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Madhav Kumar Nepal (Nepali: माधवकुमार नेपाल About this soundlisten ; born March 6, 1953)[1] is a Nepalese politician who was Prime Minister of Nepal from May 25, 2009 to February 6, 2011.[2] Nepal announced his resignation as prime minister on June 30, 2010.[3] He was previously the General Secretary of Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist-Leninist) for 15 years. He is also one of the only Prime Ministers in the world whose name features the name of his country, i.e., Nepal.

Madhav Kumar Nepal
Madhav Kumar Nepal2.JPG
34th Prime Minister of Nepal
In office
25 May 2009 – 6 February 2011
PresidentRam Baran Yadav
Preceded byPushpa Kamal Dahal
Succeeded byJhala Nath Khanal
Deputy Prime Minister of Nepal
In office
30 November 1994 – 12 September 1995
Prime MinisterMan Mohan Adhikari
Preceded byGirija Prasad Koirala
Succeeded byPrakash Chandra Lohani
Minister of Foreign Affairs
In office
30 November 1994 – 12 September 1995
Prime MinisterMan Mohan Adhikari
Preceded byGirija Prasad Koirala
Succeeded byPrakash Chandra Lohani
Personal details
Born (1953-03-06) 6 March 1953 (age 66)
Gaur, Rautahat, Nepal
Political partyNepal Revolutionary Organisation (Marxist–Leninist) (Before 1975)
All Nepal Communist Revolutionary Coordination Committee (Marxist–Leninist) (1975–1978)
Communist Party of Nepal (Marxist–Leninist) (1978–1991)
Communist Party of Nepal (UML) (1991–present)
Other political
United Left Front (1990–2002)
Alma materTribhuvan University
His Excellency Madhav K Nepal meeeting the Former President of India Pranab Mukherjee

Personal lifeEdit

Madhav Kumar Nepal was born into Brahmin family[4] to Mangal Kumar Upadhyaya and Durgadevi Upadhaya.[1] He graduated in Commerce from Tribhuvan University in 1973 and worked in banking and civil service before turning to full-time politics. He has two brothers, Binod Kumar Upadhyaya and Saroj Kumar Upadhyaya and three sisters, Kalika Bhandari, Indira Neupane and Basudha Pokharel.

Madhav K Nepal with Former Prime Minister of India Dr Manmohan SIngh

He is married to Gayatri Acharya. He has a son and a daughter, Saurav and Suman Nepal.

Political activismEdit

Nepal joined the communist movement in 1969. In the underground struggle, he used party names such as 'Subodh', 'Sunil', 'Ranjan' and 'Bibek'. In 1971 he became a district committee member of the Nepal Revolutionary Organisation (Marxist-Leninist). At a conference held in Biratnagar June 7–8, 1975, M.K. Nepal was elected as a bureau member of the All Nepal Communist Revolutionary Coordination Committee (Marxist-Leninist). When the ANCRCC(ML) founded the Communist Party of Nepal (Marxist-Leninist) in 1978, M.K. Nepal was elected a politburo member of the new party.

Prime Minister Madhav Kumar Nepal delivering a speech at the Army Stadium (Tundikhel) on the occasion of Democracy Day.


He was the Deputy Prime Minister in the Nepalese government during the CPN(UML) minority government in 1994-1995 as well as the leader of the opposition in the National Assembly during the 1990s. He argued for the Nepal Civil War to be solved through talks and did not believe that mobilization of the army was the solution and as the leader of CPN UML, was one of the three key Nepali leaders, the other two being Prime Minister Girija Prasad Koirala and Maoist Rebel leader Pushpa Kamal Dahal 'Prachanda', crucial in bringing the Maoists into the peace process and signing the 12 point peace accords that ended the decade long Nepal Civil war.

Madhav Nepal with Former President of India Pratibha Devisingh Patil

Nepal was arrested in 2001 during a crackdown on anti-government protest. Following the palace massacre he called for Prime Minister Girija Prasad Koirala to step down, though later joined forces with him to launch a campaign against King Gyanendra's assumption of executive powers.[citation needed]

On 12 April 2008, Nepal resigned as General Secretary of the CPN (UML),[5] after having lost the Kathmandu-2 seat to Maoist candidate Jhakku Prasad Subedi in the 2008 Constituent Assembly election.[6] Subedi was a comparatively obscure candidate.[7] Nepal was also defeated in Rautahat-6 constituency by CPN(M) candidate Devendra Patel.[8] He later won both the seats in the second Constituent Assembly election in 2013, defeating his opponent in Kathmandu -2, Nepali Congress candidate Deepak Kuikel by a margin of over 10,000 votes. He defeated the same opponent in Kathmandu-2, again in the 2017 Nepal General Election by a margin of 14000 votes, earning nearly twice the number of votes as his opponent, Deepak Kuikel.

In June 2008, the CPN (UML) proposed that M. K. Nepal become the country's first President, following the declaration of a republic.[9]

In the 2017 General election under the newly written constitution, he is contesting from Kathmandu-2 only because the new constitution no longer allows candidates to be candidates from multiple constituencies. He is running against Nepali Congress candidate Deepak Kuikel and Bibeksheel Sajha Party candidate Suryaraj Sharma.

Prime ministerEdit

Nepal with President Ram Baran Yadav

He became Prime Minister of Nepal on 25 May 2009 after his predecessor Prachanda resigned over a conflict with the president over the dismissal of the army's chief of staff.[10]

Prime Minister Nepal resigned on June 30, 2010 in an effort to help the government move past its deadlock and to pave the way for a national consensus government, as demanded by the opposition.[11]


  1. ^ a b K.C., Surendra. Aitihasik dastavej sangroh - bhag 2. Kathmandu: Pairavi Prakashan, 2063 B.S. p 460.
  2. ^ "Nepal parliament elects new PM". AFP via Google News.
  3. ^ "Nepal PM quits in live TV address". BBC News. June 30, 2010.
  4. ^ "CPN-UML Comrades Apart". Spotlight Nepal Magazine. Retrieved 2017-12-13.
  5. ^ "MK Nepal announces resignation as UML gen secy"[permanent dead link], Nepalnews, April 12, 2008.
  6. ^ "UML gen secy loses to CPN-M candidate in Kathmandu-2; NWPP takes both constituencies in Bhaktapur" Archived 2008-11-22 at the Wayback Machine, Nepalnews, April 12, 2008.
  7. ^ "Big Maoist wins could reshape Nepal's politics", The Christian Science Monitor, April 15, 2008.
  8. ^ "MK Nepal loses in Rautahat, too"[permanent dead link], Nepalnews, April 14, 2008.
  9. ^ "UML, Maoist leaders differ on presidential candidate"[permanent dead link], Nepalnews, June 21, 2008.
  10. ^ "Communist leader elected Nepal PM". BBC. 23 May 2009.
  11. ^ "Prime Minister Madhav Kumar Nepal Resigns". Nepal News. 1 July 2010.[permanent dead link]

Further readingEdit

  • Busky, Donald F (2002). Communism in History and Theory. Praeger/Greenwood. ISBN 0-275-97733-1
  • Hutt, Michael (2004). Himalayan "People's War". C. Hurst & Co Publishers. ISBN 1-85065-722-X

External linksEdit

Party political offices
Preceded by
Madan Kumar Bhandari
Chairman of the Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist-Leninist)
Succeeded by
Jhala Nath Khanal
Political offices
Preceded by
Pushpa Kamal Dahal
Prime Minister of Nepal
Succeeded by
Jhala Nath Khanal