Gorakhpur

Gorakhpur is a city along the banks of the Rapti river in the Purvanchal region of the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. It is situated 273 kilometres north-east of the state capital Lucknow. It is the administrative headquarters of Gorakhpur district, North Eastern Railway Zone and Gorakhpur division. The city is home to the Gorakhnath Math, a Gorakhnath temple. The city also has an Indian Air Force station, since 1963. Gita Press, the world's largest publisher of Hindu religious texts is also located in Gorakhpur.[4]

Gorakhpur
City
Gorakhnath Math, Taramandal, Geeta Press
Gorakhpur is located in Uttar Pradesh
Gorakhpur
Gorakhpur
Gorakhpur is located in India
Gorakhpur
Gorakhpur
Coordinates: 26°45′49″N 83°24′14″E / 26.7637152°N 83.4039116°E / 26.7637152; 83.4039116Coordinates: 26°45′49″N 83°24′14″E / 26.7637152°N 83.4039116°E / 26.7637152; 83.4039116
Country India
StateUttar Pradesh
DistrictGorakhpur
Named forGorakhnath
Government
 • TypeMunicipal Corporation of India
 • BodyGorakhpur Municipal corporation
 • MayorSitaram Jaiswal
 • MPRavi Kishan (BJP)
Elevation
84 m (276 ft)
Population
 (2011)[1]
 • Total673,446
 • Rank66
Demonym(s)Gorakhpuri, Gorakhpuriya
Language
 • OfficialHindi[2]
 • Additional officialUrdu[2]
 • RegionalBhojpuri[3]
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
2730xx
Telephone code+91-0551
Vehicle registrationUP-53
Sex ratio1000/903 /
Avg. annual temperature26 °C (79 °F)
Avg. summer temperature40 °C (104 °F)
Avg. winter temperature18 °C (64 °F)
Websitegorakhpur.nic.in

EtymologyEdit

The name "Gorakhpur" comes from the Sanskrit Gorakshapuram, which means abode of Gorakhnath, a renowned ascetic who was a prominent saint of the Nath Sampradaya.[5][6]

GeographyEdit

Gorakhpur is situated about 100 km from the Nepal border, 193 km from Varanasi, 260 km from Patna and 273 km from Lucknow. It is one of the flood vulnerable districts in Eastern Uttar Pradesh. Data over the past 100 years show a considerable increase in the intensity and frequency of floods, with extreme events occurring every three to four years. Roughly 20% of the population is affected by floods, which are an annual occurrence in some areas, causing huge loss of life, health and livelihoods for the poor inhabitants, as well as damage to public and private property.[7]

ClimateEdit

The Köppen Climate Classification subtype for this climate is "Cfa" (Humid Subtropical Climate).[8]

Climate data for Gorakhpur (1981–2010, extremes 1901–2012)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 30.0
(86.0)
35.4
(95.7)
42.4
(108.3)
44.4
(111.9)
49.4
(120.9)
46.5
(115.7)
43.2
(109.8)
39.4
(102.9)
38.5
(101.3)
37.4
(99.3)
36.8
(98.2)
30.5
(86.9)
49.4
(120.9)
Average high °C (°F) 22.0
(71.6)
26.4
(79.5)
32.6
(90.7)
38.0
(100.4)
38.3
(100.9)
36.7
(98.1)
32.9
(91.2)
32.9
(91.2)
32.7
(90.9)
32.8
(91.0)
29.9
(85.8)
25.0
(77.0)
31.7
(89.1)
Average low °C (°F) 8.9
(48.0)
11.7
(53.1)
16.1
(61.0)
21.4
(70.5)
24.5
(76.1)
26.1
(79.0)
25.9
(78.6)
25.9
(78.6)
24.9
(76.8)
20.9
(69.6)
14.9
(58.8)
10.4
(50.7)
19.3
(66.7)
Record low °C (°F) 1.7
(35.1)
2.8
(37.0)
8.3
(46.9)
12.2
(54.0)
16.6
(61.9)
16.1
(61.0)
18.1
(64.6)
20.2
(68.4)
17.4
(63.3)
12.5
(54.5)
6.7
(44.1)
2.8
(37.0)
1.7
(35.1)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 14.4
(0.57)
13.9
(0.55)
7.4
(0.29)
11.3
(0.44)
45.2
(1.78)
185.5
(7.30)
383.4
(15.09)
339.5
(13.37)
228.8
(9.01)
42.8
(1.69)
2.2
(0.09)
8.3
(0.33)
1,282.7
(50.50)
Average rainy days 1.2 1.3 0.7 0.9 3.0 7.0 13.9 12.4 9.0 2.1 0.3 0.6 52.2
Average relative humidity (%) (at 17:30 IST) 68 55 40 32 42 57 75 77 76 68 66 69 61
Source: India Meteorological Department[9][10]

