Gorakhpur

  (Redirected from Gorakhpur, Uttar Pradesh)

Gorakhpur is a city in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh, along the banks of the Rapti river in the Purvanchal region. It is situated 270 kilometres east of the state capital Lucknow. It is the administrative headquarters of Gorakhpur district, North Eastern Railway Zone and Gorakhpur division. The city is home to the Gorakhnath Math, a Gorakhnath temple. The city also has an Indian Air Force station, since 1963. Gita Press, the world's largest publisher of Hindu religious texts is also located in Gorakhpur.[13]

Gorakhpur
Gorakhnath Math, Taramandal, Geeta Press
Gorakhpur is located in Uttar Pradesh
Gorakhpur
Gorakhpur
Gorakhpur is located in India
Gorakhpur
Gorakhpur
Coordinates: 26°45′49″N 83°24′14″E / 26.7637152°N 83.4039116°E / 26.7637152; 83.4039116Coordinates: 26°45′49″N 83°24′14″E / 26.7637152°N 83.4039116°E / 26.7637152; 83.4039116
Country India
StateUttar Pradesh
DistrictGorakhpur
DivisionGorakhpur
Named forGorakhnath
Government
 • TypeMunicipal Corporation of India
Seal of Uttar Pradesh.svg
 • BodyGorakhpur Municipal corporation (GMC)
 • MayorSitaram Jaiswal[2] (BJP)
 • Member of parliament, Lok SabhaRavi Kishan, (BJP)
 • Municipal commissionerAvinash Singh [3]
Area
 • GMC226.0 km2 (87.3 sq mi)
 • Metro[1][5][6]1,041.0 km2 (401.9 sq mi)
Elevation
560 m (1,840 ft)
Population
 (2011-2020 hybrid)[8][9][10]
 • GMC1,300,000
 • Density5,800/km2 (15,000/sq mi)
 • Metro
2,500,000 [1][5][7]
Demonym(s)Gorakhpuri, Gorakhpuriya
Language
 • OfficialHindi[11]
 • Additional officialEnglish[11]
 • RegionalBhojpuri[12]
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
2730xx
Telephone code+91-0551
Vehicle registrationUP-53
Sex ratio1000/903
Avg. annual temperature26 °C (79 °F)
Avg. summer temperature40 °C (104 °F)
Avg. winter temperature18 °C (64 °F)
Websitegorakhpur.nic.in

EtymologyEdit

The name "Gorakhpur" comes from the Sanskrit Gorakshapuram, which means abode of Gorakhnath, a renowned ascetic who was a prominent saint of the Nath Sampradaya.[14][15]

GeographyEdit

Gorakhpur is situated about 100 km from the Nepal border, 193 km from Varanasi, 260 km from Patna and 270 km from Lucknow. It is one of the flood vulnerable districts in Eastern Uttar Pradesh. Data over the past 100 years show a considerable increase in the intensity and frequency of floods, with extreme events occurring every three to four years. Roughly 20% of the population is affected by floods, which are an annual occurrence in some areas, causing huge loss of life, health, and livelihoods for the poor inhabitants, as well as damage to public and private property.[16]

ClimateEdit

The Köppen climate classification subtype for this climate is Cwa (dry-winter humid subtropical climate).[17]

Climate data for Gorakhpur (1981-2010, extremes 1901-2012)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 30.0
(86.0)
35.4
(95.7)
42.4
(108.3)
44.4
(111.9)
49.4
(120.9)
46.5
(115.7)
43.2
(109.8)
39.4
(102.9)
38.5
(101.3)
37.4
(99.3)
36.8
(98.2)
30.5
(86.9)
49.4
(120.9)
Average high °C (°F) 22.0
(71.6)
26.4
(79.5)
32.6
(90.7)
38.0
(100.4)
38.3
(100.9)
36.7
(98.1)
32.9
(91.2)
32.9
(91.2)
32.7
(90.9)
32.8
(91.0)
29.9
(85.8)
25.0
(77.0)
31.7
(89.1)
Average low °C (°F) 8.9
(48.0)
11.7
(53.1)
16.1
(61.0)
21.4
(70.5)
24.5
(76.1)
26.1
(79.0)
25.9
(78.6)
25.9
(78.6)
24.9
(76.8)
20.9
(69.6)
14.9
(58.8)
10.4
(50.7)
19.3
(66.7)
Record low °C (°F) 1.7
(35.1)
2.8
(37.0)
8.3
(46.9)
12.2
(54.0)
16.6
(61.9)
16.1
(61.0)
18.1
(64.6)
20.2
(68.4)
17.4
(63.3)
12.5
(54.5)
6.7
(44.1)
2.8
(37.0)
1.7
(35.1)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 14.4
(0.57)
13.9
(0.55)
7.4
(0.29)
11.3
(0.44)
45.2
(1.78)
185.5
(7.30)
383.4
(15.09)
339.5
(13.37)
228.8
(9.01)
42.8
(1.69)
2.2
(0.09)
8.3
(0.33)
1,282.7
(50.50)
Average rainy days 1.2 1.3 0.7 0.9 3.0 7.0 13.9 12.4 9.0 2.1 0.3 0.6 52.2
Average relative humidity (%) (at 17:30 IST) 68 55 40 32 42 57 75 77 76 68 66 69 61
Source: India Meteorological Department[18][19]

