Deoghar (pronounced Devaghar) is a major city in Jharkhand, India. It is a holy sacred place of Hinduism. It is one of the 12 Jyotirlingas sites of Hinduism (Baidyanath Temple). The sacred temples of the city make this a place for pilgrimage and tourists. The city is administrative headquarter of Deoghar District at Santhal Parganas division of Jharkhand.

Deoghar
Baba Baidyanath Dham
City
From top, left to right: Baidyanath Temple, Trikut Hill, Ramakrishna Mission Vidyapith, Deoghar, Deoghar Airport, Prayer at Thakur Anukulchandra Satsang Ashram, Naulakha Temple
Nickname: 
Abode of God
Deoghar is located in Jharkhand
Deoghar
Deoghar
Deoghar is located in India
Deoghar
Deoghar
Coordinates: 24°29′N 86°42′E / 24.48°N 86.7°E / 24.48; 86.7Coordinates: 24°29′N 86°42′E / 24.48°N 86.7°E / 24.48; 86.7
Country India
State Jharkhand
DistrictDeoghar
Government
 • BodyDeoghar Municipal Corporation
 • District Magistrate and CollectorShri Manjunath Bhajantri, IAS[1]
 • Superintendent of PoliceShri Subhash Chandra Jat IPS[1]
 • Sub-Divisional MagistrateShri Abhijeet Sinha IAS[1]
Area
 • Total119 km2 (46 sq mi)
Elevation
254 m (833 ft)
Population
 (2011)[2]
 • Total203,123
 • Density1,700/km2 (4,400/sq mi)
Languages (*For language details see Deoghar (community development block)#Language and religion)
 • OfficialHindi
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
814112
Telephone code06432
Vehicle registrationJH-15
Sex ratio921 / 1000
Lok Sabha constituencyGodda
Vidhan Sabha constituencyDeoghar
Websitedeoghar.nic.in

EtymologyEdit

Deoghar is a Hindi word and the literal meaning of ‘Deoghar’ is abode (‘ghar’) of the Gods and Goddesses (‘dev’). Deoghar is also known as “Baidyanath Dham”, “Baba Dham”, “B. Deoghar”. The origin of Baidyanathdham is lost in antiquity. It has been referred to as Haritakivan or Ketakivan in Sanskrit Texts. The name Deoghar seems to be of recent origin and probably dates from the erection of the great temple of Lord Baidyanath. Although the name of the builder of the temple is not traceable, certain parts of the front portion of the temple are said to have been built by Puran Mal, an ancestor of the Maharaja of Giddhour, in 1596. Deoghar is a place of worship for Lord Shiva, in the month of Shravan many devotees take ganga jal from Sultanganj to Deoghar for worship and they get the desired wish of their life.[3]

Religious significanceEdit

 
Baba Baidyanath Temple

Deoghar, also known as Baidyanath Dham, is an important Hindu pilgrimage site. It is one of the twelve and also one of the 51, and is famous for the mela of Shrawan, 4th month according to the Hindu calendar system. It is, along with Shrisailam, one of the few places in India where the Jyotirlinga and the Shaktipeeth are together, lying side beside each other. Each year between July and August (on the eve of the month of Shrawan) in Deoghar Yatra, about 7 to 8 million devotees come from various part of India bringing holy water from various areas of Ganges at Sultanganj, which is almost 108 km (67 mi) from Deoghar, in order to offer it to Lord Shiva. During that month, a line of people in saffron-dyed clothes stretches over the full 108 km (67 mi). It is the longest Mela of Asia.[3]

The temple of Baidyanath or Lord Shiva is the most important of all the temples in the courtyard. The temple faces the east and is a plain stone structure with a pyramidal tower, 72 feet tall. The top contains three ascending shaped gold vessels that are compactly set, and were donated by the Maharaja of Giddhaur. Besides these pitcher shaped vessels, there is a Punchsula (five knives in a trident shape), which is rare. In the inner top, there is an eight-petaled lotus jewel called Chandrakanta Mani.

