|District of Uttar Pradesh|
Location of Gorakhpur district in Uttar Pradesh
|• Lok Sabha constituencies||Gorakhpur, Bansgaon|
|• Total||1,242 km2 (480 sq mi)|
|• Sex ratio||950|
|Major highways||NH 28, NH 233B, NH 29|
Gorakhpur district lies between latitude 26°46´N and longitude 83°22´E. The district covers an area of 3,321 square kilometres (1,282 sq mi). It is bounded by Maharajganj district to the north, Kushinagar and Deoria districts in the east, Ambedkar Nagar, Azamgarh, and Mau districts to the south, and Sant Kabir Nagar district to the west. The district is part of Gorakhpur division.
In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Gorakhpur one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640). It is one of the 34 districts in Uttar Pradesh currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).
According to the 2011 census, Gorakhpur district has a population of 4,440,895, roughly equal to the nation of Croatia or the US state of Kentucky. This gives it a ranking of 40th in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 1,337 inhabitants per square kilometre (3,460/sq mi). Its population growth rate over the decade 2001–2011 was 17.81%. Gorakhpur has a sex ratio of 944 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 70.83%.
- "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30.
- "Gorakhpur". Retrieved 2010-08-05.
- Ministry of Panchayati Raj (September 8, 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme" (PDF). National Institute of Rural Development. Archived from the original (PDF) on April 5, 2012. Retrieved September 27, 2011.
- US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01.
Croatia 4,440,895 July 2011 est.
- "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2011-07-21. Retrieved 2011-09-30.
- M. Paul Lewis, ed. (2009). "Bhojpuri: A language of India". Ethnologue: Languages of the World (16th ed.). Dallas, Texas: SIL International. Retrieved 2011-09-30.