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All India Institutes of Medical Sciences

Location of the functioning AIIMSs (green) and upcoming AIIMSs (orange)

The All India Institutes of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) are a group of autonomous government public medical colleges of higher education. These institutes have been declared by an Act of Parliament as Institutes of National Importance.[1] AIIMS New Delhi, the fore-runner institute, was established in 1956.

InstitutesEdit

HistoryEdit

The first AIIMS was established in 1956 under the All India Institute of Medical Sciences Act, 1956.[9] Originally proposed by the then Prime Minister of India Jawaharlal Nehru for establishment in Calcutta, it was established in New Delhi following the Chief Minister of West Bengal Bidhan Chandra Roy refusal.[10]

In 2003 the Government of India announced the Pradhan Mantri Swasthya Suraksha Yojana (PMSSY) initiative which aimed at "correcting regional imbalances in the availability of affordable/reliable tertiary healthcare services". This was to be done through two main channels: setting up AIIMS-like institutions and upgrading government medical colleges.[11] PMSSY was officially launched in March 2006 and six AIIMS-like medical institutes were announced for under-served states in Patna, Bhopal, Raipur, Bhubaneshwar, Jodhpur and Rishikesh. Theses were originally assigned 332 crore (equivalent to 797 crore or US$120 million in 2018) per institution, a sum which was raised to 820 crore (equivalent to 14 billion or US$200 million in 2018) in 2010.[12]

The six institutes become operational through an Ordinance from September 2012. The All India Institute of Medical Sciences (Amendment) Bill, 2012 was introduced in the Lok Sabha on 27 August 2012 in order to replace that Ordinance.[13] Lok Sabha passed the Bill on 30 August 2012,[14] it was introduced in Rajya Sabha on 3 September 2012[15] and passed on 4 September 2012.[16] The Act was published on 13 September 2012.[17]

In addition to the establishing six institutes, the Act also conferred the power to establish other AIIMS-like institutes by gazette notification.[13] In 2013 a further gazette notification was made under the same Act, establishing AIIMS Raebareli.[2]

On July 2014,[18] in the budget speech for 2014–15,[11] the Minister of Finance Arun Jaitley announced a budget of 500 crore (equivalent to 597 crore or US$86 million in 2018) for setting up four new AIIMS, in Andhra Pradesh, West Bengal, the Vidarbha region of Maharashtra and the Purvanchal region in Uttar Pradesh.[18] These "Phase-IV" institutes, became AIIMS Mangalagiri in Andhra Pradesh and AIIMS Nagpur in Maharashtra, established in 2018[3][4] and later AIIMS Gorakhpur in Uttar Pradesh and AIIMS Kalyani in West Bengal, which started operation in 2019.[5][8]

On 28 February 2015, in the 2015–2016 budget speech, Jaitley announced five more AIIMS, in Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Punjab, Assam and Tamil Nadu and an "AIIMS-like" institute in Bihar.[19] On 7 November 2015, Prime Minister of India Narendra Modi had announced development package for Jammu & Kashmir which includes the setting up of two AIIMS, in the capital cities of Jammu and Kashmir.[20] Of these seven "Phase-V" institutes, sites have been assigned for at Changsari in Assam,[21] Vijay Pur in the Jammu Division of Jammu and Kashmir,[11] Awantipora in the Kashmir Division of Jammu and Kashmir,[11] Bathinda in Punjab,[11] Bilaspur in Himachal Pradesh,[22] Madurai in Tamil Nadu[23] and the latest, Darbhanga in Bihar, serving the Mithila region, which is to be established by upgrading the Darbhanga Medical College and Hospital to AIIMS.[24] As of June 2018, no funds were allocated and no time frame has been fixed for the institutes in Bihar and Jammu and Kashmir.[25] In December 2018 the government has approved and assigned funds for the AIIMS in Madurai,[26] and a foundation stone was set in January 2019.[27] AIIMS Bathinda started operating in 2019.[6]

A week after the 2017–2018 budget presentation, on 9 February 2017, Jaitley announced an AIIMS in Telangana.[28] On 17 December 2018, the cabinet approved the AIIMS, to be located in Bibinagar, near Hyderabad.[26] This institute was later denoted as "Phase-VII".[11] It started operation in August 2019.[7]

Under-development AIIMSEdit

As of November 2019, 9 more AIIMS are under development.

Future AIIMSs and locations
Name City/town State/UT Phase
AIIMS Kamrup Changsari Assam Phase V
AIIMS Jammu Vijay Pur Jammu and Kashmir
AIIMS Kashmir Awantipora Jammu and Kashmir
AIIMS Bilaspur Bilaspur Himachal Pradesh
AIIMS Madurai Madurai Tamil Nadu
AIIMS Bihar Darbhanga Bihar
AIIMS Deoghar Deoghar Jharkhand Phase VI
AIIMS Gujarat Rajkot Gujarat
AIIMS Rewari Rewari Haryana Phase VIII

On 1 February 2017, in the budget presentation for 2017–2018, Jaitley announced two more AIIMS, in Jharkhand and Gujarat.[29] Of these "Phase-VI" institutes, sites were identified in Deoghar for the institute in Jharkhand[11] and in Khandheri near Rajkot for Gujarat.[30] As of June 2018, no funds were allocated and no deadline was set for these institutes.[25]

On 1 February 2019, in the presentation of the interim budget for 2019–2020, Piyush Goyal, who was given temporary charge of the Minister of Finance a week earlier,[31] announced an AIIMS in Rewari, Haryana.[32] This institute was later denoted as "Phase-VIII".[11]

