|This is the pronunciation key for IPA transcriptions of Mongolian on Wikipedia.|
It provides a set of symbols to represent the pronunciation of Mongolian in Wikipedia articles, and example words that illustrate the sounds that correspond to them. Integrity must be maintained between the key and the transcriptions that link here; do not change any symbol or value without establishing consensus on the talk page first.
The charts below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Mongolian language pronunciations in Wikipedia articles. The dialect used in this chart is Khalkha Mongolian. For a guide to adding IPA characters to Wikipedia articles, see Template:IPA and Wikipedia:Manual of Style/Pronunciation § Entering IPA characters.
- Used only in loanwords.
- [g] and [ɢ] are contrastive in Ulaanbaatar Mongolian, but are allophones of the single phoneme /g/ in some other dialects.
- Always follows another consonant, and usually modifies the sound with iotation (unless used before е, in which case it is unpronounced).
- ь is occasionally used before е to indicate that its pronunciation should not be blended with the consonant before it (as its sound is iotated); likewise, ъ serves the same purpose before я and ё.
- Uncommon, but more often found in loanwords.
- In addition to the vowel sound, и also palatalizes any consonant immediately before it.
- Resembles a diphthong, but is phonetically and phonemically a long monophthong. ии is not used.
- The only long vowel represented by a single letter. Although pronounced with the same vowel sound as ий, it does not palatalize the preceding consonant. Other than loanwords, it is only found in inflectional suffixes.
- Generally, /ju/ in words containing э, ө, ү & е; /jʊ/ in words containing а, о у, я & ё. See vowel harmony.
- The allophone [ɛː] is predominant.
- Also used where өй would occur, as it is not used.