Munʿim Khān (Persian: منعم خان‌) was a Mughal general under both emperors Humayun and Akbar. He was titled Khān-i-Khānān ('Khan of Khans') when Emperor Akbar appointed him as Prime Minister of the Mughal Empire in 1560. In 1564, he became the Subahdar of Jaunpur. Munim Khan was the first Mughal governor of Bengal Subah from 1574 to 1575.[1]

Munʿim Khān
Khān-i-Khānān
Da'ud Receives a Robe of Honor from Mun'im Khan - Google Art Project (cropped).jpg
Munim Khan (seated, right) having a Robe of Honour presented to Daud Khan Karrani (left)
Vakil of Mughal Empire
In office
1560-1564
Preceded byBairam Khan
Subahdar of Jaunpur
In office
1564-1574
Subahdar of Bengal
In office
1574-1575
Preceded byPosition created
Succeeded byKhan Jahan I
Personal details
Born(1525-03-07)March 7, 1525
Jaunpur, Uttar Pradesh
DiedOctober 23, 1575(1575-10-23) (aged 50)
Khwaspur Tandah, Bengal Sultanate
ChildrenGhani Khan
Sahila Banu Begum[citation needed]
Parent(s)
  • Miran Beg Andijani (father)

Early life and familyEdit

Khan was a Persianised Turk whose ancestors originally hailed from the city of Andijan in present-day Uzbekistan. His father's name was Miran Beg Andijani, and his foster brother was Mirza Askari.[1]

CareerEdit

In 1560, Bairam Khan retired from his role as the Empire's Vakil (prime minister) and Mughal emperor Akbar then appointed Munim for this role. Under Akbar's orders, Munim went into war with Mah Chuchak Begum who had transgressed but was defeated by her in Jalalabad and Munim's son, Ghani Khan, was executed.[2] After the Uzbeks of Jaunpur rebelled, Munim Khan was tasked as the Governor of Jaunpur and the eastern districts. Khan was promoted to a Mansabdar (military commander) of 5000 soldiers, which was the highest rank at the time.[1]

Expeditions against Daud Khan KarraniEdit

Akbar sent Khan to suppress the independent Sultan of Bengal, Daud Khan Karrani, who had refused to recognise the Mughal Empire. After initially failing, Munim Khan successfully took control of Hajipur and Patna. Khan was then appointed as the Subahdar (governor) of Bengal (which included Bihar at the time). He later captured the erstwhile capital of Bengal, Khwaspur Tandah, on 25 September 1574.[1] During the Battle of Tukaroi, held on 3 March 1575, Munim Khan forced Daud Karrani to sign a treaty which left only Odisha under Daud's control. Munim Khan then transferred Bengal's capital from Tanda to Gaur.

Personal lifeEdit

Munim Khan had 8 concubines, and was the father of two children:

DeathEdit

Munim died on 23 October 1575 in Tanda after fleeing an epidemic plague at Gaur. After his death, Daud Khan Karrani re-captured Gaur.[1]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e Husain, AKM Yaqub (2012). "Munim Khan Khan-i-Khanan". In Islam, Sirajul; Miah, Sajahan; Khanam, Mahfuza; Ahmed, Sabbir (eds.). Banglapedia: the National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Online ed.). Dhaka, Bangladesh: Banglapedia Trust, Asiatic Society of Bangladesh. ISBN 984-32-0576-6. OCLC 52727562. Retrieved 1 July 2022.
  2. ^ Rekha Misra (1967). Women in Mughal India, 1526–1748 A.D. Munshiram Manoharlal. p. 24.

External linkEdit

Preceded by
Position created
Subahdar of Bengal
25 September 1574– 23 October 1575
Succeeded by