The charts below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Breton language pronunciations in Wikipedia articles. For a guide to adding IPA characters to Wikipedia articles, see Template:IPA and Wikipedia:Manual of Style/Pronunciation § Entering IPA characters.

See Breton dialects for a more thorough discussion of regional variation.

IPA Examples English approximation
b bag best
x sac'h roughly like loch in Scottish English
ɣ troc'h Spanish agua
d don doe
f fri face
ɡ gad got
h had hot
ʒ jot measure
k kazh scan
l lann lean
ʎ kuilh roughly like million
m mab mother
n noz need
ŋ anken camping
ɲ kignez roughly like canyon
p per spouse
r roue trilled r
ʁ roughly like loch (Scottish English) 'but voiced, like gh in Scottish Gaelic'
s skol sack
ʃ sach shine
t tal sty
v aval view
z azen zeal
j yod yet
w gwenn wet
ɥ kuit like a simultaneous wet and yet
IPA Examples English approximation
a kas trap
ɑː tad bra
e boest hey
ɛ gell best
ɛː berr red
i pik see
biz bee
o pok go
dor law (RP and Australian)
ɔ korn off
ɔː torr dog
y butun roughly like Scottish shoot
uvel roughly like Scottish shoes, like German über
ə ebeul (regional) roughly like bird (RP) (no r-colouring)
ø peulvan roughly like bird (no r-colouring)
øː eur roughly like herd (no r-colouring), like German schön
œ feurm roughly like hurt (no r-colouring), like French neuf
u toull too
tour pool
ã amzer roughly like on (American English), nasalized [ɒ] or [ɑ]. rendez-vous
ãː anat
ẽː enez
ɛ̃ ps roughly like man (RP); nasalized [æ] or [ɛ]
ɛ̃ː vor
ĩ bs
ĩ fval like Hindi नहीं
ɔ̃ tonn roughly like bone (American English); nasalized [o] or [ɔ]
ɔ̃ː ton
ỹː unan
œ̃ feunteun
œ̃ː deun
IPA Examples English approximation
ai eye
oi boy
ɔʊ bot follow
ei eil ray
au glav house
ɔu paour follow
eu bev eh-oo or ey-oo
koad roughly like water
we boued roughly like way
ɥi skuizh roughly like we
iu liv ee-oo

Voiced and voiceless alternations

Consonants distributed for voiced/unvoiced contrast
Voiceless /p/ /f/ /t/ /s/ /ʃ/ /k/ /x/
Voiced /b/ /v/ /d/ /z/ /ʒ/ /ɡ/ /ɣ/

See also