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The charts below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Māori language pronunciations in Wikipedia articles. For a guide to adding IPA characters to Wikipedia articles, see {{IPA-mi}}, {{IPAc-mi}} and Wikipedia:Manual of Style/Pronunciation § Entering IPA characters.

See Māori phonology for detailed discussion of the phonology of Māori.

Consonants
IPA Examples English approximation
f Whakatane fat, what[1]
h Heretaunga hat
k kea sky
m Māori moon
n nā note
ŋ Ngaruawahia sung
p Paraparaumu spy
ɾ Te Reo far (Scottish English), ladder (North American English)
t Tongariro sty
w waka we
Stress
IPA Example Note
ˈ Waitangi[2] Mark placed before the stressed syllable.
ˌ
Vowels
IPA Examples English approximation
Māori father
a Aotearoa cart (non-rhotic)
ɛː


tēnā koe yeah
ɛ


e

Te Reo bed
kīanga me
i iwi meet
ɔː tēnā kōrua dog
ɔ Oamaru off
ʉː Ngāi Tūhoe roughly like too
ʉ Te Urewera boot
Diphthongs
ae


paepae roughly like lie
ai tai
Aotearoa roughly like Taoism
hau roughly like hoe
ei

ɜi

teina roughly like grey

ɜʉ

heu roughly like hue
ɔi roimata roughly like boy
ɔe

ɔɜ

koe roughly like wet
ɔʉ koutou roughly like snow (American English)

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Māori wh is variable, and is often equated to English wh (as pronounced by those without the wine-whine merger). However, contemporary Māori's most common pronunciation is [f]. The voiceless bilabial fricative [ɸ] is a rarer pronunciation, although it is deemed without proof by some to be the sole pre-European contact variant.
  2. ^ Stress falls on the first long vowel or on the first diphthong. Otherwise, it is on the first syllable but never earlier than the fourth-last vowel in a word, with both long vowels and diphthongs counting twice.