The charts below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Northern Thai language pronunciations. For a guide to adding IPA characters to Wikipedia articles, see Template:IPA and Wikipedia:Manual of Style/Pronunciation § Entering IPA characters.

IPA Thai alphabet Tai Tham English approximation
b abash
d ฎ,ด ado
f ฝ,ฟ , food
h ห,ฮ ,, head
j ย,อย,หย yak
k , scan
l ล,ฬ,หล ,, leaf
m ม,หม much
n ณ,น,หน , not
ŋ ง,หง bang
ɲ , canyon
p , span
ผ,พ,ภ , pan
r ร,หร Trilled right
s ฉ,ช,ฌ,ซ,ศ,ษ,ส ,,,,, sue
t ฏ,ต ,, stable
ฐ,ฑ,ฒ,ถ,ท,ธ ,,, table
t͡ɕ , question
w ว,หว way
x ข,ฃ,ค,ฅ,ฆ ,,, Scottish loch
ʔ อ, ะ , the catch in uh-oh
IPA Description
= āː mid [aː˧]
àː low [aː˨˩] or [aː˩]
âː falling [aː˥˩]
a̋ː high falling [aː˥˧]
áː high [aː˦˥]
ǎː rising [aː˨˦]
IPA Thai Alphabet[1] Tai Tham script English approximation
Short vowels
a ◌ะ, ◌ั◌ , cut
e เ◌ะ, เ◌็◌ , roughly like say
ɛ แ◌ะ, แ◌็◌ , roughly like bat
i ◌ิ, ◌ิ◌ , happy
o โ◌ะ, ◌◌ , go without u sound (shorter)
ɔ เ◌าะ, ◌็อ◌ off
u ◌ุ, ◌ุ◌ , loot (shorter)
ɯ ◌ึ, ◌ึ◌ good
ɤ เ◌อะ roughly like hurt (shorter)
Long vowels
◌า, ◌า◌ , bra
เ◌, เ◌◌ ◌, play
ɛː แ◌, แ◌◌ roughly like man
◌ี, ◌ี◌ green
โ◌, โ◌◌ ◌, go without u sound
ɔː ◌อ, ◌อ◌ , dog
◌ู, ◌ู, moon
ɯː ◌ือ, ◌ื◌ good (longer)
ɤː เ◌อ, เ◌ิ◌ roughly like fur
iaʔ, iəʔ เ◌ียะ No English equivalent
ia, เ◌ีย, เ◌ีย◌ idea
uaʔ, uəʔ ◌ัวะ No English equivalent
ua, ◌ัว, ◌ว◌ poor (British English)
ɯaʔ, ɯəʔ เ◌ือะ No English equivalent
ɯa, ɯə เ◌ือ, เ◌ือ◌ No English equivalent

Notes edit

  1. ^ Vowels diacritics are shown on a dotted circle "◌".

See also edit