The charts below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents pronunciations of the Azerbaijani language and its two forms (Caucasian and Iranian) in Wikipedia articles. For a guide to adding IPA characters to Wikipedia articles, see Template:IPA and Wikipedia:Manual of Style/Pronunciation § Entering IPA characters.

Consonants
IPA Orthography English approximation
azb azj
b ب b about
c ک k skew
ç[1] ح hue
d د d ado
dz[2] ج c adze
jump
f ف f food
ɡ ق q ago
ɣ غ ğ Spanish amigo
h ه h home
j ی y yet
ɟ گ g argue
k[4] ک k score
l ل l late
m م m much
n ن n not
ɲ[5] canyon
ŋ[6] wing
p پ p span
ɾ ر r American atom
s س s send
ʃ ش ş shoe
t ت t stable
ts[2] چ ç bits
change
v و v vase
w[7] wet
x خ x Scottish loch
z ز z zone
ʒ ژ j leisure
Vowels
IPA Orthography English approximation
azb azj
Monophthongs
ɑ آ a father
æ اَ ə cat
e ائ e bed
i اِ،[8] ای i creek
o او o mole
œ اؤ ö bird
u اُ،[8] اوُ u soup
ɯ اؽ ı roses
y اۆ ü somewhat like cute
Diphthongs[9]
ou̯(v)[11] اوو ov show
[12]
œy̯(v)[11] اؤو öv somewhat like French hébreu
œw[12]
Suprasegmentals
IPA Examples Meaning
ˈ Bakı
[bɑˈcɯ]
stress mark (placed before the stressed syllable)
ː barı
[ˈbɑːɾɯ]
long vowel

Notes edit

  1. ^ Allophone of /c/ before a voiceless consonant or at the end of a word.
  2. ^ a b Only used in certain dialects.
  3. ^ Səlimi 1976, pp. 38–39.
  4. ^ Occurs only in loanwords from Russian and as a result of the first [ɡ] devoicing when geminated, resulting in [kg].[3]
  5. ^ Allophone of /n/ before [ɟ] and [c].
  6. ^ Allophone of /n/ before [ɡ] and [k].
  7. ^ Allophone of /v/ after a vowel.
  8. ^ a b Only occurs in loanwords from languages written in the Arabic script.
  9. ^
  10. ^ a b Səlimi 1976, pp. 49–51.
  11. ^ a b Occurs in Caucasian Azerbaijani dialects, particularly those of Baku, Shamakhi, and Mughan.[10]
  12. ^ a b Occurs in the dialect of Tabriz.[10]

References edit

  • Səlimi, Hüseynqulu (1976). A generative phonology of Azerbaijani (PhD). University of Florida. OCLC 1045615622. ARK 13960/t1tf4s495. OL 18319A.

See also edit