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Naveen Patnaik (Odia: ନବୀନ ପଟ୍ଟନାୟକ)(born 16 October 1946) is an Indian politician who is the current and 14th Chief Minister of Odisha. The supremo of the Biju Janata Dal, is also a writer and has published four books.[2]

The Honourable
Naveen Patnaik
Naveen Patnaik during AAC 2017.jpg
18th Chief Minister of Odisha
Assumed office
5 March 2000
Governor M. M. Rajendran
Rameshwar Thakur
Murlidhar Chandrakant Bhandare
S. C. Jamir
Satya Pal Malik
Preceded by Hemananda Biswal
Constituency Hinjili[1]
Minister of Mines
In office
19 March 1998 – 8 March 2000
Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee
Member of the Indian Parliament
for Aska
In office
1997 – 8 March 2000
Preceded by Biju Patnaik
Succeeded by Kumudini Patnaik
Personal details
Born (1946-10-16) 16 October 1946 (age 71)
Cuttack, Orissa, India
(now in Odisha, India)
Nationality Indian
Political party Biju Janata Dal (1998-present)
Other political
Janata Dal (1996–98)
Parents Biju Patnaik (father)
Gyan Patnaik (mother)
Residence Naveen Nivas, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India
Alma mater Kirori Mal College
Profession Politician, Writer
Website Official BJD Page
Chief Minister of Odisha



Patnaik was born on 16 October 1946 in Cuttack in a Karan family[3] to Biju Patnaik, former Chief Minister of Odisha, and his Punjabi wife, Gyan.[4] Patnaik was educated at the prestigious Welham Boys' School in Dehradun, and later The Doon School.[5][6][7][8][9][10] After that he attended Kirori Mal College,[11] Delhi University, and he qualified for Bachelor of Arts degree.[12] Patnaik is a writer and had for most part of his youth been away from both politics and Odisha, but after his father Biju Patnaik's demise, he entered politics in 1997 and a year later founded the Biju Janata Dal, named after Biju Patnaik, which won the state election with the BJP as its alliance and formed the government in which Patnaik became Chief Minister. His mild mannerism, "stand against corruption" and "pro-poor policies" have resulted in the development of a huge support base in Odisha, which has voted him to power in the last four consecutive terms. Like his father, he has managed to control the bureaucracy and transformed it into a machine for the development of the state.[13]

Political CareerEdit

CM Naveen Patnaik during Children's day celebration.
CM Naveen Patnaik meeting the 14th Dalai Lama.
Naveen Patnaik's handwritten speech for the first committee meeting on Mahatma Gandhi's 150th birthday celebration

After the death of his father Biju Patnaik, leader of the Janata Dal,[12] he was elected as a member to the 11th Lok Sabha in the by-election from Aska Parliamentary Constituency in Odisha, India.[12] He was a member of the Consultative Committee of Ministry of Steel & Mines, Member of Standing Committee on Commerce, and Member Library Committee of Parliament. A year later the Janta Dal split and Patnaik founded the Biju Janta Dal which in alliance with the BJP-led National Democratic Alliance (NDA) performed well and Patnaik was selected the Union Minister for Mines in the cabinet of A.B.Vajpayee.

Elections 2000Edit

In 2000 Assembly election, BJD won the majority of seats in alliance with the BJP in the Odisha Assembly elections, Patnaik resigned from the Union cabinet and was sworn in as the Chief Minister of Odisha.

Elections 2004Edit

BJP led NDA lost the general elections in 2004, however the coalition led by Naveen Patnaik emerged victorious in the state legislative elections and he continued as the Chief Minister.During this tenure, the friction between the ruling partners was getting more and more apparent, especially after the killing of Swami Laxmanananda Saraswati[14] in the Kandhamal district of Odisha in 2007–2008 and also active participation of Bajrang Dal in the riots that hit Kandhamal region.

Elections 2009Edit

In the run-up to the polls for the Lok Sabha and Legislative Assembly of Odisha elections in 2009, BJD walked out of the NDA after severing ties with the BJP and joined the nascent Third Front constituted mainly by the Left Front and few regional parties.[15] He did it after severely criticising BJP's involvement in Kandhamal anti-Christian riots during 2007. The BJD won a resounding victory in both the Vidhan Sabha (State Assembly) as well as the Lok Sabha elections in 2009, winning 14 out of 21 Lok Sabha seats and 103 of the 147 assembly seats and was sworn in as the Chief Minister of Odisha on 21 May 2009 for the third consecutive term.[16]

Elections 2014Edit

Patnaik won a huge victory in both the 2014 Indian General Elections and the Legislative Assembly of Odisha elections in 2014. Patnaik's Biju Janata Dal secured 20 out of the 21 Lok Sabha seats of Odisha and 117 of the 147 Odisha Vidhan Sabha seats.[17]


