Nepal Communist Party
The Nepal Communist Party (NCP) is the ruling political party in Nepal and is the largest communist party in South Asia and the third largest in Asia. It was founded on 17 May 2018, from the unification of two leftist parties, Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist–Leninist) and Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist Centre). The unification was completed by the Party Unification Coordination Committee, after 8 months of planning. The two predecessor parties subsequently dissolved, making way for the new united party. The party retains the electoral symbol of the CPN (Unified Marxist-Leninist), the sun. The party is the largest political party in the House of Representatives, National Assembly and in all but one of the seven provincial assemblies. KP Sharma Oli, the Prime Minister of Nepal since 15 February 2018, is co-chairman of the party along with Pushpa Kamal Dahal.
|Chairperson||KP Sharma Oli |
Pushpa Kamal Dahal
|General Secretary||Bishnu Prasad Paudel|
|Presidium||Secretariat of the Nepal Communist Party (NCP)|
|Spokesperson||Narayan Kaji Shrestha|
|Parliamentary Party Leader||KP Sharma Oli|
|Founded||17 May 2018|
|Merger of||CPN (Maoist Centre) and CPN (Unified Marxist–Leninist)|
|Headquarters||Perisdada, Koteshwar, Kathmandu and Aakirti Marg, Dhumbarahi, Kathmandu|
|Student wing||All Nepal National Communist Students Union|
|Youth wing||Young Communist Force|
|Labour wing||All Nepal Communist Workers Association|
People's Multiparty Democracy
|Political position||Left-wing to far-left|
|House of Representatives|
174 / 275
42 / 59
350 / 550
On 3 October 2017, the two major communist parties, the Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist-Leninist) and the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist Centre) along with the Naya Shakti Party announced a coalition for the upcoming legislative and provincial election. The three parties also announced plans for unification following the election with the formation of a Unification Coordination Committee. On 14 October 2017, Naya Shakti Party broke from the alliance citing differences with the two parties. The alliance between the two parties won a majority in the House of Representatives and in six of the seven provincial assemblies. Following the elections, it was decided that CPN (Unified Marxist-Leninist) would get chief ministers in Province No. 1, Province No. 3, Province No. 4 and Province No. 5 and CPN (Maoist Centre) would get chief ministers in Province No. 6 and Province No. 7. The party also won a two third majority in the National Assembly. Following the formation of the Federal Parliament of Nepal, parliamentary party leader of the Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist-Leninist), Khadga Prasad Oli was sworn in as Prime Minister on 15 February 2018. The merger of the two parties was initially announced for 22 April 2018, to coincide with the formation of the original Communist Party of Nepal in 1949, but the unification was put on hold citing insufficient time to sort out remaining issues.
The CPN (Unified Marxist-Leninist) and CPN (Maoist Centre) dissolved their central committees on 17 May 2018 and the new party was formed on the same day. Khadga Prasad Oli and Pushpa Kamal Dahal would serve as joint chairmen of the party until a general convention was held. The party changed its name to Nepal Communist Party (NCP) after the Election Commission of Nepal refused to register the new party as another party called Communist Party of Nepal was already registered the commission.
Communism in Nepal
As part of the merger agreement, the party's ideology will consist of Marxism–Leninism and support for a multi-party system in Nepal, while the party itself will remain secular and governed by democratic centralism.
Organization and structureEdit
A nine-member Secretariat (also known as High Command) of the party has been created. It includes:
- Chairperson: Khadga Prasad Oli, Pushpa Kamal Dahal
- General Secretary: Bishnu Prasad Paudel
- Members: Madhav Kumar Nepal, Jhala Nath Khanal, Bamdev Gautam, Narayan Kaji Shrestha, Ishwor Pokhrel, Ram Bahadur Thapa.
A 135 member politburo will be formed after the formation of the standing committee and central committee.
The central committee has a total of 441 members, including 241 from Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist–Leninist), and 200 from Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist Centre).
|Pratinidhi Sabha||Rastriya Sabha||Government||Prime Minister/Parliamentary Party Leader|
174 / 275
42 / 59
|NCP||Khadga Prasad Oli|
Presence in various provincesEdit
|Province||Seats||Government||Chief Minister/Provincial Party Leader|
|Province No. 1||
66 / 93
|NCP||Sher Dhan Rai|
|Province No. 2||
32 / 107
|Opposition||Satya Narayan Mandal|
|Province No. 3||
81 / 110
39 / 60
|NCP||Prithvi Subba Gurung|
|Province No. 5||
61 / 87
32 / 40
|NCP||Mahendra Bahadur Shahi|
39 / 53
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- "Trilochan Bhatta becomes Province 7 chief minister". The Himalayan Times. 16 February 2018. Retrieved 31 March 2018.