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The charts below show the way in which the IPA is used to transcribe the Nguni languages Swazi, Xhosa, and Zulu. For a guide to adding IPA characters to Wikipedia articles, see {{IPA-ss}}, {{IPA-xh}}, {{IPA-zu}} and Wikipedia:Manual of Style/Pronunciation § Entering IPA characters.

A superscript X marks a sound or spelling found specifically in Xhosa, and Z specifically in Zulu. Sounds marked * only appear in loanwords.

Consonants Vowels Tones
Non-click
IPA Orthography
bh
ɓ b
d
ɟʱ dyx
dzʱ dz
dʒʱ j
f f
ɡʱ g
ɠ k
h h
ɦ hh
j y
yh
kh
k
kxʼ klz, krx
l l
lhx
ɬ hl
ɮʱ dl
m m
mh
n n
nh
Non-click
IPA Orthography
ɲ ny
ɲʱ nyh
ph
p
r r*
r*
s s
ʃ sh
th
tyx
tyhx
t
tsʼ ts
tsʰ tshx or thsx
tʃʼ tsh
tʃʰ tshx or thshx
v
w w
wh
x rhx
ɣʱ grx
z
ʒʱ zh*
Click
IPA Orthography
ǀ c
ǁ x
ǃ q
ǀʰ ch
ǁʰ xh
ǃʰ qh
ᶢǀʱ gc
ᶢǁʱ gx
ᶢǃʱ gq
ᵑǀ nc
ᵑǁ nx
ᵑǃ nq
ᵑǀʱ ngc
ᵑǁʱ ngx
ᵑǃʱ ngq
ᵑǀˀ nkcX
ᵑǁˀ nkxX
ᵑǃˀ nkqX
Vowel
IPA Orthography
a a
ɛ e
e e
i i
ɔ o
o o
u u
ː
Tone mark Tone Bar
Tones
á ˦
à ˨
âː ˥˩
ǎ̤ ˨˦
à̤ ˨
a̤᷈ ː ˨˧˨