Open main menu

The charts below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Māori language pronunciations in Wikipedia articles. For a guide to adding IPA characters to Wikipedia articles, see {{IPA-mi}}, {{IPAc-mi}} and Wikipedia:Manual of Style/Pronunciation § Entering IPA characters.

See Māori phonology for detailed discussion of the phonology of Māori.

Consonants
IPA Examples English approximation
f Whakatane fat, what[1]
ɡ Otago get[2]
h Heretaunga hat
k kea sky
l Waihola lucky[2]
m Māori moon
n nā note
ŋ Ngaruawahia sung
p Paraparaumu spy
ɾ Te Reo far (Scottish English), ladder (North American English)
t Tongariro sty
w waka we
Stress
IPA Example Note
ˈ Waitangi[3] Mark placed before the stressed syllable.
ˌ
Vowels
IPA Examples English approximation
Māori father
a Aotearoa cart (non-rhotic)
ɛː tēnā koe yeah
ɛ Te Reo bed
kīanga me
i iwi meet
ɔː tēnā kōrua dog
ɔ Oamaru off
ʉː Ngāi Tūhoe roughly like too
ʉ Te Urewera boot
Diphthongs
ae roughly like lie
ai
ao roughly like house
au
oi roughly like boy
oe roughly like wet
ou roughly like snow (American English)

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Māori wh is variable, and is often equated to English wh (as pronounced by those without the wine-whine merger). However, contemporary Māori's most common pronunciation is [f]. The voiceless bilabial fricative [ɸ] is a rarer pronunciation, although it is deemed without proof by some to be the sole pre-European contact variant.
  2. ^ a b Only used separately in the near-extinct southern dialect of Māori. This southern dialect also has a tendency to reduce the last vowel of a word to a schwa. See Māori language#South Island dialects for further details.
  3. ^ Stress falls on the first long vowel or on the first diphthong. Otherwise, it is on the first syllable but never earlier than the fourth-last vowel in a word, with both long vowels and diphthongs counting twice.