GeographyEdit

LocationEdit

Deoghar is located at 24°29′N 86°42′E / 24.48°N 86.7°E / 24.48; 86.7.[4] It has an average elevation of 255 metres (833 feet). It is a part of the Indian peninsular plateau which forms a part of the oldest landmass on Earth, Gondwana land.[5] Deoghar is situated on the bank of Ajay river (which originates from Batpar village of Jamui district in Bihar) and its tributary Dadhawa river (which originates from Purnia Lake near Karangarh village 24°35′44″N 86°28′28″E / 24.595501°N 86.474369°E / 24.595501; 86.474369 in Jamui district of Bihar). The city is surrounded with various small relict hills such as Dighriya Pahaad, Nandan Pahaad, Trikuti Pahaad, and Tapovan Pahaad. Dighriya Pahaad forms the western boundary of the city and there is a national park being constructed on these hills. Nandan Pahaad is a children's amusement place and serves as one of the principal recreational places in the city.[6] Tapovan Pahaad has its cultural relevance found in Hindu scriptures. It is one of the amusement places in the city and serves as a habitat for monkeys.[7][8]

AreaEdit

Deoghar has an area of 119 square kilometres (46 sq mi).[2][9]

DemographicsEdit

PopulationEdit

According to the 2011 Census of India, Deoghar had a total population of 203,123, of which 107,997 (53%) were males and 95,126 (47%) were females. Population in the age range 0–6 years was 2,6893 (13%). The total number of literate persons in Deoghar was 150,988 out of which 85,439 are males while 65,549 are females. Average literacy rate of Deoghar city is 85.68 percent of which male and female literacy was 91.24 and 79.37 percent.[10][11]

ReligionEdit

Hinduism is the prominent religion in Deoghar followed by 94.30 % of the population. Islam is second most followed religion in city by 4.96 % of the people. Minorities are Christians 0.53 %, Jainism by 0.07 %, Sikhism by 0.03 % and Buddhism by 0.03 %. Around 0.04 % stated other religion and approximately 0.04 % stated 'no particular religion.[12]

Religion in Deoghar City (2011)[13]
Religion Percent
Hinduism
94.30%
Islam
4.96%
Christianity
0.53%
Jainism
0.07%
Buddhism
0.03%
Sikhism
0.03%
Others
0.04%
Not Stated
0.04%

EconomyEdit

 
Jasidih - The main and major industrial hub of the city of Deoghar

The Economy of Deoghar is largely dependent on religious tourism and hospitality. Deoghar is the fifth largest city in the state of Jharkhand, and one of the major industrial hubs. [14][15]

Industry in Deoghar is mainly based on IT, agriculture, hospitality, petroleum, tourism, and in the service sector. Hotels like Amrapali Clarks Inn (a collab of Amrapali Groups & Clarks Inn Group of Hotels), Hotel Imperial Heights, etc. are renowned groups of hospitality industry here. Various small and middle scale industries are present in Deoghar - HIL Ltd,[16] MR Real Food, Shree Guru Agrotech, PDRD Rice Mill, Tulsi Agro Foods. Some large industrial projects are also present:

  • Jalsar Solar Park: Established by Jharkhand Renewable Energy Development Agency
  • Plastic Park and Plastic Recycling unit
  • Central Institute of Plastics Engineering & Technology[17]

Indian Oil Corporation has one of its terminals in Deoghar. This is located at Badladih, Jasidih. This has a huge capacity for employment. After the opening and coming of this terminal, the unemployment rate has decreased because of many people getting jobs from this company.[18]

Software Technology Parks of India (STPI) is a company / organization which promotes IT and technology industries. This company has set up many IT park branches in many cities such as Bangalore, Hyderabad, Patna and Ranchi. Same as the others, it has set up another IT Park branch in Deoghar. It is almost completed and opened.[19]

CultureEdit

Deoghar city is usually referred to as the cultural capital of Jharkhand.[20] The official languages of the city of Deoghar are Hindi and Khortha, while other native languages like Angika and Santhali are also spoken.