DemographicsEdit

Religion in Gorakhpur city[11]
Religion Percent
Hindu
77.9%
Islam
20.6%
Christianity
0.7%
Others
0.8%

As of 2011 Indian Census, Gorakhpur had a total population of 673,446, of which 353,907 were males and 319,539 were females. It has a sex ratio of 903 females per 1000 males. Population within the age group of 0 to 6 years was 69,596. Gorakhpur had a literary rate of 75.2%, of which male literacy was 79.4% and female literacy was 70.6%. The effective literacy rate of 7+ population of Gorakhpur was 83.9%, of which male literacy rate was 88.7% and female literacy rate was 78.6%. The Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes population was 62,728 and 2,929 respectively. Gorakhpur had 112,237 households in 2011.[1]

TransportEdit

RailwaysEdit

 
Gorakhpur Junction railway station

Gorakhpur is connected through rail network and Gorakhpur railway station. As of November 2020, it has the world's longest platform of 1366 metres.[12] In February 2020, 100 flowering pots with the support structures were made and installed on the hydrant pipe at platform No.2 to increase the plantation and natural cover, using local resources of the Gorakhpur coaching depot.[13]

The station offers Class A-1 railway station facilities. On 6 October 2013, Gorakhpur has the world's Longest Railway platform, after inauguration of the remodelled Gorakhpur Yard, with a stretch of around 1,355.40 metres (0.84 mi).[14][15][16][17]

Gorakhpur is the headquarters of North Eastern Railways.[18]

AirEdit

An Air Force station of Indian Air Force was established in Gorakhpur in 1963 and extended for public transport. Named Mahayogi Gorakhnath Airport.[19]

MetroEdit

The proposed Gorakhpur metro system will consist of two corridors, Shyam Nagar-Suba Bazar and Gularhia- Kachehri chauraha. Both will cover a distance of 27.41 km (17.03 mi) and both corridor will have 27 metro station.

EducationEdit

Gorakhpur has two universities named Deen Dayal Upadhyay Gorakhpur University and Madan Mohan Malaviya University of Technology, two medical college named Baba Raghav Das Medical College and AIIMS and a sports college named Veer Bahadur Singh Sports College.

SportsEdit

Notable peopleEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Census of India: Gorakhpur". www.censusindia.gov.in. Retrieved 16 December 2019.
  2. ^ a b "52nd Report of the Commissioner for Linguistic Minorities in India" (PDF). nclm.nic.in. Ministry of Minority Affairs. Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 May 2017. Retrieved 23 February 2019.
  3. ^ "Bhojpuri". Ethnologue. Retrieved 11 August 2020.
  4. ^ "Gita Press | Hindu publishing organization". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 11 August 2020.
  5. ^ "History – Origin of Name". gorakhpur.nic.in. Retrieved 13 January 2020.
  6. ^ "Mallinson, James (2011) 'Nāth Saṃpradāya.' In: Brill Encyclopedia of Hinduism Vol. 3. Brill, pp. 407–428" (PDF). Retrieved 11 January 2020.
  7. ^ Integrating climate change concerns into disaster management planning: The case of Gorakhpur, India by Shiraz A. Wajih and Shashikant Chopde, the Climate and Environment Knowledge Network, 2014
  8. ^ "Gorakhpur, India Köppen Climate Classification (Weatherbase)". Weatherbase. Retrieved 11 January 2020.
  9. ^ "Station: Gorakhpur Climatological Table 1981–2010" (PDF). Climatological Normals 1981–2010. India Meteorological Department. January 2015. pp. 297–298. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 February 2020. Retrieved 27 April 2020.
  10. ^ "Extremes of Temperature & Rainfall for Indian Stations (Up to 2012)" (PDF). India Meteorological Department. December 2016. p. M216. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 February 2020. Retrieved 27 April 2020.
  11. ^ "C-1 Population By Religious Community - Uttar Pradesh". census.gov.in. Retrieved 16 December 2019.
  12. ^ "World's Longest Railway Platform To Be Built at Karnataka's Hubballi Junction". India.com. 4 November 2020. Retrieved 2 February 2021.
  13. ^ Nikita, Prasad (13 February 2020). "Indian Railways unique initiative! Flowering pots installed over hydrant pipe at Gorakhpur station; details". The Financial Express. Retrieved 2 February 2021.
  14. ^ "Gorakhpur gets world's largest railway platform | Lucknow News - Times of India".
  15. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2 October 2013. Retrieved 1 September 2013.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  16. ^ "Gorakhpur railway station's remodelling in final stage | Varanasi News - Times of India".
  17. ^ "Gorakhpur gets world's longest railway platform". अमर उजाला (Amar Ujala). 13 February 2012. Retrieved 7 October 2013.
  18. ^ North Eastern Railway. Ner.indianrailways.gov.in. Retrieved on 21 October 2011.
  19. ^ No. 105 Helicopter Unit. Indian Air Force