The charts below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Māori language pronunciations in Wikipedia articles. For a guide to adding IPA characters to Wikipedia articles, see Template:IPA and Wikipedia:Manual of Style/Pronunciation § Entering IPA characters.

See Māori phonology for detailed discussion of the phonology of Māori.

IPA Examples NZ English approximation
ɸ Whakatāne fat, phone[1]
h Heretaunga hat
k kea sky
m Māori moon
n nā not
ŋ Ngāruawāhia sing
p Paraparaumu ping
ɾ Te Reo atom (with flapping)
t Tongariro sty
w waka we
IPA Example Note
ˈ Mount Ruapehu [ˈɾʉaˌpɛhʉ] Placed before the stressed syllable.[2]
IPA Examples NZ English approximation
Māori father
a Aotearoa cut
ɛː tēnā koe yeah
ɛ Te Reo bed, said
kīanga bee
i iwi me
ɔː tēnā kōrua awkward
ɔ Oamaru cord
ʉː Ngāi Tūhoe move
ʉ Te Urewera put
ae marae lie
ai Kaikōura
ao taonga house
au Tau toe
oi poi like boy
oe toetoe like wet
ou toutouwai snow

Notes edit

  1. ^ The voiceless bilabial fricative [ɸ] (similar to English wh as pronounced by those without the wine-whine merger) historically was the dominant realization of this sound. However, in contemporary Māori, the most common pronunciation is [f].
  2. ^ Stress falls on the first long vowel or on the first diphthong. Otherwise, it is on the first syllable but never earlier than the fourth-last vowel in a word, with both long vowels and diphthongs counting twice.

See also edit