Raipur (// pronunciation (help·info)) is the capital city of the Indian state of Chhattisgarh. It is also the largest city of the state. It was formerly a part of Madhya Pradesh before the state of Chhattisgarh was formed on 1 November 2000. It has a widely diverse population from all over the country. On the industrial propects, it has seen an exponential growth over the years. With a strong presence of international brands and prominent global automobile companies, Raipur has emerged as a major business hub in the central India. It is ranked 7th in Ease of Living Index 2018 by Union Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs (MoHUA)
Top to Bottom: A temple in Raipur, statues exhibiting Chhattisgarhi 'Dangchagha' folk dance in Raipur Park, Raipur Airport
|• Type||Municipal Corporation|
|• Body||Raipur Municipal Corporation
Raipur Development Authority (RDA)Naya Raipur Development Authority (NRDA)
|• Mayor||Pramod Dubey (INC)|
|• District Collector||Dr. S Bharathidasan (IAS).|
|• District Superintendent of Police||Mr. Arif Sheikh (IPS).|
|• Municipal Commissioner||Mr. Shiv Anant Tayal (IAS)|
|• Metropolis||226 km2 (87 sq mi)|
|Elevation||298.15 m (978.18 ft)|
|• Rank||India : 45th|
Chhattisgarh : 1st
|• Density||4,500/km2 (12,000/sq mi)|
|Demonym(s)||Raipurians / Raipurya|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
The earliest archaeological evidence from old sites and ruins of fort indicate the existence of Raipur since the 9th century. However there are enough literary evidences which define the History of Raipur since the time of Mauryan Empire. Raipur district was once part of Southern Kosal and considered to be under Mouryan Empire. Raipur city had later been the capital of the Haihaya Kings, controlling the traditional forts of the Chhattisgarh for a long time. Satawahana Kings ruled this part till the 2nd-3rd century AD. Samudragupta had conquered this region in Fourth century, but the region came under the sway of Sarabhpuri Kings and then Nala Kings in 5th and 6th centuries. Later on Somavanshi kings had taken the control over this region and ruled with Sirpur (Sripur-The city of Wealth) as their capital city. The Kalchuri Kings of Tumman ruled this part for a long time making Ratanpur as capital. It is believed that the King Ramachandra of this dynasty established the city of Raipur and subsequently made it the capital of his kingdom.
Another story about Raipur is that King Ramachandra’s son Brahmdeo Rai had established Raipur. His capital was Khalwatika (Now Khallari). The newly constructed city was named after Brahmdeo Rai as ‘Raipur’. It was during his time in 1402 A.D. that the temple of Hatkeshwar Mahadev was constructed on the banks of river Kharun which still remains one of the oldest landmarks in Raipur city. After the death of king Amarsingh Deo, this region had become the domain of Bhonsle Kings of Nagpur. With the death of Raghuji the III, the territory was assumed by the British Government from Bhonsle’s and Chhatisgarh was declared a separate Commission with its headquarters at Raipur in 1854. After independence, Raipur district was included in Central Provinces and Berar. Raipur district becane a part of Madhya Pradesh on 1 November 1956 and subsequently became a part of Chhattisgarh on 1 November 2000 with Raipur becoming the capital of the new state.
As of the[update] 2011 census, Raipur Municipal Corporation had a population of 1,010,087, of which 519,286 are males and 490,801 are females —a sex ratio of 945 females per 1000 males, higher than the national average of 940 per 1000. 124,471 children are in the age group of 0–6 years, of which 64,522 are boys and 59,949 are girls —a ratio of 929 girls per 1000 boys. There are 769,593 literates (420,155 males, 349,438 females). The effective literacy was 86.90%; male literacy was 92.39% and female literacy was 81.10%, significantly higher than the national average of 73.00%.
The urban agglomeration had a population of 1,122,555, of which males constitute 578,339, females constitute 544,216 —a sex ratio of 941 females per 1000 males and 142,826 children are in the age group of 0–6 years. There are a total of 846,952 literates with an effective literacy rate of 86.45%.
Geography and climateEdit
|Climate chart (explanation)|
Raipur is located near the centre of a large plain, sometimes referred as the "rice bowl of India", where hundreds of varieties of rice are grown. The Mahanadi River flows to the east of the city of Raipur, and the southern side has dense forests. The Maikal Hills rise on the north-west of Raipur; on the north, the land rises and merges with the Chota Nagpur Plateau, which extends north-east across Jharkhand state. On the south of Raipur lies the Deccan Plateau.
Raipur has a tropical wet and dry climate, temperatures remain moderate throughout the year, except from March to June, which can be extremely hot. The temperature in April–May sometimes rises above 48 °C (118 °F). These summer months also have dry and hot winds. In summers, the temperature can also go up to 50 °C. The city receives about 1,300 millimetres (51 in) of rain, mostly in the monsoon season from late June to early October. Winters last from November to January and are mild, although lows can fall to 5 °C (41 °F) making it reasonably cold.
|Climate data for Raipur (1901–1998)|
|Average high °C (°F)||28.0
|Average low °C (°F)||13.1
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||11.3
Raipur Junction railway station is situated on the Howrah-Nagpur-Mumbai line of the Indian Railways (via Bhusawal, Nagpur, Gondia, Bilaspur, Rourkela, Kharagpur) and is connected with most major cities.