DemographicsEdit

Religion in Gorakhpur city[20]
Religion Percent
Hindu
77.9%
Islam
20.6%
Christianity
0.7%
Others
0.8%

As of 2011 Indian Census, Gorakhpur had a total population of 673,446, of which 353,907 were males and 319,539 were females. It has a sex ratio of 903 females per 1000 males. The population within the age group of 0 to 6 years was 69,596. Gorakhpur had a literary rate of 75.2%, of which male literacy was 79.4% and female literacy was 70.6%. The effective literacy rate of the 7+ population of Gorakhpur was 83.9%, of which the male literacy rate was 88.7% and the female literacy rate was 78.6%. The Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes population was 62,728 and 2,929, respectively. Gorakhpur had 112,237 households in 2011.[21]

According to a 2020 report, 31 villages have been incorporated in the municipal corporation limits increasing the population to over 1 million. The city area has also increased from 145.5 km2 in 2011 to 226.6 km2.[4]

The state government has also declared Gorakhpur,as a metropolis on 22 November 2021. Apart from Gorakhpur Municipal Corporation, the government has declared three nagar panchayats and eight development blocks as a metropolitan area. For this, the urban Development Department has issued a notification to the city. According to the order issued by the Additional Chief Secretary, Urban Development, now in Gorakhpur Metropolitan Region, Municipal Corporation, Nagar Panchayat Pipraich, Nagar Panchayat PPganj, Nagar Panchayat Mundera Bazar, Chargawa, Khorabar, Pipraich, Sardar Nagar, Piprauli, Jungle Kaudiya, Campierganj and The entire area of Bhathat development block has been covered. After this the population of Gorakhpur metropolis will be around 25 lakhs.[1]

TransportEdit

RailwaysEdit

 
Gorakhpur Junction railway station

Gorakhpur is connected through a rail network and Gorakhpur railway station. As of November 2020, it has the world's longest platform of 1366 meters.[22] In February 2020, 100 flowering pots with the support structures were made and installed on the hydrant pipe at platform No.2 to increase the plantation and natural cover, using local resources of the Gorakhpur coaching depot.[23]

The station offers Class A-1 railway station facilities. On 6 October 2013, Gorakhpur has the world's Longest Railway platform, after inauguration of the remodelled Gorakhpur Yard, with a stretch of around 1,355.40 metres (0.84 mi).[24][25][26][27]

Gorakhpur is the headquarters of North Eastern Railways.[28]

AirEdit

 
A look to the Mahayogi Gorakhnath Airport

An Air Force station of Indian Air Force was established in Gorakhpur in 1963 named Mahayogi Gorakhnath Airport and extended for public air transport.[29]

MetroEdit

Gorakhpur Metro is a light metro project with 2 line and 27 stations is light rail transit (LRT) system approved to be built in Gorakhpur. It consist two corridors covering a distance of 27.84 km. [30] On 1 December 2021 the central government has also approved the DPR of Gorakhpur light metro project.[31]

EducationEdit

Now Gorakhpur has 4 universities, namely, Deen Dayal Upadhyay Gorakhpur University, Madan Mohan Malaviya University of Technology, Mahayogi Guru Gorakhnath Ayush University[32] Mahayogi Gorakhnath University, a private university.[33] One medical college named Baba Raghav Das Medical College and AIIMS Gorakhpur and a sports college named Veer Bahadur Singh Sports College. The state's first Hotel Management Institute has also been unveiled and would be known as State Institute of Hotel Management.[34] Also, a private engineering college, the Institute of Technology & Management, GIDA, Gorakhpur[35][36] which is affiliated with Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam Technical University, Lucknow.