The institute in Deoghar has started operation in 2019 with a first batch of 50 MBBS students.[33]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "University And Higher Education – Government of India, Ministry of Human Resource Development". Mhrd.gov.in. Retrieved 25 January 2019.
  2. ^ a b "Gazette notification for AIIMS Rae Bareli" (PDF). Retrieved 25 February 2019.
  3. ^ a b "AIIMS begins its journey with induction of 50 students". The Hindu. 31 August 2018. Retrieved 31 August 2018.
  4. ^ a b Ganjapure, Vaibhav (3 June 2018). "AIIMS classes to begin from August at GMCH". Times of India. Retrieved 3 June 2018.
  5. ^ a b "AIIMS OPD starts in Gorakhpur". Times of India. 27 February 2019. Retrieved 7 March 2019.
  6. ^ a b "AIIMS 1st batch of 50 from July". The Tribune. 29 March 2019. Retrieved 17 August 2019.
  7. ^ a b "Academic session begins at AIIMS-Bibinagar". The Hindu. 27 August 2019. Retrieved 1 December 2019.
  8. ^ a b India, Press Trust of (4 July 2019). "First batch of students at Bengal AIIMS to stay on campus". Business Standard India. Retrieved 26 November 2019.
  9. ^ "The All India Institute of Medical Sciences Act, 1956" (PDF). 2 June 1956. Retrieved 28 April 2016.
  10. ^ "The Telegraph – Calcutta : Frontpage". www.telegraphindia.com. Retrieved 21 June 2017.
  11. ^ a b c d e f g h "Pradhan Mantri Swasthya Suraksha Yojana (PMSSY)". Ministry of Health and Family Welfare. Retrieved 16 May 2019.
  12. ^ "History About PMSSY". pmssy-mohfw.nic.in. PMSSY. Retrieved 15 February 2019.
  13. ^ a b Raj, Anand (27 August 2012). "Bill on AIIMS-like institutes introduced in Lok Sabha". The Hindu. New Delhi, India.
  14. ^ Raj, Anand (30 August 2012). "Lok Sabha nod to AIIMS bill". The Economic times. New Delhi, India.
  15. ^ "AIIMS bill moved in Rajya Sabha amid uproar". Business Standard. 3 September 2012. Retrieved 3 September 2012.
  16. ^ "Par nod to AIIMS Bill amid uproar". Business Standard. 4 September 2012. Retrieved 4 September 2012.
  17. ^ "The All India Institute of Medical Sciences (Amendment) Act, 2012" (PDF). 13 September 2012.
  18. ^ a b "5 more IIMs, IITs and four more AIIMS to be set up". Hindustan Times. 10 July 2014. Retrieved 4 August 2017.
  19. ^ Mondal, Dipak (1 March 2015). "India budget 2015: Exemption cheer for tax payers". Mail Online. Retrieved 4 August 2017.
  20. ^ "Modi announces Rs.80,000-crore package for Jammu and Kashmir". The Hindu. 7 November 2015. Retrieved 4 August 2017.
  21. ^ "Modi lays foundation stone for AIIMS unit in Assam; to be completed in 4 years". Hindustan Times. Press Trust of India. 26 May 2017. Retrieved 4 August 2017.
  22. ^ "PM Modi lays foundation stone of AIIMS in Bilaspur". The Indian Express. 4 October 2017. Retrieved 28 March 2018.
  23. ^ "New AIIMS to be set up at Thoppur in Madurai". The New Indian Express. Retrieved 20 June 2018.
  24. ^ Kumar, Madan (2 March 2019). "Darbhanga Medical College & Hospital to be upgraded as second AIIMS in Bihar, Nadda assures Nitish". Retrieved 1 December 2019.
  25. ^ a b Upadhyay, Ashok Kumar (27 June 2018). "Reality check: Modi government fails to keep its promise of 13 more AIIMS". India Today. Retrieved 6 November 2018.
  26. ^ a b "Cabinet approves establishment of two new AIIMS at Tamil Nadu & Telangana under Pradhan Mantri Swasthya Suraksha Yojana". Press Information Bureau. Retrieved 17 December 2018.
  27. ^ Sivarajah, Padmini; Veerappan, Devanathan (27 January 2019). "PM Modi lays foundation stone of AIIMS in Madurai, says Centre committed to making healthcare affordable". The Times of India. Retrieved 3 February 2019.
  28. ^ "AIIMS for Telangana announced". The Hindu. 9 February 2017. Retrieved 6 May 2018.
  29. ^ "New AIIMS for Jharkhand and Gujarat: Arun Jaitley". The Times of India. Indo-Asian News Service. 1 February 2017. Retrieved 4 August 2017.
  30. ^ "Gujarat: AIIMS to be set up near Rajkot, says Deputy CM Nitin Patel". The Indian Express. 4 January 2019. Retrieved 3 February 2019.
  31. ^ "Piyush Goyal gets temporary charge of finance ministry, may present Budget". The Times of India. 24 January 2019. Retrieved 3 February 2019.
  32. ^ "Interim Budget 2019: 22nd AIIMS to be set up in Haryana, Piyush Goyal announces". India Today. 1 February 2019. Retrieved 3 February 2019.
  33. ^ "Establishment and Upgradation of Hospitals under PMSSY". pib.gov.in (Press release). Press Information Bureau. 3 December 2019. Retrieved 4 December 2019.