Help:IPA/Bengali

Charts below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Bengali pronunciations in Wikipedia articles. For a guide to adding IPA characters to Wikipedia articles, see {{IPA-bn}} and Wikipedia:Manual of Style/Pronunciation § Entering IPA characters.

See Bengali phonology and Bengali alphabet for a more thorough look at the sounds of Bengali.

Consonants
IPA Bengali Examples English Approximation
b বালি abash
bʱ ভীরু abhor
d দা the
dʱ ধারা without
ɖ ডুমুর guard
ɖʱ ঢো guardhouse
জ, য[1] বন hedge
ʱ ঝা hedgehog
ɡ agate
ɡʱ বাঘা pigheaded
ɦ হ, ঃ হা head
k লম scan
kʰ শাখা can
l মালিনী leaf
m মানুষ much
n ন, ণ, ঞ নীলা বা not
ŋ ঙ, ং বাঙালি bank
p পাকা span
pʰ[2] naphtha
r[3] র,‍‍ র্ক, ‍‍্র বিরা ring
ɽ ড়, ঢ় ড়ো দৃঢ় US: larder
s সেলাম sue
ʃ শ, ষ, স শা ষাময় shoe
t ত, ৎ মাল উ think
tʰ থাবা thought
ʈ art
ʈʰ কাঠুরে artist
মুচি catch
ʰ ছাগল choose
Marginal consonants
z জ, য[1] জাকাত zip
Vowels
IPA Bengali Examples English Approximation
a আ, পা ঙিনা Australian father or RP cut
ɛ অ্যা, প্যা, এ, পে ত্যাখেলা dress
e এ, পে মেদিনী may
i ই, পি, ঈ, পী দিদী very
o ও, পো, অ, প জন ঙ্কুর sole
ɔ অ, প মর off
u উ, পু, ঊ, পূ কুকূ boot
 ̃ ইঁদুর nasal vowel
([ã], [õ], etc.)
Semivowels
য় খায় Similar to face
ভা Similar to happy
যা হায়া Similar to look
ঝা Similar to goose
Suprasegmentals
IPA
ˈ primary stress
(placed before stressed syllable)[4]
ˌ secondary stress
(placed before stressed syllable)[4]
ː doubled consonant

NotesEdit

  1. ^ a b ⟩ and ⟨⟩ may represent a voiced affricate // in Standard Bengali words of native origin, but they can also represent /z/ in foreign words and names (জাকাত [zakat] 'zakah charity', আজিজ [aziz] 'Aziz'). However, many speakers usually replace /z/ with /dʒ/. Additionally, some words that originally had /z/ are now pronounced with // in Standard Bengali (সবজি [ɕobdʑi] 'vegetable', from Persian sabzi).
  2. ^ /pʰ/ is phonetically realised either as [] or [f] depending on the speaker and variety.
  3. ^ /r/ is phonetically an alveolar trill [r], alveolar tap [ɾ] or alveolar approximant [ɹ] depending on the variety and speaker.
  4. ^ a b Primary stress occurs in word-initial positions with secondary stress occurring afterwards.

BibliographyEdit

  • Khan, Sameer ud Dowla (2010), "Bengali (Bangladeshi Standard)" (PDF), Journal of the International Phonetic Association, 40 (2): 221–225, doi:10.1017/S0025100310000071