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Muzaffarpur District is one of the thirty-eight districts of Bihar state, India. Muzaffarpur district is a part of Tirhut Division[1] (Tirhut).

Muzaffarpur district
Location of Muzaffarpur district in Bihar
Location of Muzaffarpur district in Bihar
CountryIndia
StateBihar
DivisionTirhut
HeadquartersMuzaffarpur
Government
 • Lok Sabha constituenciesMuzaffarpur, Vaishali
 • Vidhan Sabha constituenciesGaighat, Aurai, Minapur, Bochahan, Sakra, Kurhani, Muzaffarpur, Kanti, Baruraj, Paroo, Sahebganj
Area
 • Total3,173 km2 (1,225 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total4,801,062
 • Density1,500/km2 (3,900/sq mi)
Demographics
 • Literacy65%
 • Sex ratio900
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)
Major highwaysNH 57, NH 28, NH 77, NH 102, NH 527C
Websitehttp://muzaffarpur.bih.nic.in/

Muzaffarpur is one of the largest commercial and educational center in North Bihar. It is famous for litchis which is a fruit famous for its juicy taste. The district headquarters are located at Muzaffarpur. The district occupies an area of 3173 km² and has a population of 4,801,062 (as of 2011).

As of 2011 it is the third most populous district of Bihar (out of 38), after Patna and East Champaran.[citation needed]

Contents

HistoryEdit

Muzaffarpur district was created in 1875 for the sake of administrative convenience by splitting up the earlier district of Tirhut. The present district of Muzaffarpur came to its existence in the 18th century and named after Muzaffar Khan, an Amil (Revenue Officer) under British Dynasty. Purbi Champaran and Sitamarhi districts on North, on the South Vaishali and Saran districts, on the East Darbhanga and Samastipur districts and on the West Saran and Gopalganj districts surround Muzaffarpur.

In past this district was the part of Mithila (Videha) and was ruled by King Janak, the father of Goddess Sita. As per Ramanaya, Goddess Sita (born in Sitamarhi or janakpur) married to Shri Ram. This area is also known as Tirhut. Tirhut is the another name of Mithila. After the fall of Mithila Ruler, this area went in the control of Mughals and latter in the control of Darbhanga Maharaj.

The office of Tirhut Commissioner is in Muzaffarpur itself. Muzaffarpur is also famous for its arts and culture. Mithila Painting is the famous art in this area. The people of this district celebrate Durga Puja, Kali Puja, Chhath, Sama-Chakeva etc.

In 1908 the young Bengali revolutionary, Khudi Ram Bose, an 18-year-old, was hanged for throwing the bomb at the carriage of Pringle Kennedy who was actually mistaken for Kingsford, the District Judge of Muzaffarpur. After Indian independence in 1947, a memorial to this Bose was constructed at Muzaffarpur. Bajjika Parishad in its XII Antarrashtriya Bajjika Sammelan on October 2, 2004, passed unanimously a resolution to rename the city as Khudirampur in presence of local MLA Bijendra Choudhary and MLC Devesh Chandra Thakur. However, such a resolution has only a symbolic significance as the change of name requires administrative approval.

The significance of Muzaffarpur in Indian civilization arises out of its position on the frontier line between two most spiritual influences and is a meeting place of Hindu and Islamic culture and thoughts. Muzaffarpur fostered political leaders and statesmen alike among whom were Rajendra Prasad, George Fernandes, Janki Ballabh Shastri, a great Maithili writer Parmanandan Shashtri and Devesh Chandra Thakur etc. The language of the region is Bajjika (dialect language of Maithili) as per George Grierson. However Maithili is also spoken in Muzaffarpur District.

In 1972 both Sitamarhi and Vaishali districts were split from Muzaffarpur.[2]

The city was a major centre of anti-emergency movement of Jai Prakash Narayan in the late-1970s. The politics of the city in the 1980s was greatly influenced by the movement as in the rest of Bihar. The significance of caste in politics gained prominence in the 1990s and 2000s when the party of Lalu Prasad gained prominence in the state.

GeographyEdit

Muzaffarpur district is served by rivers Gandak, Budhi Gandak, Bagmati and Lakhandayee. Also, there are lots of small streams passing through the district. The area has been prone to floods. The district lies in the fertile region of Gangetic plain. Muzaffarpur district occupies an area of 3,175.9 square kilometres (1,226.2 sq mi),[3] comparatively equivalent to Canada's Mansel Island.[4]

EconomyEdit

Long ago, the area was famous for hand-woven textiles, sugar cane, and other products. The district has a few sugar mills, which are now old and dilapidated. It is the main commercial hub of North Bihar and the wholesale market of Mumbai, Surat and Ahmedabad. Textile mills in the famous Marwari community dominate Suta Patti. The commercial hub of the City is Motijheel, Kalyani Chowk, SarriyaGanj, Jawaharlal Road, Bela Industrial Area, Club Road, Islampur, Shafi Daudi Market, Aam Gola, Chata Bazar, Company Bagh, Tilak Maidan Road, Juran Chapra, Bank Road, Mithanpura, Bhagwanpur

 
Lychee of Muzaffarpur

The land use around Muzaffarpur is mainly agricultural and horticultural. While litchee and mangoes are abundantly grown, principal crops are rice, wheat, pulses, jute, maize and oil seeds. Vegetables like cauliflower, cabbage, onion, tomato, radish, carrot, beetroot, among others, are also grown. Sugar cane, potato and barley are some of the non-cereal crops grown.

