Open main menu

The charts below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet represents Ukrainian language pronunciations in Wikipedia articles. For a guide to adding IPA characters to Wikipedia articles, see {{IPA-uk}} and Wikipedia:Manual of Style/Pronunciation § Entering IPA characters.

Ukrainian contrasts palatalized "soft" and unpalatalized "hard" consonants. Palatalized consonants, denoted by a superscript ⟨j⟩, are pronounced with the body of the tongue raised toward the hard palate, like in the [j] sound in yes.

See Ukrainian phonology for more details on the sounds of Ukrainian.

Consonants
IPA Examples English approximations
b бог [bɔɦ] boot
d дим [dɪm] do
дім, мідь [dʲim], [midʲ] dew
dz дзе́ркало[1] [ˈdzɛrkɑlɔ] pads
dzʲ ґедзь, дзьоб [ɡɛdzʲ], [dzʲɔb]
джміль [dʒmilʲ] jump; ridge
f фа́рба [ˈfɑrbɑ] fool
ɡ ґа́нок [ˈɡɑnɔk] goo
ɦ газе́та [ɦɑˈzɛtɑ] behind
j йо́га, йти, гай [ˈjɔɦɑ], [jtɪ], [ɦɑj] yes
k ключ [klʲutʃ] scar
l лось [lɔsʲ] leg
лід, сіль [lʲid], [sʲilʲ] least
m мир [mɪr] moot
n не́бо [ˈnɛbɔ] noon
ні́жний, день [ˈnʲiʒnɪj], [dɛnʲ] new
p пил [pɪl] spare
r лі́кар [ˈlʲikɑr] trilled r, like in Spanish
рі́чка [ˈrʲitʃkɑ]
s суп [sup] soup
сі́но, вісь [ˈsʲinɔ], [wisʲ] suit
ʃ шпари́на, вище [ʃpɑˈrɪnɑ], [wɪʃtʃɛ] shop
t тин [tɪn] star
тінь, мить [tʲinʲ], [mɪtʲ] stew
ts цибу́ля [tsɪˈbulʲɑ] cats
tsʲ ціна́, віне́ць [tsʲiˈnɑ], [wiˈnɛtsʲ]
очерет, вище [ɔtʃɛrɛt], [wɪʃtʃɛ] choose
w віл [wil] wine
до вчи́теля, став [dʊ u̯ˈtʃɪtɛlʲɑ], [stɑu̯] tow
x ховра́х [xɔu̯ˈrɑx] Bach; loch
z зуб [zub] zoo
зіллю, рі́зьблення [zʲilʲːu], [ˈrʲizʲblɛnʲːɑ] presume
ʒ жи́то [ˈʒɪtɔ] measure; garage
Vowels
IPA Examples English approximation
Stressed
ɑ гай [ɦɑj] father
ɛ день [dɛnʲ] met
ɪ ми́ша [ˈmɪʃɑ] kit
i кіт, і́кла [kit], [ˈiklɑ] meet
ɔ по́ле, льон [ˈpɔlɛ], [lʲɔn] off
u дух, лють [dux], [lʲutʲ] boot
Unstressed
ɐ гарма́та [ɦɐrˈmɑtɑ] trap (Scottish English)
ɪ ете́р [ɪˈtɛr] bit
ʊ туди́, ору́дний [tʊˈdɪ], [ʊˈrudnɪj] put
Other symbols
IPA Explanation
ˈ◌ Stress (placed before the stressed syllable)
ː Gemination[2] (doubles the consonant)

NotesEdit

  1. ^ [dz, ɣ, v] are allophones of /ts, x, f/ that occur before voiced consonants (Herrity (2000:16)).
  2. ^ In Ukrainian, geminates are found between vowels: багаття [bɑˈɦɑtʲːɑ] bonfire, подружжя [pɔˈdruʒːɑ] married couple, обличчя face. Geminates also occur at the beginning of a few words: лляний [ˈlʲːɑnɪj] flaxen, forms of the verb лити to pour (ллю [lʲːu], ллєш [lʲːɛʃ] etc.), ссати [ˈsːɑtɪ] to suck and derivatives.[citation needed]

BibliographyEdit

  • Danyenko, Andrii; Vakulenko, Serhii (1995), Ukrainian, Lincom Europa, ISBN 978-3-929075-08-3
  • Жовтобрюх, М.А.; Кулик, Б.М. (1965), Курс сучасної української літературної мови. Частина I., Kiev: Радянська школа