The charts below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Adyghe pronunciations in Wikipedia articles. For a guide to adding IPA characters to Wikipedia articles, see Template:IPA and Wikipedia:Manual of Style/Pronunciation § Entering IPA characters.

See Adyghe phonology for a more thorough look at the sounds of Adyghe, as well as dialectal variations that are not represented here.

IPA Examples English approximation
b бэ bat
ɕ щы Somewhat like British consume
d дэ done
dz дзэ goods
dzʷ дзу, хьандзу, хьандзуачӏ
джанэ jam
f фыжьы fast
ɣ гыны Spanish trigo
ɡʷ гу Gwen
ħ хьэ somewhat like hat
j ятӀэ yes
ку quality
шкӏэ like cup but ejective [1]
kʷʼ тхьэкӏумэ like quality but ejective [1]
l лы Somewhat like luck
ɬ лъы Welsh llwyd
ɬʼ лӏы like Welsh llwyd but ejective [1]
m мазэ man
n нэ no
p пэ pan
пӏэ like pan but ejective [1]
pʷʼ пӏуакӏэ like French point but ejective [1]
q къалэ like cup but further back; Arabic Qāf (ق)
къо like quality but further back
r ар rolled r
ʁ гъэ French rester
ʁʷ гъожьэ French roi
s сэ sad
ʃ шы shell
ʃʷ шъо somewhat like French choix
ʃʼ пшӏы like shell but ejective [1]
ʃʷʼ шӏу somewhat like French choix but ejective [1]
ʂ пшъашъэ Somewhat like North American worship
t тэ tap
тӏы like tap but ejective [1]
tʷʼ тӏу like tweet but ejective [1]
ts цы hats
tsʷ цуакъэ somewhat like Botswana
tsʼ цӏэ like hats but ejective [1]
чэты chat
tʃʼ кӏако like chat but ejective [1]
чъыгы somewhat like trust
tʂʼ чӏы somewhat like trust but ejective [1]
w о war
x хы loch (Scottish English)
χ хъыен Like Scottish loch but with the tongue further back; French proche
χʷ хъуанэ French trois
z зы zoo
ʑ жьы Somewhat like British Zeus
ʒ жакӏэ vision
ʒʷ жъуагъо French joie
ʐ жъы Somewhat like North American Persian
ʔ ӏэ the catch in uh-oh!
ʔʷ ӏо Somewhat like Cockney network
Non-native consonants
k к, кнопк, ручк cup
v в vet
IPA Examples English approximation
ɜ ӏэ nut
ар father
ɘ зы about

See also edit

Notes edit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Ejective consonants, which do not occur in English, are voiceless consonants that are pronounced with pressure from the throat rather than the lungs.