Darbhanga is a city and Municipal Corporation in the Indian state of Bihar. It is the 5th largest city of Bihar situated In the centre of Mithilanchal. It Is also the headquarters of Darbhanga district and Darbhanga division and was the seat of the Raj Darbhanga and capital of the Mithila region.
|• Type||Municipal Corporation|
|• Body||Darbhanga Municipal Corporation|
|• Mayor||Baijanti Devi Khedia|
|• Deputy Mayor||Sri. Badruzzma Khan|
|• Municipal commissioner||Manesh Kumar Meena, IAS|
|• MP||Gopal Jee Thakur, BJP|
|• MLA||Sanjay Saraogi, BJP|
|• Total||19 km2 (7 sq mi)|
|Elevation||52 m (171 ft)|
|• Total||380,125 |
|• Additional official||Urdu|
|• Regional Languages||Maithili|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
|ISO 3166 code||IN-BR|
|Sex ratio||910:1000 ♂/♀|
|Lok Sabha constituency||Darbhanga|
|Vidhan Sabha constituency||Darbhanga, Darbhanga Rural, Bahadurpur, Keoti, Jale, Kusheshwar Asthan, Gaura Bauram, Benipur, Alinagar, Hayaghat|
Darbhanga is regarded as the cultural capital of the state of Bihar owing to its rich heritage and cultural Significance. It Is one of the oldest cities in India. Musical,folk art and literary traditions in Sanskrit and Maithili have been passed down generations in Darbhanga and constitute the place's strong cultural background.
The City is also the biggest medical and educational hub of the Northern Bihar/Mithila Region.
The city was the capital of the Darbhanga raj, an estate established in the 16th century, and contains the Anandbagh palace. It was constituted a municipality in 1864. Darbhanga is the seat of Kameshwara Singh Darbhanga Sanskrit University (1961), which is located on the grounds of the palace, and Lalit Narayan Mithila University (1972). There is a museum containing archaeological materials as well as historical and handicraft exhibits. Darbhanga has been a centre for music since the late 18th century and has produced many well-known dhrupad (an ancient form of Indian classical music) musicians. A major rail and road junction, Darbhanga trades in agricultural produce, mangoes, and fish. In addition to food processing, there is some light manufacturing.
Darbhanga is situated on a vast alluvial plain, with low-lying areas containing marshes and lakes. Grains, oilseeds, tobacco, sugarcane, and mangoes are important crops in the region.
Under the British Rule, Darbhanga was a part of Sarkar Tirhut up to 1875, when it was constituted into a separate district. The subdivisions had been created earlier – Darbhanga Sadar in 1845, Madhubani in 1866 and Samastipur (then known as Tajpur) in 1867. The district takes its name from its only city Darbhanga the District headquarters, which is said to have been founded by one Darbhangi Khan, about whom practically nothing is known. It is also held that the name Darbhanga has been derived from Dwar Banga or Dari – Banga, meaning the ‘door of Bengal’. This derivation does not appear to be very correct as division between Bengal and Bihar has always been further to the east. However, the linguistic and cultural affinity with Bengal may be said to commence from here.
Excavation at Balirajgarh revealed brick fortifications dating back to 2nd century BC.
The 2011 Census of India recorded Darbhanga as a Urban agglomeration with its population of 380,125 comprising 196,573 males and 183,552 females while the district as a whole has a population of 3 million. It is the 5th largest city in Bihar in terms of urban population. Males constitute 52.6% of the population and females 47.4%. Darbhanga has an average literacy rate of 79.40%, while the male literacy rate is 85.08% with women at 73.08%. However as per document published on 06/03/2021 by office of District Magistrate Darbhanga the urban population of Darbhanga stands 3,80,125 
Darbhanga is the biggest Transport hub of North Bihar. It is the only city in the region which is connected with all three modes of transporation- Airways,Railways And Roadways.
Direct trains originate from here for all the major cities of the country such as Bihar sampark Kranti Express,Bagmati Express,Darbhanga-Secunderabad Express Etc.
Of the beginning of railway in Darbhanga and its neighbouring areas, The Imperial Gazetteer of India noted:
The famine of 1874 gave a great impetus to the construction of railways, and the District is on the whole well off in the matter of communications. Its south-west corner is traversed for 29 miles by the main line of the Bengal and North-Western Railway, and also by 25 miles of the new chord-line from Hajipur to Bachwara, which runs parallel to the Ganges embankment from east to west. From Samastipur a line runs to Darbhanga town and there branches off in two directions, the first north-west to Sitamarhi through Kamtaul and Jogiara, and the other due east to Khanwa Ghat on the Kosi (Old streem) near Pratapganj. The total length of the line within the District is 146 miles. Most of the earthwork for a line from Sakri to Jainagar on the Nepal frontier was completed as a relief work during the famine of 1897; and the line, which has now been opened, should tap a large grain supply from Nepal.
Darbhanga Junction connects a large part of North Bihar and the Terai of Nepal with the rest of India as it serves as a major railhead for the region. It is the main station of Darbhanga and the district of Madhubani.
Darbhanga also has its own commercial airport which is connected with all the major cities of India.
