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Madhubani district is one of the thirty-eight districts of Bihar state, India, and Madhubani town is the administrative headquarters of this district. Madhubani district is a part of Darbhanga division. The district occupies an area of 3,501 square kilometres (1,352 sq mi) and has a population of 4,487,379 (as of 2011).
|District of Bihar|
Location of Madhubani district in Bihar
|• Lok Sabha constituencies||Madhubani, Jhanjharpur|
|• Assembly seats||Harlakhi, Benipatti, Khajauli, Babubarhi, Bisfi, Madhubani, Rajnagar, Jhanjharpur, Phulparas, Laukaha|
|• Total||3,501 km2 (1,352 sq mi)|
|• Density||1,300/km2 (3,300/sq mi)|
|• Literacy||60.9 per cent|
|• Sex ratio||925|
|Major highways||NH 104, NH 105|
|Average annual precipitation||1,273 mm|
Madhubani became a district in 1972 when it was split from Darbhanga district.It is belived that Baliraajgadh, a place which lies in modern-day Madhubani district was capital of ancient Mithila Kingdom.
Madhubani art or Mithila painting  was traditionally created by the women of various communities in Mithila region of India and Nepal. It originated from Madhubani district of Mithila region of Bihar, and, it is popularly called Mithila painting or Madhubani art. Madhubani is also a major export centre of these paintings.  This painting as a form of wall art was practiced widely throughout the region; the more recent development of painting on paper and canvas mainly originated among the villages around Madhubani, and it is these latter developments led to the name Madhubani art being used alongside the name "Mithila Painting."
In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Madhubani one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640). It is one of the 36 districts in Bihar currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF). But in last few years there a lot of changes happened. This sansk city is going to adopt urbanisation.
This is a road side village on Madhubani-Jaynagar road and contains a temple known as Somnath Mahadev. It owes its importance to the annual Sabha held by Maithili Brahmins for negotiating marriages. Many Panjikars who keep the genealogical records of the different families reside here and outside.
A village situated nine kilometres (5.6 mi) from Madhubani District Head Quarter. The village is noted for its Shiva Temple, also known as Kapileswarsthan. Numerous devotees congregate at the temple every Monday and particularly in the month of Shravan. A large fair is also held on the occasion of Maha Shiva Ratri.
The village in Benipatti block is noted for its temple of Bhagwati on the western bank of river Thumne. According to a legend, the renowned Sanskrit poet and dramatist Kalidas was blessed by Bhagwati at this place.
It is a large village situated 5 km from the block headquarter of Pandaul, the village is noted for its temple of Ugaranath and traditional association with famous poet, Vidyapati. As the legend says, Vidyapati was such a great devotee of Lord Shiva that the latter began to serve Vidyapati as his servant named Ugana.
Parasmaninath Temple also known as Parasmanidham Rahua Sangram is a Hindu temple dedicated to Shiva located in north-east direction of Rahua Sangram Village which is six kilometres' distance from the Madhepur block office.
According to the 2011 census Madhubani district has a population of 4,476,044, roughly equal to the nation of Croatia or the U.S. state of Louisiana. This gives it a ranking of 37th in India (out of a total of 707). The district has a population density of 1,279 inhabitants per square kilometre (3,310/sq mi). Its population growth rate over the decade 2001–2011 was 25.19%. Madhubani has a sex ratio of 925 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 43.35%.
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North Andros Island 3,439km2
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Croatia 4,483,804 July 2011 est.
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