Patnaik spent most of his early days away from Odisha, so he has problems with speaking and comprehending Odia language. He is the only chief minister of India who does not speak the regional language of his state and because of this he has been facing severe criticism from his opponents. However, he possesses great mastery over Hindi, French and English. At rallies, he delivers Odia speeches written in Roman alphabet.[18]


Some MP, MLAs of Patnaik's party BJD have been accused of involvement in chit fund scam and questioned by the CBI in 2014.[19][20][21] CBI is investigating over 30 companies in relation to these multi-crore financial scams, which have robbed lakhs of the state's poor of their lifetime savings. Questions were raised because of Patnaik's silence over this issue and his proximity to many such businesses, as he was photographed at the launch of a news channel by one such company.[22]

The state was rocked by the mega mining scam during his time which was valued at billions of rupees.(Rs.1,00,000 crores) which was exposed in 2009. He ordered a Vigilance enquiry that continues till now. The M.B. Shah Commission of Enquiry set up by the Central Government submitted its report in 2013 and held that illegal mining of at least Rs.60,000 crores was done during the period 2003 to 2009. Demands for CBI enquiry were not heeded by the Centre. [23]

Awards and recognitionsEdit

Naveen Patnaik receiving Outlook Speakout award for best administrator from former President of India Pranab Mukherjee


  • A Second Paradise: Indian Courtly Life 1590–1947 – Published in India, England and US[28]
  • A Desert Kingdom: The People of Bikaner – Published in India, England and US[29]
  • The Garden of Life: An Introduction to the Healing Plants of India- Published in India, England and US[30]


  1. ^ "Naveen Patnaik wins from Hinjili in Orissawork=India Today". 2009. Retrieved 30 December 2012. 
  2. ^ From greenhorn to history-scripting politician, The Hindu, 18 May, 2009
  3. ^
  4. ^ – India News. (11 March 2009). (Originally belongs to Ganjam District of Odisha) Retrieved on 25 December 2010.
  5. ^ Reshmi R Dasgupta, TNN 10 May 2004, 03.13am IST (10 May 2004). "Naveen Patnaik sets stage for GeNext Doscos – Economic Times". Retrieved 21 November 2012. 
  6. ^ "Ex-Doon mates mount pressure on Naveen Niwas, Kamal rings up Pappu". Retrieved 21 November 2012. 
  7. ^ "Doon dosti gets Naveen Rs 20,000 cr – India – DNA". 6 August 2009. Retrieved 21 November 2012. 
  8. ^ "India's Independent Weekly News Magazine". Tehelka. Retrieved 21 November 2012. 
  9. ^ Sandeep Mishra, TNN 11 February 2012, 04.41AM IST (11 February 2012). "Excise minister resigns over hooch tragedy – Times of India". Retrieved 21 November 2012. 
  10. ^ "Naveen Patnaik: The man who would be king, or would he? – Economic Times". 26 February 2012. Retrieved 21 November 2012. 
  11. ^ "Profile-Chief Minister of Odisha". Orissa. Retrieved 27 May 2012. 
  12. ^ a b c "Profile-Chief Minister of Orissa". Orissa. Retrieved 27 May 2012. 
  13. ^ For Naveen, politics is a way to complete father's agenda Archived 20 May 2009 at the Wayback Machine.. (10 May 1997). Retrieved on 25 December 2010.
  14. ^ Ram Madhav, "Local factors led to Kandhamal violence", 8 January 2008, Rediff India Abroad.
  15. ^ Kandhamal caused BJP-BJD break-up: Naveen Patnaik – Politics News – IBNLive. (3 February 2010). Retrieved on 25 December 2010.
  16. ^ [1][permanent dead link]
  17. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 16 May 2014. Retrieved 22 May 2014. 
  18. ^ "Naveen Patnaik fails language test". Retrieved 17 June 2014. 
  19. ^ "In Odisha's Chit Fund Scam, Trouble for Chief Minister Naveen Patnaik". Retrieved 2017-07-14. 
  20. ^
  21. ^
  22. ^
  23. ^
  24. ^ "UN citation to Naveen for Phailin evacuation" (Business Standard). 20 December 2013. Retrieved 9 June 2014. 
  25. ^ "Naveen Patnaik voted most popular chief minister". 18 May 2010. Retrieved 13 September 2004. 
  26. ^ "NDTV Opinion Poll One Year Report Card of UPA 2". 18 May 2010. Retrieved 15 November 2014. 
  27. ^
  28. ^ Patnaik, Naveen (1985-01-01). Second Paradise: Indian Courtly Life 1590-1947. Doubleday Religious Publishing Group. ISBN 9780385199926. 
  29. ^ Patnaik, Naveen (1990-01-01). A Desert Kingdom: The Rajputs of Bikaner. Vendome Press. ISBN 9780865651227. 
  30. ^ Patnaik, Naveen (1993-01-01). The Garden of Life: An Introduction to the Healing Plants of India. Doubleday. ISBN 9780385424691. 

External linksEdit