Darbhanga has the longest runway in the state of Bihar Which is about 9328 ft long.
Darbhanga Airport (IATA: DBR, ICAO: VE89) is a civil enclave at the Darbhanga Air Force Station of the Indian Air Force, 6 kilometres from Darbhanga City near the NH-105 and NH-57 East-West Corridor Expressway which passes through Darbhanga. The civil enclave is operated by the Airports Authority of India (AAI). The foundation stone for the project was laid by the Chief Minister Nitish Kumar and then Civil Aviation Minister Suresh Prabhu in the presence of state Civil Aviation Minister Jayant Sinha on 24 December 2018. Commercial flights started from 8 November 2020.
For local transport, the commuters have the options of buses operated by BSRTC and auto-rickshaw. There is a new bus stand. The bus Stand located to the corner of the Connectivity National Highway 27 & National Highway 527B Also Located near by Darbhanga Airport. Bus services are available from Darbhanga to all the major cities of India and Bihar viz. Delhi, Ludhiana, Patna, Gaya, Kolkata, Bhagalpur, Muzaffarpur, Ranchi, Jamshedpur.
Darbhanga is located in the northern part of Bihar.
|Climate data for Darbhanga (1971–1990, extremes 1901–1998)|
|Record high °C (°F)||30.6
|Average high °C (°F)||23.1
|Daily mean °C (°F)||16.2
|Average low °C (°F)||9.2
|Record low °C (°F)||0.0
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||13
|Average rainy days (≥ 1.0 mm)||1.6||1.7||1.6||2.6||4.6||7.6||16.4||12.2||10.5||3.4||0.5||1.0||63.7|
|Average relative humidity (%)||68||63||49||56||60||70||78||79||79||73||66||67||67|
|Source 1: NOAA (1971–1990)|
|Source 2: India Meteorological Department|
Notable educational institutions include:
- All India Institutes of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) Darbhanga( Under Construction )
- Darbhanga Medical College and Hospital
- Shyama Surgical Sansthan
- Indira Gandhi National Open University (IGNOU) Regional Centre
- Kameshwar Singh Darbhanga Sanskrit University
- Lalit Narayan Mithila University
- Maulana Azad National Urdu University (MANUU) Regional Centre
Engineering and technology collegesEdit
- C. M. College
- C. M. Science College, Darbhanga
- Kunwar Singh College
- Marwari College
- Millat College, Laharaisharai, Darbhanga
The City Of Darbhanga is the biggest Tourism hub of Mithilanchal Region. The city has numberous monuments built by The Maharaja Of Darbhanga. The Redfort Of Darbhanga Is bigger than the one in Delhi. The biggest planterarium of bihar is also being built here.
Some Of The Monuments are Maharajadhiraja Lakshmishwar Singh Museum, Chandradhari Museum, Darbhanga Fort, Shyama Mai Temple,Manokamna Mandir, Anand Bag Palace, Nargona Palace, Anandbag Botanical Garden, Kusheshwar Asthan, Ahilyasthan, Gautamkund etc.
Media and communicationsEdit
- Kameshwar Singh Maharaja
- Lakshmeshwar Singh Maharaja
- Rameshwar Singh Maharaja
- Sanjay Mishra, Bollywood actor
- Veena Devi, politician and member of the 17th Lok Sabha
- Abdul Bari Siddiqui, MLA
- Badri Narain Sinha, IPS
- Bhawana Kanth, first female fighter pilot of India
- Binod Bihari Verma, writer
- Binodanand Jha, former MP
- Gangesha Upadhyaya, mathematician and philosopher
- Gonu Jha Pratyutpannamati
- Gopal Jee Thakur, former MLA and current MP
- Dr. Ashok Kr. Yadav, MP from Madhubani Lok Sabha constituency
- Gul Mohammad Khan, Bangladeshi musician
- H. C. Verma, physicist
- Hukmdev Narayan Yadav, former MP
- Imtiaz Ali (director), Bollywood director
- Kirti Azad, former MP and cricketer
- M J Warsi, linguist
- Nagarjun, poet, writer, essayist, and movelist
- Narayan Das (politician), politician
- Nigamananda Saraswati, Hindu monk
- Prabhat Jha (politician), politician
- Parmanand Jha, first vice president of Nepal
- Ram Chatur Mallick, musician
- Ramnandan Mishra, Indian nationalist who fought for India's freedom from British rule
- Sanjay Paswan, politician and MP
- Sanjay Saraogi, MLA
- Dr. Murari Mohan Jha, MLA from Keoti Vidhan Sabha Assembly Constituency
- Satya Narayan Sinha, politician
- Surendra Jha 'Suman', poet, freedom fighter, politician, essayist, literary critic, journalist, publisher and academician
- Sanjay Mishra (actor), Bollywood actor
- Jyoti Kumari, Sirhulli, cyclist and Bal Puraskar recipient 2021
- Tariq-ur-Rehman, cricketer
- Tochi Raina, singer, composer, and philosopher
- Yamuna Karjee, Indian independence activist
- Betty von Fürer-Haimendorf, ethnologist
- Ritviz, electronic singer
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