TourismEdit

The holy city of Deoghar is home to various tourist attractions such as :

 
Baba Baidyanath Temple
  • Baidyanath Temple, one of the twelve Jyotirlinga in India
  • Tapovan Caves and Hills: This series of caves and hills is located 10 km from Deoghar and has a temple of Shiva called Taponath Mahadeva. In one of the caves a Shiva lingam is installed, and it is said that Sage Valmiki came here for penance.[21]
  • Naulakha Mandir: It is a temple located 1.5 km from the 146 ft. high main temple. It is very similar to the temple of Ramakrishna Mission in Belur Math cand it is dedicated to Radha-Krishna. Since its construction cost ₹9 lakh, it is also known as Naulakha temple.[21]
  • Basukinath Temple: Basukinath is a place of worship for Hindus and is located in the Dumka district of Jharkhand on the Deoghar-Dumka state highway. Pilgrims visit the temple each year from all of India to worship the presiding deity Shiva. The crowd at the temple drastically increases in the month of Shravan.[22] It is widely believed that the Basukinath Temple is the court of Baba Bhole Nath. The temples of Shiva and Parvati are located in front of each other in the Basukinath Temple. The gates to both of these temples open in the evening, and it is believed that Shiva and Parvati meet each other at this time. Devotees are asked to move away from the front gates of the temple. Other small temples that are dedicated to different Gods and Goddesses can also be found inside the compound.
  • Satsang Ashram - It's the holy place where Sri Sri Thakur Anukuchandra had spent his life. Many devotees come everyday here to have darsan of Thakur Parivar . This is the epicenter of the Satsang Revolution and also the chief centre of this movement. In the Ashram many devotees live permanently as natives.[23][24][25]
  • Trikut Hill is a trendy picnic spot and a pilgrimage site located 21km from the main city.
  • Ramakrishna Mission Vidyapith, Deoghar

EducationEdit

TransportationEdit

AirportEdit

 
Terminal building of Deoghar Airport

Deoghar is served by Deoghar Airport (IATA: DGH, ICAO: VEDO), which is approximately 12 km (7.4 mi) from the city centre. The airport was inaugurated by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on July 12, 2022.[26][27] As of now IndiGo operates it's flight services only for Kolkata and Delhi.[28][29] Flights for some other destinations that includes both Ranchi, Patna and Bengaluru are expected to start in upcoming months.[30][31]

TrainsEdit

Jasidih Junction is the nearest train station serving Deoghar. It is located on the Delhi-Patna-Kolkata train route.

Deoghar Junction is the railway station located in the city. It is on the Jasidih-Dumka-Rampurhat & Jasidih-Banka-Bhagalpur line. There are trains to Ranchi, Dumka, Rampurhat, Munger, Bhagalpur, Banka, Agartala etc

