Durg is a city in the Indian state of Chhattisgarh, east of the Shivnath River and is part of the Durg-Bhilai urban agglomeration. With an urban population of 1,064,077, Durg-Bhilai is the second largest urban area in Chhattisgarh after Raipur. It is the headquarters of Durg District.[4]

Durg
City
Rajendra Park in Durg
Rajendra Park in Durg
Durg is located in Chhattisgarh
Durg
Durg
Coordinates: 21°11′N 81°17′E / 21.19°N 81.28°E / 21.19; 81.28
Country India
StateChhattisgarh
DistrictDurg
Government
 • BodyNagar Nigam Durg
 • MayorDheeraj Bakliwal[1]
 • District CollectorPushpendra Kumar Meena (IAS)
Area
 • City182 km2 (70 sq mi)
 • Rank12 in state
Elevation
289 m (948 ft)
Population
 • City268,679
 • Density1,500/km2 (3,800/sq mi)
 • Metro
1,064,077
Languages
 • OfficialHindi[2]
 • Additional officialChhattisgarhi
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
491001 (Durg)[3]
07880788
Vehicle registrationCG-07
Sex ratio982 /
Websitedurg.gov.in

History edit

The town was founded about the tenth century by a person named Jagpal, who originally came from Badhal Desh in Mirzapur, and became treasury officer of the Kalachuri king of Chhattisgarh. He was rewarded the land grant of Durg with 700 villages for his excellent services and later helped the Kalachuri king greatly in his conquests.[5][6]

The original name of the town was "Shiva Durg", literally meaning fort on the Shivnath River.[5] Durg used to have a fort that was the headquarters of one of the 18 Garhs or districts under the administration of the medieval Kalachuri kings.[5]

Alexander Cunningham, a prominent British archeologist, thought Durg must have been a place of some importance in medieval times as it name literally means "fort".[7] When the Marathas of Nagpur invaded Chhattisgarh in 1741, they occupied the old Kalachuri fort and made it their base of operations.[7]

Demographics edit

As of 2001 India census,[8] Durg had a population of 231,182. Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. 12.8% of the population is in the 0 to 6 years age range. Durg had an effective literacy rate of 82.7% of the population 7 years and older in 2001.

In the 2011 census, Durg-Bhilainagar Urban Agglomeration had a population of 1,064,077.[9] Durg-Bhilainagar Urban Agglomeration includes: Durg (M Corp.), Bhilai Nagar (M Corp.), Dumardih (part) (OG), Bhilai Charoda (M Corp), Jamul (M), Kumhari (M) and Utai (NP).[10]

Durg Municipal Corporation had a total population of 268,679 in 2011, out of which 136,537 were males and 132,142 were females. Durg had a below six years population of 29,165. Durg had an effective literacy rate (7+ population) of 87.94 per cent, with male literacy of 93.72% and female literacy of 82.00. In 2011, the city had a sex ratio of 968.[11]

Notable people edit

References edit

  1. ^ "Chhattisgarh: Congress wins five mayoral posts, Aijaz Dhebar elected Raipur mayor | Raipur News - Times of India". The Times of India. 7 January 2020. Retrieved 7 January 2020.
  2. ^ "52nd Report of the Commissioner for Linguistic Minorities in India" (PDF). nclm.nic.in. Ministry of Minority Affairs. p. 18. Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 May 2017. Retrieved 21 December 2018.
  3. ^ "Durg Pin Code List". indiapincodes.net. Retrieved 31 May 2023.
  4. ^ "Durg District Official website".
  5. ^ a b c Nelson, A. E., ed. (1910). Central Provinces District Gazetteers: Drug District, Vol. A. Calcutta: The Baptist Mission Press. p. 164-166.
  6. ^ Shukla, Shyama Charan; Nayak, Rama Prasanna; Sinh, Raghubir; Trivedi, H.V.; Krishnan, V.S.; Tripathi, Sundarlal; haterjee, H.C.; Pandey, Rajbali; Sinha, R.M. (1972). Madhya Pradesh District Gazetteers: Durg. Bhopal, Department of District Gazetteers.
  7. ^ a b Cunningham, Alexander (1884). Archaeological Survey of India: Report of a Tour in the Central Provinces and Lower Gangetic Doab in 1881-82, Vol. XVII. Archaeological Survey of India. p. 4.
  8. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 16 June 2004. Retrieved 1 November 2008.
  9. ^ "Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (PDF). Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011. Retrieved 16 April 2012.
  10. ^ "Constituents of urban Agglomerations Having Population 1 Lakh & above" (PDF). Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011. Retrieved 16 April 2012.
  11. ^ "Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (PDF). Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011. Archived from the original (PDF) on 7 May 2012. Retrieved 16 April 2012.

External links edit