S. C. Jamir

Senayangba Chubatoshi Jamir (born 17 October 1931[1]) is an Indian politician and former Governor of Odisha. He has served as the Chief Minister of Nagaland, Governor of Maharashtra, Governor of Gujarat, Governor of Goa and Governor of Odisha. He was awarded the third-highest Civilian Award in India, Padma Bhusan in 2020 for his work in public affairs.[2]

S. C. Jamir
Governor S. C. Jamir with CM Naveen Patnaik and President Kovind (cropped).jpg
24th Governor of Odisha
In office
21 March 2013 – 20 March 2018
Chief MinisterNaveen Patnaik
Preceded byM C Bhandare
Succeeded bySatya Pal Malik
19th Governor of Maharashtra
In office
9 March 2008 – 22 January 2010
Chief MinisterVilasrao Deshmukh
Ashok Chavan
Preceded byS. M. Krishna
Succeeded byK. Sankaranarayanan
Governor of Gujarat
Additional Charge
In office
30 July 2009 – 26 November 2009
Chief MinisterNarendra Modi
Preceded byNawal Kishore Sharma
Succeeded byKamla Beniwal
12th Governor of Goa
In office
17 July 2004 – 21 July 2008
Chief MinisterManohar Parrikar
Pratapsingh Rane
Digambar Kamat
Preceded byMohammed Fazal
Succeeded byShivinder Singh Sidhu
6th Chief Minister of Nagaland
In office
22 February 1993 – 6 March 2003
GovernorLokanath Misra
V. K. Nayar
Oudh Narayan Shrivastava
Om Prakash Sharma
Shyamal Datta
Preceded by(President’s Rule)
Succeeded byNeiphiu Rio
In office
25 January 1989 – 10 May 1990
GovernorK. V. Krishna Rao
Gopal Singh
M. M. Thomas
Preceded by(President’s Rule)
Succeeded byK.L. Chishi
In office
18 November 1982 – 28 November 1986
GovernorS. M. H. Burney
K. V. Krishna Rao
Preceded byJohn Bosco Jasokie
Succeeded byHokishe Sema
In office
18 April 1980 – 5 June 1980
GovernorLallan Prasad Singh
Preceded byVizol Angami
Succeeded byJohn Bosco Jasokie
Member of Parliament, Rajya Sabha
In office
2 July 1987 – 2 April 1992
ConstituencyNagaland
Member of Parliament, Lok Sabha
In office
4 March 1967 – 27 December 1970
Preceded byConstituency Established
Succeeded byA. Kevichusa
ConstituencyNagaland
Parliamentary Secretary
In office
5 May 1962 – 15 January 1966 [1]
Appointed byJawaharlal Nehru
Prime MinisterJawaharlal Nehru
Personal details
Born
Senayangba Chubatoshi Jamir

(1931-10-17) 17 October 1931 (age 89)
Ungma, Bengal Presidency, British India
(Now in Nagaland, India)
NationalityIndian
Political partyIndian National Congress
Other political
affiliations
United Democratic Front—Progressive
Spouse(s)
Imkonglemla
(m. 1958)
Children5
ParentsSenayangba Jamir, Takatula
Alma materScottish Church College, Kolkata
Allahabad University
University of Cambodia

Early lifeEdit

Jamir is the son of Senayangba Jamir and Takatula. The grandson of Jungshinokdang, who in the late 19th century, had the providential opportunity to meet the American Christian Missionary Rev. Edwin W. Clark and was instrumental in bringing Christianity to Nagaland. He was born on 17 October 1931 in Ungma village, Mokokchung.[3] He did his early education in Mokokchung, at Kolkata's Scottish Church College for his intermediate in arts,[4] and higher studies at Allahabad University from where he subsequently obtained his B.A. and LL.B. degrees.[5]

Political careerEdit

Jamir was a member of the negotiation body that held talks with Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru in 1960 leading to the establishment of Nagaland as a state within India[6].[1] He was one of the signatories of the 16th Point Agreement which brought about the creation of Nagaland state and is today considered as one of the architects of modern Nagaland.

Jamir was elected and nominated as the first Lok Sabha Member from the state of Nagaland in year 1961.[7] From 1961 to 1970, he has served as Member of Parliament and during this period he has also served as the Union Deputy Minister of Railways, Labour & Rehabilitation, from 1968 to 1970, served as the Union Deputy Minister of Community Development & Cooperation, Food and Agriculture.[7] He was appointed as the Parliamentary Secretary to Jawaharlal Nehru, then Prime Minister who was also in charge of the Ministry of External Affairs.[7] He was a member of UN delegation in 1962.

