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Gorakhpur is a city along the banks of the Rapti river in the north-eastern part or the Purvanchal region of the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. It is situated 273 kilometres east of the state capital Lucknow. It is the administrative headquarters of Gorakhpur district, North Eastern Railway Zone and Gorakhpur division. The city is home to the Gorakhnath Math, a Gorakhnath temple. The city also has a Indian Air Force station, since 1963.
|• Type||Municipal corporation|
|• Body||Gorakhpur Municipal corporation|
|• Mayor||Sitaram Jaiswal|
|• MP||Ravi Kishan (BJP)|
|Elevation||84 m (276 ft)|
|Demonym(s)||Gorakhpuri , Gorakhpuriya|
|• Additional official||Urdu|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
|Sex ratio||1000/903 ♂/♀|
|Avg. annual temperature||26 °C (79 °F)|
|Avg. summer temperature||40 °C (104 °F)|
|Avg. winter temperature||18 °C (64 °F)|
Gorakhpur is one of the flood vulnerable districts in Eastern Uttar Pradesh. Data over the past 100 years show a considerable increase in the intensity and frequency of floods, with extreme events occurring every three to four years. Roughly 20% of the population is affected by floods, which are an annual occurrence in some areas, causing huge loss of life, health and livelihoods for the poor inhabitants, as well as damage to public and private property.
|Climate data for Gorakhpur|
|Average high °C (°F)||23.2
|Average low °C (°F)||9.5
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||21.7
As of 2011 Indian Census, Gorakhpur had a total population of 673,446, of which 353,907 were males and 319,539 were females. Population within the age group of 0 to 6 years was 69,596. Gorakhpur had a literary rate of 75.2.2%, of which male literacy was 79.4% and female literacy was 70.6%. It has a sex ratio of 903 females per 1000 males. The Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes population was 62,728 and 2,929 respectively. Gorakhpur had 112237 households in 2011.
Gorakhpur is connected through rail network and Gorakhpur railway station.
The station offers Class A-1 railway station facilities. On 6 October 2013, Gorakhpur has the world's Longest Railway platform, after inauguration of the remodelled Gorakhpur Yard, with a stretch of around 1.36 kilometres (0.85 mi).
Gorakhpur metro system consists of two corridors, Shyam Nagar-Suba Bazar and Gulriha-Kachehri Cahuraha. Both cover a distance of 27.41 kilometres (17.03 mi) and both corridor will have 27 metro station.
Gorakhpur has two universities named Deen Dayal Upadhyay Gorakhpur University and Madan Mohan Malaviya University of Technology, two medical college named Baba Raghav Das Medical College and AIIMS and a sports college named Veer Bahadur Singh Sports College.
- Yogi Adityanath, Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh
- Shakir Ali, barrister
- Leopold Amery, British Cabinet Minister
- Ram Upendra Das, economist
- Amrapali Dubey, actress
- Ravi Dubey, actor
- Mahmood Farooqui Indian writer, artist and director
- Firaq Gorakhpuri,writer.
- Narendra Hirwani, international cricket player
- Anurag Kashyap, filmmaker
- Syed Modi, badminton player, winner of Arjuna Award
- Raghupati Sahay, writer, critic
- Asit Sen, Bollywood actor
- Jimmy Shergill, actor
- Saurabh Shukla, actor
- Shri Prakash Shukla,Indian contract killer
- Kedarnath Singh, poet, critic
- Kamlesh Paswan, politician
- Lilavati Singh, educator
- Vir Bahadur Singh, former Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh.
- Paramahansa Yogananda, Yoga guru, founder of Self-Realization Fellowship/Yogoda Satsanga Society of India.
- Captain Mahendra Nath Mulla, Officer of the Indian Navy.
- Kafeel Khan, lecturer (currently suspended) at BRD medical college.
- "Census of India: Gorakhpur". www.censusindia.gov.in. Retrieved 11 October 2019.
- "52nd REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER FOR LINGUISTIC MINORITIES IN INDIA" (PDF). nclm.nic.in. Ministry of Minority Affairs. Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 May 2017. Retrieved 23 February 2019.
- "History – Origin of Name". gorakhpur.nic.in. Retrieved 10 January 2017.
- Mallinson, James (2011) 'Nāth Saṃpradāya.' In: Brill Encyclopedia of Hinduism Vol. 3. Brill, pp. 407–428.
- Integrating climate change concerns into disaster management planning: The case of Gorakhpur, India by Shiraz A. Wajih and Shashikant Chopde, the Climate and Environment Knowledge Network, 2014
- Climate Summary for Gorakhpur (from Weatherbase.com)
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2 October 2013. Retrieved 1 September 2013.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "Gorakhpur gets world's longest railway platform". अमर उजाला (Amar Ujala). 13 February 2012. Retrieved 7 October 2013.
- North Eastern Railway. Ner.indianrailways.gov.in. Retrieved on 21 October 2011.
- No. 105 Helicopter Unit. Indian Air Force