The charts below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Igbo language pronunciations in Wikipedia articles. This reflects Standard Igbo, and dialects may have more or fewer phonemes. For a guide to adding IPA characters to Wikipedia articles, see {{IPA-ig}} and Wikipedia:Manual of Style/Pronunciation § Entering IPA characters.

Consonants
IPA Examples English approximation
b báà [báà] 'enter' bit
d dèé [dèé] 'write' din
d͡ʒ jàá [d͡ʒàá] 'praise' joy
f fópù [fópù] 'uproot' fat
g gàá [gàá] 'go' gut
g͡b gbàá [g͡bàá] 'kick' simultaneous get and bet
gwú [gʷú] 'dig' Guam
ɣ ghé [ɣé] 'fry' Spanish fuego
h há [há] 'they' ham
j yá [já] 'him/her/it' yes
k kámà [kámà] 'but' cut
k͡p kpọ́ [k͡pɔ́] 'call' simultaneous can and pan
kwé [kʷé] 'agree' aquatic
l lèé [lèé] 'agree' left
m àmà [àmà] 'witness' map
m [m̩bè] 'tortoise' prism
n nèé [nèé] 'see' nose
ń [ń̩nà] 'father' button
ɲ nyàá [ɲàá] 'drive' canyon
ŋ ụ́ [ŋʊ́] 'father' sing
ŋʷ nwụ́ [ŋʷʊ́] 'drink' sing with
p pá [pá] 'carry' pit
r rèé [rèé] 'sell' Spanish perro
s sèé [sèé] 'draw' sit
ʃ ị̀shá [ɪ̀ʃá] 'crayfish' ship
t tá [tá] 'chew' tip
t͡ʃ chèé [t͡ʃèé] 'think' chip
v Àví [àví] 'proper name' vat
w wèré [wèré] 'take' we
z zèé [zèé] 'dodge' zoo
Vowels
IPA Examples English approximation
a áká [áká] 'hand' bra
e éké [ékè] 'python' bay
i ìse [ìsɛ́] 'pot' meat
ɪ ị́kpà [ɪ́k͡pà] 'to weave' pit
o ó [ólú] 'neck' Indian English go
ɔ ọ́kụ́ 'fire' RP law
u ù [ùdó] 'peace' fool
ʊ ụ́sụ́ [ʊ́sʊ́] 'bat' put
Tone
IPA Examples Explanation
◌́ ụ́sụ́ [ʊ́sʊ́] 'bat' High tone
◌̀ àmà [àmà] 'witness' Low tone
ꜜ◌ égō[1] [égꜜo] 'money' Downstep

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Eme and Uba use ◌̄ to represent downstep, but it properly refers to mid tone in IPA.

BibliographyEdit

  • Eme, Cecilia Amaoge; Uba, Ebele Deborah (2016). "A Contrastive Study of the Phonology of Igbo and Yoruba". UJAH: Unizik Journal of Arts and Humanities. 17 (1): 65–84. doi:10.4314/ujah.v17i1.4. Retrieved 2021-12-13.