In 1971, he was first voted to the Nagaland Legislative Assembly. He served as Chief Minister of Nagaland five times (1980, 1982–1986, 1989–90 and 1993–2003).[6] For his first two terms he was a member of the Progressive United Democratic Front, but by 1989 his party merged with the Indian National Congress. His tenure as the Chief Minister of Nagaland is considered as the longest, from 1993 to 2003. He was a member of the Rajya Sabha from Nagaland for the term 1987–1992, but resigned in 1989.[8]

As GovernorEdit

 
Chief Minister of Odisha, Naveen Patnaik meeting the former Governor of Odisha Dr. S. C. Jamir

Jamir served as Governor of Goa from July 2004 to July 2008.[6] Following the resignation of Maharashtra Governor S. M. Krishna, on 6 March 2008, President Pratibha Patil asked Jamir to temporarily take the additional charge of Maharashtra[6].[9] Jamir was formally appointed as Governor of Maharashtra on 8 July 2008,[6] while Shivinder Singh Sidhu was appointed to succeed him in Goa.[10] Jamir was sworn in as Governor of Maharashtra on 19 July 2008.[1] In July 2009 he took additional charge of Gujarat state during the medical absence and subsequent death of Governor-designate Devendra Nath Dwivedi[6].[11] On 9 March 2013, he was appointed Governor of Odisha[6].[12]

Nagaland lottery scamEdit

During his tenure as Chief Minister, The Comptroller and Auditor General (CAG) unearthed a major financial scandal in the Nagaland state lottery amounting to Rs 38,297 crore. The entire scam took place between October 1993 and November 1997. Jamir denied his government's involvement in the financial scandal but the special audit by the Comptroller and Auditor General (CAG), ordered by the Union Home Ministry, indicted both the Nagaland Government and the state's sole distributor of tickets, M.S Associates, for defrauding the public as well as the exchequer of the amount in July 1999.[13][14] This case continues to be pending in the court till date.

Personal lifeEdit

Jamir married Imkonglemla, daughter of Senkalemba in 1958 and they have five children[citation needed]. His younger daughter died in 1996, while his mother died in 2016, at the age of 101.[15] He was conferred an honorary doctorate from the University of Cambodia in 2017.[16] In year 2020,Mr Jamir was conferred with the third highest civilian award--Padma Bhushan--in the field of public affairs on the occassion of 71st Republic day.[6]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c "S.C. Jamir sworn in Maharashtra Governor", PTI (The Hindu), 19 July 2008.
  2. ^ "Padma Awards 2020 Announced". pib.gov.in.
  3. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 20 February 2012. Retrieved 21 December 2012.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  4. ^ Some Alumni of Scottish Church College in 175th Year Commemoration Volume. Scottish Church College, April 2008. page 593.
  5. ^ His Excellency Governor of Odisha Dr. S. C. Jamir Archived 6 August 2013 at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h "Prominent Cong leader from Nagaland SC Jamir gets Padma Bhushan". Business Standard India. 26 January 2020. Retrieved 26 February 2021.
  7. ^ a b c "SC Jamir sworn in as Odisha governor". Hindustan Times. 21 March 2013. Retrieved 26 February 2021.
  8. ^ "List of Rajya Sabha members Since 1952".
  9. ^ "Krishna resignation accepted, Jamir in charge of State", Sify.com, 5 March 2008.
  10. ^ "Three more governors shuffled", IST, TNN (The Times of India), 9 July 2008.
  11. ^ "Archive News". The Hindu. Retrieved 31 May 2019.
  12. ^ DelhiMarch 9, PTI New; March 9, 2013UPDATED; Ist, 2013 21:32. "Ex-CBI Director Ashwani Kumar appointed Nagaland Governor, S C Jamir in Odisha". India Today. Retrieved 31 May 2019.CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  13. ^ The CAG report was authored by State AG who incidentally was brother of the Commander in chief of the then outlawed insurgent outfit NSCN (IM). Since the time the atter was raised during 2003, the State has been ruled by the regional govt. supported by NSCN (IM). The report estimated 800 Crore odd monthly as State income defrauded by the then government. There is no trace of similar income accruing to State government during the rule of subsequent govt, not even 1% of the amount allegedly defrauded. The whole allegation was thus unfounded and politically motivated, Rs 38,297 crore lottery scam unearthed in Nagaland
  14. ^ "CAG indicts Nagaland Govt in lottery scam". indianexpress.com. Retrieved 31 May 2019.
  15. ^ "S.C. Jamir's mother dies". www.business-standard.com. Retrieved 24 November 2019.
  16. ^ "The University of Cambodia holds a ceremony awarding Governor of Odisha, S. C. Jamir with an honorary doctorate". uc.edu.kh.
Political offices
Preceded by
Vizol Angami
Chief Minister of Nagaland
18 April 1980 – 5 June 1980
Succeeded by
John Bosco Jasokie
Preceded by
John Bosco Jasokie
Chief Minister of Nagaland
18 November 1982 – 28 October 1986
Succeeded by
Hokishe Sema
Preceded by
President's rule
Chief Minister of Nagaland
25 January 1989 – 10 May 1990
Succeeded by
K. L. Chishi
Preceded by
President's rule
Chief Minister of Nagaland
22 February 1993 – 6 March 2003
Succeeded by
Neiphiu Rio
Preceded by
Mohammed Fazal
Governor of Goa
17 July 2004 – 21 July 2008
Succeeded by
Shivinder Singh Sidhu
Preceded by
S. M. Krishna
Governor of Maharashtra
9 March 2008 – 22 January 2010
Succeeded by
K. Sankaranarayanan
Preceded by
Nawal Kishore Sharma
Governor of Gujarat
30 July 2009 – 26 Nov 2009
(Additional Charge)
Succeeded by
Kamla Beniwal
Preceded by
Murlidhar Chandrakant Bhandare
Governor of Odisha
21 March 2013 – 20 March 2018
Succeeded by
Satya Pal Malik
(Additional Charge)