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Raipur (// pronunciation (help·info)) is a city in Raipur district in the Indian state of Chhattisgarh. It is the largest city and the capital of Chhattisgarh. It was formerly a part of Madhya Pradesh before the state of Chhattisgarh was formed on 1 November 2000.
Top to Bottom: A temple in Raipur, Statues exhibiting Chhattisgarhi 'Dangchagha' folk dance in Raipur Park, Raipur Airport
|• Type||Municipal Corporation|
|• Body||Raipur Municipal Corporation|
|• Mayor||Pramod Dubey|
|• District Collector||Dr. Basavaraju S. (IAS)|
|• Municipal Commissioner||Rajat bansal (IAS)|
|• Metropolis||226 km2 (87 sq mi)|
|Elevation||298.15 m (978.18 ft)|
India : 45th|
Chhattisgarh : 1st
|• Density||4,500/km2 (12,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
As of the[update] 2011 census, Raipur Municipal Corporation had a population of 1,010,087, of which 519,286 are males and 490,801 are females —a sex ratio of 945 females per 1000 males, higher than the national average of 940 per 1000. 124,471 children are in the age group of 0–6 years, of which 64,522 are boys and 59,949 are girls —a ratio of 929 girls per 1000 boys. There are 769,593 literates (420,155 males, 349,438 females). The effective literacy was 86.90%; male literacy was 92.39% and female literacy was 81.10%, significantly higher than the national average of 73.00%.
The urban agglomeration had a population of 1,122,555, of which males constitute 578,339, females constitute 544,216 —a sex ratio of 941 females per 1000 males and 142,826 children are in the age group of 0–6 years. There are a total of 846,952 literates with an effective literacy rate of 86.45%.
Geography and climateEdit
|Climate chart (explanation)|
Raipur is located near the centre of a large plain, sometimes referred as the "rice bowl of India", where hundreds of varieties of rice are grown. The Mahanadi River flows to the east of the city of Raipur, and the southern side has dense forests. The Maikal Hills rise on the north-west of Raipur; on the north, the land rises and merges with the Chota Nagpur Plateau, which extends north-east across Jharkhand state. On the south of Raipur lies the Deccan Plateau.
Raipur has a tropical wet and dry climate, temperatures remain moderate throughout the year, except from March to June, which can be extremely hot. The temperature in April–May sometimes rises above 48 °C (118 °F).These summer months also have dry and hot winds. In summers, the temperature can also go up to 50 °C. The city receives about 1,300 millimetres (51 in) of rain, mostly in the monsoon season from late June to early October. Winters last from November to January and are mild, although lows can fall to 5 °C (41 °F) making it reasonably cold.
|Climate data for Raipur (1901–1998)|
|Average high °C (°F)||28.0
|Average low °C (°F)||13.1
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||11.3
Raipur Junction railway station is situated on the Howrah-Nagpur-Mumbai line of the Indian Railways (via Bhusawal, Nagpur, Gondia, Bilaspur, Rourkela, Kharagpur) and is connected with most major cities.
Raipur has become the educational hub of Chhatisgarh due to presence of many institutes of National importance in Engineering, Management, Medical and Law. It is the only city in India which is home to IIM, NIT, AIIMS, Hidayatullah National Law University, and IIIT. IIT Chhattisgarh is proposed at Bhilai which is 30 km from Raipur.