HealthcareEdit

  • All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Deoghar is a medical school started by government of India. A 40-room outpatient department was inaugurated in 2021, including a night shelter facility for the patients and attendants.[32] Online registration facilities were launched on 3 September 2021.[33] On July 12, 2022 the 250-bed in-patient department (IPD) and operation theatre is opened for public for treatment facilities.[34] The rest 500- bed in-patient department is soon to completed for the patients, making it total 750 beds by the beginning of year 2023.[35][36][37]
  • District Hospital, Deoghar offer varies treatment and surgeries for patients.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c "Deoghar district - Deputy Commissioner".
  2. ^ a b c "Deoghar Municipal Corporation". udhd.jharkhand.gov.in.
  3. ^ a b "History | District Deoghar, Government of Jharkhand | India".
  4. ^ "Maps, Weather, and Airports for Deoghar, India". www.fallingrain.com.
  5. ^ "Complete information on Chotanagpur Plateau of Peninsular Uplands in India". 3 February 2012.
  6. ^ "Nandan Pahar - India". District Deoghar, Government of Jharkhand. 20 September 2020. Retrieved 26 May 2021.
  7. ^ "Tapovan Deoghar Travel Guide | Tapovan Temple | Tapovan Hills | Explore Bihar".
  8. ^ Roychoudhury, P.C. (1965). "Bihar District Gazetteers: Santhal Parganas". Chapter I: General. Secretariat Press, Patna, 1965. Retrieved 10 November 2020.
  9. ^ "District Census Handbook, Deoghar, Series 21, Part XII B" (PDF). Page 25: District Primary Census Abstract, 2011 census. Directorate of Census Operations Jharkhand. Retrieved 3 November 2020.
  10. ^ "District Census Handbook, Deoghar, Series 21, Part XII B" (PDF). Page 27: District primary census abstract, 2011 census. Directorate of Census Operations Jharkhand. Retrieved 17 April 2021.
  11. ^ "District Census Handbook Deoghar" (PDF). Census of India, Jharkhand, 2011.
  12. ^ "Population by religious community, Jharkhand - 2011". Census of India.
  13. ^ "Population by religious community, Jharkhand - 2011".
  14. ^ "Deoghar, the holy city in Jharkhand all set to have a new airport, flight operations to start soon". www.timesnownews.com. Retrieved 4 December 2020.
  15. ^ "Good news for Baidyanath Dham pilgrims! Jharkhand govt allows darshans — check details". The Financial Express. 26 August 2020. Retrieved 4 December 2020.
  16. ^ "Roofing Solutions, Building and Cladding Material Manufacturer". Roofing Solutions, Building and Cladding Material Manufacturer. Retrieved 5 January 2020.
  17. ^ "Centre Sanctions Rs 120 Crore for Plastic Park in Jharkhand; Promises CIPET Centre". News18. 20 March 2018. Retrieved 5 January 2020.
  18. ^ "PM dedicates IOC's Jasidih terminal to nation at Jharkhand". The Economic Times. 21 August 2014.
  19. ^ "STPI Deoghar". Software Technology Parks of India.
  20. ^ "Deoghar to get status of cultural capital of Jharkhand". Uniindia.com. 17 March 2015. Retrieved 7 May 2022.
  21. ^ a b "Deoghar in Jharkhand is a hub of all thing religious and beautiful". Times of India. 14 April 2022.
  22. ^ "बासुकीनाथ: सौर सावन मास में श्रद्धालुओं की उमड़ी भीड़". Hindustan. 24 July 2018.
  23. ^ "Satsang Ashram". www.deoghar.nic.in.
  24. ^ "Tourist Places in Jharkhand". Zee News. 18 April 2022.
  25. ^ "Jharkhand governor inaugurates Deoghar function". The Times of India. 26 October 2015.
  26. ^ "PM Modi inaugurates 657-acre Deoghar airport, flags off flight to Kolkata". Mint. 12 July 2022.
  27. ^ "PM Modi Inaugurates Deoghar Airport, Projects Worth ₹ 16,800 Crore In Jharkhand". NDTV. 12 July 2022.
  28. ^ "IndiGo begins direct flight between Kolkata and Deoghar". The Times of India. 12 July 2022.
  29. ^ ANI (30 July 2022). "IndiGo starts direct flight service between Delhi and Deoghar". ThePrint. Retrieved 12 August 2022.
  30. ^ "PM Narendra Modi inaugurates Deoghar Airport, to have flights to Patna, Kolkata, Delhi". Zee News. 12 July 2022.
  31. ^ "IndiGo announces flight services between Delhi and Deoghar". ANI News. Retrieved 13 July 2022.
  32. ^ "Union health minister launches OPD facilities at AIIMS-Deoghar". www.telegraphindia.com. Retrieved 7 September 2021.
  33. ^ "Online OPD Registration for AIIMS Deoghar started". Jharkhand Aajkal. Retrieved 19 September 2021.
  34. ^ "PM Modi in Deoghar: PM Modi inaugurates new In Patient Department and Operation Theatre at AIIMS Deoghar". TimesNow. Retrieved 13 July 2022.
  35. ^ "Jharkhand's Deoghar airport and AIIMS could prove to be a gamechanger". India Today. 13 July 2022.
  36. ^ "PM Modi in Deoghar: PM Modi inaugurates new In Patient Department and Operation Theatre at AIIMS Deoghar". TimesNow. Retrieved 13 July 2022.
  37. ^ "Modi Deoghar Visit: PM Modi to inaugurate Deoghar Airport, dedicate in-patient department, operation theatre services at AIIMS". The Times of India. 12 July 2022. Retrieved 13 July 2022.

External linksEdit