The main livestock of the town are cows, buffalo, goats, and poultry.

Muzaffarpur District has several industries, big and small. The railway wagon industry is one of the City landmarks. Muzaffarpur is an important centre for the wholesale cloth trade.


LycheeEdit

 
Lychee garden in Muzaffarpur

The litchi crop, which is available from May to June, is mainly cultivated in the districts of Muzaffarpur and surrounding districts, in an area of about 25,800 hectare producing about 300,000 tonnes every year. Lychee is exported to big cities like Bombay, Kolkata and to other countries. India's share in the world litchi market amounts to less than 1%. The names of the litchi produced in quality.[5]

IndustryEdit

It has many industries ranging from small to big. Prabhat Zarda Factory, Ganesh Foundries Limited, Bharat Wagon and Engineering Ltd., N.T.P.C., Bihar Drugs & Organic Chemicals Ltd., Muzaffarpur – a unit of IDPL, units of Leather Development Corporation, Muzaffarpur Dairy, a unit of the Bihar State Dairy Corporation unit Bihar State Cooperative Milk Producers’ Federation Ltd., Muzaffarpur producing Sudha brand packaged milk are the major industries located in Muzaffarpur city and its periphery. The above industries have generated considerable employment and have also been helpful in establishing a number of small industries including a few cottage industries. The most important item that is manufactured in Muzaffarpur town is railway wagon. Muzaffarpur city is an important centre for the wholesale cloth trade. Agro-based Industries likes Sugar mills, Britannia Biscuits have newly been established in City.[6]

DemographicsEdit

Religions in Muzaffarpur district
Religion Percent
Hindus
84%
Muslims
15.53%
Not Stated
0.33%
Christian
0.11%
Sikh
0.02%
Buddhist
0.01%
Jain
0.01%

According to the 2011 census Muzaffarpur district has a population of 4,801,062,[citation needed] roughly equal to the nation of Singapore[7] or the US state of Alabama.[8] This gives it a ranking of 24th th in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 1,514 inhabitants per square kilometre (3,920/sq mi). Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 28.14%. Muzaffarpur has a sex ratio of 900 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 63.4%.[citation needed]

Villages In MuzaffarpurEdit

The most populous villages in the district are Bariarpur urf Bazidpur (42,775), Baruraj (27,064), Kanta Pirauchha (25,953) and Jajuara (25,875). Jajuara is said to be the heart of Mithila and have rich Maithili culture.[citation needed]

The name of Jajuara has also been mentioned in the Yajur Veda.

Benibad is a very important village in Muzaffarpur district of Bihar. It is located on the National High Way 57 connecting Muzaffarpur and Darbhanga; nearly 40 kilometers away from the district headquarter Muzaffarpur. From Benibad one has to travel nearly 20 kilometers to reach Darbhanga.

According to Census 2011 information the location code or village code of Bahilwara Rupnath village is 13,356. Bahilwara Rupnath village is located in Saraiya Tehsil of Muzaffarpur district in Bihar, India.[citation needed] It is situated 11km away from sub-district headquarter Saraiya and 25km away from district headquarter Muzaffarpur. Bahilwara Rupnath Dakshni is the gram panchayat of Bahilwara Rupnath village. The area of village is 995.73 hectares.

Bahilwara Gobind village is located in Saraiya Tehsil of Muzaffarpur district in Bihar, India. It is situated 9km away from sub-district headquarter Saraiya and 25km away from district headquarter Muzaffarpur. The area of village is 372.3 hectares. Bahilwara Gobind has a total population of 3,786 peoples. There are about 606 houses in Bahilwara Gobind village.[citation needed] Muzaffarpur is nearest town to Bahilwara Gobind which is approximately 25km away.

There are many smaller villages, including Dora Chapara,Gorigawan,Banauli,Repura etc

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ http://tirhut-muzaffarpur.bih.nic.in/
  2. ^ Law, Gwillim (2011-09-25). "Districts of India". Statoids. Retrieved 2011-10-11.
  3. ^ "Muzaffarpur Geographical At a Glance". Retrieved 2015-07-10.
  4. ^ "Island Directory Tables: Islands by Land Area". United Nations Environment Program. 1998-02-18. Retrieved 2011-10-11. Mansel Island 3,180km2
  5. ^ "7. LYCHEE PRODUCTION IN INDIA". Fao.org. 1992-05-31. Retrieved 2014-08-02.
  6. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-08-28. Retrieved 2012-03-11.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  7. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. Singapore 4,740,737 July 2011 est.
  8. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-30. Alabama 4,779,736

External linksEdit