Raipur has become the educational hub of Chhattisgarh due to the presence of many institutes of national importance in Engineering, Management, Medical and Law. It is the only city in India which is home to IIM, NIT, AIIMS, Hidayatullah National Law University, and IIIT.
- Indian Institute of Management (IIM) Raipur
- Hidayatullah National Law University
- National Institute of Technology (NIT) Raipur
- All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) Raipur
- International Institute of Information Technology, Naya Raipur
- National Institute of Malaria Research
- Pandit Ravishankar Shukla University
- Indira Gandhi Agricultural University
- Kushabhau Thakre Patrakarita Avam Jansanchar University
- Ayush & Health Sciences University Chhattisgarh
- Chhattisgarh Kamdhenu Vishwavidyalaya
- Chhattisgarh Swami Vivekanand Technical University, Bhilai
Private universities and deemed universitiesEdit
- Amity University, Raipur
- ITM University, Raipur
- MATS University, Raipur
- ICFAI University, Raipur
- Kalinga University, Raipur
Commerce, engineering and management collegesEdit
- Rungta College of Engineering and Technology, Raipur (RCET, Raipur)
- Rungta Engineering College, Raipur (REC, Raipur)
- Raipur Institute of Technology
- Disha Institute of Management and Technology, Raipur
- Shri Shankaracharya Institute of Professional Management and Technology, Raipur (SSIPMT)
- Pragati College of Engineering and Management
Primary and secondary educationEdit
Many local news channels are telecast from Raipur in Hindi:
|CG 24 news channel CG||Hindi|
|Grand News (Cable Network)||Hindi|
|ETV MP Chhattisgarh||Hindi|
|Zee MP CG||Hindi|
|India News MP CG||Hindi|
|Abhi Tak (Cable Network)||Hindi|
Many national and local newspapers are published from Raipur both in Hindi and English:
|Dainik Vishwa Pariwar||Hindi|
|The Times of India||English|
|The Central Chronicle||English|
|Business Standard||English, Hindi|
|Business Bhaskar||English, Hindi|
Raipur city has six FM Radio Stations -
|94.3 FM||MY FM||Jio Dil Se|
|95.0 FM||FM Tadka||Sound's Good|
|98.3 FM||Radio Mirchi||Mirchi Sunane Wale Always Khush|
|101.6 FM||All India Radio Raipur & Vividh Bharti||Desh Ki Surili Dhadkan|
|104.8 FM||Radio Rangila||Jamm ke suno|
Notable people associated with RaipurEdit
- Vallabhacharya,a Hindu theologian and philosopher who founded the Krishna-centered Pushti sect of Vaishnavism and the philosophy of Shuddha advaita (Pure Nondualism), was born in the village of Champaran about 60 kms away from Raipur in 1479
- Swami Vivekananda spent two years of his teenage in Raipur from 1877 till 1879 when his father was transferred here.
- Ravishankar Shukla, the 1st Chief Minister of the state of Madhya Pradesh, spent his childhood and was educated in Raipur.
- Abdul Qadir Raipuri(born 1878 / 1295AH) was a spiritual reformer and well known guide of Islam.
- Justice Mohammad Hidayatullah, former Chief Justice of India and former acting President of India, received his primary education at the Government High School of Raipur until 1922.
- Veer Narayan Singh, freedom fighter, he was jailed at Raipur by the British Army.
- Harinath De, great Indian historian, scholar and a polyglot, who later became the first Indian librarian of the National Library of India (then Imperial Library) spent his childhood and did his initial schooling in Raipur.
- Osho started his teaching career as a lecturer in Raipur Sanskrit College in 1957.
- Habib Tanvir, noted theatre artist and playwright, was born in Raipur in 1923.
- K. S. Sudarshan, the former chief of the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh, was born in Raipur in 1931. He died in Raipur on 15 September 2012.
- Vidya Charan Shukla, former Union Minister and a nine-term parliamentarian, was born in Raipur.
- Harshad Mehta, the infamous stock broker, spent his childhood in Raipur after his parents moved here from Mumbai.
- Lucky Ali, noted Bollywood singer/composer/actor did a part of his schooling from Rajkumar College, Raipur
- Anurag Basu, noted Bollywood movie director, was born in Raipur and later moved to the neighbouring city of Bhilai.
- Shekhar Sen, world-famous musical monoact player, born and raised in Raipur.
- Teejan Bai, is famous for Pandavani, a traditional performing art. She has been awarded Padma Shri in 1987, Padma Bhushan in 2003, and Padma Vibhushan in 2019 by Government of India.
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- Veer Narayan Singh
- Carter 1990, p. 44
- "Songs of Lucky Ali Bollywood Songs". Jhunkar.com. Archived from the original on 14 February 2012. Retrieved 4 October 2012.