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Madhubani district is one of the thirty-eight districts of Bihar state, India, and Madhubani town is the administrative headquarters of this district. Madhubani district is a part of Darbhanga division. The district occupies an area of 3,501 square kilometres (1,352 sq mi) and has a population of 4,487,379 (as of 2011).
|District of Bihar|
Location of Madhubani district in Bihar
|• Lok Sabha constituencies||Madhubani, Jhanjharpur|
|• Assembly seats||Harlakhi, Benipatti, Khajauli, Babubarhi, Bisfi, Madhubani, Rajnagar, Jhanjharpur, Phulparas, Laukaha|
|• Total||3,501 km2 (1,352 sq mi)|
|• Density||1,300/km2 (3,300/sq mi)|
|• Literacy||60.9 per cent|
|• Sex ratio||925|
|Major highways||NH 104, NH 105|
|Average annual precipitation||1,273 mm|
Madhubani became a district in 1972 when it was split from Darbhanga district.It is believed that Baliraajgadh, a place which lies in modern-day Madhubani district was capital of ancient Mithila Kingdom.
Madhubani art or Mithila painting  was traditionally created by the women of various communities in Mithila region of India and Nepal. It originated from Madhubani district of Mithila region of Bihar, and, it is popularly called Mithila painting or Madhubani art. Madhubani is also a major export centre of these paintings.  This painting as a form of wall art was practiced widely throughout the region; the more recent development of painting on paper and canvas mainly originated among the villages around Madhubani, and it is these latter developments led to the name Madhubani art being used alongside the name "Mithila Painting."
In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Madhubani one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640). It is one of the 36 districts in Bihar currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF). But in last few years there a lot of changes happened. This sansk city is going to adopt urbanisation.
Saurath, a road side village on Madhubani-Jaynagar road, contains a temple known as Somnath Mahadev. It owes its importance to the annual Sabha held by Maithili Brahmins for negotiating marriages. Many Panjikars who keep the genealogical records of the different families reside here and outside.
According to the 2011 Census of India, Madhubani district has a population of 4,476,044, roughly equal to the nation of Croatia or the U.S. state of Louisiana. This gives it a ranking of 37th in India (out of a total of 707). The district has a population density of 1,279 inhabitants per square kilometre (3,310/sq mi). Its population growth rate over the decade 2001–2011 was 25.19%. Madhubani has a sex ratio of 925 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 43.35%.
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