Bikaner – Published in India, England and US[22]
  • The Garden of Life: An Introduction to the Healing Plants of India- Published in India, England and US[23]


ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ From greenhorn to history-scripting politician, The Hindu, 18 May, 2009
  2. ^ "Naveen Patnaik wins record fifth term in Odisha as BJP makes impressive gains". Debabrata Mohanty. Hindustan Times. 23 May 2019. Retrieved 29 May 2019.
  3. ^ "Naveen Patnaik Set to Make History as Odisha Hands Him Power for a Record Fifth Straight Term". News18. 23 May 2019. Retrieved 29 May 2019.
  4. ^ – Rediff.com India News. In.rediff.com (11 March 2009). (Originally belongs to Ganjam District of Odisha) Retrieved on 25 December 2010.
  5. ^ Reshmi R Dasgupta, TNN 10 May 2004, 03.13am IST (10 May 2004). "Naveen Patnaik sets stage for GeNext Doscos – Economic Times". Articles.economictimes.indiatimes.com. Retrieved 21 November 2012.CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link)
  6. ^ "Ex-Doon mates mount pressure on Naveen Niwas, Kamal rings up Pappu". Odishatoday.com. Retrieved 21 November 2012.
  7. ^ "Doon dosti gets Naveen Rs 20,000 cr – India – DNA". Dnaindia.com. 6 August 2009. Retrieved 21 November 2012.
  8. ^ "India's Independent Weekly News Magazine". Tehelka. Retrieved 21 November 2012.
  9. ^ Sandeep Mishra, TNN 11 February 2012, 04.41AM IST (11 February 2012). "Excise minister resigns over hooch tragedy – Times of India". Articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com. Retrieved 21 November 2012.CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link)
  10. ^ "Naveen Patnaik: The man who would be king, or would he? – Economic Times". Articles.economictimes.indiatimes.com. 26 February 2012. Retrieved 21 November 2012.
  11. ^ "Profile-Chief Minister of Odisha". Orissa. Gov.in. Retrieved 27 May 2012.
  12. ^ a b c "Profile-Chief Minister of Orissa". Orissa. Gov.in. Retrieved 27 May 2012.
  13. ^ For Naveen, politics is a way to complete father's agenda Archived 20 May 2009 at the Wayback Machine. Indianexpress.com (10 May 1997). Retrieved on 25 December 2010.
  14. ^ Ram Madhav, "Local factors led to Kandhamal violence", 8 January 2008, Rediff India Abroad.
  15. ^ Kandhamal caused BJP-BJD break-up: Naveen Patnaik – Politics News – IBNLive. Ibnlive.in.com (3 February 2010). Retrieved on 25 December 2010.
  16. ^ [1][permanent dead link]
  17. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 17 May 2014. Retrieved 22 May 2014.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  18. ^ "Naveen Patnaik fails language test". Retrieved 17 June 2014.
  19. ^ Banerjee, Ruben (5 August 2018). "Naveen Patnaik book review: Odisha's shy, chain-smoking CM and his art of survival". Deccan Chronicle. Retrieved 26 February 2019.
  20. ^ "Women reservation: UN compliment for Odisha Chief Minister Naveen Patnaik". The Economic Times. 25 February 2019. Retrieved 26 February 2019.
  21. ^ Patnaik, Naveen (1 January 1985). Second Paradise: Indian Courtly Life 1590-1947. Doubleday Religious Publishing Group. ISBN 9780385199926.
  22. ^ Patnaik, Naveen (1 January 1990). A Desert Kingdom: The Rajputs of Bikaner. Vendome Press. ISBN 9780865651227.
  23. ^ Patnaik, Naveen (1 January 1993). The Garden of Life: An Introduction to the Healing Plants of India. Doubleday. ISBN 9780385424691.

External linksEdit