SportsEdit

Notable peopleEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d "गोरखपुर को महानगर बनाने की अधिसूचना जारी". Retrieved 21 November 2021.
  2. ^ "Gorakhpur Nagar Nigam election results 2017 LIVE UPDATES: BJP wins, Sitaram Jaiswal to be mayor". India Today. 1 December 2017. Retrieved 4 March 2021.
  3. ^ "Gorakhpur Nagar Nigam". nagarnigamgkp.org. Retrieved 14 November 2021.
  4. ^ a b "NIC GORAKHPUR 2011 CENSUS". Government of India, NIC. 2020. Retrieved 19 May 2021.
  5. ^ a b "गोरखपुर भी महानगर क्षेत्र घोषित-यूपी सरकार ने जारी की अधिसूचना, अब हो सकेगा मेट्रो का संचालन". Retrieved 20 November 2021.
  6. ^ "गोरखपुर के विकास के लिए 2031 तक का मास्टर प्लान तैयार, शहरी सीमा का ढाई गुना होगा विस्तार". Retrieved 31 December 2021.
  7. ^ "गोरखपुर के विकास के लिए 2031 तक का मास्टर प्लान तैयार, शहरी सीमा का ढाई गुना होगा विस्तार". Retrieved 31 December 2021.
  8. ^ "outer-village-of-gorakhpur-included-in-municipal-corporation-boundary". Amarujala.
  9. ^ "बढ़ गया नगर निगम गोरखपुर का दायरा, अब संझाई समेत ये 32 गांव होंगे शहरी". Amarujala.
  10. ^ "एक लाख और बढ़ गई गोरखपुर शहर की आबादी,छह और गांव होंगे शहरी". Dainik jagran. 7 March 2020.
  11. ^ a b "52nd Report of the Commissioner for Linguistic Minorities in India" (PDF). nclm.nic.in. Ministry of Minority Affairs. Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 May 2017. Retrieved 23 February 2019.
  12. ^ "Bhojpuri". Ethnologue. Retrieved 11 August 2020.
  13. ^ "Gita Press | Hindu publishing organization". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 11 August 2020.
  14. ^ "History – Origin of Name". gorakhpur.nic.in. Retrieved 13 January 2020.
  15. ^ "Mallinson, James (2011) 'Nāth Saṃpradāya.' In: Brill Encyclopedia of Hinduism Vol. 3. Brill, pp. 407–428" (PDF). Retrieved 11 January 2020.
  16. ^ Integrating climate change concerns into disaster management planning: The case of Gorakhpur, India by Shiraz A. Wajih and Shashikant Chopde, the Climate and Environment Knowledge Network, 2014
  17. ^ "Gorakhpur, India Köppen Climate Classification (Weatherbase)". Weatherbase. Retrieved 11 January 2020.
  18. ^ "Station: Gorakhpur Climatological Table 1981–2010" (PDF). Climatological Normals 1981–2010. India Meteorological Department. January 2015. pp. 297–298. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 February 2020. Retrieved 27 April 2020.
  19. ^ "Extremes of Temperature & Rainfall for Indian Stations (Up to 2012)" (PDF). India Meteorological Department. December 2016. p. M216. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 February 2020. Retrieved 27 April 2020.
  20. ^ "C-1 Population By Religious Community - Uttar Pradesh". census.gov.in. Retrieved 16 December 2019.
  21. ^ "Census of India: Gorakhpur". www.censusindia.gov.in. Retrieved 16 December 2019.
  22. ^ "World's Longest Railway Platform To Be Built at Karnataka's Hubballi Junction". India.com. 4 November 2020. Retrieved 2 February 2021.
  23. ^ Nikita, Prasad (13 February 2020). "Indian Railways unique initiative! Flowering pots installed over hydrant pipe at Gorakhpur station; details". The Financial Express. Retrieved 2 February 2021.
  24. ^ "Gorakhpur gets world's largest railway platform". The Times of India. 7 October 2013. Retrieved 26 March 2021.
  25. ^ Jha, Aditi (23 December 2009). "Gorakhpur Railway Station to have longest platform in Asia". MyNews. Archived from the original on 2 October 2013. Retrieved 1 September 2013.
  26. ^ "Gorakhpur railway station's remodelling in final stage". The Times of India. 2 June 2013. Retrieved 26 March 2021.
  27. ^ "Gorakhpur gets world's longest railway platform". अमर उजाला (Amar Ujala). 13 February 2012. Retrieved 7 October 2013.
  28. ^ "North Eastern Railway". indianrailways.gov.in. Retrieved 21 October 2011.
  29. ^ No. 105 Helicopter Unit. Indian Air Force
  30. ^ "Gorakhpur metro rail gets green signal from up cabinet,4672 crores will be spent". Dainik jagran. 10 March 2020. Retrieved 10 March 2021.
  31. ^ "Gorakhpur Metrolite: पब्लिक इन्वेस्टमेंट बोर्ड (पीआईबी) की बैठक में गोरखपुर मेट्रोलाइट रेल प्रोजेक्ट के फेज-1 को अप्रूवल मिला है". Retrieved 1 December 2021.
  32. ^ http://upvidhai.gov.in/MediaGallery/6of2021.pdf
  33. ^ "गोरखपुर में दो सौ एकड़ में बनकर तैयार हुआ महायोगी गुरु गोरखनाथ विश्वविद्यालय Gorakhpur News". Dainik Jagran (in Hindi). Retrieved 29 August 2021.
  34. ^ "Hotel Management Institute".
  35. ^ "AKTU ERP Know Your College".
  36. ^ "ITM, Gorakhpur, Website".

External linksEdit