- Indian Institute of Management (IIM) Raipur
- National Institute of Technology (NIT) Raipur
- All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) Raipur
- Hidayatullah National Law University (HNLU) Raipur
- International Institute of Information Technology, Naya Raipur
- Pandit Ravishankar Shukla University
- Indira Gandhi Agricultural University
- Kushabhau Thakre Patrakarita Avam Jansanchar University
- Ayush & Health Sciences University Chhattisgarh
- Chhattisgarh Kamdhenu Vishwavidyalaya
- Bastar University
Private universities and deemed universitiesEdit
- Amity University, Raipur
- ITM University, Raipur
- MATS University, Raipur
- ICFAI University, Raipur
- Kalinga University, Raipur
Commerce, engineering and management collegesEdit
- Rungta College of Engineering and Technology, Raipur (RCET, Raipur)
- Rungta Engineering College, Raipur (REC, Raipur)
- Raipur Institute of Technology
- Disha Institute of Management and Technology, Raipur
- Shri Shankaracharya Institute of Professional Management and Technology, Raipur (SSIPMT)
- Pragati College of Engineering and Management
Primary and secondary educationEdit
Many local news channels are telecast from Raipur in Hindi:
|CG 24 news channel CG||Hindi|
|Grand News (Cable Network)||Hindi|
|ETV MP Chhattisgarh||Hindi|
|Zee MP CG||Hindi|
|India News MP CG||Hindi|
|Abhi Tak (Cable Network)||Hindi|
Many national and local newspapers are published from Raipur both in Hindi and English:
|Dainik Vishwa Pariwar||Hindi|
|The Central Chronicle||English|
|The Times of India||English|
|Business Standard||English, Hindi|
|Business Bhaskar||English, Hindi|
Raipur city has 6 FM Radio Stations which are-
|94.3 FM||MY FM||Jio Dil Se|
|95.0 FM||FM Tadka||Sound's Good|
|98.3 FM||Radio Mirchi||Mirchi Sunane Wale Always Khush|
|101.6 FM||All India Radio Raipur & Vividh Bharti||Desh Ki Surili Dhadkan|
|104.8 FM||Radio Rangila||Jamm ke suno|
Notable people associated with RaipurEdit
- Swami Vivekananda spent two years of his teenage in Raipur from 1877 till 1879 when his father was transferred here.
- Ravishankar Shukla, the 1st Chief Minister of the state of Madhya Pradesh, spent his childhood and was educated in Raipur.
- Abdul Qadir Raipuri(born 1878 / 1295AH) was a spiritual reformer and well known guide of Islam.
- Justice Mohammad Hidayatullah, former Chief Justice of India and former acting President of India, received his primary education at the Government High School of Raipur until 1922.
- Veer Narayan Singh, freedom fighter, he was jailed at Raipur by British Army.
- Osho started his teaching career as a lecturer in Raipur Sanskrit College in 1957.
- Habib Tanvir, noted theatre artist and playwright, was born in Raipur in 1923.
- K. S. Sudarshan, the former chief of the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh, was born in Raipur in 1931. Coincidentally he also died in Raipur on 15 September 2012
- Vidya Charan Shukla, former Union Minister and 9 times parliamentarian, was born in Raipur.
- Harshad Mehta, the infamous stock broker, spent his childhood in Raipur after his parents shifted here from Mumbai.
- Lucky Ali, noted Bollywood singer/composer/actor did a part of his schooling from Rajkumar College, Raipur
- Anurag Basu, noted Bollywood movie director, was born in Raipur and later moved to the neighbouring city of Bhilai
- Shekhar Sen, world-famous musical monoact player, born and brought up at Raipur.
Naya Raipur (New Raipur) is the new capital of Chhattisgarh. Located between National Highways NH-6 and NH-43, it is 17 km away in the south-east direction from the older city of Raipur. Swami Vivekananda Airport separates the old and new cities.
- "Cities having population 1 lakh and above, Census 2011" (PDF). The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 25 June 2014.
- "Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (PDF). censusindia. The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 25 June 2014.
- "Sex Ratio". The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 2 September 2014.
- "Chapter–3 (Literates and Literacy rate)" (PDF). Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India. Retrieved 2 September 2014.
- "Chhattisgarh Details, Chhattisgarh Online, Chhattisgarh Information, Chhattisgarh State". Walkincg.com. Archived from the original on 4 March 2013. Retrieved 4 October 2012.
- "Raipur Climatological Table (1971–2000)". Retrieved 18 July 2012.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 12 August 2014. Retrieved 12 August 2014.
- "Reminiscences of Swami Vivekananda – Frank Parlato Jr. - Bhupendranath Datta". Vivekananda.net. Retrieved 2012-10-04.
- "EXECUTION OF VEER NARAYAN SINGH". indianpost.com.
- Veer Narayan Singh
- Carter 1990, p. 44
- "Songs of Lucky Ali Bollywood Songs". Jhunkar.com. Retrieved 2012-10-04.
- "New Raipur takes Chhattisgarh into new age". Zee News. 2012-11-02. Retrieved 2018-01-09.