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Charts below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Nepali pronunciations in Wikipedia articles. For a guide to adding IPA characters to Wikipedia articles, see {{IPA-ne}} and Wikipedia:Manual of Style/Pronunciation § Entering IPA characters.

See Nepali phonology for a more thorough look at the sounds of Nepali.

KeyEdit

Consonants
IPA Nepali Approximate English equivalent
b back
abhor
d the
without
ɖ guard
ɖʱ guardhouse
dz adds
dzʱ No English equivalant, similar to zebra
ɡ agate
ɡʱ pigheaded
ɦ head
k scan
can
l leaf
m much
n not
ŋ sing
ɲ champagne
ɳ No English equivalent, similar to nun
p span
naphtha
r right but trilled
ɽ
ɽ̃
US: larder
larder but nasalised
s ष, श, स sue
ʃ shoe
ts cats
tsʰ No English equivalent, similar to saw
t त, त्र think
thought
ʈ tap
ʈʰ artist
w why
j य, ज्ञ, क्ष yes
Vowels
IPA Nepali Approximate English equivalent
a hat
ã hat but nasalised
ʌ अः Strut
ʌ̃ अं Strut but nasalised
e may
may but nasalised
i happy
ĩ happy but nasalised
o sole
õ sole but nasalised
u boot
ũ boot but nasalised
Suprasegmentals
IPA
ˈ stress
(placed before stressed syllable)

BibliographyEdit

  • Masica, Colin (1991), The Indo-Aryan Languages, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, ISBN 978-0-521-29944-2.
  • Hutt, Michael; Subedi, Abhi (1999), Teach Yourself Nepali (2003 ed.), McGraw-Hill, ISBN 978-0-07-142468-4.
  • Acharya, Jayaraj (1991), A Descriptive Grammar of Nepali and an Analyzed Corpus, Georgetown University Press, ISBN 0878400737